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Últimos documentos

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The ECB’s Monetary Policy Response to the COVID-19 Crisis EN

18-06-2021 PE 648.787 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : (Updated 18 June 2021) The COVID-19 pandemic was an unprecedented shock to the euro area economy. The ECB's Governing Council took a series of measures that collectively provided a substantial monetary policy stimulus aimed at safeguarding the effective transmission of monetary policy and preventing a serious deterioration of financial conditions. This briefing, which is reguarly updated since March 2020, summarises these monetary policy measures.
Autores : Drazen RAKIC

The integration of the European Development Funds into the MFF 2021 - 2027 EN

18-06-2021 PE 694.414 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing presents detail on the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027 that marks a turning point, in that it brings together all the EU’s different funds for development cooperation in a single instrument, in order to ensure consistency between different fields of external action.
Autores : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

2030 climate target plan: extension of European Emission Trading System (ETS) to transport emissions EN

18-06-2021 PE 662.927 ENVI
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : The proceedings summarize the expert presentations and discussions of the workshop on the extension of the EU ETS to transport emissions. The workshop served to prepare the ENVI Committee for the upcoming legislative “Fit for 55” package of proposals, as part of the European Green Deal. The presentations focused on options and implications of the future inclusion of road transport, shipping and aviation in the EU ETS. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).
Autores : Cristina URRUTIA, Jakob GRAICHEN, Anke HEROLD

Economic Dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup - June 2021 EN

18-06-2021 PE 689.437 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : Paschal Donohoe is attending his second Economic Dialogue in the ECON Committee since being elected as President of the Eurogroup in July 2020. His first Economic Dialogue took place on 25 January. The exchange of views will cover the ongoing work of the Eurogroup, notably short term policy measures intended to combat the economic, financial and social consequences of COVID-19, medium term policies to support a sustainable recovery and increase resilience of the euro area and longer term measures relating to the Economic and Monetary Union governance framework, including completing the Banking Union. This briefing covers the following issues: the Eurogroup work programme until June 2021 (Section 1); 2021 Euro Area Recommendation (Section 2); Economic situation and developments (Section 3); Recovery and Resilience Facility (Section 4); 2021 European Semester Cycle (Section 5); review of the governance framework (section 6) and Banking Union developments (Section 7).
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Public finances in Euro Area Member States: Selected indicators - June 2021 EN

17-06-2021 PE 624.406 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it provides a short explanation and the data sources. The final section presents a short overview of the main indicators used by the European and other international institutions to assess debt sustainability.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, GIULIA GOTTI

Missing Trader Intra-Community Fraud EN

17-06-2021 PE 690.462 CONT
Briefing
Resumen : Value added tax (VAT) fraud has an extensive impact on the European Union (EU) budget. As missing trader intra-community (MTIC) fraud is the biggest kind of VAT fraud it would be beneficial to fight this kind of fraud to a larger extent.
Autores : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

Euro Area fiscal policies and capacity in post-pandemic times EN

17-06-2021 PE 659.658 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : The euro area response to the Covid crisis avoided a financial crisis. In the short term, the withdrawal of fiscal stimulus should be guided by unemployment, output gap and inflation data. Over the medium term, reducing public debt ratios will require maintaining the growth of primary spending below the (higher) GDP growth rate to be achieved through structural reforms. Over the longer term, creating a central fiscal capacity, strengthening the enforcement of fiscal rules in good times and completing the banking and capital market unions remain priorities.
Autores : Carlo COTTARELLI

Monetary and Fiscal Spillovers Across the Atlantic: The Role of Financial Markets EN

17-06-2021 PE 662.915 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : We present a review of the channels through which the US fiscal and monetary post-pandemic policies may affect the euro area. US spillovers will likely be relevant and worth considering while setting the policy stance in the euro area, at a crossroad between economic global recovery and global overheating. A key role is going to be played by global financial markets, their appetite for open-ended stimulative policies and fears of hard disinflation scenarios affecting central banks' ability to keep the economies on the recovery path and inflation expectations anchored. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Roberto TAMBORINI

Could the Euro Area Benefit From the US Stimulus Packages? EN

17-06-2021 PE 662.921 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : The recent US fiscal packages have raised some concerns on their magnitude, but also their spillovers to the euro area economy. After discussing US fiscal measures and reviewing the literature on international spillovers, we show that the US policy mix may have rather positive macroeconomic effects on the euro area. We conclude though that these effects need to be balanced against growing financial risks. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL

The role (and accountability) of the President of the Eurogroup EN

16-06-2021 PE 602.116 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This note provides an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, the procedures for his/her appointment, as well as proposals on a “full time position” as part of the wider debate on deepening the Economic and Monetary Union. The note also briefly addresses the mandate and working methods of the Eurogroup. In addition, this note refers to the debate around the transparency of Eurogroup proceedings. It is updated regularly.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

EU economic developments and projections EN

16-06-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Autores : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Implications for the Euro Area of US Macroeconomic Policies EN

16-06-2021 PE 662.917 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : The US has undertaken much larger discretionary fiscal packages than euro area governments, particularly in 2021. The large 2021 US fiscal package is likely to provide a welcome boost to the euro area economy. There is a risk, however, that US fiscal policy could lead to overheating of the US economy and a possible monetary tightening from the Fed which could trigger a recession. This paper argues this scenario is unlikely to occur but discusses the implications for the ECB if it did. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Karl WHELAN

Looking Through and Past COVID-19: Do Spillovers Matter? EN

16-06-2021 PE 662.916 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : The main thrust of fiscal and monetary responses to the pandemic in the EU and the US are contrasted. Estimates of the spillovers from US fiscal policy to Europe are estimated. They are found to be significant but economically modest. Consequences for debt and debt sustainability in the long-run are also examined. Concerns over debt sustainability in the EU and the US are warranted. Observers advocating much higher debt levels need to consider lessons from history. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Pierre L. SIKLOS

