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Publications Catalogue by the Budgetary Affairs Policy Department

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PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE 2019-2021 EN

14-09-2021 PE 691.721 BUDG CONT
Catalog
Rezumat : This catalogue provides the list of publications and events prepared by Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs during the eighth legislative period (2019-2024) in the field of budgetary affairs. The first part gives an overview of the studies and briefings requested by BUDG and CONT sometimes in cooperation with the other committees. The second part lists the workshops held at the request of these committees. Short summaries describe the content of each document. The full-text versions of all documents are available online at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/supporting-analyses.
Autori : NIELS FISCHER

The Sustainable Development Goals in the EU budget EN

15-07-2021 PE 696.211 BUDG
Briefing
Rezumat : This briefing will present an overview of the implementation of the SDGs in the EU long-term budget.
Autori : TILDA MARIA ELISABETH KALLQVIST

The financial management of visitor groups to the national parliaments EN

08-07-2021 PE 695.957 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : In most Member States, visitor’ groups are not sponsored to visit the national parliament. A visit to the national parliament is free of charge, and all the costs related to the visit, for example travel costs, accommodation and local minor expenses, need to be paid by the visitors themselves. Germany is the only country which has various kinds of programmes where visitors can be reimbursed. Members of Parliament can invite up to 200 people a year of which the travel costs are partially covered by the German Bundestag. There is also a programme which consists of more days for which all the costs related to travel and accommodation are covered by the German government. The German Bundesrat has a programme in which the 16 federal states can invite people for a visit of multiple days to Berlin. In this case the travel costs and accommodation are paid for by the Bundesrat. For all reimbursements, the rules apply that the receipts and underlying documents need to be provided to the Bundestag and Bundesrat after the visit. All documents and receipts are checked through an ex-post control. The United Kingdom has a programme in which costs are reimbursed, and this programme is funded by the commercial tours of the parliament. In this case, it can be MPs, Peers or the House of Commons or Lords who can invite visitors who are eligible for reimbursement. In Hungary, only schools can get reimbursement for their travel costs and the entry fee for the national parliament. All the receipts need to be provided to the visitor service of the parliament. Some countries do have other schemes in which they provide coverage for schools or costs are covered by the MPs’ own funds. The Council of the EU does not sponsor visitor groups. All visits are requested by visitors themselves and they need to cover all the costs related to the visit themselves. The questions were also sent to the European Commission but no answer was received.
Autori : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

Proceedings of the workshop on The EU’s current role in GRECO and ambitions for the future: How to move towards full membership EN

30-06-2021 PE 695.496 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities . The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is the CoE’s anti-corruption body. It is currently composed of 50 member states, with others expressing an interest. Apart from all European Union (EU) Member States, its members include countries such as Belarus, Switzerland, the UK, the USA and, most recently, Kazakhstan, which joined in 2020. The EU supports the work of the CoE by contributing to its budget to fund joint programmes and supporting cooperation in the legal field to foster political dialogue. The EU became an observer to GRECO in July 2019. The objective of this workshop is to exchange views on the EU’s potential full membership of GRECO in the future. In the context of the preparations for the organisation of the workshop, the Chair of the Committee on Budgetary Control has sought the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service on the possibility for the EU to become a full member of the CoE Agreement establishing GRECO. This paper will present GRECO and its work, GRECO cooperation with the EU and the conclusions of the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service.
Autori : Vera MILICEVIC

The integration of the European Development Funds into the MFF 2021 - 2027 EN

18-06-2021 PE 694.414 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : This briefing presents detail on the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027 that marks a turning point, in that it brings together all the EU’s different funds for development cooperation in a single instrument, in order to ensure consistency between different fields of external action.
Autori : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

Missing Trader Intra-Community Fraud EN

17-06-2021 PE 690.462 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Value added tax (VAT) fraud has an extensive impact on the European Union (EU) budget. As missing trader intra-community (MTIC) fraud is the biggest kind of VAT fraud it would be beneficial to fight this kind of fraud to a larger extent.
Autori : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

EU cooperation with the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO): how to move towards full membership EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.415 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities . The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is the CoE’s anti-corruption body. It is currently composed of 50 member states, with others expressing an interest. Apart from all European Union (EU) Member States, its members include countries such as Belarus, Switzerland, the UK, the USA and, most recently, Kazakhstan, which joined in 2020. The EU supports the work of the CoE by contributing to its budget to fund joint programmes and supporting cooperation in the legal field to foster political dialogue. The EU became an observer to GRECO in July 2019. The objective of this workshop is to exchange views on the EU’s potential full membership of GRECO in the future. In the context of the preparations for the organisation of the workshop, the Chair of the Committee on Budgetary Control has sought the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service on the possibility for the EU to become a full member of the CoE Agreement establishing GRECO. This paper will present GRECO and its work, GRECO cooperation with the EU and the conclusions of the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service.
Autori : Vera MILICEVIC

Background note on “Simplification” for the CONT hearing: “Will simplification suggested for the new MFF period bring the necessary balance between more efficient, effective and correct spending of EU funds?” EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.679 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : This note intends to provide general information about simplification as well as to look a bit more in detail on this issue in the framework of Cohesion Policy, Common Agricultural Policy and Research. These three EU policies represent sectors that largely benefit from the financing of the EU budget and have experienced simplification due to the response of the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council to the requests of final beneficiaries. At the same time, there have been repeated calls from the European Court of Auditors regarding these policies to reduce their complexity and further apply simplification measures, without compromising their functioning and the sound financial management of the EU budget.
Autori : Rita CALATOZZOLO

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlihts - May 2021 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - April 2021 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Proceedings of the workshop on Use of big data and AI in fighting corruption and misuse of public funds - good practice, ways forward and how to integrate new technology into contemporary control framework EN

31-03-2021 PE 691.722 BUDG
Studiu
Rezumat : Notes from the workshop on Use of big data and AI in fighting corruption and misuse of public funds - good practice, ways forward and how to integrate new technology into contemporary control framework. The workshop took place on 23 February 2021.
Autori : András SCHWARCZ

Implementation of the EU Trust Funds and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey - Update- March 2021 EN

25-03-2021 PE 691.520 BUDG CONT
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This paper proposes a factual overview of recent developments in the implementation of the EU Bêkou Trust Fund for the Central African Republic, the EU Regional Trust Fund in response to the Syrian crisis (Madad), the EU Trust Fund for Peace in Colombia, the EU Trust Fund for Africa and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey.
Autori : Alix DELASNERIE

Reform of the EU own resources EN

01-03-2021 PE 690.963 BUDG CONT
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This document was prepared by Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs for the Committee on Budgets as a background paper for the Public Hearing on ‘Financing the EU budget: new own resources and possible other revenue’. It provides a summary of the system of EU own resources in the light of the agreement on its revision reached during the negotiations of the 2021-27 MFF. It shows the rationale for the reform including the need to find sources to finance the repayment of the EU borrowing in the framework of the New Generation EU initiative. The paper gives a description of each new own resource listed in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2020, and shows their probable policy and budgetary effects.
Autori : András SCHWARCZ

Special Advisers to the Commission (2014-2019) EN

26-02-2021 PE 689.327 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.
Autori : Alix DELASNERIE

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - February 2021 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

MEPs’ Pension Rights before and after the Members’ Statute in 2009 EN

01-02-2021 PE 659.763 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : This study presents detail on pension rights of Members of the European Parliament, looking at arrangements in the Member States prior to the entry into force of the Members’ Statute in 2009; and EU-level pension arrangements, i.e. the Provisional Pension Schemes, the Voluntary Pension Scheme, and pension rights under the Members’ Statute. Moreover, a comparative analysis of the different arrangements is provided.
Autori : Michaela FRANKE

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors EN

02-12-2020 PE 662.379 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : On the occasion of the nomination of a new Polish member for the Court of Auditors, this briefing describes the national nomination process and the roles of EP and Council.
Autori : ANNA DEMBEK, Michaela FRANKE

Proceedings of the workshop on Open spaces at EU institutions versus traditional work spaces: justification, evolution, evaluation and results EN

30-11-2020 PE 662.378 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : The Budgetary Control Committee (CONT) organised the workshop on ‘Open spaces at EU institutions versus traditional work spaces: justification, evolution, evaluation and results’ on 29 October 2020. This document consists of the proceedings of the workshop, the briefing on ‘Open Plan Offices - The new ways of working’, biographies of the speakers and the PowerPoint slides of the presentations.
Autori : Alexandra Pouwels.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

EU Gender budgeting: where do we stand? EN

28-10-2020 PE 660.058 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Gender budgeting has a fundamental impact on inclusive and economic growth, fostering employment, reducing poverty, addressing ageing population and increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the study of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the estimated impact of improved gender equality varies considerably across member states from 4% to 12% of GDP, depending on the present level of achievement of gender equality.
Autori : Rita CALATOZZOLO, CAMILLE MARIE LIGIA SIMOES

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Commitments made at the hearing of Valdis Dombrovskis Commissioner for Trade EN

Briefing
Rezumat : The Commission Executive Vice-President/Commissioner-designate, Valdis Dombrovskis, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2020 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committee on International Trade, in association with the Committees on Foreign Affairs, on Economic and Monetary Affairs, on Development and on Budgets. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio as Trade Commissioner, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - A level playing field for all; - Strengthening Europe’s global leadership; - Trade for sustainable development and climate action
Autori : Mario DAMEN, WOLFGANG IGLER

Open Plan Offices - The new ways of working. The advantages and disadvantages of open office space EN

30-09-2020 PE 659.255 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : KEY FINDINGS Open office spaces are introduced for the following reason: - Saving costs on real estate. Real estate expenses are the second largest costs for a company. By creating more workplaces in the same amount of square meters costs can be reduced on buildings and maintenance. - Increase communication. If people are in closer proximity from one another and move around freely communication will increase. - Improve team work. As teams are now sharing the same space knowledge sharing will increase both within the same team and across different teams. The following arguments oppose the introduction of open office spaces: - Loss of productivity. Employees are distracted faster because of noise or colleagues moving around. It takes on average 25 minutes to resume a task after distraction. In an open office space employees are distracted faster because of phone calls, people walking by or nearby conversations. - Problems with noise, temperature and fatigue. As said before, noise is one of the main distractions in an open office space. Temperature is managed centrally and it could therefore be too cold of one person and too warm for another. Fatigue is a side effect from noise and temperature and the fact that people have a constant overload of information with the introduction of multiple screens like phone, tablets and computer. - Increase of sickness. As employees are in closer proximity of one another diseases can spread faster. The spread of diseases raise the amount of sick days taken in a company. - Decrease of overall well-being of employees. The main cause for the diminishing of well-being is the level of stress. The idea of being watched all the time increases the levels of stress in an open office space.
Autori : Alexandra Pouwels

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more transparent, stringent and comprehensive EN

16-07-2020 PE 654.166 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : This study examines the current methodologies used for tracking climate-related and biodiversity-related expenditure in the EU budget. It identifies strengths and weaknesses of the current methodologies, and examines proposed changes to the methodologies for the 2021-2027 financial perspective. On this basis, it identifies potential objectives for strengthening the tracking mechanisms, and puts forward suggested approaches to meeting those objectives.
Autori : Martin NESBIT Thorfinn STAINFORTH Kaley HART Evelyn UNDERWOOD Gustavo BECERRA Institute for European Environmental Policy

Next Generation EU - Where are assigned revenue? Which impact in 2021? EN

15-07-2020 PE 656.549 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. In the emergency European Recovery Instrument, “Next Generation EU”, put forward by the Commission EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. In 2021, contributions from “Next Generation EU” are planned to provide an additional EUR 211.3 billion of assigned revenue. in 2021, assigned revenue will surge to EUR 220 000 million in commitments and EUR 46 100 million in payments, from a total amount of EUR 17 405.5 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 19 159.6 million in payments appropriations in 2019. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.
Autori : Alexandre MATHIS

Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions in the EU Budget 2014-2019 EN

15-07-2020 PE 654.474 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : This study performs a “reality check” of Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions (PPPAs) included in the EU budget over 2014-2019 and assesses their use as a strategic political tool. It covers 324 PPPAs with an aggregate value of EUR 337 million to date. PPPAs can trigger new or fine-tune existing legislation or policy and generate important lessons learnt. However, there is no systematic data to assess their effectiveness. The study identifies a series of areas for improvement.
Autori : Blomeyer & Sanz Roderick ACKERMANN, Roland BLOMEYER, José PAPI, Margarita SANZ

Cum pot fondurile UE să reducă decalajele economice în Uniunea Europeană

13-07-2020 PE 654.525 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : Atunci când evaluează beneficiile pe care le obțin de la bugetul Uniunii Europene (UE), statele membre se concentrează în principal pe pozițiile lor individuale nete, adică soldul net dintre contribuțiile lor naționale și fondurile primite de la bugetul UE. Acest mod de analiză bazat pe principiul „juste retour” (al compensării) prezintă o serie de limitări și probleme și neglijează complet beneficiile de care se bucură statele membre pe lângă fluxurile financiare propriu-zise asociate bugetului UE. Statele membre se pot bucura de beneficiile indirecte legate de diferitele intervenții și politici finanțate de la bugetul UE. Pot fi create beneficii și pentru UE în ansamblul său, în cazul politicilor coordonate și finanțate de UE, care înlocuiesc sau completează acțiuni individuale necoordonate la nivelul statelor membre și care, astfel, creează o valoare adăugată suplimentară prin utilizarea sinergiilor. De asemenea, statele membre beneficiază de investiții directe intra-UE, de comerțul intra-UE și de efectele de rețea create de UE. Prin urmare, perspectiva pozițiilor nete ar putea fi completată de indicatori suplimentari care oferă o imagine mai cuprinzătoare a beneficiilor generale rezultate pentru statele membre din apartenența lor la UE și de la bugetul UE, iar unele opțiuni de reformă a bugetului UE ar putea contribui la abandonarea viziunii axate pe pozițiile nete.
Autori : WIIW: Mr Robert Stehrer, Mr Roman Stöllinger, Mr Gabor Hunya, Ms Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Mr Mario Holzner, Mr Oliver Reiter WIFO: Ms Margit Schratzenstaller, Ms Julia Bachtrögler Blomeyer & Sanz: Ms Veronika Kubeková, Mr Roland Blomeyer

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.527 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : Short presentation of - Treaty provisions and appointment procedure, - upcoming and recent nominations and - avenues for further research.
Autori : Michaela FRANKE

Assigned revenue in the Recovery Plan - The frog that wishes to be as big as the ox? EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.526 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. The emergency European Recovery Instrument put forward by the Commission amounts to EUR 750 billion. Out of this EUR 750 billion, EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. Therefore, more than a third of the EU budget will be considered as assigned revenue in the EU budget. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.
Autori : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - June 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - May 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

A Just Transition Fund - How the EU budget can best assist in the necessary transition from fossil fuels to sustainable energy EN

15-04-2020 PE 651.444 BUDG CONT
Studiu
Rezumat : On 14 January 2020, the European Commission published its proposal for a Just Transition Mechanism, intended to provide support to territories facing serious socioeconomic challenges related to the transition towards climate neutrality. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of how the EU can best ensure a ‘just transition’ in all its territories and for all its citizens with the tools at its disposal. It provides an overview and a critical assessment of the Commission's proposal, and suggests possible amendments based on best practices from other just-transition initiatives.
Autori : Bruegel Ms Aliénor CAMERON; Dr Grégory CLAEYS; Ms Catarina MIDŐES; Dr Simone TAGLIAPIETRA

The net operating balances or the "Juste retour" approach EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.760 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances (OBB) is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balances concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value..
Autori : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Net operating balances indicator: A distorted indicator of a Member's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.761 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autori : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

EU membership benefits: Not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.762 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar.
Autori : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

How to overcome the "Juste retour" obsession EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.763 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support.
Autori : Friedrich Heinemann, Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

"I want my money back": The history of national rebates EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.764 BUDG CONT
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This document is a brief overview of the history of the own resources system and its rebates.
Autori : Zareh Asatryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

The benefits of EU membership are not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.145 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar..
Autori : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

Why net operating balances are a distorted indicator of a Member State's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.148 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autori : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

The net operating balances: Variants, emerging numbers and history EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.183 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balance concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value. In addition to the criticisms on the interpretation of Operating budgetary balances, the approach also has serious inherent limitations:.
Autori : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Strategies to overcome the "juste retour" perspective on the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.186 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support. This briefing sketches and discusses the options that might correct this detrimental bias.
Autori : Giacomo Benedetto, Friedrich Heinemann, Fabian Zuleeg

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - February 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

EU Own Resources EN

15-01-2020 PE 647.459 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : This Briefing is a background note for the Committee on Budgets public hearing on “EU Own Resources and Fiscal Policy Harmonisation: Untapped potential for Synergies?” held on 23 January 2020. It describes the very specific structure of the EU revenue which come from three types of own resources, i) traditional own resources, ii) VAT-based own resource and iii) GNI-based own resource. State of play of what has been done to improve own resource is provided. Lastly, fiscal policy harmonisation initiatives in force and proposed are listed.
Autori : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - January 2020 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2019 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Rezumat : Prezentul document reprezintă o sinteză a principalelor subiecte abordate de vicepreședinții și comisarii desemnați, precum și a angajamentelor fundamentale asumate de aceștia în cadrul audierii lor în fața Parlamentului European. Scopul său este de a oferi cititorului un instrument practic și concis pentru a urmări eforturile și acțiunile viitoarei Comisii. Pentru o listă exhaustivă a tuturor angajamentelor asumate și a pozițiilor exprimate de candidați, pe site-ul Parlamentului European dedicat audierilor din 2019 sunt disponibile stenogramele complete ale fiecărei audieri publice, precum și întrebările și răspunsurile scrise. Prezentul document include un apendice care conține angajamentele asumate în cadrul audierilor din octombrie 2020.

Commitments made at the hearing of Johannes HAHN, Commissioner-designate - Budget and Administration EN

22-11-2019 PE 636.481 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : The commissioner-designate, Johannes Hahn, appeared before the European Parliament on 03 October 2019 to answer MEPs’ questions. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: the Multiannual Financial Framework, modernisation and digitalisation of the Commission and the protection of EU financial interests.
Autori : Alix DELASNERIE

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - October 2019 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2019 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency EN

15-07-2019 PE 636.480 BUDG CONT
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics.
Autori : Rita CALATOZZOLO