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The SURE: Main Features EN

26-02-2021 PE 645.721 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This document presents the main features of the European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency (SURE) and compares such facility with other financial assistance instruments that were already available in the European Union. It also highlights the differences between the Commission proposals and the final version agreed in Council. This note updates a previous version.
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

The impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market EN

26-02-2021 PE 658.219 IMCO
Studie
Shrnutí : This study assesses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Internal Market and consumer protection, including the impact of measures introduced at national and EU level to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. What further measures should be considered in order to reinforce the resilience of the EU's Internal Market in the face of future crises? This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autoři : J. Scott MARCUS et al.

Strengthening cooperation with the Council of Europe EN

26-02-2021 PE 689.275 AFCO
Studie
Shrnutí : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, assesses the possible strengthening of the cooperation of the European Union with the Council of Europe. It examines, on the one side, the participation of Council of Europe bodies in the EU Mechanism on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights, and, on the other, the accession of the European Union to Council of Europe Treaties, and particularly to the European Convention on Human Rights.
Autoři : Alessandro DAVOLI

Special Advisers to the Commission (2014-2019) EN

26-02-2021 PE 689.327 BUDG CONT
Studie
Shrnutí : This study proposes an overview of the selection of Special Advisers to the European Commission, specifically during the period 2014-2019: the procedure followed, number of contracts, safeguards, contractual terms, budgetary implications, transparency, communication with the European Parliament. A review of literature, good practices and criteria for assessing the European Commission framework is provided. In conclusion this study makes recommendations on how to further strengthen it.
Autoři : Alix DELASNERIE

Research for CULT Committee - Cultural and creative sectors in post-COVID-19 Europe – crisis effects and policy recommendations EN

25-02-2021 PE 652.245 CULT
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : Cultural and creative sectors (CCS) have been hit hard by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyses the so far effects of the crisis on the CCS, as well as the policy responses that are formulated to support the sectors. Based on the analysis, policy recommendations are formulated to further improve the resilience of the CCS in Europe in the medium and longer term.
Autoři : Jacques LECARTE, Katarzyna Anna ISKRA

The SURE: Implementation EN

25-02-2021 PE 659.638 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : Council Regulation 2020/672 established SURE, the European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency, which has been in force since 20 May 2020. This note provides an overview in tabular format of the SURE implementing decisions as adopted by Council, of Commission issuances under SURE and of disbursements. It will be regularly updated.
Autoři : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Background Reader on the European Semester - Winter Edition 2021 EN

18-02-2021 PE 645.713 ECON
Studie
Shrnutí : This fifth edition of the background reader on the European Semester, prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV) in the Directorate for Economic and Scientific Policies of the European Parliament, provides an overview of publications related to the European Semester from a parliamentary perspective. It aims at further increasing the links between Members of the European Parliament and national Parliaments, notably during inter-parliamentary meetings.

Research for CULT Committee - Cultural and creative sectors in post-COVID-19 Europe – crisis effects and policy recommendations EN

18-02-2021 PE 652.242 CULT
Studie
Shrnutí : Cultural and creative sectors (CCS) have been hit hard by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyses the so far effects of the crisis on the CCS, as well as the policy responses that are formulated to support the sectors. Based on the analysis, policy recommendations are formulated to further improve the resilience of the CCS in Europe in the medium and longer term.
Autoři : IDEA Consult: Isabelle De Voldere, Martina Fraioli, Eveline Durinck Goethe-Institut: Antonia Blau, Sina Lebert Inforelais: Sylvia Amann Values of Culture&Creativity: Joost Heinsius

Public finances in Euro Area Member States: Selected indicators - February 2021 EN

17-02-2021 PE 624.406 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it provides a short explanation and the data sources. The final section presents a short overview of the main indicators used by the European and other international institutions to assess debt sustainability.
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ

EU economic developments and projections EN

16-02-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Autoři : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Update on recent banking developments - Calendar week 6 EN

13-02-2021 PE 659.629 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing gives an update on and summarises recent events and developments in the Banking Union, based on publicly available information. The following topics are specifically addressed: (i) the results of the recent European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process; (ii) Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) risk assessment and supervisory priorities; (iii) results of the latest Bank Lending Survey; (iv) 2021 stress testing exercise; (v) ECB final guidelines on consolidations; (vi) proportionality; and (vii) Brexit.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact under pandemic times EN

12-02-2021 PE 659.618 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecast. This document is regularly updated.
Autoři : Jost ANGERER, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

The EU’s regulatory and supervisory response to addressing non-performing loans EN

12-02-2021 PE 659.634 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Building on earlier EGOV papers, this briefing addresses the evolution of non-performing loans (NPLs) over time, the EU regulatory and supervisory approaches to manage NPLs and highlights areas where gaps may still be observed. Renewed interest in asset management companies as a possible instrument to deal with NPLs is discussed in an annex. Concerns around NPLs are growing, as the impact of COVID-19 crisis related responses on banks’ balance sheets begin to be further scrutinised. This briefing will be updated in light of relevant developments.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

The role (and accountability) of the President of the Eurogroup EN

11-02-2021 PE 602.116 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This note provides an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, the procedures for his/her appointment, as well as proposals on a “full time position” as part of the wider debate on deepening the Economic and Monetary Union. The note also briefly addresses the mandate and working methods of the Eurogroup. In addition, this note refers to the debate around the transparency of Eurogroup proceedings. It is updated regularly.
Autoři : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Short overview of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) EN

10-02-2021 PE 653.625 INTA
Briefing
Shrnutí : 15 countries signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on 15 November 2020. Upon ratification, it will become the largest preferential trade agreement by economic output in the world, with the potential to increase trade and integration among the economies of East Asia. This briefing presents the structure and the content of the agreement, its relationship to existing cooperation in the region, and discusses important economic and political implications. Several notable takeaways stand out. First, we highlight the economic and political significance of RCEP for the region stressing that it is the culmination of past efforts by East Asian countries to pursue economic integration. Second, we show that the agreement itself is considerably less ambitious than comparable agreements such as the Comprehensive and Progressive Transpacific Partnership (CPTPP) and European Union Free Trade Agreements with Asian countries. Third, we document that the final legal text itself does not seem to be dominated by any specific party. Fourth, despite its lack of ambition, the agreement is still expected to provide substantial trade gains for signatories, especially if it helps to consolidate global supply chains based in the region. Fifth, because of its structure, it is likely to be an important focal point for trade liberalization in the future providing European companies with important opportunities.
Autoři : Joseph FRANCOIS, Manfred ELSIG

The ECB’s Monetary Policy Response to the COVID-19 Crisis EN

09-02-2021 PE 648.787 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : (Updated 9 February 2021) The coronavirus pandemic is taking a heavy toll on the euro area economy, necessitating a timely and resolute macroeconomic policy response. The ECB's Governing Council acted decisively by taking a series of measures that collectively provide a substantial monetary policy stimulus aimed at safeguarding the effective transmission of monetary policy and preventing a serious deterioration of financial conditions.
Autoři : Drazen RAKIC

Update the Unfair Contract Terms directive for digital services EN

09-02-2021 PE 676.006 JURI
Studie
Shrnutí : This study analyses common terms in contracts of digital service providers, indicating when they could significantly distort the balance between the parties’ rights and obligations to the detriment of consumers and should, therefore, fall within the scope of the Unfair Contract Terms Directive. Further, the study discusses the particularities of the assessment of online transparency of terms of digital service providers and sanctions they could face if they breach the current consumer protection framework. Recommendations are made to improve the effectiveness of this framework by: introducing a black and grey list of unfair terms, strengthening current sanctions, and introducing new obligations for digital service providers.
Autoři : Marco LOOS, Joasia LUZAK

Implementation of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure: State of play February 2021 EN

08-02-2021 PE 497.739 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This note presents the EU Member States' situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission and the Council. It also gives an overview of relevant comments on the MIP published by EU institutions. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. This document is regularly updated.
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ

At a glance - Research for TRAN Committee - Transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas EN

05-02-2021 PE 652.225 TRAN
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : The study investigates key challenges and trends concerning transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas . It also provides a comprehensive assessment of relevant transport policies and projects already implemented as well as policy recommendations aimed at overcoming those identified challenges and gaps.
Autoři : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Balazs MELLAR, Ariane DEBYSER

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - February 2021 EN

Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Thematic Digest: “When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause?” EN

03-02-2021 PE 659.625 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This note presents summaries of four papers on the conditions and timing for the future deactivation of the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact, which is in force since March 2020. The papers, written by external experts, were requested by the ECON Committee of the European Parliament.
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER

2020 EGOV Annual Activity Report EN

03-02-2021 PE 659.628 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This activity report covers the year 2020 and presents an overview of the expertise provided by the Unit in the area of economic governance and banking union in view of supporting the related scrutiny activities in the competent committee(s).
Autoři : DONELLA BOLDI, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Research for TRAN Committee: Transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas EN

03-02-2021 PE 652.227 TRAN
Studie
Shrnutí : This study investigates the key challenges and trends concerning the provision of transport policies and infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas. It also provides a comprehensive assessment of relevant transport policies and projects implemented in these areas. Finally, it provides policymakers with an array of policy recommendations aimed at overcoming the identified challenges and gaps.
Autoři : Luca BISASCHI, Francesco ROMANO, Malin CARLBERG, Jessica CARNEIRO, Davide CECCANTI, and Liviu CALOFIR.

Economic Dialogue with the other EU Institutions under the European Semester Cycles during the 9th legislative term State of play - February 2021 EN

02-02-2021 PE 624.436 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This document provides an overview of Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union that has taken place in the competent Committee(s) of the European Parliament since September 2019 under the European Semester Cycles. It also includes an overview of the respective legal bases for these dialogues. For an overview Economic Dialogues between January 2014 and January 2019, please see separate document. For an overview of Economic Dialogues with EU Member States, please see separate document.
Autoři : Kajus HAGELSTAM

European Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility EN

01-02-2021 PE 659.627 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This note provides a brief overview of Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility (and the European Union Recovery Instrument), based on the draft regulation as agreed by the co-legislators in December 2020, and the relevant parts of the new Interinstitutional Agreement on budgetary matters established between the Parliament, the Council and the Commission. It does not cover nor discusses in detail other instruments or frameworks for scrutiny, namely those relating to the European Semester, EU budgetary procedures, written or oral questions or any discharge procedures.
Autoři : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

Research for AGRI Committee - The challenge of land abandonment after 2020 and options for mitigating measures EN

31-01-2021 PE 652.241 AGRI
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This study examines the phenomenon of land abandonment, its consequences and mitigation options. Using quantitative data, it provides an overview of the possible future evolution of land abandonment in the EU by 2030, its historical evolution and current state of play. Based on desk research and case studies, this research project carries out an analysis of the drivers and effects of the phenomenon, considers mitigating actions to be implemented through EU policies, notably the CAP and outlines different scenarios about land use changes, using as variables climate change, the globalisation of markets and a major health crisis.
Autoři : François NEGRE

Economic Dialogues and Exchanges of Views with the Member States under the European Semester Cycles - State-of-Play (January 2021) EN

28-01-2021 PE 497.736 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This table provides a regular update on Member States invited for an Economic Dialogue in the competent Committee of the European Parliament and an overview of the respective legal base.
Autoři : Kajus HAGELSTAM

How the COVID-19 crisis has affected security and defence-related aspects of the EU EN

27-01-2021 PE 653.623 SEDE
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This paper looks at how the COVID-19 pandemic has directly and indirectly affected European security and defence. It documents how missions and operations of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) were directly impacted. It finds that COVID-19 has accentuated already recognised capacity shortfalls of the CSDP, such as strategic airlift, secure communications and command and control. Defence spending through EU instruments, and to a lesser extent at national level, has come under pressure although it may still escape post-2008 style cuts. The pandemic revealed the vulnerabilities of Member States’ infrastructure and supply chains, and the limited competences of the EU in supporting Member States’ management of public health emergencies. COVID-19 tends to act as a threat multiplier and source of instability, particularly in low-income countries already affected by socio-economic imbalances and governance problems. The pandemic is likely to accelerate existing trends, including the declining share of the US and the EU in the world economy compared to Asia, intensifying concerns about China’s growing assertiveness, growing attention to IT security and cyber capabilities, and the interconnection between conventional and unconventional security risks. This analysis also looks at which lessons the EU should learn in order to better manage and prepare for such crises. At a strategic level, the EU needs to invest in lesson learning exercises with the European Parliament playing a key role in making the learning publicly accessible. It should also be proactive in shaping international discourses about international governance and the role of the EU post COVID-19. Furthermore, the paper elaborates 19 short and longer-term recommendations, for instance, on how CSDP missions can become more resilient in public health emergencies and which capability shortfalls need addressing most; how defence spending can be made more efficient and better targeted; or how the EU can help to better coordinate military support to civilian authorities. Finally, it advocates investment in health intelligence and better managing the biosecurity risks arising from growing access to dual-use technologies. The EU should forge a preventive approach to future pandemics and associated risks and embrace a comprehensive approach to security and resilience. Yet, one should not lose sight of the distinctive function of the CSDP and what it can currently deliver.
Autoři : Christoph O. Meyer, Sophia Besch, Prof. Martin Bricknell, Dr Ben Jones Christoph O. MEYER, Martin BRICKNELL, Ramon PACHECO PARDO, Ben JONES.

Research for TRAN Committee-Sustainable and smart urban transport EN

26-01-2021 PE 652.233 TRAN
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : Recent trends and developments indicate a growing user-centric approach to mobility, prioritising individual needs and users’ interests. Disruptive emerging technologies and shared mobility solutions bring new stakeholders to the urban ecosystem. COVID-19 has changed behaviours, with walking, cycling and private car use increasing. E-commerce demand has increased significantly, and contactless solutions are still preferred.
Autoři : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Balazs MELLAR, Ariane DEBYSER

Banking Union: Postponed Basel III reforms EN

22-01-2021 PE 651.347 ECON
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This briefing summarises the Basel Committee’s decision to postpone the implementation of the outstanding Basel III standards, their main content, and their estimated impact on banks’ capital needs.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Economic dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup EN

22-01-2021 PE 659.633 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Paschal Donohoe has been invited to his first Economic Dialogue in the ECON Committee since his election as President of the Eurogroup in July 2020. The previous dialogue with Mário Centeno took place on 21 April 2020. The exchange of views with Members of the ECON Committee will cover the ongoing work of the Eurogroup, notably short term policy measures intended to combat the economic, financial and social consequences of COVID-19, medium term policies to support a sustainable recovery and increase resilience of the Euro Area and longer term objectives relating to the robustness of the EMU governance framework, including completing the Banking Union. This briefing covers the following issues: the Eurogroup work programme until June 2021 (Section 1); Economic situation and developments (Section 2); the Recovery and Resilience Facility and the 2021 European Semester Cycle (Section 3); EU/EA policy measures taken to mitigate the economic effects of the pandemic (Section 4); Financial assistance programmes and reform of European Stability Mechanism (Section 5) and Banking Union developments (Section 6). For an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, please see Briefing: The role (and accountability) of the President of the Eurogroup.
Autoři : Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

Reimbursement and compensation in case of transport cancellation or delay: rights and their enforcement EN

21-01-2021 PE 658.218 IMCO
Briefing
Shrnutí : Following the COVID-19 outbreak, many trips have been cancelled as a result of measures introduced by Member States that substantially restricted travelling. Some companies have refused to refund customers and have imposed on them to use vouchers instead. This briefing aims to provide consumers with guidance and practical advice concerning their claims for reimbursement and compensation following travel cancellations or delays. It points at complaint forms to use, facilitations such as an alternative dispute resolution and European small claims procedure. It also gives more precise information on claims concerning travel cancellations due to the COVID-19 crisis.
Autoři : Mariusz MACIEJEWSKI, LOUISE MATHILDE CAROLINE BLANDIN, AMY JANE MCGOURTY

Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views with the President of the Council (ECOFIN) EN

21-01-2021 PE 659.626 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : João Leão, Minister of Finance of Portugal, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Portuguese Presidency (January-June 2021). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Portuguese presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the Council’s work relating to the implementation of the European Semester for economic coordination, notably the application of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU).
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

The proposed amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism EN

18-01-2021 PE 634.357 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This document presents the proposed amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). The note outlines the relevant changes and provides a comparison between the current ESM Treaty and the proposed amended one. This note will be updated in light of relevant developments and it complements two separate EGOV briefings: The European Stability Mechanism: Main Features, Instruments and Accountability and the ESM Pandemic Crisis Support.
Autoři : Alice ZOPPÉ, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause? EN

15-01-2021 PE 651.375 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : The unprecedented level of economic uncertainty requires clarifying the European fiscal rules. To avoid repeating the mistakes of the last crisis, the deactivation of the General Escape Clause should be state-dependent, not time-dependent and should take place only when 1) a reform of the SGP has been agreed upon, 2) the EU has returned to its pre-crisis level in terms of GDP per capita or employment. The state-dependent strategy should also apply at the country level.
Autoři : Philippe MARTIN, Xavier RAGOT

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States -January 2021 EN

14-01-2021 PE 651.367 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).
Autoři : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - January 2021 EN

Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Air pollution and COVID-19 EN

12-01-2021 PE 658.216 ENVI
Studie
Shrnutí : This study is about the effects of air pollution on health, notably COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc in many areas of the world. The infection spreads through person-to-person contact. Transmission and prognosis, once infected, are potentially influenced by many factors, including air pollution. Studies have suggested that air pollution increases the incidence and the severity of the disease. However, the current data are too limited to be certain. Especially the quantitative contribution of air pollution to the disease is still very uncertain.
Autoři : Bert BRUNEKREEF et al.

Review of the bank crisis management and deposit insurance frameworks Banking Union Working Group EN

11-01-2021 PE 659.620 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing summarises key elements of the intended initiative, based on the information that the Commission provided on 10 November 2020 in its related public consultation and additional public sources. The briefing also briefly focuses on other related issues, namely, misalignments between state-aid and resolution and some European Court of Justice decisions with impact on the crisis management framework, and a box focusing on rele-vant aspects of the Commission’s recently released NPL Action Plan (an Annex lists most recent EGOV briefings and external papers relevant for these matters). The briefing has been prepared in view of a discussion of the Banking Union Working Groupof the European Parliament on the Commission's revision of the bank crisis management framework.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

The use of pesticides in developing countries and their impact on health and the right to food EN

08-01-2021 PE 653.622 DEVE
Studie
Shrnutí : This study provides a broad perspective on the main trends regarding the use of pesticides in developing countries and their impacts on human health and food security. Information is provided on the challenges of controlling these hazardous substances, along with the extent to which pesticides banned within the European Union (EU) are exported to third countries. The analysis assesses the factors behind the continuation of these exports, along with the rising demand for better controls. Recommendations are intended to improve the ability for all people, including future generations, to have access to healthy food in line with United Nations declarations. These recommendations include collaborating with the Rotterdam Convention to strengthen capacity building programmes and the use of the knowledge base maintained by the Convention; supporting collaboration among developing countries to strengthen pesticide risk regulation; explore options to make regulatory risk data more transparent and accessible; strengthen research and education in alternatives to pesticides; stop all exports of crop protection products banned in the EU; only allow the export of severely restricted pesticides if these are regulated accordingly and used properly in the importing country; and support the re-evaluation of pesticide registrations in developing countries to be in line with FAO/WHO Code of Conduct.
Autoři : Swagata SARKAR, Juliana DIAS BERNARDES GIL, James KEELEY, Niklas MÖHRING, Kees JANSEN

The link between biodiversity loss and the increasing spread of zoonotic diseases EN

22-12-2020 PE 658.217 ENVI
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Over the last decades, a variety of fatal infectious diseases have had zoonotic origins. The linkages between hosts, vectors, parasites and pathogens can be influenced by a multitude of factors, such as biodiversity, wildlife and land use. High levels of biodiversity may be a potential source of pathogen transmission, but biodiversity loss can also promote transmission by increasing the number of competent hosts for a pathogen. Biodiversity conservation reduces the risk of zoonotic diseases when it provides additional habitats for species and reduces the potential contact between wildlife, livestock and humans. Additionally, host and vector management is a viable option. Other crucial measures include the restriction and sanitary control of wildlife trade, while considering the needs of indigenous peoples and local communities. Each case requires an assessment of the best way to reduce risk while considering implications for other ecosystem functions or services. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).
Autoři : Frank VAN LANGEVELDE, Hugo René RIVERA MENDOZA

Research for REGI Committee-Climate Spending in EU Cohesion Policy: State of Play and Prospects EN

21-12-2020 PE 652.236 REGI
Briefing
Shrnutí : With more than EUR 55 billion in planned investments, Cohesion Policy seeks to make a significant contribution to the EU´s overall climate-related spending target of 20% in the 2014-2020 period. There are concrete achievements in a number of areas such as flood and forest fire protection. However, evidence also suggests that Cohesion Policy is at risk of missing some of its targets, including on energy efficiency, renewables and greenhouse gas emissions. Cohesion policy has also continued to provide support to fossil fuels and biomass, which may hinder the EU’s long-term path to climate neutrality. Moreover, the Commission’s current approach to tracking climate-related expenditure in Cohesion Policy has shortcomings. There is a need for a transparent and meaningful methodology, with a stronger focus on performance and results, as repeatedly highlighted by Parliament. The climate spending target is set to increase to at least 30% under the EU’s next Multi-Annual Financial Framework (MFF) and the Recovery Instrument (Next Generation EU). In the period 2021-2027, Cohesion Policy is expected to place even more emphasis on climate and environment-related issues in line with the objectives of the European Green Deal.
Autoři : Stephan Klaus DIETZEN

Research for AGRI Committee - The challenge of land abandonment after 2020 and options for mitigating measures EN

21-12-2020 PE 652.238 AGRI
Studie
Shrnutí : This study examines the phenomenon of land abandonment, its consequences and mitigation options. Using quantitative data, it provides an overview of the possible future evolution of land abandonment in the EU by 2030, its historical evolution and current state of play. Based on desk research and case studies, this research project carries out an analysis of the drivers and effects of the phenomenon, considers mitigating actions to be implemented through EU policies, notably the CAP and outlines different scenarios about land use changes, using as variables climate change, the globalisation of markets and a major health crisis.
Autoři : François NEGRE

EU/EA measures to mitigate the economic, financial and social effects of coronavirus State-of-play 18 December 2020 EN

18-12-2020 PE 645.723 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This document compiles information, obtained from public sources, on the measures proposed and taken at the EU or Euro Area level to mitigate the economic and social effects of Covid19. It will be regularly updated, following new developments.
Autoři : Kajus HAGELSTAM, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, Drazen RAKIC, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Cash for development? The use of microcredits and cash transfers as development tools EN

17-12-2020 PE 653.624 DEVE
Studie
Shrnutí : Microcredits and cash transfers are two distinct tools, but they both target poor households and individuals with cash alike. This report provides details of the latest advances in these cash-for-development tools at a time when the EU is reshaping its development finance tools for the 2021-27 period. Through a literature review, our study provides the current state of knowledge on microcredits and cash transfers. It then considers current EU support for these modalities and assesses this support in light of the main findings and conclusions drawn from the literature. Research reveals much evidence confirming cash-for-development tools’ contributions to poverty reduction. Furthermore, it identifies a second layer of positive economic effects resulting from their use that can be of value when determining responses to the Covid-19 crisis. Moreover, even though microfinance and cash transfers have undergone exponential growth in recent decades, their use remains very limited at EU Institution level. The report recommends that a broader and more systematic use of cash-for-development tools should be explored by EU Institutions, albeit framed within broader programming and context analysis.
Autoři : Aitor PEREZ, Nicolas AYENSA, Maricruz LACALLE

Horizon 2020: Geographical balance of beneficiaries EN

17-12-2020 PE 662.597 CONT
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing explores the performance gap between EU-15 and EU-13 countries under Horizon 2020, the reasons for this gap and policy options at national and EU levels.
Autoři : Michaela FRANKE

Gender and geographical balance in the governance structures of Horizon 2020 EN

17-12-2020 PE 662.997 CONT
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing analyses gender and geographical balance in the governance structures of Horizon 2020.
Autoři : Michaela FRANKE, LEONOR CASACA FRANCO

The Effectiveness of Conflict of Interest Policies in the EU- Member States EN

17-12-2020 PE 651.697 JURI
Studie
Shrnutí : This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations
Autoři : Christoph DEMMKE; Maros PAULINI; Jari AUTIONIEMI; Florian LENNER

Impact of state aid on competition and competitiveness during the COVID-19 pandemic: an early assessment EN

17-12-2020 PE 658.214 ECON
Studie
Shrnutí : This economic assessment of EU state aid principles and practises related to the COVID-19 pandemic confirms the clear focus on maintaining the level playing field in the EU single market. Future monitoring and policy fine-tuning, focusing on SMEs, and keeping all Member States involved are the main challenges. Moreover, current policies fail to incorporate a strong focus on broader, strategic policy goals like the green and digital transformation of the European economy or the enhancing of EU firms’ global competitiveness. This document was prepared by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Autoři : Jan VAN HOVE

The European space sector as an enabler of EU strategic autonomy EN

16-12-2020 PE 653.620 SEDE
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Today, the European Union can boast a degree of strategic autonomy in space. Projects such as Galileo have not only enhanced the EU’s economy, but they may confer on the Union the ability to amplify its Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defence Policy. While the EU continues to promote the safe, secure and sustainable use of space, it is also true that space is rapidly becoming a political arena that hangs over geopolitical competition on earth. Space is crucial for EU security and defence. Yet the EU is at a cross-roads and it needs to develop ways to ensure that it maintains its strategic autonomy in space. Without strategic autonomy in space, there can be no strategic autonomy on earth. There is a need for the Union to invest in its space presence, push the technological frontier in space, ensure that its ground- and space-based critical infrastructure is protected, ensure that its industrial supply chains are resilient and utilise new initiatives in security and defence to further enhance the EU’s ability to act autonomously.
Autoři : Daniel FIOTT

The impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market and consumer protection - IMCO Webinar Proceedings (At A Glance - Study In Focus) EN

16-12-2020 PE 658.215 IMCO
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This At A Glance summarises the presentations and discussions at the IMCO webinar that was held on 9 November 2020. The webinar on the impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market and consumer protection was structured in two panels, each consisting of two presentations and two Q&A sessions. The first panel focused on the free movement of goods and people. The second panel was devoted to consumer protection and provision of services. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autoři : Milieu Consulting SRL

RESEARCH FOR TRAN COMMITTEE: Sustainable and smart urban transport EN

16-12-2020 PE 652.211 TRAN
Studie
Shrnutí : This study aims to provide the European Parliament’s TRAN Committee with an overview on the state of play of sustainable and smart transport, including recent developments/trends, challenges and opportunities, solutions/good practices and recommendations for EU policy makers. It also considers some recent developments related to the impact of COVID-19.
Autoři : Giacomo Lozzi, Edoardo Marcucci, Valerio Gatta, Maria Rodrigues, Tharsis Teoh, Carolina Ramos, Eline Jonkers

Webinar proceedings: Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic EN

15-12-2020 PE 658.213 ENVI
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing summarises presentations delivered by the invited experts during a remote webinar on "Mental health" organised on 10 November 2020 by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the ENVI committee.
Autoři : MATTEO CIUCCI

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause? EN

15-12-2020 PE 651.381 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This paper analyses the conditions under which to lift the SGP general escape clause (GEC). It is advisable that the timing for lifting the GEC be Member State-specific and contingent to the Member State’s return to its pre-Covid-19 output gap or real GDP level. Medium-Term Budgetary Objectives should be redesigned to take into account the debt-to-GDP level and the interest rate-growth differential. Maintaining government debt yields at low levels after the pandemic would make debt reduction less costly in terms of output.
Autoři : Luisa LAMBERTINI

When and How to Deactivate the SGP General Escape Clause? EN

11-12-2020 PE 651.376 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Based on a brief assessment of the current EU fiscal framework, the paper discusses when and how fiscal surveillance should be enacted again, and investigates possible options for reform. The general escape clause should be lifted as soon as epidemiological conditions allow for economic activity to normalise, probably by 2022. We propose a transitory arrangement if the discussion on a broader reform of the fiscal framework remains inconclusive while the general escape clause is in force.
Autoři : Klaus-Jürgen GERN Stefan KOOTHS Ulrich STOLZENBURG

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - December 2020 EN

Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events. regional development, cohesion policy, COVID19, WTO, budget control, budget, economy, international affairs, international law, Schengen governance, single market, European court of Auditors, energy.

Update on recent banking developments EN

09-12-2020 PE 659.624 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing gives an update on and summarises recent events and developments in the Banking Union, based on publicly available information. It gives an overview of: 1) the Eurogroup agreement on the backstop to the Single Resolution Fund; 2) the 7th monitoring report on risk reduction indicators; 3) recent European Central Bank publications, namely the Financial Stability Review and guidance on climate- related and environmental risks; 4) recent Single Resolution Board publications, specifically its 2021 Work Programme and guidance on bank mergers and acquisitions; and 5) the EBA’s benchmarking exercise of national insolvency regimes.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Study presentation proceedings: The Impact of Unfair Commercial Practices on Competition in the EU Passenger Transport Sector, in particular Air Transport EN

09-12-2020 PE 658.188 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : The study presented in the event aims at identifying and analysing the unfair commercial and trading practices in passenger air transport that not only are detrimental to consumers, but which can also distort competition in the Single Market. Moreover, the discussion during the event also covered competition and consumer protection aspects that arise in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. These proceedings of the study presentation were prepared by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Autoři : RADOSTINA PARENTI, TIJMEN FERDINAND TUINSMA

Climate change and its impact on mental health EN

08-12-2020 PE 658.210 ENVI
Briefing
Shrnutí : Climate change health impacts are experienced through direct and indirect pathways. These can take the form of an increase in the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms which directly may impact health, resulting in heat-related mortality and morbidity, injury and trauma. Indirectly, climate change may impact health through loss of livelihoods, land and property and through interaction with environmental systems. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
Autoři : Maria NILSSON

Single Resolution Board: Accountability arrangements (9th parliamentary term) EN

08-12-2020 PE 659.621 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the SRB. For an overview of public hearings during the 8th parliamentary term, please see here.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL

Single Supervisory Mechanism: Accountability arrangements (9th parliamentary term) EN

08-12-2020 PE 659.623 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Board in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM). For an overview of public hearings during the 8th parliamentary term, please see here.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL

The impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market and consumer protection - IMCO Webinar Proceedings EN

07-12-2020 PE 658.212 IMCO
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions that took place during the IMCO webinar held on 9 November 2020 on the impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market and consumer protection. The webinar was structured in two panels, each consisting of two presentations and two Q&A sessions. The first panel focused on the free movement of goods and people. The second panel was devoted to consumer protection and provision of services. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autoři : Caterina MARIOTTI, Agnieszka MARKOWSKA and Marta BALLESTEROS

Mapping Fake News and Disinformation in the Western Balkans and Identifying Ways to Effectively Counter Them EN

03-12-2020 PE 653.621 AFET
Studie
Shrnutí : Disinformation is an endemic and ubiquitous part of politics throughout the Western Balkans, without exception. A mapping of the disinformation and counter-disinformation landscapes in the region in the period from 2018 through 2020 reveals three key disinformation challenges: external challenges to EU credibility; disinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic; and the impact of disinformation on elections and referenda. While foreign actors feature prominently – chiefly Russia, but also China, Turkey, and other countries in and near the region – the bulk of disinformation in the Western Balkans is produced and disseminated by domestic actors for domestic purposes. Further, disinformation (and information disorder more broadly) is a symptom of social and political disorder, rather than the cause. As a result, the European Union should focus on the role that it can play in bolstering the quality of democracy and governance in the Western Balkans, as the most powerful potential bulwark against disinformation.
Autoři : Samuel GREENE, Gregory ASMOLOV, Adam FAGAN, Ofer FRIDMAN, Borjan GJUZELOV

The European Semester during the Pandemic EN

03-12-2020 PE 659.622 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : Due to the pandemic, the European Semester for economic policy coordination will look rather different (in both form and substance) to what it was in previous cycles. This document provides an overview on how the various policy instruments comprised in the European Semester have been or are being implemented as part of the EU Recovery Plan, notably the interactions with the proposed Recovery and Resilience Facility.
Autoři : Kajus HAGELSTAM, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Economic Dialogue with the European Commission on the 2021 European Semester Cycle EN

03-12-2020 PE 651.380 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioners Schmit and Gentiloni have been invited to an Economic Dialogue to discuss the 2021 European Semester Cycle, in line with the relevant EU law. This briefing note covers the main elements of the 2021 European Semester Package proposed by the Commission. It gives an overview of the implementation of the previous Semester Cycles and of the on-going work to strengthen the governance and the resilience of Economic and Monetary Union.
Autoři : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, Kajus HAGELSTAM, Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Nuclear arms control regimes: state of play and perspectives EN

02-12-2020 PE 603.496 SEDE
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : The EU is facing important challenges in the arms control and disarmament domain: firstly, the gradual abandonment of bilateral agreements between the US and Russia that protected European territory, and secondly, an increasing polarisation among the parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), evidenced by the controversy sparked by the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). Both developments combined weaken the arms control and disarmament regime, increasing the likelihood of a global nuclear arms race. While the EU has progressively enhanced its role in arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament, it is afflicted by the same cleavage over disarmament that characterises the NPT framework. Based on a review of the drivers of the current crisis and the options for addressing them, the present briefing illuminates the EU’s record, and identifies ways in which the European Parliament can support the nuclear arms control agenda despite its lack of formal competence in the field. These notably include developing a modus vivendi with the TPNW, and encouraging the Council to lay the groundwork for a multilateral arms control treaty system.
Autoři : Clara PORTELA

Legal obstacles in Member States to Single Market rules (At A Glance - Study In Focus) EN

02-12-2020 PE 658.211 IMCO
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This At A Glance summarises the key findings of the original study, which reviewed and analysed national rules that restrict the free movement of goods and services and the right to establishment across the EU Single Market. The study also analysed trends over time in national restrictions and offers recommendations on how they can be removed. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autoři : Erik DAHLBERG et al.

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors EN

02-12-2020 PE 662.379 BUDG CONT
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : On the occasion of the nomination of a new Polish member for the Court of Auditors, this briefing describes the national nomination process and the roles of EP and Council.
Autoři : ANNA DEMBEK, Michaela FRANKE

Banking Union: ESMA report on Wirecard EN

01-12-2020 PE 659.619 ECON
Briefing
Shrnutí : This briefing provides a summary of ESMA’s Fast-Track Peer-Review (FTPR), published on 3 November 2020. ESMA carried out an assessment of the effectiveness of the supervisory response in the financial reporting area by BaFin and FREP in the context of Wirecard AG fraud case.
Autoři : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Climate change and its impact on food and nutrition security EN

30-11-2020 PE 658.209 ENVI
Briefing
Shrnutí : There is mounting evidence for negative consequences of climate change on human health worldwide, from both direct and indirect effects, mediated by ecosystems and socioeconomic systems. The impacts are being experienced in the EU, and the effects of climate change on food systems are a critical part of the overall impacts on human and planetary health. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
Autoři : Robin FEARS

End the cage age: Looking for alternatives EN

30-11-2020 PE 658.539 PETI
Studie
Shrnutí : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, presents alternatives for cage housing of farm animals and laying hens and sows in particular. Cage-free housing has a positive effect on the behavioural freedom and welfare of animals. No major problems arise with regard to other aspects of sustainability. Research shows that cage-free housing is currently possible or will be in the future. A shift towards cage-free housing systems may be achieved by financial and policy measures in the short term and legislation in the long term.
Autoři : JOHANNES HEEZEN

Proceedings of the workshop on Open spaces at EU institutions versus traditional work spaces: justification, evolution, evaluation and results EN

30-11-2020 PE 662.378 BUDG CONT
Studie
Shrnutí : The Budgetary Control Committee (CONT) organised the workshop on ‘Open spaces at EU institutions versus traditional work spaces: justification, evolution, evaluation and results’ on 29 October 2020. This document consists of the proceedings of the workshop, the briefing on ‘Open Plan Offices - The new ways of working’, biographies of the speakers and the PowerPoint slides of the presentations.
Autoři : Alexandra Pouwels.

Precarious work from a gender and intersectionality perspective, and ways to combat it EN

30-11-2020 PE 662.491 FEMM
Studie
Shrnutí : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, explores the phenomenon of precarious work in the EU from a gender and intersectionality perspective. It finds that women, particularly young women, those with a migrant background and women with low levels of educational attainment, are especially vulnerable. This is a recurring trend across all of the Member States within the study’s scope. One of the key factors behind this is the disproportionate amount of time that women spend in caregiving roles and domestic work, something that is reinforced by COVID-19.
Autoři : Camille FIADZO, Virginia DALLA POZZA, Laura TODARO (VVA); Claire DUPONT (Milieu); Kari HADJIVASSILIOU (The Tavistock Institute).

Research for CULT Committee - Shaping digital education policy EN

27-11-2020 PE 652.231 CULT
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This research project assesses the Digital Education Action Plan published in 2018 in terms of organisational and content-related challenges. It outlines concrete recommendations on how an updated Digital Education Action Plan could mitigate the weaknesses of the current plan, through a more holistic vision of the digital transformation in education, a focus on quality infrastructure for digital education for all, the further empowerment of educators and the further development of ‘whole-school’ approaches to digital education.
Autoři : Jacques LECARTE, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

Webinar proceedings: An EU legal framework to halt and reverse deforestation EN

27-11-2020 PE 658.207 ENVI
Briefing
Shrnutí : On Thursday, 10 September 2020, the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies organised at the request of the ENVI committee a remote webinar on "An EU legal framework to halt and reverse deforestation". This briefing summarises the presentations delivered by the invited experts.
Autoři : MATTEO CIUCCI

The state of play of Schengen governance An assessment of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme EN

27-11-2020 PE 658.699 LIBE
Studie
Shrnutí : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, assesses the operation and impact of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme (2014-19), with the aim of identifying what has worked well and developing recommendations to strengthen it. The past decade has presented multiple controversies involving the governments of Schengen states as well as EU institutions, leading to a persistent state of apparent crisis. The ongoing “Schengen crisis” is rooted in political changes and in structural shortcomings of the Schengen regime. Despite these obstacles, the resilience of the Schengen system should not be underestimated.
Autoři : Martin WAGNER & Caitlin KATSIAFICAS Josephine LIEBL Leila HADJ ABDOU & Lenka DRAŽANOVÁ Julien JEANDESBOZ

Study in Focus - After parental leave: Incentives for parents with young children to return to the labour market EN

26-11-2020 PE 658.191 EMPL
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This document, provided by Policy Department A for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee, presents key findings of the study examine the employment situation of parents with young children in the EU and specifically, the factors that affect parents’ return to the labour market.
Autoři : Joanna HOFMAN et al.

No way back:Why the transatlantic future needs a stronger EU EN

25-11-2020 PE 653.619 AFET
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : There is no way back for transatlantic politics; in recent years it has suffered severe setbacks that cannot be undone. Although the Biden win promises opportunities for EU-US cooperation, the EU’s drive for strategic autonomy will not stop here. It is high time to look afresh at the very foundations of the transatlantic partnership, in light of not only the politics of today, but also the structural trends in the global balance of power and the lasting institutional ties between the two continents. Above all, the transatlantic future needs a stronger EU. For this to happen, the following issues should be given priority: i) dealing with an increasingly assertive China; ii) gaining more from transatlantic trade relations; iii) safeguarding the benefits of NATO and multilateral institutions like the WTO; iv) battling disinformation and other hybrid threats; and v) reinvigorating cooperation over climate change and global health. Because understanding of and trust in US intelligence and foreign policy positions has been eroded, a ‘thickening’ of transatlantic dialogue structures, including among elected representatives, should be pursued. This could include staff exchanges, track-two dialogues with think tanks and civil society, and an increased frequency of the Transatlantic Legislators Dialogue, possibly supplemented with more subordinate bodies on specific issues, such as dealing with China.
Autoři : Louise VAN SCHAIK, Ties DAMS

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause? EN

25-11-2020 PE 651.378 ECON
Podrobná analýza
Shrnutí : This paper provides a framework for considering when and how to deactivate the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). That framework takes into account the goals of the SGP, the desire to avoid pro-cyclical policy influences that might stifle Europe’s economic recovery, and the necessity not to endanger fiscal sustainability in the medium term. The framework also considers the variation in performance across countries and the indicators that might be used to map transitional arrangements.
Autoři : Erik JONES

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources EN

24-11-2020 PE 652.230 AGRI
Ve stručnosti
Shrnutí : This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).
Autoři : Albert MASSOT MARTI