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Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

20-11-2020 PE 648.241 TRAN DROI BECA BUDG ENVI CONT JURI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

40 years of the Hague Convention on child abduction: legal and societal changes in the rights of a child EN

06-11-2020 PE 660.559 JURI
Analüüs
Kokkuvõte : This in-depth analysis has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee in the context of the workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. It looks into the implementation of the 1980 Convention, as regards the respect of autonomy of parts, validity of agreements and mediation, and describes, from a practitioner’s point of view, how the parents and children see the process. The paper concludes that in order to protect the interest of the child, the 1980 Convention should be maintained with restricted exceptions, but more should be done in terms of prevention. The new measures should include, in particular, harmonisation of the relocation proceedings and principles, enforceability of mediation agreements, and increasing of the autonomy of the parties through the inclusion of residence and custody plans in prenuptial agreements.
Autorid : Adriana DE RUITER

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its implementation into EU Company law EN

05-11-2020 PE 658.541 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : Building on both European Union (EU) law and chosen Member States’ legislation, this study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee aims at understanding to what extent Member States are supporting the development and the implementation of CSR strategies in the business community, with particular focus on due diligence requirements. It also attempts at providing some recommendations aimed at possibility developing a comprehensive and structured approach to CSR for the whole of the EU.
Autorid : Kletia Noti ; Prof. Federico Maria Mucciarelli; Dr Virginia dalla Pozza; Carlo Angelici Mattia PILLININI.

THE CHILD PERSPECTIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE 1980 HAGUE CONVENTION EN

31-10-2020 PE 659.819 JURI
Analüüs
Kokkuvõte : This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the context of the Workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, examines the way in which subject children feature within Convention proceedings. It considers the aims of the Convention, and the lack of supranational control of its application. It draws on empirical research relating to the effects and consequences of child abduction to discuss the opportunities for children and young people to participate within Convention proceedings, and highlights the international obligations for such participation within the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and other regional instruments. Different jurisdictional approaches are explained, and the role of culture in this context is probed. The impact of COVID-19 on abducted children is also explored.
Autorid : Marilyn FREEMAN

Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives EN

26-10-2020 PE 659.925 JURI
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives
Autorid : Roberta Landi

Environmental liability of companies’ Selected Possible Amendments of the ELD EN

26-10-2020 PE 659.924 JURI
Analüüs
Kokkuvõte : This in depth analysis explores different possibilities of updating the ELD directive in relation to the environmental responsibility of companies and seeks to highlight the basic policy choices and options in order to ensure a high protection of the environment
Autorid : Lucas BERGKAMP

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

16-10-2020 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

15-10-2020 PE 648.239 ECON REGI BUDG AFET JURI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Effectiveness of Conflict of Interest Policies in the EU- Member States EN

07-10-2020 PE 651.697 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations
Autorid : Christoph DEMMKE; Maros PAULINI; Jari AUTIONIEMI; Florian LENNER

The impact of algorithms for online content filtering or moderation - Upload filters EN

15-09-2020 PE 657.101 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, addresses automated filtering of online content. The report introduces automated filtering as an aspect of moderation of user-generated materials. It presents the filtering technologies that are currently deployed to address different kinds of media, such as text, images, or videos. It discusses the main critical issues under the present legal framework and makes proposals for regulation in the context of a future EU Digital Services Act.
Autorid : Prof. Giovanni Sartor and Dr. Andrea Loreggia
Dokumendi liik

Kommenteeritud kokkuvõte

Artificial Intelligence and Civil Liability EN

14-07-2020 PE 621.926 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study – commissioned by the Policy Department C at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs – analyses the notion of AI-technologies and the applicable legal framework for civil liability. It demonstrates how technology regulation should be technology-specific, and presents a Risk Management Approach, where the party who is best capable of controlling and managing a technology-related risk is held strictly liable, as a single entry point for litigation. It then applies such approach to four case-studies, to elaborate recommendations.
Autorid : Andrea BERTOLINI, Ph.D., LL.M. (Yale) Assistant Professor of Private Law, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (Pisa) Director of the Jean Monnet - European Centre of Excellence on the Regulation of Robotics and AI (EURA)

Environmental liability of companies EN

15-05-2020 PE 651.698 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, aims at gaining deeper insights into the environmental liability of companies in the European Union. It analyses the role of companies within the Environmental Liability Directive (ELD) and pays attention to potential hurdles that may limit the possibility to hold companies liable for environmental harm. Various remedies to the limited liability of the corporation are discussed and suggestions are formulated to improve access to justice for victims of environmental harm. Specific attention is paid to a balanced regime of mandatory solvency guarantees to support the ELD liabilities of companies.
Autorid : Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure, Professor of comparative and international environmental law, at Maastricht University and Professor of comparative private law and economics, at Erasmus School of Law in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2018 and 2019: A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation EN

21-04-2020 PE 624.443 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study presents the 2018 and 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations as adopted by the Council and their implementation based on the assessment by the European Commission in its Country Reports of 27 February 2019, 05 June 2019 and 26 February 2020. This study was provided by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV).
Autorid : Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Handbook on the incompatibilities and immunity of the Members of the European Parliament EN

16-03-2020 PE 621.936 JURI
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national parliamentary immunities. This handbook will be updated regularly based on information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.
Autorid : Roberta PANIZZA, Eeva PAVY

The Unified Patent Court after Brexit EN

11-03-2020 PE 649.575 JURI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).
Autorid : Udo BUX

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019 EN

26-11-2019 PE 630.242 INTA BUDG AGRI JURI ECON
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Volinikukandidaatide kuulamistel võetud kohustused - Von der Leyeni komisjon 2019–2024

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Käesolev dokument on kokkuvõte kõige olulisematest arutlusel olnud küsimustest ja tähtsamatest kohustustest, mille asepresidendikandidaadid ja volinikukandidaadid võtsid Euroopa Parlamendis toimunud kuulamistel. See kujutab endast praktilist ja kokkuvõtlikku vahendit, mille abil on võimalik tulevase komisjoni jõupingutusi ja tegevust paremini jälgida. Mis puudutab kandidaatide võetud kohustuste ja avaldatud seisukohtade ammendavat loetelu, on Euroopa Parlamendi teemakohasel kuulamiste veebisaidil kättesaadav iga avaliku kuulamise täielik stenogramm, samuti kirjalikud küsimused ja vastused.

Commitments made at the hearing of Maroš ŠEFČOVIČ, Vice-President-designate - Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.918 AFCO JURI
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : This briefing includes a series of quotes, which make reference to the oral commitments made during the hearing of Vice-President-designate for Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight Maroš Šefčovič.
Autorid : Giorgio Mussa, Roberta PANIZZA

Commitments made at the hearing of Didier REYNDERS, Commissioner-designate - Justice EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.923 JURI LIBE
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : The commissioner-designate, Didier Reynders, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Upholding the rule of law; and Justice and consumer protection.
Autorid : Udo BUX, Ottavio MARZOCCHI

EU Patent and Brexit EN

05-11-2019 PE 596.800 JURI
Analüüs
Kokkuvõte : This In-depth Analysis resumes the possible scenarios concerning several Intellectual Property provisions of EU and international law in the event of a withdrawal of the United Kingdom with or without a proper withdrawal agreement. It tries to clarify the question how Brexit may affect the entry into force of the new European Patent with Unitary effect (EPUE), especially, if the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, even in case the UK has withdrawn from the EU. What would be the necessary steps to be taken by the EU in order to ensure the functioning of the future European Unitary patent and in case the UPC Agreement would have to be revised because of Brexit.
Autorid : Udo BUX