EU cooperation with the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO): how to move towards full membership EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.415 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Resumen : The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities . The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is the CoE’s anti-corruption body. It is currently composed of 50 member states, with others expressing an interest. Apart from all European Union (EU) Member States, its members include countries such as Belarus, Switzerland, the UK, the USA and, most recently, Kazakhstan, which joined in 2020. The EU supports the work of the CoE by contributing to its budget to fund joint programmes and supporting cooperation in the legal field to foster political dialogue. The EU became an observer to GRECO in July 2019. The objective of this workshop is to exchange views on the EU’s potential full membership of GRECO in the future. In the context of the preparations for the organisation of the workshop, the Chair of the Committee on Budgetary Control has sought the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service on the possibility for the EU to become a full member of the CoE Agreement establishing GRECO. This paper will present GRECO and its work, GRECO cooperation with the EU and the conclusions of the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service.
Autores : Vera MILICEVIC

Background note on “Simplification” for the CONT hearing: “Will simplification suggested for the new MFF period bring the necessary balance between more efficient, effective and correct spending of EU funds?” EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.679 CONT
Briefing
Resumen : This note intends to provide general information about simplification as well as to look a bit more in detail on this issue in the framework of Cohesion Policy, Common Agricultural Policy and Research. These three EU policies represent sectors that largely benefit from the financing of the EU budget and have experienced simplification due to the response of the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council to the requests of final beneficiaries. At the same time, there have been repeated calls from the European Court of Auditors regarding these policies to reduce their complexity and further apply simplification measures, without compromising their functioning and the sound financial management of the EU budget.
Autores : Rita CALATOZZOLO

Recovery and Resilience Plans - An overview EN

15-06-2021 PE 659.657 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This document provides an overview of the adoption of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and some relevant developments. The document will be regularly updated.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Estudio para la Comisión CULT — La política deportiva de la UE: evaluación y posibles vías de actuación

15-06-2021 PE 652.251 CULT
Estudio
Resumen : El Tratado de Lisboa marcó un hito importante en la política relacionada con el deporte y más concretamente en aquellas l políticas formuladas en este ámbito en Europa. La UE recibió una base jurídica para configurar las políticas deportivas europeas en el Tratado de Funcionamiento de la Unión Europea (TFUE) en 2009. Esto ha proporcionado a la UE una facultad explícita para actuar en el ámbito del deporte. Desde Lisboa, la UE posee competencias para apoyar y coordinar actividades en el deporte, pero no puede procurar la armonización ni transferir competencias. Por tanto, las actividades actuales de las instituciones de la UE en materia de política deportiva se centran fundamentalmente en políticas no vinculantes, como el fomento del intercambio y los valores en el deporte y el desarrollo de la dimensión europea del mismo, lo que se refleja en particular en medidas distributivas y en la asignación de bienes y recursos. A pesar de la limitada ampliación formal de las competencias de la UE, la aplicación de las políticas de la Unión en materia de deporte ha propiciado una evolución fundamental en la dimensión europea del deporte. Cada vez son más los agentes públicos y privados implicados, y cada vez se abordan más sectores y ámbitos de la formulación de políticas; el refuerzo de la financiación y unas formas cada vez más complejas de representación de intereses ilustran las características esenciales del dinamismo y el crecimiento del deporte a escala europea. En resumen, a lo largo de la última década, la política relacionada con el deporte y las políticas formuladas en este ámbito se han caracterizado por procesos continuos de crecimiento y diferenciación, al tiempo que ha aumentado la demanda de prioridades y de formas adecuadas de coordinación.
Autores : Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln: Jürgen MITTAG / Vincent BOCK / Caroline TISSON Willibald-Gebhardt-Institut e.V.: Roland NAUL / Sebastian BRÜCKNER / Christina UHLENBROCK EUPEA: Richard BAILEY / Claude SCHEUER ENGSO Youth: Iva GLIBO / Bence GARAMVOLGYI / Ivana PRANJIC

Technical Support Instrument: main features EN

14-06-2021 PE 659.652 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : In order to help national authorities in improving their capacity to design, develop and implement reforms, including those covered by recovery and resilience plans pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/241), the European Parliament and the Council adopted on 10 February 2021 the Regulation (EU) 2021/240 establishing a Technical Support Instrument. The Instrument may finance a broad range of technical assistance actions refering to policy areas related to cohesion, competitiveness and others, with specific emphasis on digital and just green transitions.This note presents its main characteristics, focusing notably in its connection with the EU economic governance framework and the European Semester.
Autores : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

The Use of SLAPPs to Silence Journalists, NGOs and Civil Society EN

14-06-2021 PE 694.782 JURI
Estudio
Resumen : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, analyses legal definitions of Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPP) and assesses the compatibility of anti-SLAPP legislation with EU law. It is recommended that an anti-SLAPP Directive should be adopted, and that the Brussels Ia Regulation and Rome II Regulation should be recast to limit the incidence of SLAPPs.
Autores : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

Gender equality: Economic value of care from the perspective of the applicable EU funds EN

14-06-2021 PE 694.784 FEMM
Estudio
Resumen : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It explores the impact of COVID-19 on the EU care economy, the gendered nature of care work and its continued reliance on unpaid or low-paid work of women. Issues of valuing and measuring care are examined selected countries are examined with different systems of care provision. Despite the recognition of the centrality of the care economy during the pandemic, the establishment of a new highly significant EU funding mechanism (the Recovery and Resilience Fund, RRF) is focused largely on digital and green investments, paying only marginal attention to gender equality and the care economy.
Autores : Ursula Barry

Animal welfare on the farm - ex-post evaluation of the EU legislation: Prospects for animal welfare labelling at EU level - European Implementation Assessment EN

11-06-2021 PE 662.643 AGRI ENVI
Estudio
Resumen : The European Union (EU) has a long history of regulating the welfare of farmed animals. Currently, the 'on-farm' aspects of animal welfare (AW) are regulated by five directives adopted by the Council of the EU. The European Parliament is scrutinising the implementation of the EU legislation through a dedicated report (with the Agriculture and Rural Development Committee (AGRI) taking the lead and the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) giving its opinion). This European Implementation Assessment (EIA), aimed at providing evidence in support of the committees' work on the report, shows that the implementation of the EU acquis has been challenging. Based on a large data collection programme, it presents findings on the implementation of the EU legislation against the standard criteria for ex-post evaluation, namely relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU added value. The EIA also maps and assesses AW labelling systems operating across the EU in terms of their design (including their scientific substantiation), regulatory status and functioning (including their effectiveness, efficiency and transparency). Furthermore, the paper analyses the prospects for a possible introduction of AW labelling at EU level.
Autores : Ekaterina KARAMFILOVA

Exchange of views with Commissioner Elisa Ferreira on the implementation of the Technical Support Instrument EN

11-06-2021 PE 659.644 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : Ahead of BUDG-ECON exchange of views with Commissioner Ferreira, on 14 June, this note provides a brief overview on the 2021 annual workplan, ongoing and finalised projects and some other elements of the Technical Support Instrument.
Autores : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States - State of Play – June 2021 EN

11-06-2021 PE 651.367 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).
Autores : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

The main building blocks of the Recovery and Resilience Facility EN

11-06-2021 PE 659.656 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This note presents the main features of the Recovery and Resilience Facility relevant for scrutiny by the European Parliament, namely its financing; the Recovery and Resilience Plans and the framework for their assessment; and EU level governance of the RRF, in terms of both its implementation and monitoring and oversight . It also highlights the changes the Facility is bringing to the European Semester.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019, 2020 and 2021 EN

11-06-2021 PE 651.391 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) adopted by the Council in the framework of the European Semester on 9 July 2019 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 5 June 2019). • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2019 CSRs based on its Country Reports published on 26 February 2020. • The 2020 CSRs adopted by the Council in the framework of the European Semester on 20 July 2020 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 20 May 2020). • The 2021 fiscal recommendations (recommendations for Council opinions on the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes) proposed by the European Commission on 2 June 2021 and to be adopted by the Council in July. During the 2021 Semester Cycle, exceptionally, due to the preparations and adoptions of the Recovery and Resilience Plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, there will be no further Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) under the European Semester.
Autores : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

The EU Approach on Migration in the Mediterranean EN

11-06-2021 PE 694.413 LIBE
Estudio
Resumen : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee , examines the EU approach on migration in the Mediterranean, covering developments from the 2015 refugee crisis up to the Covid-19 pandemic, assessing the effect these events have had on the design, implementation, and reform of EU policy on asylum, migration and external border control, and documenting the ramifications these changes have had on the actors who operate and are impacted by these policies, including immigration authorities, civil society organisations, and the migrants themselves. The study includes a review of the state of play of relevant EU asylum and migration legislation and its implementation, an appraisal of the situation in the Mediterranean, and a thorough examination of the external dimension of the EU migration, asylum and border policies, focusing on cooperation with third countries (Turkey, Libya and Niger), incorporating human rights and refugee law considerations and an analysis of the implications of funding allocations under the EU Trust Fund for Africa and the Refugee Facility in Turkey. The main goal is to test the correct application of EU and international law, having regard to increased allegations of human rights violations, undue criminalisation, and complicity of the EU in atrocity crimes committed against migrants at sea, stranded in Libya, or contained in Niger and Turkey. The role of EU agencies (Frontex and EASO) is also assessed alongside the bilateral or multi-lateral initiatives adopted by MS to confront the mounting challenges at the common external borders of the EU, incorporating the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility (Article 80 TFEU) as a horizontal concern.
Autores : Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Preparing the CSDP for the new security environment created by climate change EN

10-06-2021 PE 653.639 SEDE
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : While the European Union has developed a number of policy commitments and instruments to deal with the nexus between climate change and security, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has lagged behind. This study discusses the security implications of climate change in the EU Neighbourhood and makes recommendations concerning how the CSDP might integrate climate factors into its mission and deliverables. The CSDP will need to adopt a place-specific approach that foregrounds the distinctive social, political and economic dynamics through which climate factors makes themselves felt in different partner countries. The analysis looks in particular depth at the Sahel and the Horn of Africa as two regions where CSDP missions already operate or are likely to operate in the future. Countries in these regions are highly vulnerable to the interaction between a degraded environment and climate change impacts, raising the prospects of humanitarian crises due to food insecurity and internal instability due to competition for resources. These problems compound the EU’s prominent security concerns of terrorism and migration. The EU can move to climate-proof the CSDP through better conflict intelligence and foresight, carefully adapted and adequately resourced mandates, climate-change proofing investments in equipment and infrastructure, and better links to local social and institutional dynamics. The European Parliament should deploy its considerable political capital to support such initiatives, through resolutions, engagement with the UN and other inter-parliamentary fora, and efforts to garner political commitment from the Member States.
Autores : •Christoph MEYER, Professor of Professor of European & International Politics, King’s College London •Francesca VANTAGGIATO, Lecturer in Public Policy, King’s College London, •Richard YOUNGS, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Europe and Professor of International Relations, University of Warwick

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact under pandemic times EN

10-06-2021 PE 659.655 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Commission and Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecasts. This document is regularly updated.
Autores : Jost ANGERER, GIULIA GOTTI

EU partnership on metrology EN

09-06-2021 PE 662.644 ITRE
Briefing
Resumen : The IA underpinning the proposal on the EU partnership on metrology is based on solid sources. The relatively narrow range of options is pre-determined by the Horizon Europe provisions, and the mostly qualitative and comparative assessment gravitates early on towards the preferred option. While subsidiarity, competitiveness and coherence with the overarching political priorities are consistently addressed, the consideration of benefits and costs of the options could have been more complete and precise. The role of the actors in the metrology ‘value chain’ under both the current and the future scheme could have been better explained. The IA does not include budgetary implications nor effects of the Covid-19 pandemic (justified by the ongoing negotiations at the time of drafting the IA), nor does it assess certain novelties of the Horizon Europe partnerships, such as additionally and directionality.
Autores : Esther KRAMER

Preventing money laundering in the banking sector - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework EN

09-06-2021 PE 659.654 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This paper provides an overview of current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering (AML) supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU, in particular from a Banking Union perspective. This briefing first outlines the EU framework for fighting money laundering, which includes legislation (most notably the 5th AML Directive) and a number of Commission and Council Action Plans. Secondly, an overview of AML prevention relevant authorities, at both the EU and national level, is provided. This section also explains the 2019 review of the founding regulations of the European Supervisory Authorities, through which competences relating to preventing AML in the financial sector were consolidated within the European Banking Authority. Lastly, the paper highlights expected upcoming changes to the AML framework, largely based on the Commission’s May 2020 Action plan for a comprehensive Union policy on preventing money laundering and terrorism financing, and associated legislative initiatives expected in July 2021. It is relevant to note that this briefing focuses on AML concerns in the banking sector. While financial and non-financial intermediaries have an important role to play, these are not the focus of this briefing. Nevertheless, reference is made to closely related areas (notably, to Financial Intelligence Units, the work of markets and insurance supervisors on preventing AML and related matters) when relevant to a better understanding of its impacts on the banking sector. This paper builds on and updates a previous EGOV briefing on the same topic.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, KATJA KOMAZEC

US Macroeconomic Policy Response to COVID-19: Spillovers to the Euro Area EN

08-06-2021 PE 662.923 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : The United States (US) have responded to the COVID-19 shock with a massive fiscal stimulus in 2020 and 2021. At the same time, the Federal Reserve (Fed) has maintained a highly accommodative monetary policy stance. However, the Fed’s new average inflation targeting regime is being put to the test by the spike in inflation observed in recent months. Due to the global influence of the US economy and interlinkages with the euro area, questions arise over the possibility of significant spillovers from these US policy measures. Five papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, looking into the channels of Transatlantic fiscal and monetary policy spillovers and their significance in the current context. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Pierre L. SIKLOS, Karl WHELAN, Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Roberto TAMBORINI, Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL, Charles WYPLOSZ

Low for Longer: Effects of Prolonged Negative Interest Rate Policies EN

08-06-2021 PE 662.924 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : In June 2014, the European Central Bank (ECB) was among the first major central banks to lower policy rates into negative territory. The deposit facility rate was subsequently cut four more times, lastly in September 2019 (to -0.5%). As an unconventional monetary policy instrument used over a prolonged period, negative interest rates require attention because of their uncertain or possibly negative side effects on the banking sector and economy at large. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, assessing the experience with negative interest rates in the euro area over the past seven years. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 21 June 2021.
Autores : Grégory CLAEYS, Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Nils JANNSEN, Justus INHOFFEN, Atanas PEKANOV, Thomas URL, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

Comparison of key figures in the 2021 Stability Programmes and European Commission Spring 2021 forecast EN

07-06-2021 PE 659.630 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : The purpose of this document is to show the differences between some key indicators of the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes (SCP) of the EU Member States and the Spring 2021 economic forecast of the European Commission. In accordance with Art. 4 of Council Directive 2011/85/EU, the budgetary planning of the Member States “shall be based on the most likely macrofiscal scenario or on a more prudent scenario. (…). Significant dif¬fe¬ren¬ces between the chosen macrofiscal scenario and the (most recent) Commission’s forecast shall be described with reasoning (…).”
Autores : Jost ANGERER, KATJA KOMAZEC

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2021 EN

De un vistazo
Resumen : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for AGRI Committee: Preliminary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on European agriculture: a sector-based analysis of food systems and market resilience EN

04-06-2021 PE 690.879 AGRI
De un vistazo
Resumen : This study provides a preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on European agriculture and the agri-food supply chain in light of the responses deployed by the European Union and its Member States to mitigate its effects.
Autores : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.

Research for TRAN - Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Part II: Transport workers EN

03-06-2021 PE 690.868 TRAN
De un vistazo
Resumen : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU transport workers and their working conditions, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Europeanising the elections of the European Parliament - Outlook on the implementation of Council Decision 2018/994 and harmonisation of national rules on European elections EN

03-06-2021 PE 694.199 AFCO
Estudio
Resumen : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the main obstacles to unifying and modernising European elections in different Member States. It gives an overview of the implementation of Council Decision 2018/994 and highlights, in particular, the importance of the standardisation and harmonisation of electoral ballots as a means to properly inform voters and strengthen the European party system. As a more general remark, the study concludes that the European and national political parties should further strengthen their relationship, a vital element of the European political system that can increase the transnational nature of European elections.
Autores : Lorenzo CICCHI

Economic Dialogue with Cyprus - ECON on 3 June 2021 EN

31-05-2021 PE 659.653 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Constantinos Petrides, Cyprus Finance Minister, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last exchange of views with the Cypriot authorities took place on 25 January 2016.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Harmful tax practices within the EU: definition, identification and recommendations EN

31-05-2021 PE 662.905 FISC
Estudio
Resumen : The purpose of the present study is to provide a tool for understanding the phenomenon of harmful tax competition within the EU, as well as making an in-depth assessment and proposing solutions. It contains policy recommendations for future EU standards. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC).
Autores : Prof. dr. Elly VAN DE VELDE and Dr. Francesco CANNAS

Research for ANIT Committee: The practices of animal welfare during transport in third countries: an overview EN

31-05-2021 PE 690.877 ANIT
Estudio
Resumen : The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs into account. The study is based on survey and desk research. Recommendations are made to address the challenges identified
Autores : Friedrich – Loeffler – Institut: Michael MARAHRENS and Isa KERNBERGER-FISCHER

Women's entrepreneurship and self-employment, including aspects of gendered Corporate Social Responsibility EN

31-05-2021 PE 694.301 FEMM
Estudio
Resumen : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It highlights that despite the increasing number of public policies and institutional resources designed to promote women-led business, the entrepreneurship gender gap persists. This study aims to analyse this apparent contradiction, focusing on three main questions: What are the constraints that women face when deciding to become entrepreneurs? What factors attract women’s interest and motivate them to start their own business? And which policies may benefit women’s entrepreneurship?
Autores : María BASTIDA, Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

New European Commission communication on Better Regulation: Joining forces to make better laws EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.638 JOIN
Briefing
Resumen : Better Regulation ensures that EU policies and laws are prepared in an open, transparent manner, informed by the best available evidence and backed by comprehensive stakeholder involvement so that they achieve their objectives at minimum cost. It is a dynamic agenda that has gradually evolved in the European Commission since the early 2000s. Today's Better Regulation agenda covers the whole policy cycle. It was shaped under the Juncker Commission presidency, which formally declared it a priority, with the aim of strengthening the effectiveness, transparency and accountability of its actions across all policy areas. The comprehensive Better Regulation package of 2015 presented a strategy, guidelines and a toolbox, and established the Regulatory Scrutiny Board as the Commission's regulatory oversight body. It also paved the way for the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making (IIA-BLM) concluded by the Commission, Parliament and Council in April 2016, and which, inter alia, defines their respective roles and responsibilities in the regulatory process. Following a revision in 2017, the Commission took stock of the Better Regulation agenda in 2019, concluding that in a post-fact world, evidence-based policy-making remains an imperative. The long-awaited new Commission communication, adopted on 29 April 2021, draws lessons from the Better Regulation stocktaking review. At the same time, it sets out a policy-making framework that aims at supporting post-crisis recovery and the twin digital and green transformation, in line with the Commission's intention to advance the Better Regulation agenda further, with 'future-proof legislation that can stand the test of time'.
Autores : Irmgard ANGLMAYER, STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Digital markets act EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.641 IMCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 15 December 2020 and referred to the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) of the European Parliament. The proposal is part of the digital services act package, which includes the digital services act itself. In her political priorities for the European Commission, President Ursula von der Leyen committed to upgrade the liability and safety rules for digital platforms, services and products, and complete the digital single market. The 2020 Commission work programme also included a commitment to establish an ex-ante competition tool to make Europe fit for the digital age.
Autores : HUBERT DALLI

Research for CULT Committee: Education and Youth in Post-COVID-19 Europe EN

28-05-2021 PE 690.898 CULT
De un vistazo
Resumen : The study demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic posed unprecedented challenges to the education and youth sector, revealing the lack of preparedness, as well as reinforcing structural weaknesses of education delivery. Recommendations are proposed for a robust action at the EU level to foster more resilient education and youth sector in Europe.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

The SURE: Implementation EN

28-05-2021 PE 659.638 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : Council Regulation 2020/672 established SURE, the European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency, which has been in force since 20 May 2020. This note provides an overview in tabular format of the SURE implementing decisions as adopted by Council, of Commission issuances under SURE and of disbursements. It will be regularly updated.
Autores : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Gender balance on the boards of significant banks in the Banking Union EN

28-05-2021 PE 659.643 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : EGOV analysed publicly available information on the corporate governance structures to determine the gender balance on the boards of the banks in the euro area supervised by the ECB (“significant institutions”), comparing the situation in 2014 with that in 2020. The general observation is that, overall, the share of female executive directors has risen in significant banks from 15.3% to 27.4% (see figure 1) and the share of female supervisory directors has increased from 22.3% to 31.7% (see figure 2, further down); these levels are still quite distant from an equal gender distribution. Moreover, the differences between the nature of board (executive versus supervisory boards) and between the type of bank (large versus small) have become smaller. Large banks are, for our purposes, those with assets exceeding EUR 100 bn. Large differences in the share of female directors persist, though, if the data is grouped at the country level.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Artificial Inteligence market and capital flows - AI and the financial sector at crossroads EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.912 AIDA
Estudio
Resumen : This paper studies the transformation that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is bringing to the financial sector and how this sector can contribute to developments of AI applications. The study addresses the contribution of AI to a more efficient, open, and inclusive financial sector and the challenges of the AI transformation, and it provides recommendations for policies and regulations of AI and financial services.
Autores : Giacomo CALZOLARI

Estudio para la Comisión AGRI - Repercusiones preliminares de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la agricultura europea: análisis sectorial de los sistemas alimentarios y la resiliencia del mercado

28-05-2021 PE 690.864 AGRI
Estudio
Resumen : El presente estudio ofrece un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo preliminar del impacto de la COVID-19 en la agricultura europea y en la cadena de suministro agroalimentaria a la luz de las respuestas ofrecidas por la Unión Europea y sus Estados miembros para mitigar sus efectos.
Autores : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.
Tipo de documento

Review of the Preparatory Action on Defence Research (PADR) and European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP): lessons for the implementation of the European Defence Fund (EDF) EN

27-05-2021 PE 653.638 SEDE
Estudio
Resumen : Of all European defence initiatives launched since 2016, the European Defence Fund (EDF) is without doubt one of the most promising, if not the most promising. However, the EDF will not by itself solve all problems related to the fragmentation and therefore inefficiency of European defence procurement. Only the Member States can do so, working in good faith together with the Commission in deciding the EDF work programme and funding allocations. Doing this, it will be essential not to confuse the ends – the creation of a strong and competitive European Defence and Technological Industrial Base (EDTIB) – the ways – inclusiveness through wide cross-border cooperation and the will to pursue strategic autonomy – and the means – the defence research projects funded by the EDF. Keeping the course between at times conflicting paths and ensuring the return on a meaningful but still modest investment (EUR 7.9 billion over seven years) will be the main EDF challenges in the years ahead.
Autores : • Frédéric MAURO, Lawyer at the bar of Brussels, associate researcher at ‘Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques’ (IRIS) France • Dr. Edouard SIMON, Senior Fellow at IRIS, France/Belgium • Ana Isabel XAVIER, Professor in International Relations at the Autonomous University of Lisbon (UAL) Portugal

Non-performing Loans - New risks and policies? - What factors drive the performance of national asset management EN

27-05-2021 PE 651.390 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : As the COVID-19 pandemic hits all Member States severely, some initial signs are surfacing of what is likely to be a substantial increase in bank non-performing loans (NPLs) in the coming months. Strengthening the tools needed to face the problems caused by NPLs is therefore of foremost importance. This paper argues that asset management companies (AMCs) can be an effective tool in this direction. It further discusses the legal issues related to their implementation, presenting several examples from past experiences illustrating how such issues can be solved. The paper concludes that a network of national publicly funded AMCs, applying the same standards and procedures across all European Member States, would be an effective and feasible solution to the problems presented by NPLs.
Autores : C. Brescia Morra, A. Guaccero, A.F. Pozzolo, G. Rojas Elgueta, N. Vardi, A. Zoppini

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Transport workers EN

27-05-2021 PE 690.867 TRAN
Estudio
Resumen : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU transport workers and their working conditions, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Autores : PANTEIA: Maria RODRIGUES, Tharsis TEOH, Carolina RAMOS, Ljubica KNEZEVIC Università degli Studi Roma Tre: Edoardo MARCUCCI, Giacomo LOZZI, Valerio GATTA POLIS: Giacomo LOZZI, Ivo CRÉ
Tipo de documento

Resumen ejecutivo

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organizations Potential benefits in the current situation EN

26-05-2021 PE 693.439 JURI
Estudio
Resumen : After carrying out a comparative analysis of the main laws on non-profit organizations in force in some selected European countries, the Study discusses a potential legislative initiative of the European Union on the subject, presenting the different options available and concluding that the European Union should introduce a European status not limited to non-profit organizations but aimed, more generally, at including related organizations such as those of the third sector and the social economy.
Autores : Prof. Antonio FICI

Strengthening Europol’s mandate A legal assessment of the Commission’s proposal to amend the Europol Regulation EN

26-05-2021 PE 694.200 LIBE
Estudio
Resumen : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, aims to provide background information on the current legal framework of Europol and a legal assessment of the European Commission’s proposal of 9 December 2020 to strengthen Europol’s mandate, divided in thematic blocks. The legal assessment is accompanied by policy recommendations.
Autores : Niovi VAVOULA,Valsamis MITSILEGAS

Improving working conditions using Artificial Intelligence EN

25-05-2021 PE 662.911 AIDA
Estudio
Resumen : The analysis considers evidence on the expected impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on jobs, discusses the potential of AI to create decent jobs and explores the extent to which AI offers opportunities and poses risks to working conditions. The analysis examines current policies at the European Union (EU) and Member State level and recommends some areas for action at the EU level.
Autores : Advait DESHPANDE, Natalie PICKEN, Linda KUNERTOVA, Annemari DE SILVA, Giulia LANFREDI and Joanna HOFMAN

Updating the EU regulatory framework for batteries EN

21-05-2021 PE 662.628 IMCO
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, adopted on 10 December 2020 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO). The proposal seeks to update the EU's legislative framework for batteries as laid out in Directive 2006/66/EC (the Batteries Directive), whose objective is 'to minimise the negative impact of batteries and waste batteries on the environment, to help protect, preserve and improve the quality of the environment and to ensure the smooth functioning of the internal market' (IA, p. 10). With its proposal, the Commission intends to ensure that the existing framework could contribute to the ultimate objective of achieving an economy with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions (i.e. climate neutrality) by 2050, in line with the Commission communication on the European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640. In addition, the proposal aims to contribute to environmental protection, by stimulating investments in the production of batteries with a minimised environmental impact over their life cycle.
Autores : STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Research for CULT Committee - Media Action Plan: policy recommendations Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.871 CULT
Briefing
Resumen : This Briefing complements the Background Analysis on 'Europe’s Media in the Digital Decade: An Action Plan to Support Recovery and Transformation (news media sector)' and the Briefing on ‘Media Action Plan: Key challenges related to media pluralism, media freedom and democracy’. These three research papers were commissioned by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies as a part of concomitant expertise aiming to support the work of the CULT Committee on the own initiative report on ‘Europe’s Media in the Digital Decade: An Action Plan to Support Recovery and Transformation’.
Autores : KEA European Affairs; Arthur Le Gall

The Largest 50 Beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds EN

20-05-2021 PE 679.107 CONT
Estudio
Resumen : This report provides the findings of the study on “The Largest 50 beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds” prepared at the request of the CONT committee. Based on the analysis of more than 12 million beneficiaries of the common agricultural policy (CAP) in 2018 and 2019 and about 600 000 beneficiaries receiving cohesion funds between 2014 and 2020 it identifies the largest direct and ultimate beneficiaries of EU funds. Moreover, it covers the results of an assessment of almost 300 systems for the public disclosure of the beneficiaries of CAP and Cohesion policy. Finally, it provides recommendations to enhance the public disclosure on beneficiaries of EU funds. Note: the lists and analyses of the beneficiaries are based on the data available in the reporting systems at the time of data collection. Substantiated requests for corrections due to incorrect or modified data will be included in the Corrigenda below (Annex IV).
Autores : Willem Pieter DE GROEN, CEPS Roberto MUSMECI, CEPS Damir GOJSIC, CEPS Jorge NUNEZ, CEPS Daina BELICKA, CSE COE
Tipo de documento

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: unweaned animals and pregnant females EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.874 ANIT
Estudio
Resumen : This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish the gestational age at which females are at particular risk of suffering poor welfare during transport.
Autores : 1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: aquatic animals EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.875 ANIT
Estudio
Resumen : The purpose of this study is to analyse the particular welfare needs in live animal transport of aquatic animals. The in-depth analysis describes the key causes of suffering in relation to the needs of farmed fish, and explores strengths and weaknesses in the EU regulation and in current guidelines. Recommendations are made to mitigate the many welfare challenges identified in the study.
Autores : João L. SARAIVA, Pablo ARECHAVALA-LOPEZ, María J. CABRERA-ÁLVAREZ Douglas WALEY (co-ordinating author)

Research for ANIT Committee: Animal welfare on sea vessels and criteria for approval of livestock authorisation EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.876 ANIT
Estudio
Resumen : This research project was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the legal framework for the transport of animals on livestock vessels and related operations. Shortcomings of the system currently in place are identified, examples of good practices worldwide are described, and case studies are presented. Policy recommendations and short-term goals for the EU Commission and Members States are outlined.
Autores : Main Authors: Maria BOADA – SAÑA, Katarzyna KULIKOWSKA Second Authors: Iris BAUMGÄRTNER, Magdalena ROMAŃSKA, Tea DRONIJC Contributors: Nina ENGWALD, Francesca PORTA, Gerit WEIDINGER Revisor: Xavier MANTECA

COVID-19 and its economic impact on women and women’s poverty EN

19-05-2021 PE 693.183 FEMM
Estudio
Resumen : This in-depth, case-analytical overview, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, examines the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on a representative sample of member states with the aim of alimenting policy recommendations for the recovery period to ensure that the gains of the past years in the matter of gender equality are not overridden by the short-term negative effects of the measures implemented to combat the COVID-19 sanitary crisis.
Autores : Paola PROFETA

Digital technologies as a means of repression and social control EN

18-05-2021 PE 653.636 DROI
Estudio
Resumen : The proliferation of new and emerging technologies over the past two decades has significantly expanded states’ toolkit for repression and social control, deepening human rights problems. While these technologies still have the potential to positively enhance democratic values and human rights, they are now also actively deployed and shaped by many repressive regimes to their own strategic advantage. Globally and regionally, efforts have been made to tackle the challenges that digital technologies pose to human rights, but a lot remains to be done. The EU must enrich global legal and standard-setting efforts, as well as improve its own core foreign policy instruments. The EU’s foreign policy toolbox has become more comprehensive in the last several years, with the addition of a number of different strands to its efforts against ‘digital authoritarianism’. The challenge related to the use of digital technologies by authoritarian regimes has continued to deepen, however. The EU must therefore continue to find ways to fine-tune and add to this toolbox. A core finding that runs through this report is that the EU has undertaken many valuable and well-designed policy initiatives in this field, but still has to decide whether tackling digital repression is a core geopolitical interest at the highest political level.
Autores : Dorota GŁOWACKA, Richard YOUNGS, Adela PINTEA, Ewelina WOŁOSIK

Research for CULT Committee - Media Action Plan: Key challenges related to media pluralism, media freedom and democracy - Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

18-05-2021 PE 690.866 CULT
Briefing
Resumen : Media pluralism is an essential condition for any democratic society. It constitutes a source of access to a plurality of editorial lines and analyses, opinions and issues expressed, as well as a coexistence of public and private service media. Media pluralism is at risk due to several factors. First, the level of basic protection for journalists is threatened, for example in terms of the protection of their personal data online or abusive defamation charges against them. Second, most EU countries are characterised by a high degree of market concentration, with monopoly or oligopoly structures in most news media sectors. These main players co-exist with a myriad of smaller news media operators (e.g. focusing on local news or specialised in particular topics). Third, trust in the media is eroded by fake news and disinformation, and the perception of an alleged gatekeeping position by larger media groups. Initiatives are however emerging to improve transparency in the media, for example by establishing charters for the media to ensure the credibility and trustworthiness of sources, or by developing algorithms to debunk misinformation.
Autores : KEA European Affairs; Arthur Le Gall

Research for REGI Committee-Cohesion Policy and Climate Change EN

17-05-2021 PE 652.248 REGI
De un vistazo
Resumen : This study provides an assessment of how EU Cohesion Policy currently contributes and can contribute in the future to reaching the goals of EU Climate Policy. It explains how much of the budget goes to climate action and for what kind of initiatives across EU regions. It also discusses the obligations from the Paris Agreement, the role of Cohesion Policy within the European Green Deal and the impact of phasing out of fossil fuels. Policy recommendations for strengthening climate action financed by Cohesion Policy are set out.
Autores : Project leader: Andrea Ciffolilli (Ismeri Europa) Research team: Paolo Antonelli, Elisa Anna di Palma and Giorgia Pichini (Ismeri Europa), João Telha and Goncalo Caetano (CEDRU).

Improving roaming on public mobile telecommunications networks EN

12-05-2021 PE 662.637 ITRE
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing finds that the Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the regulation proposal (recast) on roaming is based on sound data and broad stakeholder consultations. Besides qualitative assessment, the IA presents also quantified estimates. The REFIT cost savings are only partially quantified. Further explanations would have benefited the analysis in the comparison of policy options.
Autores : ULLA-MARI TUOMINEN

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlihts - May 2021 EN

De un vistazo
Resumen : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Taxonomy Regulation: Approved EU Taxonomy Climate Delegated Act under Art. 10(3) and 11(3)of the Taxonomy Regulation EN

11-05-2021 PE 648.248 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing has been prepared to support the parliamentary scrutiny of the Delegated Act (DA) on climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 2020/852 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment (Taxonomy Regulation) . In accordance with the empowerments set out in Articles 10 and 11 of the Taxonomy Regulation, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act establishing screening criteria to determine the conditions under which an economic activity qualifies as contributing substantially to climate change adaptation or mitigation and whether it does not cause significant harm to one or more of the environmental objectives listed under Article 9.
Autores : Sebastien VANHOUCKE, Stephanie HONNEFELDER, GAELLE CHARLOTTE CHAILLET

First Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission EN

07-05-2021 PE 659.651 ECON
Análisis en profundidad
Resumen : Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the first Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing addresses the following subjects: the Recovery and Resilience Facility and its scrutiny; the framework for defining and assessing Recovery and Resilience Plans and the procedures and timelines for their adoption; the financing of the Facility; data on the current economic situation and some estimates on the impact of Facility. Five annexes present, respectively, a timeline of the Facility; the state of play with national plans; economic data; the European Semester roadmap and survey data on involvement of national parliaments in the Facility.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Research for CULT Committee - Europe’s media in the digital decade - An action plan to support recovery and transformation in the news media sector EN

07-05-2021 PE 690.873 CULT
Estudio
Resumen : The Media Action Plan released by the European Commission in December 2020 is the first policy document explicitly setting out a vision and dedicated initiatives for the news media sector. This paper discusses the current situation of the sector and its revenue streams, the important impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the main public and private funding models to support the sector.
Autores : KEA European Affairs: Arthur LE GALL

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organisations EN

06-05-2021 PE 662.630 JURI
Estudio
Resumen : The study examines the potential EU added value of the policy options (encouraging cross-border transactions, enhancing social outcomes and increasing economic contributions) as well as the drawbacks. In addition, the assessment highlights supporting non-legislative measures that could promote specific NPO functions in the EU.
Autores : KLAUS MULLER, MEENAKSHI FERNANDES

Investing in destabilisation: How foreign money is used to undermine democracy in the EU EN

06-05-2021 PE 653.631 INGE
Estudio
Resumen : Foreign interference has become a major security threat for democracies. The European Union (EU) provides no exception and, in the last few years, has significantly stepped up its efforts to counter this threat. A specific type of foreign interference is the foreign funding of political parties. At the national level, regulations banning or limiting foreign funding are currently in place in most member states, but there is still significant variation across them. At the EU level, the recent reforms of the regulation on the funding of the Europarties and their associated foundations have banned contributions from abroad. Notwithstanding such welcome changes to party regulations, cases of foreign funding are still being reported in several member states, with foreign actors exploiting regulatory loopholes to channel funds or provide other types of support. To tackle this issue more effectively, regulatory convergence at the national level should be promoted, the transparency of party accounts should be enhanced, and the monitoring and sanctioning powers of the relevant control authorities strengthened.
Autores : Edoardo BRESSANELLI

Best Practices in the whole-of-society approach in countering hybrid threats EN

06-05-2021 PE 653.632 INGE
Estudio
Resumen : Over recent years, the European Union has increased efforts to strengthen its resilience to hybrid threats. A model of preparedness based on the notions of ‘whole-of-society’, ‘whole-of-government’ and ‘societal resilience’ has gained ground in the EU’s policy work. Although some progress has been made, many obstacles and challenges remain. The EU needs to address conceptual questions involved with the mapping of hybrid threats to facilitate targeted and effective countermeasures, as well as initiatives to improve societal resilience. Although the EU recognises the strategic value of resilience, the concept’s precise meaning and level of added value remain vague. Its exact relationship to national preparedness and hybrid threats, as well as the whole-of-society approach requires clarification. In addition to addressing these issues, this study analyses some best practices from the whole-of-society approach by examining action taken by Finland, Sweden and Australia in this regard. The study also provides recommendations for further actions.
Autores : Mikael WIGELL;Harri MIKKOLA;Tapio JUNTUNEN

PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE 2019-2021 EN

06-05-2021 PE 691.721 BUDG CONT
Catálogo
Autores : NIELS FISCHER

The impact of teleworking and digital work on workers and society EN

06-05-2021 PE 662.907 EMPL
De un vistazo
Resumen : The study analyses recent trends in teleworking, its impacts on workers, employers, and society, and the challenges for policy-making. It provides an overview of the main legislative and policy measures adopted at EU and national level, in order to identify possible policy actions at EU level. The study is based on an extensive literature review, a web survey, interviews with representatives of European and national stakeholders, and five case studies of EU countries: Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Romania.
Autores : Manuela SAMEK LODOVICI et al.

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019 and 2020 - A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation EN

06-05-2021 PE 651.389 ECON
Estudio
Resumen : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 5 June 2019 and adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019 and • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations based on its Country Reports published on 27 February 2019. • The 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 23 May 2018 and adopted by the Council on 13 July 2018
Autores : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Revision of the Schengen Evaluation and Monitoring Mechanism EN

05-05-2021 PE 662.633 LIBE
Briefing
Resumen : As a component of the Schengen Strategy that the European Commission intends to adopt in 2021, the revision of regulation (EU) No 1053/2013 will aim at making the Schengen Evaluation and Monitoring Mechanism more efficient, by revising current practices - for example, by shortening the adoption processes of the evaluation reports and recommendations, and ensuring a timely follow-up by Member States.
Autores : HANNAH NAFIZE AHAMAD MADATALI

Research for CULT Committee - The Situation of Artists and Cultural Workers and the post-COVID Cultural Recovery in the European Union : Policy Recommendations Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

04-05-2021 PE 652.252 CULT
Briefing
Resumen : The following recommendations present medium- and long-term policy solutions to address the needs identified in the Background Analysis “The Situation of Artists and Cultural Workers and the post-COVID Cultural Recovery in the European Union”. Its aim is to provide guidelines and principles to structure the contents of the European Framework, and hence improve the situation and working conditions of artists and cultural workers in the EU.
Autores : Mafalda DÂMASO, Culture Action Europe

Estudio para la Comisión CULT – La educación y la juventud en la Europa posterior a la COVID-19: efectos de la crisis y recomendaciones de actuación

04-05-2021 PE 690.872 CULT
Estudio
Resumen : El presente estudio realiza una primera valoración de la resiliencia de los sistemas educativos de los Estados miembros de la UE y de los programas de educación y juventud de la UE, en el contexto de la crisis de la COVID-19. El estudio analiza las medidas de respuesta y las mejores prácticas que se adoptaron en el ámbito de las políticas de educación y de trabajo con jóvenes a lo largo de la primera y la segunda ola de la pandemia, y proporciona conocimientos que ayudarán a construir sistemas educativos y sectores de la juventud más resilientes en el futuro.
Autores : Public Policy and Management Institute: Loes VAN DER GRAAF, Jekatyerina DUNAJEVA, Hanna SIAROVA, Radvile BANKAUSKAITE

Access to medicinal products EN

01-05-2021 PE 662.910 ENVI
Estudio
Resumen : There are many factors that can prevent a patient from being able to obtain the medicine they need, ranging from selective marketing decisions by companies to products being too expensive or pharmacy stock-outs. Because of national differences in health systems and market characteristics, access to medicine is not evenly distributed across the European Union. In response to observed problems with access to medicine, in 2017 the European Parliament adopted a resolution containing 58 recommendations for action to the European Commission and Member States. This In-Depth Analysis reviews the main actions taken at the Union level since then that could improve access to medicine. It also includes illustrative examples of actions taken by Member States and other actors. The analysis concludes that the Commission has proposed or taken a combination of legislative and non-legislative actions with the potential to improve access to medicine in the Union and beyond, but that it will take time for the effects of these to become clear.
Autores : Thyra de Jongh, Lennart Velten, Lonneke Schrijver

Update on recent banking developments - Calendar week 17 EN

30-04-2021 PE 659.642 ECON
Briefing
Resumen : This briefing gives an update on and summarises recent events and developments in the Banking Union, based on publicly available information. The following topics are specifically addressed: recent ECB banking supervision publications (the Targeted Review of Internal Models Project Report, the ECB annual report on supervisory activities and the most recent supervisory statistics); the recent SRB guidance on bail-in for international debt securities; risks and vulnerabilities in the financial sector (ESRB Risk Dashboard; Joint Committee Report on Risks and Vulnerabilities); macroprudential concerns in the non-banking sector; recent ESMA publications (consultation on money market funds; peer review on CCPs supervision); and two reports on climate related risks published by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC