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Towards a permanent citizens' participatory mechanism in the EU EN

27-09-2022 PE 735.927 AFCO
Estudio
Resumen : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the EU participatory system and its existing participatory channels against mounting citizens’ expectations for greater participation in EU decision-making in the aftermath of the Conference on the Future of Europe. It proposes the creation of a permanent deliberative mechanism entailing the participation of randomly selected citizens tasked to vet proposals originating from either existing participation channels or the EU institutions, in an attempt at making the EU more democratically responsive.
Autores : Alberto ALEMANNO

More flexible VAT rates EN

26-09-2022 PE 625.137
Briefing
Resumen : Value added tax (VAT) is an important source of revenue for national governments and the European Union (EU) budget and, from an economic point of view, a very efficient consumption tax. However, the rules governing value added tax as applied to intra-Community trade are almost 30 years old and the current common EU VAT system is both complicated and vulnerable to fraud. Businesses doing cross-border trade face high compliance costs and the administrative burden of national tax administrations is also excessive. In January 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend Directive 2006/112/EC (the VAT Directive) and reform the rules by which Member States set VAT rates. Whilst the Commission's proposal was heavily amended, the Council adopted a revision to the VAT rate-setting rules in April 2022, modernising the list of products to which non-standard VAT rates can be applied, and in particular bringing the rules closer in line with the wider objectives of the EU (EU Green Deal, digitalisation, health). Third edition of a briefing originally drafted by Ana Claudia Alfieri. 'EU legislation in progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : Pieter BAERT

European Parliament scrutiny of Frontex EN

26-09-2022 PE 698.816
Briefing
Resumen : Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 transformed Frontex into the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and considerably increased its tasks, powers, responsibilities and budget. The regulation also gave the European Parliament a range of tools affording it oversight of the agency's activities. In addition to budgetary discharge, these include an obligation for the agency to provide Parliament with information, a key role for Parliament in appointing the agency's executive director, and attendance, on invitation, by a Parliament expert at Frontex management board meetings. These tools effectively make Parliament the key player in terms of democratic oversight of the agency. In 2020, Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) decided to investigate the allegations of Frontex's possible involvement in pushbacks and violations of fundamental rights by Member States' authorities at the EU's external borders. Parliament used both ex-ante and ex-post accountability instruments, as part of which it asked questions demanding oral and written answers, requested the Frontex executive director to appear before LIBE to answer Members' questions, and decided to postpone the discharge of Frontex's accounts for the financial year 2019; it granted discharge in October 2021. In May 2022, Parliament decided to once again postpone the discharge of Frontex's accounts, this time in respect of the financial year 2020. In January 2021, LIBE stepped up its action and established the Frontex Scrutiny Working Group (FSWG) to monitor all aspects of the functioning of the agency, including compliance with fundamental rights, and transparency and accountability towards Parliament. The FSWG conducted a fact-finding investigation, collected evidence and presented its final report in July 2021. In December 2020, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) also opened an investigation into FRONTEX's affairs. In April 2022, Frontex Executive Director, Fabrice Leggeri, resigned with immediate effect, after having been given the opportunity to comment on OLAF's findings. This briefing looks at the Parliament's accountability mechanisms and how they have been used to ensure that migrants' fundamental rights are respected and upheld at the EU's external borders. This is an update of a previous version first published in November 2021.
Autores : KATRIEN LUYTEN, Micaela DEL MONTE

EU-US Trade and Technology Council_Impact of the war in Ukraine and the way forward EN

26-09-2022 PE 733.661 AFET INTA
Briefing
Resumen : The EU-US Trade and Technology Council (TTC) was formally launched during the EU-US Summit in June 2021 to intensify transatlantic cooperation, expand bilateral trade and investment, and reinforce the parties' technological and industrial leadership. Another aim is to ensure that trade and technology serve society and economy while preserving shared values. The TTC has held two high-level political meetings, in September 2021 in Pittsburgh and in May 2022 in Paris-Saclay. These meetings steer cooperation within the TTC and guide its 10 working groups whose remit includes technology standards, secure supply chains, tech regulation, global trade challenges, climate and green technologies as well as investment screening and export controls. Since its launch, the TTC has created a community of experts and policy-makers from both sides of the Atlantic who now regularly work together. Joint work in areas such as standards, integrity of information, supply chains, green public procurement and addressing non-market practices has yielded the TTC's first successful steps. Moreover, Russia's war on Ukraine is thought to have strengthened both the transatlantic relationship as a whole and the TTC, which has played a key role in ensuring swift and coordinated roll-out of export controls. After the war broke out, the TTC started supporting coordinated economic action to counter Russia's autocratic attempts to also undermine the security of other nations. Yet, while the TTC has done well in areas related to war, some underline that it must deliver tangible results across all the work strands to increase its importance and impact. So far, the TTC has focused mostly on information-sharing, joint mapping, risk identification and exploring options for closer cooperation in the future. Its success may well depend on the degree of alignment the parties can achieve across the policy areas and on whether they can move from joint identification of issues to elaborating common responses and solutions to them. The European Parliament supports the establishment and work of the TTC, while calling for a more democratic scrutiny over it. The next TTC meeting will take place before the end of 2022 in the United States.
Autores : Marcin SZCZEPANSKI

EU economic developments and projections EN

26-09-2022 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Autores : SAMUEL DE LEMOS PEIXOTO, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Revision of the Central Securities Depositories Regulation EN

23-09-2022 PE 734.667
Briefing
Resumen : The IA provides a convincing justification for revising the CSD Regulation. The analysis, both qualitative and quantitative, is based on the targeted evaluation of the existing CSD Regulation, targeted stakeholder consultation and various data sources (ESMA). However, the IA would have benefited from a more detailed description of the problems, the policy options, and the stakeholder consultation, including the consultation results. Moreover, views of stakeholder groups on the policy options and support for the preferred package of options are not indicated. The IA transparently explains the uncertainties and limitations in the analysis, such as the effect of the lack of data concerning third-country CSDs in the EU, and difficulties in quantifying the impacts of policy options in the area of banking services. When analysing the impacts on stakeholder groups, the IA does not differentiate in terms of company size, even though one objective of this REFIT initiative is to reduce the burden on small companies.
Autores : ULLA-MARI TUOMINEN

