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Improving corporate sustainability reporting EN

27-07-2021 PE 694.219 JURI ECON
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : The European Commission proposed to improve sustainability reporting by revising the non-financial reporting directive 2014/95/EU. The accompanying impact assessment (IA) provides a well-defined problem that is substantiated with evidence, a clear set of objectives that correspond to the problems identified and makes effort to cover SMEs in the consultation strategy. Overall, the evidence used in the IA seems recent and reliable. However, the IA has not set any concrete targets, indicators or timelines for achieving its objectives. The range of options in the IA appears rather imbalanced, the analysis has been predominantly economic and has focused on the effectiveness of meeting the specific objectives and their costs, while the discussion of benefits has remained rather descriptive. Environmental impacts seem to have been completely excluded, the costs of indirect effects on SMEs in the supply chains of large companies have not been quantified and the benefits for listed SMEs have not been elaborated on.
Verfasser(in) : Vera VIKOLAINEN

Artificial intelligence act EN

26-07-2021 PE 694.212 ENVI LIBE JURI IMCO
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : The Commission is proposing a new Artificial Intelligence Act laying down rules harmonised rules on AI. This initial appraisal of the Commission’s impact assessment on the proposal notes how the impact assessment the impact assessment banks on a wealth of available research on the topic at hand and uses numerous sources to underpin the discussion. It observes that the impact assessment offers a diverse and realistic range of options and traces a clear intervention logic connecting the problems and their drivers with the specific objectives and the policy options.
Verfasser(in) : HUBERT DALLI

Monthly Highlights Newsletter - July 2021 EN

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Zusammenfassung : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Regulating targeted and behavioural advertising in digital services. How to ensure users’ informed consent. EN

01-07-2021 PE 694.680 JURI
Eingehende Analyse
Zusammenfassung : The study addresses the regulation of targeted and behavioural advertising in the context of digital services. Marketing methods and technologies deployed in behavioural and target advertising are presented. The EU law on consent to the processing of personal data is analysed, in connection with advertising practices. Ways of improving the quality of consent are discussed as well as ways of restricting its scope as a legal basis for the processing of personal data. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee.
Verfasser(in) : Giovanni SARTOR, Francesca LAGIOIA, Federico GALLI.

Tackling Environmental Crimes under EU Law: The Liability of Companies in the Context of Corporate Mergers and Acquisitions EN

18-06-2021 PE 693.182 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study addresses the fate of environmental liability and environmental crime under mergers and acquisitions. It analyses whether environmental liability is passed on, either to a successor or to a parent company. Also the role of companies in the Environmental Crime Directive is analysed with specific attention to succession of companies. Particular attention is given to the concept of ecocide. The study concludes that in case of a merger or acquisition environmental obligations are passed on to the acquiring company. However, there is still the risk that corporations could organise their own insolvency. This can be remedied by imposing mandatory solvency guarantees. Criminal liability of an enterprise can in many legal systems also be transferred to the successor company.
Verfasser(in) : Michael G. FAURE

The Use of SLAPPs to Silence Journalists, NGOs and Civil Society EN

14-06-2021 PE 694.782 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, analyses legal definitions of Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPP) and assesses the compatibility of anti-SLAPP legislation with EU law. It is recommended that an anti-SLAPP Directive should be adopted, and that the Brussels Ia Regulation and Rome II Regulation should be recast to limit the incidence of SLAPPs.
Verfasser(in) : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2021 EN

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Zusammenfassung : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organizations Potential benefits in the current situation EN

26-05-2021 PE 693.439 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : After carrying out a comparative analysis of the main laws on non-profit organizations in force in some selected European countries, the Study discusses a potential legislative initiative of the European Union on the subject, presenting the different options available and concluding that the European Union should introduce a European status not limited to non-profit organizations but aimed, more generally, at including related organizations such as those of the third sector and the social economy.
Verfasser(in) : Prof. Antonio FICI

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organisations EN

06-05-2021 PE 662.630 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : The study examines the potential EU added value of the policy options (encouraging cross-border transactions, enhancing social outcomes and increasing economic contributions) as well as the drawbacks. In addition, the assessment highlights supporting non-legislative measures that could promote specific NPO functions in the EU.
Verfasser(in) : KLAUS MULLER, MEENAKSHI FERNANDES

Responsible private funding of litigation EN

04-03-2021 PE 662.612 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : A responsible TPLF regulatory framework should aim at lowering costs, simplifying unnecessary procedures, increasing the predictability of costs, and delivering efficient services at costs that are proportionate to the amounts in dispute. We explored additional effective safeguards and a number of policy options regarding the contractual, ethical and procedural aspects of TPLF. We then estimated the European added value (EAV) for two alternatives, namely a moderate and a strong regulatory approach scenario using a standard benefits-costs analytical conceptual framework.
Verfasser(in) : KLAUS MULLER, JEROME LEON SAULNIER

KANN DER NATUR RECHTSPERSÖNLICHKEIT ZUERKANNT WERDEN? Eine Studie zu den Rechten der Natur im Kontext der EU

01-03-2021 PE 689.328 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Antrag des Rechtsausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, werden das Konzept der „Rechte der Natur“ und dessen verschiedene Aspekte in der Rechtsphilosophie und in internationalen Übereinkommen sowie in der Gesetzgebung und Rechtsprechung auf verschiedenen Ebenen betrachtet. In der Studie werden die Vorstellungen von den Rechten der Natur im Vergleich zu den Rechten an der Natur sowie die Frage der Rechtspersönlichkeit und der Klagebefugnis natürlicher Entitäten eingehend untersucht, und zudem wird die Rechtsprechung des Europäischen Gerichtshofs für Menschenrechte und des Gerichtshofs der Europäischen Union zum Zugang zu Gerichten bei umweltbezogenen Entscheidungen analysiert. In der Studie wird insbesondere betont, dass die Anforderungen an unabhängige wissenschaftliche Bewertungen in bestimmten Genehmigungsregelungen nach EU-Recht gestärkt werden müssen. Hervorgehoben wird darüber hinaus die wesentliche Bedeutung der Förderung der Rolle der Zivilgesellschaft als Wächter über die Umsetzung des Umweltrechts der EU durch einen breiteren Zugang zu Gerichten sowohl über die nationalen Gerichte als auch über den Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union, was auch den politischen Prioritäten zur Umsetzung des europäischen Grünen Deals entspricht.
Verfasser(in) : Jan DARPÖ

Update the Unfair Contract Terms directive for digital services EN

09-02-2021 PE 676.006 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study analyses common terms in contracts of digital service providers, indicating when they could significantly distort the balance between the parties’ rights and obligations to the detriment of consumers and should, therefore, fall within the scope of the Unfair Contract Terms Directive. Further, the study discusses the particularities of the assessment of online transparency of terms of digital service providers and sanctions they could face if they breach the current consumer protection framework. Recommendations are made to improve the effectiveness of this framework by: introducing a black and grey list of unfair terms, strengthening current sanctions, and introducing new obligations for digital service providers.
Verfasser(in) : Marco LOOS, Joasia LUZAK

Non-financial Reporting Directive EN

28-01-2021 PE 654.213 JURI
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : In line with the European Green Deal, a key element to foster sustainable growth and finance the green transition will be to channel funding in economic activities that contribute to environmental, social and governance-related objectives. Directive 2014/95/EU on the disclosure of non-financial and diversity information (NFRD) has set the EU on a clear course towards greater business transparency and accountability on social and environmental issues. It helps to measure, monitor and manage companies' performance and their impact on society. However, as this briefing shows, the NFRD suffers from several deficiencies such as lack of comparability, reliability and relevance of non-financial information provided. The Commission therefore intends to review the NFRD in the first quarter of 2021.
Verfasser(in) : Nora HAHNKAMPER-VANDENBULCKE

Die Wirksamkeit der Strategien in Bezug auf Interessenkonflikte in den EU-Mitgliedstaaten

17-12-2020 PE 651.697 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : In dieser vergleichenden Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments in Auftrag gegeben wurde, wird die Wirksamkeit der einschlägigen Vorschriften, Strategien und Verfahren in Bezug auf Interessenkonflikte bei der Besetzung hoher politischer Ämter (Regierungschef, Minister und andere hochrangige Amtsträger) in den Mitgliedstaaten untersucht. Im Rahmen der Untersuchung werden die theoretischen und praktischen Aspekte von Interessenkonflikten hervorgehoben und einige politische Empfehlungen abgegeben.
Verfasser(in) : Christoph DEMMKE; Maros PAULINI; Jari AUTIONIEMI; Florian LENNER

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

Auf einen Blick
Zusammenfassung : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

40 years of the Hague Convention on child abduction: legal and societal changes in the rights of a child EN

06-11-2020 PE 660.559 JURI
Eingehende Analyse
Zusammenfassung : This in-depth analysis has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee in the context of the workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. It looks into the implementation of the 1980 Convention, as regards the respect of autonomy of parts, validity of agreements and mediation, and describes, from a practitioner’s point of view, how the parents and children see the process. The paper concludes that in order to protect the interest of the child, the 1980 Convention should be maintained with restricted exceptions, but more should be done in terms of prevention. The new measures should include, in particular, harmonisation of the relocation proceedings and principles, enforceability of mediation agreements, and increasing of the autonomy of the parties through the inclusion of residence and custody plans in prenuptial agreements.
Verfasser(in) : Adriana DE RUITER

Soziale Verantwortung der Unternehmen (CSR) und ihre Umsetzung im EU-Gesellschaftsrecht

05-11-2020 PE 658.541 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Anforderung des JURI-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, wird überprüft, in welchem Umfang die Mitgliedstaaten die Entwicklung und Umsetzung von Strategien zur sozialen Verantwortung der Unternehmen (CSR) in der Wirtschaft unterstützen, wobei ein besonderes Augenmerk auf Sorgfaltspflichten liegt. Weiterhin werden Empfehlungen für die Ausarbeitung eines umfassenden und strukturierten CSR-Ansatzes für die gesamte EU gegeben.
Verfasser(in) : Kletia Noti ; Prof. Federico Maria Mucciarelli; Dr Virginia dalla Pozza; Carlo Angelici Mattia PILLININI.

THE CHILD PERSPECTIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE 1980 HAGUE CONVENTION EN

31-10-2020 PE 659.819 JURI
Eingehende Analyse
Zusammenfassung : This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the context of the Workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, examines the way in which subject children feature within Convention proceedings. It considers the aims of the Convention, and the lack of supranational control of its application. It draws on empirical research relating to the effects and consequences of child abduction to discuss the opportunities for children and young people to participate within Convention proceedings, and highlights the international obligations for such participation within the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and other regional instruments. Different jurisdictional approaches are explained, and the role of culture in this context is probed. The impact of COVID-19 on abducted children is also explored.
Verfasser(in) : Marilyn FREEMAN

Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives EN

26-10-2020 PE 659.925 JURI
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives
Verfasser(in) : Roberta Landi

Environmental liability of companies’ Selected Possible Amendments of the ELD EN

26-10-2020 PE 659.924 JURI
Eingehende Analyse
Zusammenfassung : This in depth analysis explores different possibilities of updating the ELD directive in relation to the environmental responsibility of companies and seeks to highlight the basic policy choices and options in order to ensure a high protection of the environment
Verfasser(in) : Lucas BERGKAMP

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

Auf einen Blick
Zusammenfassung : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

Auf einen Blick
Zusammenfassung : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Zusammenfassung - Die Auswirkungen von Algorithmen zur Filterung oder Moderation von Online-Inhalten „Upload-Filter“

15-09-2020 PE 657.101 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : Die Studie befasst sich mit der automatischen Filterung von Online-Inhalten. Sie stellt die automatische Filterung als einen Aspekt der Moderation von benutzergenerierten Materialien vor. Die Studie stellt die Filtertechnologien vor, die derzeit für verschiedene Arten von Medien, wie Text, Bilder oder Videos, eingesetzt werden. Sie erörtert die wichtigsten kritischen Punkte des derzeitigen Rechtsrahmens und macht Vorschläge für eine Regulierung im Rahmen eines künftigen EU-Gesetzes über digitale Dienste.
Verfasser(in) : Prof. Giovanni Sartor and Dr. Andrea Loreggia
Art des Dokuments

Zusammenfassung

Artificial Intelligence and Civil Liability EN

14-07-2020 PE 621.926 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study – commissioned by the Policy Department C at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs – analyses the notion of AI-technologies and the applicable legal framework for civil liability. It demonstrates how technology regulation should be technology-specific, and presents a Risk Management Approach, where the party who is best capable of controlling and managing a technology-related risk is held strictly liable, as a single entry point for litigation. It then applies such approach to four case-studies, to elaborate recommendations.
Verfasser(in) : Andrea BERTOLINI, Ph.D., LL.M. (Yale) Assistant Professor of Private Law, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (Pisa) Director of the Jean Monnet - European Centre of Excellence on the Regulation of Robotics and AI (EURA)

Environmental liability of companies EN

15-05-2020 PE 651.698 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, aims at gaining deeper insights into the environmental liability of companies in the European Union. It analyses the role of companies within the Environmental Liability Directive (ELD) and pays attention to potential hurdles that may limit the possibility to hold companies liable for environmental harm. Various remedies to the limited liability of the corporation are discussed and suggestions are formulated to improve access to justice for victims of environmental harm. Specific attention is paid to a balanced regime of mandatory solvency guarantees to support the ELD liabilities of companies.
Verfasser(in) : Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure, Professor of comparative and international environmental law, at Maastricht University and Professor of comparative private law and economics, at Erasmus School of Law in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2018 and 2019: A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation EN

21-04-2020 PE 624.443 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : This study presents the 2018 and 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations as adopted by the Council and their implementation based on the assessment by the European Commission in its Country Reports of 27 February 2019, 05 June 2019 and 26 February 2020. This study was provided by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV).
Verfasser(in) : Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Handbook on the incompatibilities and immunity of the Members of the European Parliament EN

16-03-2020 PE 621.936 JURI
Studie
Zusammenfassung : Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national parliamentary immunities. This handbook will be updated regularly based on information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.
Verfasser(in) : Roberta PANIZZA, Eeva PAVY

The Unified Patent Court after Brexit EN

11-03-2020 PE 649.575 JURI
Auf einen Blick
Zusammenfassung : Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).
Verfasser(in) : Udo BUX

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019 EN

Auf einen Blick
Zusammenfassung : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Zusagen, die bei den Anhörungen der designierten Kommissionsmitglieder gegeben wurden - Kommission von der Leyen, 2019 - 2024

Briefing
Zusammenfassung : Dieses Dokument ist eine Zusammenstellung wichtiger Punkte und wesentlicher Zusagen, die von den designierten Vizepräsidenten und Kommissionsmitgliedern bei ihren jeweiligen Anhörungen vor dem Europäischen Parlament gegeben wurden. Es soll Ihnen als praktisches und kompaktes Instrument dienen, mit dem Sie die Bemühungen und Maßnahmen der künftigen Kommission nachverfolgen können. Eine vollständige Aufstellung aller von den Kandidaten gegebenen Zusagen und eingegangenen Standpunkte, den ausführlichen Sitzungsbericht jeder öffentlichen Anhörung sowie die schriftlichen Fragen und Antworten sind auf der Website zu den Anhörungen des Europäischen Parlaments verfügbar.

Commitments made at the hearing of Maroš ŠEFČOVIČ, Vice-President-designate - Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.918 AFCO JURI
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : This briefing includes a series of quotes, which make reference to the oral commitments made during the hearing of Vice-President-designate for Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight Maroš Šefčovič.
Verfasser(in) : Giorgio Mussa, Roberta PANIZZA

Commitments made at the hearing of Didier REYNDERS, Commissioner-designate - Justice EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.923 LIBE JURI
Briefing
Zusammenfassung : The commissioner-designate, Didier Reynders, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Upholding the rule of law; and Justice and consumer protection.
Verfasser(in) : Udo BUX, Ottavio MARZOCCHI

EU Patent and Brexit EN

05-11-2019 PE 596.800 JURI
Eingehende Analyse
Zusammenfassung : This In-depth Analysis resumes the possible scenarios concerning several Intellectual Property provisions of EU and international law in the event of a withdrawal of the United Kingdom with or without a proper withdrawal agreement. It tries to clarify the question how Brexit may affect the entry into force of the new European Patent with Unitary effect (EPUE), especially, if the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, even in case the UK has withdrawn from the EU. What would be the necessary steps to be taken by the EU in order to ensure the functioning of the future European Unitary patent and in case the UPC Agreement would have to be revised because of Brexit.
Verfasser(in) : Udo BUX