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Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

20-11-2020 PE 648.241 TRAN DROI BECA BUDG ENVI CONT JURI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

EU Gender budgeting: where do we stand? EN

28-10-2020 PE 660.058 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Gender budgeting has a fundamental impact on inclusive and economic growth, fostering employment, reducing poverty, addressing ageing population and increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the study of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the estimated impact of improved gender equality varies considerably across member states from 4% to 12% of GDP, depending on the present level of achievement of gender equality.
Autorid : Rita CALATOZZOLO, CAMILLE MARIE LIGIA SIMOES

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

16-10-2020 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

15-10-2020 PE 648.239 ECON REGI BUDG AFET JURI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Commitments made at the hearing of Valdis Dombrovskis Commissioner for Trade EN

08-10-2020 PE 639.316 ECON INTA BUDG AFET DEVE
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : The Commission Executive Vice-President/Commissioner-designate, Valdis Dombrovskis, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2020 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committee on International Trade, in association with the Committees on Foreign Affairs, on Economic and Monetary Affairs, on Development and on Budgets. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio as Trade Commissioner, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - A level playing field for all; - Strengthening Europe’s global leadership; - Trade for sustainable development and climate action
Autorid : Mario DAMEN, WOLFGANG IGLER

Open Plan Offices - The new ways of working. The advantages and disadvantages of open office space EN

30-09-2020 PE 659.255 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : KEY FINDINGS Open office spaces are introduced for the following reason: - Saving costs on real estate. Real estate expenses are the second largest costs for a company. By creating more workplaces in the same amount of square meters costs can be reduced on buildings and maintenance. - Increase communication. If people are in closer proximity from one another and move around freely communication will increase. - Improve team work. As teams are now sharing the same space knowledge sharing will increase both within the same team and across different teams. The following arguments oppose the introduction of open office spaces: - Loss of productivity. Employees are distracted faster because of noise or colleagues moving around. It takes on average 25 minutes to resume a task after distraction. In an open office space employees are distracted faster because of phone calls, people walking by or nearby conversations. - Problems with noise, temperature and fatigue. As said before, noise is one of the main distractions in an open office space. Temperature is managed centrally and it could therefore be too cold of one person and too warm for another. Fatigue is a side effect from noise and temperature and the fact that people have a constant overload of information with the introduction of multiple screens like phone, tablets and computer. - Increase of sickness. As employees are in closer proximity of one another diseases can spread faster. The spread of diseases raise the amount of sick days taken in a company. - Decrease of overall well-being of employees. The main cause for the diminishing of well-being is the level of stress. The idea of being watched all the time increases the levels of stress in an open office space.
Autorid : Alexandra Pouwels

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2020 EN

11-09-2020 PE 648.238 BUDG CULT AFET EMPL LIBE
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more transparent, strigent and comprehensive EN

16-07-2020 PE 654.166 BUDG CONT
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study examines the current methodologies used for tracking climate-related and biodiversity-related expenditure in the EU budget. It identifies strengths and weaknesses of the current methodologies, and examines proposed changes to the methodologies for the 2021-2027 financial perspective. On this basis, it identifies potential objectives for strengthening the tracking mechanisms, and puts forward suggested approaches to meeting those objectives.
Autorid : Martin NESBIT Thorfinn STAINFORTH Kaley HART Evelyn UNDERWOOD Gustavo BECERRA Institute for European Environmental Policy

Next Generation EU - Where are assigned revenue? Which impact in 2021? EN

15-07-2020 PE 656.549 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. In the emergency European Recovery Instrument, “Next Generation EU”, put forward by the Commission EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. In 2021, contributions from “Next Generation EU” are planned to provide an additional EUR 211.3 billion of assigned revenue. in 2021, assigned revenue will surge to EUR 220 000 million in commitments and EUR 46 100 million in payments, from a total amount of EUR 17 405.5 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 19 159.6 million in payments appropriations in 2019. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.
Autorid : Alexandre MATHIS

Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions in the EU Budget 2014-2019 EN

15-07-2020 PE 654.474 BUDG CONT
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : This study performs a “reality check” of Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions (PPPAs) included in the EU budget over 2014-2019 and assesses their use as a strategic political tool. It covers 324 PPPAs with an aggregate value of EUR 337 million to date. PPPAs can trigger new or fine-tune existing legislation or policy and generate important lessons learnt. However, there is no systematic data to assess their effectiveness. The study identifies a series of areas for improvement.
Autorid : Blomeyer & Sanz Roderick ACKERMANN, Roland BLOMEYER, José PAPI, Margarita SANZ

How EU funds tackle economic divide in the European Union EN

13-07-2020 PE 654.525 BUDG CONT
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : When assessing the benefits Member States (MS) receive from the European Union (EU) budget, they primarily focus on their individual net positions, i.e. the net balance between their national contributions and the transfers received from the EU budget. This ‘juste retour’ thinking is associated with several limitations and problems and completely neglects the benefits accruing to MS beyond the pure financial streams related to the EU budget. MS may enjoy the indirect benefits that are related to the various interventions and policies financed from the EU budget. Benefits may be also created for the EU as a whole in the case of policies coordinated and financed by the EU, replacing or complementing individual un-coordinated action at MS level and thus creating additional added value through making use of synergies. MS also benefit from intra-EU direct investments, intra-EU trade and the EU’s network effects. Therefore, the net position view could be complemented by additional indicators providing a more comprehensive picture of the overall benefits resulting for MS from the EU membership and budget and several reform options within the EU budget could help to overcome the net position view and support a debate focused less on national and more on the common interest of the EU altogether.
Autorid : WIIW: Mr Robert Stehrer, Mr Roman Stöllinger, Mr Gabor Hunya, Ms Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Mr Mario Holzner, Mr Oliver Reiter WIFO: Ms Margit Schratzenstaller, Ms Julia Bachtrögler Blomeyer & Sanz: Ms Veronika Kubeková, Mr Roland Blomeyer

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020 EN

03-07-2020 PE 630.250 ITRE BUDG AFET AGRI FEMM CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.527 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : Short presentation of - Treaty provisions and appointment procedure, - upcoming and recent nominations and - avenues for further research.
Autorid : Michaela FRANKE

Assigned revenue in the Recovery Plan - The frog that wishes to be as big as the ox? EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.526 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. The emergency European Recovery Instrument put forward by the Commission amounts to EUR 750 billion. Out of this EUR 750 billion, EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. Therefore, more than a third of the EU budget will be considered as assigned revenue in the EU budget. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.
Autorid : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - June 2020 EN

12-06-2020 PE 630.249 INTA BUDG REGI IMCO LIBE
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - May 2020 EN

11-05-2020 PE 630.248 ITRE ECON REGI BUDG IMCO EMPL ENVI LIBE DROI
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

A Just Transition Fund - How the EU budget can best assist in the necessary transition from fossil fuels to sustainable energy EN

15-04-2020 PE 651.444 BUDG CONT
Uuring
Kokkuvõte : On 14 January 2020, the European Commission published its proposal for a Just Transition Mechanism, intended to provide support to territories facing serious socioeconomic challenges related to the transition towards climate neutrality. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of how the EU can best ensure a ‘just transition’ in all its territories and for all its citizens with the tools at its disposal. It provides an overview and a critical assessment of the Commission's proposal, and suggests possible amendments based on best practices from other just-transition initiatives.
Autorid : Bruegel Ms Aliénor CAMERON; Dr Grégory CLAEYS; Ms Catarina MIDŐES; Dr Simone TAGLIAPIETRA

The net operating balances or the "Juste retour" approach EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.760 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances (OBB) is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balances concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value..
Autorid : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Net operating balances indicator: A distorted indicator of a Member's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.761 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autorid : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

EU membership benefits: Not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.762 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar.
Autorid : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

How to overcome the "Juste retour" obsession EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.763 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support.
Autorid : Friedrich Heinemann, Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

"I want my money back": The history of national rebates EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.764 BUDG CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : This document is a brief overview of the history of the own resources system and its rebates.
Autorid : Zareh Asatryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

The benefits of EU membership are not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.145 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar..
Autorid : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

Why net operating balances are a distorted indicator of a Member State's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.148 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autorid : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

The net operating balances: Variants, emerging numbers and history EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.183 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balance concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value. In addition to the criticisms on the interpretation of Operating budgetary balances, the approach also has serious inherent limitations:.
Autorid : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Strategies to overcome the "juste retour" perspective on the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.186 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support. This briefing sketches and discusses the options that might correct this detrimental bias.
Autorid : Giacomo Benedetto, Friedrich Heinemann, Fabian Zuleeg

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - February 2020 EN

10-02-2020 PE 630.245 REGI BUDG EMPL SEDE FEMM
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

EU Own Resources EN

15-01-2020 PE 647.459 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : This Briefing is a background note for the Committee on Budgets public hearing on “EU Own Resources and Fiscal Policy Harmonisation: Untapped potential for Synergies?” held on 23 January 2020. It describes the very specific structure of the EU revenue which come from three types of own resources, i) traditional own resources, ii) VAT-based own resource and iii) GNI-based own resource. State of play of what has been done to improve own resource is provided. Lastly, fiscal policy harmonisation initiatives in force and proposed are listed.
Autorid : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - January 2020 EN

13-01-2020 PE 630.244 ECON BUDG AGRI AFCO SEDE
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2019 EN

16-12-2019 PE 630.243 SEDE DROI INTA BUDG AFET AGRI ENVI FEMM CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019 EN

26-11-2019 PE 630.242 INTA BUDG AGRI JURI ECON
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Volinikukandidaatide kuulamistel võetud kohustused - Von der Leyeni komisjon 2019–2024

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : Käesolev dokument on kokkuvõte kõige olulisematest arutlusel olnud küsimustest ja tähtsamatest kohustustest, mille asepresidendikandidaadid ja volinikukandidaadid võtsid Euroopa Parlamendis toimunud kuulamistel. See kujutab endast praktilist ja kokkuvõtlikku vahendit, mille abil on võimalik tulevase komisjoni jõupingutusi ja tegevust paremini jälgida. Mis puudutab kandidaatide võetud kohustuste ja avaldatud seisukohtade ammendavat loetelu, on Euroopa Parlamendi teemakohasel kuulamiste veebisaidil kättesaadav iga avaliku kuulamise täielik stenogramm, samuti kirjalikud küsimused ja vastused.

Commitments made at the hearing of Johannes HAHN, Commissioner-designate - Budget and Administration EN

22-11-2019 PE 636.481 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Kokkuvõte : The commissioner-designate, Johannes Hahn, appeared before the European Parliament on 03 October 2019 to answer MEPs’ questions. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: the Multiannual Financial Framework, modernisation and digitalisation of the Commission and the protection of EU financial interests.
Autorid : Alix DELASNERIE

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - October 2019 EN

21-10-2019 PE 629.838 INTA BUDG CULT ENVI FEMM CONT
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2019 EN

16-09-2019 PE 629.836 PETI INTA REGI BUDG EMPL
Lühitutvustus
Kokkuvõte : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency EN

15-07-2019 PE 636.480 BUDG CONT
Analüüs
Kokkuvõte : The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics.
Autorid : Rita CALATOZZOLO