Economic repercussions of Russia’s war on Ukraine – Weekly Digest 23 September 2022 EN

23-09-2022 PE 699.520 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This paper provides a summary of recent economic, financial and budgetary decisions and developments following President Vladimir Putin’s decision of 24 February to start a military attack against Ukraine. It includes recent information relating to the EU sanctions regime, recent economic estimates, and policies supporting economic and financial resilience, including the coordination of national economic and fiscal measures. It also highlights policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate any adverse economic, financial and social effects and to support economic recovery in the EU and the Euro Area.
Autores : SAMUEL DE LEMOS PEIXOTO, Dirk VERBEKEN, Marcel MAGNUS, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU

The eight edition of the European Week of Sport EN

22-09-2022 PE 733.654
De un vistazo
Resumen : After two autumns of restrictive measures during the coronavirus pandemic, this year's event can be enjoyed with more freedom. The annual European Week of Sport (23-30 September) opens on 23 September in Prague, Czechia. The Week is an initiative of the European Commission to promote sport and physical activity across Europe with the slogan #BeActive. The aim is to #BeActive during the Week, but also to stay active throughout the rest of the year.
Autores : Tarja LAANINEN

A new European innovation agenda EN

22-09-2022 PE 733.655
Briefing
Resumen : Since the Lisbon strategy, launched by the European Council on 23-24 March 2000, the EU's ambition has been to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world. The growing effects of the ecological crisis, from climate change to the loss of biodiversity, digitalisation and mounting geopolitical tensions have broadened the scope of innovation policies to the transformations required by both sustainability and preparedness to crises, such as the Covid-19 pandemic. Today, the EU's innovation performance gives a mixed picture. While the EU has managed to keep its scientific base at the forefront of the global race, it has not been able to disseminate the new knowledge, technologies and solutions created by EU actors across Member States. Consequently, since the early 1990s, the euro area's average productivity rate has lagged behind that of the United States, and the gap in productivity among EU regions signals the existence of an innovation divide. With the adoption of a communication on a new European innovation agenda on 5 July 2022, the European Commission aims to encourage innovators to make better use of EU single market finance opportunities, as well as to attract new private and public investors to reinforce EU financial and capital markets. The communication presents a set of legislative and non-legislative initiatives based on five flagships areas – access to finance; framework conditions for deep tech innovation; tackling the innovation divide; deep tech talents; and improving innovation policies – which cut across the von der Leyen Commission's political priorities. The initiatives will allow EU investment to be targeted to promoting scale-up of EU innovative businesses, and to provide additional cooperative opportunities for all EU actors in the fields of education and research and innovation (R&I). The forthcoming adoption of the revised State aid framework for R&I is expected to incentivise further national and regional R&I investments, thus delivering on the five flagships.
Autores : CLEMENT THIERRY EVROUX

Implementation of the European agenda for culture and of the EU strategy for international cultural relations EN

22-09-2022 PE 734.663
Estudio
Resumen : This publication provides an assessment of the implementation of the European agenda for culture and of the EU strategy on international cultural relations. It highlights achievements and shortcomings of EU cultural policies, so as to inform and support policy makers ahead of the adoption of the next Council work plan for culture and the potential future revision of the agenda and of the strategy.
Autores : Izabela Cristina BACIAN

FATCA LEGISLATION AND ITS APPLICATION AT INTERNATIONAL AND EU LEVEL: - AN UPDATE EN

22-09-2022 PE 734.765 PETI
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This in depth analysis updates a previous report commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs and describes the most relevant developments in the period 2018-2022 in chronological order and then draws conclusions which include a systemic view of the current institutional dynamics, a provisional legal analysis on the basis of existing rules and policy suggestions.
Autores : Carlo Garbarino.

Assessment of the ECB’s current monetary policy stance EN

22-09-2022 PE 733.983 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 26 September 2022.
Autores : Zsolt DARVAS, Catarina MARTINS, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL, Karl WHELAN

Anti-fragmentation: new tool in the toolkit EN

22-09-2022 PE 733.984 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 26 September 2022.

The State of the Union [What Think Tanks are thinking] EN

21-09-2022 PE 733.653
Briefing
Resumen : The European Commission's President, Ursula von der Leyen, unveiled a package of measures to curb energy prices, which skyrocketed in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and stressed the EU’s unwavering solidarity with Ukraine, in her annual State of the Union address delivered on 14 September. The plan envisages cuts in the use of electricity across the bloc, a cap on the revenues of companies which produce electricity at low cost, aid for companies and individuals hit by the energy crisis and, possibly, mandatory limits on the price of gas. On Ukraine, von der Leyen promised to maintain EU sanctions on Russia, to continue financial aid to the country devastated by the war, and work to ensure Ukraine’s seamless access to the EU’s single market. During her speech to the European Parliament in Strasbourg, she also vowed determination in pursuing green energy goals, including the creation of a hydrogen energy market. She said the Commission would propose new ideas for the EU's economic governance, including more flexibility on Member States' paths to debt reduction, and an SME relief package that would include a single set of tax rules for doing business in Europe. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports from international think tanks on the State of the Union and related issues. Recent papers on the war on Ukraine can be found in a recent edition of What Think Tanks are Thinking, and on the energy crisis in another publication from the series.
Autores : Marcin CESLUK-GRAJEWSKI

Consumer protection for the green transition EN

21-09-2022 PE 734.666 JURI IMCO
Briefing
Resumen : The IA is based on solid expertise, with ample information in 13 annexes, some of which form an integral part of the analysis (namely Annexes 5 and 12 for the problem definition and Annex 8 for the assessment of the options' impacts). The qualitative and quantitative assessment of the options is concise, balanced and logical. The IA is transparent regarding methods, assumptions and uncertainties in the analysis, which it addresses through a sensitivity analysis to ensure a robust evidence base. The impacts of all options are assessed against a set of 16 criteria and compared to the baseline in terms of their effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and proportionality. The IA decides against options it considers disproportionate, such as an EU body to pre-approve sustainability labels. It highlights the importance of coherence with other complementary EU actions, but potential interactions could have been indicated in a more precise and structured manner, to better illustrate potential overlaps.
Autores : Esther KRAMER

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024 EN

Briefing
Resumen : This document is a compilation of briefings that track the commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners to the European Parliament – in their written answers to Parliament’s questions, at their hearings, and, in some cases, in subsequent appearances before Parliament’s committees. The document provides an overview of the state-of-play at the mid-term of the von der Leyen Commission. Since many of these commitments were made, major international crises have shifted some political priorities. The Vice-Presidents’ and Commissioners’ progress on their commitments should be considered in this context.

Law applicable to the third-party effects of assignments of claims EN

20-09-2022 PE 623.546
Briefing
Resumen : The assignment of a claim refers to a situation where a creditor (the assignor) transfers the right to claim a debt from the debtor to another person (the assignee) who then becomes a creditor vis-a-vis the debtor (replacing in this role the original creditor). This mechanism is used by companies to obtain liquidity and access credit. At the moment, there is no legal certainty as to which national law applies when determining who owns a claim after it has been assigned in a cross-border case. The new rules proposed by the Commission will clarify which national law is applicable for the resolution of such disputes. As a general rule, the law of the country where assignors have their habitual residence applies, regardless of which Member State's courts or authorities examine the case. This proposal will promote cross-border investment and access to cheaper credit, and prevent systemic risks. Both Parliament and Council have adopted their positions, and the proposal is currently the subject of trilogue negotiations. Second edition. 'EU legislation in progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : Angelos DELIVORIAS

Computerised system for communication in cross-border judicial proceedings (e-CODEX) EN

20-09-2022 PE 690.667
Briefing
Resumen : The e-CODEX system is the technological backbone of the digitalisation of EU judicial cooperation in both civil and criminal matters. It comprises a package of software products that allow for secure digital communication between courts, and between citizens and the courts, in particular enabling the secure exchange of judicial documents. The project, launched in 2010 with EU funding, has until now been managed by a consortium of Member States and other organisations, and coordinated by the Ministry of Justice of the German Land of North Rhine-Westphalia. However, it has so far lacked an explicit legal basis in EU law. To remedy this situation, in 2020 the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation laying down the legal framework for e-CODEX and entrusting its management to eu-LISA (the EU Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice) seated in Tallinn, Estonia. The final text of the regulation, agreed by the co-legislators in April 2022, introduces new provisions safeguarding the rule of law, in particular judicial independence and separation of powers, and fundamental rights, in particular the right to a fair trial, the right to data protection, and the right to privacy. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : Rafał MAŃKO

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Janez Lenarčič EN

20-09-2022 PE 639.324 DEVE
De un vistazo
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Jutta Urpilainen EN

20-09-2022 PE 639.325 DEVE
De un vistazo
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Josep Borrell Fontelles EN

20-09-2022 PE 639.323 AFET
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the High Representative / Vice President since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Olivér Várhelyi EN

20-09-2022 PE 639.326 AFET
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Janusz Wojciechowski EN

20-09-2022 PE 699.623 AGRI
De un vistazo
Resumen : This briefing follows up on the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Thierry Breton EN

20-09-2022 PE 658.178 ITRE IMCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Valdis Dombrovskis EN

20-09-2022 PE 695.489 EMPL ECON INTA
Briefing
Resumen : Follow-up of the commitments made by Dombrovskis in his capacity of Executive Vice-President and in his capacity of Commissioner for Trade (and his predecessor, Phil Hogan) since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Elisa Ferreira EN

20-09-2022 PE 699.624 REGI
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up on the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Adina-Ioana Vălean EN

20-09-2022 PE 699.627 TRAN
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up on the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Kadri Simson EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.370 ITRE
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Stella Kyriakides EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.371 ENVI
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Nicolas Schmit EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.373 EMPL
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Frans Timmermans. EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.374 ENVI
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Margrethe Vestager EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.375 ITRE IMCO ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Mariya Gabriel EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.376 ITRE CULT
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Paolo Gentiloni EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.377 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Mairead McGuinness EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.380 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2020.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Virginijus Sinkevičius EN

20-09-2022 PE 703.381 ENVI PECH
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Johannes Hahn EN

20-09-2022 PE 730.889 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Didier Reynders EN

20-09-2022 PE 730.940 LIBE JURI
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Ylva Johansson EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.894 LIBE
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Věra Jourová EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.897 LIBE AFCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Margaritis Schinas EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.898 LIBE CULT
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Dubravka Šuica EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.899 AFCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Maroš Šefčovič EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.900 JURI AFCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

Tracking the EU Commissioners’ commitments - Von der Leyen Commission, 2019 - 2024: Helena Dalli EN

20-09-2022 PE 731.953 EMPL FEMM
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing follows up the commitments made by the commissioner since 2019.

'This is Europe' debate in the European Parliament: Speech by Sanna Marin, Prime Minister of Finland, on 13 September 2022 EN

19-09-2022 PE 734.664
De un vistazo
Resumen : 'This is Europe' – an initiative proposed by the President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola – consists of a series of debates with EU leaders to discuss their visions for the future of the European Union. On 13 September, the Prime Minister of Finland, Sanna Marin, was the fifth EU leader to address the Parliament since its Conference of Presidents endorsed the initiative on 28 April 2022. Ms Marin stressed that the European Union was the most important political framework for each of its Member States, and that its unity was its greatest strength. She also emphasised that Europe's strategic autonomy was one of the most important discussions in the Union, regarding the EU's ability to meet external challenges and to safeguard the functioning of our societies in all circumstances.
Autores : Ralf DRACHENBERG

Economic Dialogues and Exchanges of Views with Member States under the European Semester Cycles - State of play September 2022 EN

19-09-2022 PE 497.736 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This table provides a regular update on Member States invited for an Economic Dialogue in the competent Committee of the European Parliament and an overview of the respective legal base.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM

Solvency II Prudential treatment of equity exposures EN

19-09-2022 PE 733.988 ECON
De un vistazo
Resumen : Insurance companies are important investors in EU capital markets. Most of their investments are in debt instruments, while equity investments can contribute to higher returns for policyholders and overall EU economic growth. This study analyses the treatment of equity investments by insurance companies in (proposed) EU legislation; it is considered that this legislation will have limited impact on equity investments. To enhance equity investment significantly drivers other than prudential ones would have to be targeted.
Autores : Willem Pieter DE GROEN, Inna OLIINYK (CEPS).
Documentos conexos

Economic Dialogue with the other EU Institutions under the European Semester Cycles during the 9th legislative term - State of play September 2022 EN

19-09-2022 PE 624.436 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This document provides an overview of Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union that has taken place in the competent committee(s) of the European Parliament since September 2019 under the European Semester for economic policy coordination. It also lists the Recovery and Resilience Dialogues with the European Commission as undertaken by the competent committee(s) since the entry of force of the Recovery and Resilience Facility in 2021. It also includes an overview of the respective legal bases for these dialogues.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM

Plenary round-up – September 2022 EN

16-09-2022 PE 733.651
De un vistazo
Resumen : The highlight of the September 2022 plenary session was the annual address by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, on the State of the European Union (SOTEU). Ukraine's First Lady, Olena Zelenska, was present for SOTEU and the debate that followed, where Russian aggression in Ukraine was again an important point. A 'This is Europe' debate was held with the Prime Minister of Finland, Sanna Marin. Members also debated Council and Commission statements on the EU response to the increase in energy prices in Europe, the urgent need for action at EU level to ensure humane treatment of migrants in Europe, the consequences of extreme weather phenomena and increasing EU efforts to fight climate change, and on the ecological disaster in the Oder River. Debates also took place on the state of the SME Union, surveillance and predator spyware systems in Greece, and the situation in the Strait of Taiwan.
Autores : CLARE FERGUSON, KATARZYNA SOCHACKA

European Cultural Heritage Days: Russia's cultural war against Ukraine EN

16-09-2022 PE 733.650
Briefing
Resumen : European Cultural Heritage Days allow millions of people across the continent to celebrate their cultural heritage every September. This year Ukrainians will not able to enjoy the celebrations, as Russia's aggression has killed or displaced innocent people and declared war on their culture. Since this cultural cleansing began in Crimea in 2014, the Russian army has damaged or destroyed hundreds of cultural, artistic, scientific, educational and religious institutions, sites and works. Artists, and cultural and heritage professionals are unable to pursue their occupations. The Russian aggressors have looted artefacts from public and private collections, added them to Russian collections and declared them part of Russian history and culture. While international conventions set a legal framework on how to protect cultural sites and works from damage, destruction or looting, and define the responsibilities of belligerents or individuals involved in trafficking, the situation in Ukraine has alarmed international organisations, non-governmental organisations, governments and EU institutions. Assistance and urgently needed funding has been made available to help Ukrainian museums and cultural institutions protect and preserve their cultural assets, to catalogue them and report damage in view of reconstructing destroyed or damaged sites. However, as Russia's war is also being waged on cultural grounds, and the cultural front is very important for Ukrainians, it is also necessary to promote contemporary Ukrainian culture, arts and artists to ensure the country's cultural traditions and heritage continue to thrive and provide both moral support for the population and a basis for the post-war recovery process.
Autores : Magdalena PASIKOWSKA-SCHNASS

FEMM Committee delegation to Ethiopia - 19-23 September 2022 EN

16-09-2022 PE 736.848 FEMM
Briefing
Resumen : This Briefing, written by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, provides background information for the FEMM Delegation to Ethiopia scheduled from 19 to 23 September 2022. It includes information about the elimination of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), the barriers to women’s political participation, the violence against women in the current war context and the situation of the LGBTI community in Ethiopia.
Autores : Martina SCHONARD, ALIS-LAURA SOCEA

Digitalisation and changes in the world of work EN

16-09-2022 PE 733.986 EMPL
Estudio
Resumen : The aim of this study is to provide the Members of the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) with an updated review of findings from research on the impact of digitalisation in the workplace.
Autores : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL, SARA DANESI

Security situation in Mozambique EN

15-09-2022 PE 689.376
De un vistazo
Resumen : Since 2017, a destabilising Islamist insurgency against Mozambican government forces and the local population has ravaged the gas-rich northern province of Cabo Delgado. After the national army proved relatively ineffective in dealing with the insurgency, the government asked external partners, including the EU, for support. With the combined help of Rwandan troops and a regional military mission, the insurgency has been considerably weakened, yet continues to pose a threat both to the local population and to offshore gas projects. This is an update of an 'at a glance' note published in July 2021.
Autores : Ionel ZAMFIR

What if AI could make the agri-food sector more resilient? EN

15-09-2022 PE 729.549
De un vistazo
Resumen : Artificial intelligence (AI) has been the subject of such strong political and social debate that the question of its suitability for its main original purpose – improving supply chain efficiency – may come as a surprise. What if AI really could help strategic sectors cope with pressure? More specifically, could the agri-food sector benefit from this technology to compensate for the shortages broadly forecast as a result of today's crises?
Autores : ANDRES GARCIA HIGUERA

Emerging disruptive technologies in defence EN

15-09-2022 PE 733.647
De un vistazo
Resumen : Emerging disruptive technologies (EDTs) can potentially revolutionise warfare. The EU and its Member States have recognised the importance of EDTs, launched several initiatives and dedicated substantial funds to EDT research and development (R&D). However, keeping up with China, Russia and the United States (US) in this area will be a challenge.
Autores : SEBASTIAN CLAPP

Understanding the EU's response to organised crime EN

15-09-2022 PE 652.043
Briefing
Resumen : The EU has made substantial progress in terms of protecting its citizens since the early 1990s. This has often been in response to dramatic incidents, such as murders committed by the mafia or other organised crime groups or big money-laundering scandals, or to negative trends, such as the steep increase in migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings following the 2015 migration crisis. More recently, it was necessary to respond to the sharp rise in cybercrime, fraud and counterfeiting during the coronavirus pandemic. Criminal organisations continue to pose big risks to the EU's internal security. A rising number of organised crime groups are active in EU territory, often with cross-border reach. Organised crime is furthermore an increasingly dynamic and complex phenomenon, with new criminal markets and modi operandi emerging under the influence of globalisation and new technologies in particular. While the impact of serious and organised crime on the EU economy is considerable, there are also significant political and social costs, as well as negative effects on the wellbeing of EU citizens. As organised crime has become more interconnected, international and digital, Member States – which remain responsible for operational activities in the area of police and judicial cooperation –rely increasingly on cross-border and EU-level cooperation to support their law enforcement authorities on the ground. Recognising the severity of the problem and the need for coordinated action, the EU has initiated several measures to encourage closer cooperation between Member States; it has furthermore adopted common legal, judicial and investigative frameworks to address organised crime. The European Parliament has made fighting organised crime a political priority and helped shape the relevant EU legislation. Future EU action will focus on implementing existing rules, improving operational cooperation – even beyond the EU's boundaries – and information-sharing, while also addressing some of the main criminal activities of organised crime groups. Furthermore, the EU aims to make sure that crime does not pay. This is an updated version of a briefing from September 2020.
Autores : KATRIEN LUYTEN

Revision of Directive 2009/148/EC on the protection of workers from risks related to the exposure of asbestos at work EN

15-09-2022 PE 730.352
Briefing
Resumen : Asbestos is one of the main causes of work-related types of cancer in the EU. More specifically, asbestos-related risks are set to pose a major challenge in the context of the upcoming European Green Deal 'renovation wave', during which it is expected that millions of buildings will be renovated or demolished. In 2009, the EU adopted Directive 2009/148/EC, the Asbestos at Work Directive (AWD), in order to protect workers from and prevent their exposure to asbestos-related health risks, including by setting the EU occupational exposure limit (OEL). While noting substantial data gaps, a 2017 European Commission ex-post evaluation found that the AWD had been effective and remained relevant. However, it also highlighted the need for the OEL of 0.1 fibres/cm³ to be updated in line with the latest scientific evidence. In a 2021 legislative own-initiative report on the subject, the European Parliament made recommendations to the Commission on improving workers' protection from asbestos, including by lowering the EU OEL to 0.001 fibres/cm³. In a 2022 call for evidence for an impact assessment, the Commission announced that it intends to update the requirements under the AWD.
Autores : NORA ANDREA WUKOVITS

Anti-money-laundering authority (AMLA): Countering money laundering and the financing of terrorism EN

15-09-2022 PE 733.645
Briefing
Resumen : In July 2021, the European Commission tabled a proposal to establish a new EU authority to counter money laundering and the financing of terrorism (AMLA), in the context of a package of legislative proposals aimed at implementing the 2020 action plan for a comprehensive Union policy on preventing money laundering and the financing of terrorism. The AMLA would be the centre of an integrated system composed of the Authority itself and the national authorities with an AML/CFT supervisory mandate. It would also support EU financial intelligence units (FIUs) and establish a cooperation mechanism among them. The Council achieved a partial political agreement on the proposal on 29 June 2022. In Parliament, the file was referred to the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ECON) and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE). The co-rapporteurs issued their joint report in May 2022. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : CARLA STAMEGNA

European health data space EN

15-09-2022 PE 733.646
Briefing
Resumen : The COVID-19 pandemic has shone a light on the growing importance of digital health technologies, both to enable remote medical care and to facilitate the health response by international, national and local authorities. At the same time, personal health data have been key for containment measures such as the EU digital COVID-19 certificate. The European Commission's proposal for a regulation on a European health data space aims to improve individuals' access to and control of their electronic personal data (primary use), while facilitating data re-use for societal good across the EU (secondary use). Grounded in the EU data strategy, which mentions health as one of the nine European common data spaces, it cuts across several other EU policy priorities, such as the health union and the digital single market. The proposal establishes a set of rules, infrastructure and governance mechanisms to promote both primary and secondary uses of electronic health data, while ensuring data protection and strengthening cybersecurity. The Commission expects the initiative to have a broad socio-economic impact, ranging from improving people's health, to facilitating the uptake of evidence-based policy-making. Its success is thought to depend not only on the capacity to implement the legal basis effectively, but also on broader conditions such as EU-wide connectivity, social trust and digital skills. The legislative procedure is in its early stages. A European Parliament rapporteur has not yet been appointed. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : CLEMENT THIERRY EVROUX

'Unshell' – Rules to prevent the misuse of shell entities for tax purposes EN

15-09-2022 PE 733.648
Briefing
Resumen : While shell companies – company entities that have no or minimal economic activity – can serve useful commercial and business functions, they are sometimes abused by companies or individuals for aggressive tax planning or tax evasion. To ensure sustainable public finances under the exceptional circumstances imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic, in December 2021, the European Commission presented a proposal on preventing shell companies from misusing their structure for tax purposes ('Unshell'). The proposal introduces a 'filtering' system for EU company entities, which will have to pass a series of gateways, relating to income, staff and premises, to ensure there is sufficient 'substance' to the entity. Those entities that are deemed to be lacking in substance are presumed to be 'shell companies' and, if they are unable to rebut this presumption through additional evidence regarding the commercial, non-tax rationale of the entity, they will lose any tax advantages granted through bilateral tax treaties or EU directives, thereby discouraging their use. While 'Unshell' targets only shell entities located within the EU, in 2022 the Commission will launch a proposal to tackle non-EU shell entities. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : Pieter BAERT

Tackling industrial emissions from large agro-industrial activities EN

15-09-2022 PE 734.665
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal for a revision of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), and the proposal for a revision of the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) Regulation, submitted on 5 April 2022 and referred to the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee of the European Parliament. With the adoption of the European Green Deal (EGD), the Commission committed to revise EU measures to address pollution from large industrial installations by looking at how to make legislation fully consistent with the EGD and its policies, notably the zero pollution ambition, the climate, energy and circular economy policies, and the EU industrial strategy. Industrial emissions from agro-industrial activities harming human health and the environment are currently regulated by the IED and its reporting E-PRTR Regulation. The IA 'focuses on the processes set out in the IED and the E-PRTR to minimise pollution from agro-industrial installations in the context of the recently adopted Climate Law and the 'fit for 55' package of climate, energy and transport proposals' (IA, p. 3). The proposals were included in the Commission's 2021 work programme.
Autores : DIETER FRIZBERG

Consumer protection in the context of overdraft facilities and overrunning EN

15-09-2022 PE 733.987 IMCO
De un vistazo
Resumen : Using available data, the AAG examines the practice of granting credit on the legal basis of credit agreements in the form of an overdraft facility and overrunning in the whole EU and, in more depth, in selected Member States. Furthermore, the study analyses the state of consumer protection in the currently valid Consumer Credit Directive on these types of credit agreements and identifies a number of possibilities for future regulations to improve the so far limited protection in this credit sector. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autores : Kai-Oliver KNOPS, University of Hamburg

International Equal Pay Day EN

14-09-2022 PE 698.022
De un vistazo
Resumen : As things stand, the gender pay gap persists globally and in the European Union, and progress in reducing it is slow. To accelerate the realisation of the principle of 'equal pay for work of equal value', the United Nations marked the first International Day for Equal Pay on 18 September 2020. This year, for its third edition, the debate will focus on pay transparency measures. This is an update of an 'at a glance' note from September 2021.
Autores : Marie LECERF

Spain's National Recovery and Resilience Plan: Latest state of play EN

14-09-2022 PE 698.878
Briefing
Resumen : Spain's National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) is one of the biggest financed by the Next Generation EU (NGEU) recovery instrument. It contains the largest amount, in terms of grants, under the unprecedented EU response to the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. Spain's national allocation for grants under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) amounts to €69.5 billion and it represents 9.6 % of the entire RRF or 5.6 % of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 (the RRF being 5.2 % of EU-27 GDP in 2019). In June 2022, the grant allocation was revised upwards to €77.2 billion (+11.1 %). In addition, Spain's general state budgets plan investment of €27 billion, aligned with the NRRP. The RRF funding will be supplemented by €12.4 billion from the REACT-EU funds, mainly for investment in health and education, and by the structural funds set out in the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework. Measures under the plan are to be completed by 2026. Spain has so far received 45 % of the resources in the form of pre-financing and the first two grant instalments, above the current EU average. A further six grant instalments will depend on progress made in implementing the plan. The European Parliament advocated for the creation of a common EU recovery instrument and is co-legislator for the adoption of the RRF. It participates in the interinstitutional forums for cooperation and discussion on its implementation and scrutinises the European Commission's work. This briefing is one in a series covering all EU Member States. The first edition was written by Miroslava Kostova Karaboytcheva. Second edition. The 'NGEU delivery' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the lifecycle of the plans.
Autores : MARIN MILEUSNIC

Romania's National Recovery and Resilience Plan: Latest state of play EN

14-09-2022 PE 733.641
Briefing
Resumen : Romania's National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) embodies an ambitious agenda of reforms and investment aimed at mitigating the socio-economic effects of the Covid-19 crisis. The total cost of the plan amounts to €29.2 billion, or 13.1 % of the country's 2019 GDP. This allocation, corresponding to 4 % of the total volume of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), includes the entire grant allocation (€14.2 billion) and a considerable part (€14.9 billion) of the available loan allocation. In June 2022, Romania's grant allocation was revised downwards by €2.1 billion to €12.1 billion (-14.9 %). The measures in the plan also aim to facilitate the country's green and digital transition, as well as focusing on youth by enhancing the education sector, another major objective of the NRRP with a 12.4 % share of the total RRF allocation. The plan is to be implemented by 2026. Following the Council's positive assessment of the NRRP, Romania received the pre-financing funds, which correspond to 13 % of the country's total financial allocation, for both grants and loans. In May 2022, Romania submitted its first payment request of €2.6 billion to the European Commission, which is being assessed. On top of the RRF financial envelope, Romania will benefit from complementary funds from the Next Generation EU (NGEU) instrument, namely REACT-EU, with a maximum of €1.5 billion in 2021 and 2022, as well as the funds from the Multiannual Financial Frameworks (previous and current). This will put roughly €100 billion at Romania's disposal by 2027. The European Parliament continues to guarantee transparency and provide accountability to EU citizens by engaging in the interinstitutional dialogues on the implementation of the RRF and scrutinising the Commission's work.
Autores : MARIN MILEUSNIC

Slovakia's National Recovery and Resilience Plan: Latest state of play EN

14-09-2022 PE 733.642
Briefing
Resumen : EU support for the implementation of Slovakia's National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP, Plán obnovy) amounts to €6 328.6 million in grants, and covers almost entirely the total cost of the plan, which stands at €6 575 million. In June 2022, Slovakia's grant allocation was revised downwards to €6 007.3 million ( 5.1 %). In addition to grants, until 31 August 2023, Slovakia can request up to €6 300 million in loans from its envelope available under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF). While the approved allocation represents only 0.9 % of the total RRF, it stood at 6.7 % of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 (the RRF being 5.2 % of EU-27 GDP in 2019). Slovakia is among the 10 Member States with the highest RRF allocation per capita (€1 145). On 21 June 2021, the European Commission endorsed Slovakia's NRRP. Slovakia has so far received 19.3 % of the resources allocated (in the form of pre-financing and a first payment for grants). Further payments – nine instalments – depend on progress in implementing the plan, including reforms. Slovakia's NRRP includes 58 reforms and 58 investments, designed to tackle both the pandemic's socio-economic consequences and the long-term challenges identified by the Slovak national integrated reform plan, Modern and successful Slovakia. The NRRP measures are organised around five strategic priorities: green economy; education; science, research, innovation; health; and efficient public administration and digitalisation. The plan is strongly focused on the green transition and digital transformation; these targets total 43.2 % and 21.0 %, respectively. The European Parliament participates in interinstitutional forums for cooperation and discussion on RRF implementation, and scrutinises the European Commission's work. This briefing is one in a series covering all EU Member States. First edition. The 'NGEU delivery' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the lifecycle of the plans.
Autores : Magdalena SAPALA, BRANISLAV STANICEK

Russia’s war on Ukraine fuels energy crisis [What Think Tanks are thinking] EN

14-09-2022 PE 733.643
Briefing
Resumen : The European Union is debating how to respond to the energy crisis resulting from Russia’s war on Ukraine. Energy prices are surging in the EU and elsewhere, as Russia curtails fossil fuel exports with the aim of pressing the Union to reduce its support for Ukraine. Gas prices are now some ten times their average over the last decade. Individual EU governments are offering their citizens and businesses financial relief, but they face the dilemma of balancing this aid with allowing energy prices to grow in order to discourage consumption. Some countries are reopening polluting coal-fired power plants and delaying closures of nuclear energy generators. The European Commission proposed, in September, EU-wide measures against Russia’s energy market manipulation. They would force firms and individuals to use less energy in certain circumstances, and envisage windfall charges on some power generators, which would be returned to consumers. It offers liquidity aid for energy firms and proposes a cap on the price of Russian gas. EU energy ministers discussed the ideas on 9 September, but reached no firm conclusions. This note gathers links to the recent publications and commentaries from many international think tanks on the energy market. Earlier analyses of high energy prices can be found in a previous edition of the ‘What Think Tanks are Thinking’ series.
Autores : Marcin CESLUK-GRAJEWSKI

EU entry restrictions in relation to Russia's war on Ukraine EN

14-09-2022 PE 733.644
Briefing
Resumen : The EU has imposed progressively harsher sanctions on Russia, first in response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, and then in response to its full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Successive packages of EU sanctions, adopted in the framework of the EU's common foreign and security policy, include entry restrictions for specific individuals linked to Russia's aggression against Ukraine. After partially suspending the EU-Russia visa facilitation agreement in February 2022, the Council decided to fully suspend the agreement in September 2022. This made the visa application process for all Russian nationals more expensive, lengthier and subject to increased scrutiny. The EU Visa Code, which lays down common procedures and conditions for issuing short-stay (Schengen) visas, requires the competent authorities of the Schengen states to examine and decide on each individual visa application. An individual assessment is also required by the Schengen Borders Code when carrying out checks at the EU's external borders. In both contexts, the competent authorities of the Schengen state concerned need to assess whether individuals pose a threat to public policy, internal security, public health or international relations. Moreover, an individual who has previously obtained a Schengen visa may still be denied entry into the territory of a Schengen state based on the (separate) risk assessment carried out during the border check. Neither the Visa Code nor the Schengen Borders Code contain provisions on imposing generalised visa or entry bans, however.
Autores : Costica DUMBRAVA

Research for REGI Committee - Cohesion Policy in Northernmost Regions of the EU: North Sweden, North & East Finland EN

14-09-2022 PE 733.085 REGI
De un vistazo
Resumen : This At a glance note sumarises the study on Cohesion Policy in Northernmost Regions of the EU: North Sweden, North & East Finland. Northern Sparsely Populated Areas (NSPAs) have high economic potentials. Proactive public policies are needed to unlock them by overcoming key demographic challenges, making it possible for companies to recruit skilled staff and enhancing the welfare and quality of life of their populations. The study describes measures implemented to this end under EU Cohesion Policy. It suggests that more integrated approaches could help address these challenges in a more effective way and preserve territorial cohesion within NSPA regions.
Autores : KINGA OSTANSKA, Frederic GOUARDERES
Documentos conexos

State of the Union address, European Parliament, 2022 EN

13-09-2022 PE 733.640
Briefing
Resumen : European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen's third State of the Union address, scheduled for 14 September 2022, will be delivered at a time when the European Union and its Member States are facing unprecedented geopolitical and economic challenges. Rising energy prices and accelerating climate change are testing the EU's resilience. On a more positive note, the recovery and resilience plans of most Member States have been approved, and the Next Generation EU spending programme will provide financing for the EU's green transformation. Nevertheless, the enforcement of EU values (Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union), and in particular the rule of law, remains a challenge; the application of the Conditionality Regulation could provide the tools to address some of the related issues. Other points worth noting are that months after the Conference on the Future of Europe ended, the European Commission's follow-up to its outcome is still underway, and that the coronavirus pandemic, although no longer the main topic of concern, is continuing to have a profound effect on lives and societies. The EU State of the Union address, delivered to the European Parliament by the president of the European Commission, dates back to 2010. The address takes stock of the achievements of the past year and presents priorities for the year ahead. It is an important tool when it comes to the Commission's ex-ante accountability vis-à-vis Parliament and is also aimed at rendering the definition of priorities at EU level more transparent and at communicating them to the public. The event chimes with similar practices in national democracies. The United States, for instance, has a long-standing tradition of presidential State of the Union addresses. In contrast to the US constitution, the EU Treaties do not prescribe a State of the Union address; the EU version was established by the 2010 Framework Agreement on relations between Parliament and the Commission. This briefing further updates an earlier one from September 2016, originally written by Eva-Maria Poptcheva.
Autores : Rafał MAŃKO

Question Time: The state of play on the war on Ukraine EN

12-09-2022 PE 733.639
De un vistazo
Resumen : Russia's war on Ukraine has now been going on for 6 months. Ukraine's citizens have paid the highest price to defend the country's independence. The EU and Western allies are supporting the country diplomatically, financially and militarily. In early September, the Ukrainian army liberated important areas of the country. The European Parliament will use its powers of oversight in the revived 'question time' during the September plenary session, to question the High Representative/Vice-President of the European Commission (HR/VP) on the issue.
Autores : ANNA CAPRILE, Jakub PRZETACZNIK, Eric PICHON, Angelos DELIVORIAS, Beatrix IMMENKAMP, SEBASTIAN CLAPP

Research for PECH Committee - Costs and benefits of spatial protection measures as tools for fisheries management EN

12-09-2022 PE 733.088 PECH
De un vistazo
Resumen : This At a glance note sumarises the study evaluating the costs and benefits on fisheries and aquaculture of three types of spatial protection measures: (i) Fish Stock Recovery Areas (FSRAs), (ii) Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), and areas designated as (iii) Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs). The research assesses how far fisheries co-management approaches can potentially help to achieve the European Union targets. The study uses three case studies from France, Spain and Greece to collect data on the different types of spatial protection measures and assesses how the cost-benefit analysis framework can be applied for their evaluation
Autores : Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER, KINGA OSTANSKA
Documentos conexos

Economic repercussions of Russia’s war on Ukraine – Weekly Digest 12 September 2022 EN

12-09-2022 PE 699.519 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This paper provides a summary of recent economic, financial and budgetary decisions and developments following President Vladimir Putin’s decision of 24 February to start a military attack against Ukraine. It includes recent information relating to the EU sanctions regime, recent economic estimates, and policies supporting economic and financial resilience, including the coordination of national economic and fiscal measures. It also highlights policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate any adverse economic, financial and social effects and to support economic recovery in the EU and the Euro Area.

Revision of the Renewable Energy Directive: Fit for 55 package EN

09-09-2022 PE 698.781
Briefing
Resumen : On 14 July 2021 the European Commission adopted the 'fit for 55' package, which adapts existing climate and energy legislation to meet the new EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030. The 'fit for 55' package is part of the European Green Deal, which aims to put the EU firmly on the path towards climate neutrality by 2050. A key element in the 'fit for 55' package is the revision of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), to help the EU deliver the new 55 % GHG target. Under RED II, the EU is obliged to ensure at least 32 % of its energy consumption comes from renewable energy sources (RES) by 2030. The revised RED II strengthens these provisions and sets a new EU target of a minimum 40 % share of RES in final energy consumption by 2030, accompanied by new sectoral targets. As part of the REPowerEU plan (May 2022), the Commission proposes to further raise this RES target to a 45 % share by 2030. In the European Parliament, the file was referred to the Committee for Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), with the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety as associated committee under Rule 57. The ITRE committee adopted its report on 13 July 2022, which has been referred to the September plenary session. The Council adopted a general approach on 29 June. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.
Autores : Alex Benjamin WILSON

The six policy priorities of the von der Leyen Commission: State of play in autumn 2022 EN

09-09-2022 PE 733.638
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This EPRS paper analyses progress in attaining the policy agenda set out by Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, and her College of Commissioners. It looks in particular at the state of play in respect of delivery on its six key priorities. Concretely, EPRS finds that, ahead of the 2022 State of the Union address, of the over 500 initiatives foreshadowed by the von der Leyen Commission on taking office or since (521), almost two thirds (330) have already been submitted and, on the legislative proposals, the co-legislators have started work. Of those 330, almost half (160) have already been adopted by the co-legislators, or, for the non-legislative ones (such as strategies, action plans and other communications, amounting to nearly one in five of the total), by the Commission itself. The great majority of the remainder are either proceeding normally through the legislative process (120) or are close to adoption (16). Conversely, a tenth of them are proceeding very slowly or are currently blocked (34). While the Commission's first priority, the European Green Deal, ranks highest in terms of the number of initiatives planned (130), its third priority, 'An economy that works for people', has seen the highest number of legislative proposals actually adopted so far (34).
Autores : Etienne BASSOT

Mapping threats to peace and democracy worldwide: Normandy Index 2022 EN

09-09-2022 PE 733.611
Estudio
Resumen : With war having returned to the European continent, measuring the level of threats to peace, security and democracy around the world – as the 'Normandy Index' does – is more important than ever. The annual Index was presented for the first time on the occasion of the Normandy Peace Forum in June 2019, as a result of a partnership between the European Parliament and the Region of Normandy. The Index has been designed and prepared by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), in conjunction with and on the basis of data provided by the Institute for Economics and Peace. This paper sets out the findings of the 2022 exercise, which draws on data compiled in 2021, and explains how the Index can be used to compare peace – defined on the basis of a given country's performance against a range of predetermined threats – across countries and regions. It is complemented by 60 individual country case studies, derived from the Index. The paper forms part of the EPRS contribution to the 2022 Normandy World Peace Forum. It is accompanied by two papers, one on the EU's contribution to peace and security in 2022, and the other on EU peace-building efforts in the Eastern Neighbourhood.
Autores : Eleni LAZAROU, BRANISLAV STANICEK

Research for TRAN Committee - Assessment of the potential of sustainable fuels in transport in the context of the Ukraine/Russia crisis EN

09-09-2022 PE 733.086 TRAN
De un vistazo
Resumen : This At a glance note sumarises the briefing providing the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the potential of sustainable fuels in transport in the context of the current Ukraine/Russia crisis. It assesses biofuel’s potential to be quickly ramped up, the impact on LNG demand in the EU transport sector, and the potential use of gas pipelines repurposed for hydrogen.
Autores : KINGA OSTANSKA, Ariane DEBYSER

Recovery and Resilience Plans - public documents EN

09-09-2022 PE 689.471 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This document provides summarised and tabular information on the Recovery and Resilience Plans. It will be regularly updated.
Autores : ADRIANA HAJNALK HECSER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission 12 September 2022 EN

09-09-2022 PE 699.550 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the seventh Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. The previous RRD took place on 2 May. This briefing first presents a state of play of the Recovery and Resilience Plans and the impacts of the July partial recalculation of grants’ allocation. It then focuses on the Parliament’s resolution of 23 June and the Commission’s Review Report of end July. A third section deals with the latest Recovery and Resilience Plans. The following sections deal with the RePoweEU, the 2022 Semester and financing aspects of the Facility.
Autores : ADRIANA HAJNALK HECSER, Dirk VERBEKEN, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Gaps beyond Recovery and Resilience Plans EN

09-09-2022 PE 699.551 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This briefing presents a “gap analysis” identifying economic and structural challenges remaining for Member States beyond implementation of their Recovery and Resilience Plans. The annex compiles the gaps the Commission identified in the 2022 European Semester country reports and matches those with the 2022 Country Specific Recommendations addressed to the Member States. It further displays additional challenges EGOV identified in publicly available information.
Autores : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE