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Impacts of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement on fisheries and aquaculture in the EU - Legal aspects EN

18-01-2022 PE 699.614 PECH
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This At a Glance note is the first in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a short overview of an analysis of the legal aspects of the EU-UK TCA relating to fisheries.
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Kristiina MILT

Research for REGI Committee - The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU cohesion and EU cohesion policy - Part I: Overview and first analysis EN

18-01-2022 PE 699.617 REGI
Studiu
Rezumat : The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated fragmentations between societal groups and between places. It risks reinforcing existing imbalances and inequalities in the EU. The worst and most direct impacts have been avoided by swift policy actions. In this context Cohesion Policy played a role. The swift introduction of new measures to counteract the socio-economic effects of the pandemic were extremely important. To address cohesion challenges lying ahead of us and use the crisis as a chance for a transition towards a greener and more digital future, Cohesion Policy might need to adjust.
Autori : Spatial Foresight: Kai BÖHME, Sabine ZILLMER, Sebastian HANS t33: Dea HRELJA, Alessandro VALENZA, Arianna MORI

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - January 2022 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Sunset Clauses in International Law and their Consequences for EU Law EN

04-01-2022 PE 703.592 JURI
Studiu
Rezumat : Sunset clauses in International Treaties account for numerous benefits. However, their entrenchment effect disproportionally burdens future policymakers. This is the case of the Energy Charter Treaty, which poses unique challenges for two main reasons. First, compared to other treaties, the ECT contains a 20-year sunset clause. Second, the treaty is a multilateral with a rigid amendment procedure, which empowers the entrenchment effect of that treaty. Within this context, the study explores the policy options to disengage from the ECT and the entrenchment effect of its sunset clauses.
Autori : Antonios Kouroutakis

Handbook on the incompatibilities and immunity of the Members of the European Parliament EN

31-12-2021 PE 703.875 JURI
Studiu
Rezumat : Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national parliamentary immunities. This handbook will be updated regularly based on information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.
Autori : Eeva PAVY

European pharmaceutical research and development: Could public infrastructure overcome market failures? EN

21-12-2021 PE 697.197 ENVI ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : With a focus on research and development in the area of innovative medicines, this study discusses a new European approach to pharmaceutical policy. After examining the European pharmaceutical sector's features, and the strengths and weaknesses of the current research and business model, the study explores the need for and the concept of a European infrastructure with a long-term transboundary mission. Any such European medicines infrastructure should focus on threats and areas of research and development that are underinvested under the current business model. More specifically, the study uses an extensive literature review and a targeted survey of international experts from science, industry, public health and government institutions, to investigate the feasibility of different options in terms of the scope of the mission, and legal, organisational and financial arrangements for establishing such a European infrastructure. On the basis of their research, the authors present a range of policy options. The most ambitious of these considers a Europe-wide public infrastructure equipped with budgetary autonomy and home-grown research and development capacity. This organisation would be tasked with building a portfolio of new medicines and related biomedical technologies up to the delivery stage, over the course of 30 years, in partnership with third-party research centres at national or European level and with companies. It would be the most important global player in biomedical innovation in the world.

SPACE MARKET EN

21-12-2021 PE 695.483 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : This study provides an analysis of the European space market. The market size and structure of the European space industry is considered, alongside the dynamics of the new space economy. The contribution of the EU space programmes to fostering the uptake of space data, and the challenges and drivers of maximising synergies between the EU upstream and downstream space sectors are examined. The new Space-based Connectivity Initiative is also considered. In addition, recommendations by the Court of Auditors to strengthen the efficacy of the newly-integrated EU Space Programme, and to maximise their economic and societal impacts are considered.
Autori : Frederic GOUARDERES

Mental health and well-being in the digital world of work post COVID EN

20-12-2021 PE 695.488 EMPL
Pe scurt
Rezumat : The proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions that took place during the EMPL workshop held on 2 December 2021 on Mental health and well-being in the digital world of work post COVID. The workshop had four presentations, each followed by a Q&A session. The presentations touched upon the cost of poor mental health and the cost of inaction, digitalisation in the world of work, innovative and practical ways to create a resilient workplace and the role of legislation at national and EU level. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).
Autori : Paul VROONHOF and Thomas DE WINTER

Carbon farming | Making agriculture fit for 2030 EN

16-12-2021 PE 695.487 ENVI
Pe scurt
Rezumat : Carbon farming refers to sequestering and storing carbon and/or reducing greenhouse gas emissions at farm level. It offers significant but uncertain mitigation potential in the EU, can deliver co-benefits to farmers and society, but also carries risks that need to be managed. The report identifies opportunities and constraints for carbon farming, options for financing, and open questions that need to be resolved to scale up carbon farming in a way that delivers robust climate mitigation and European Union Green Deal objectives.
Autori : Hugh McDonald, Ana Frelih-Larsen, Clunie Keenleyside, Anna Lóránt, Laurens Duin, Sarah Pyndt Andersen, Giulia Costa, Gabrielle Aubert, Nora Hiller

Nominations for Members ofthe European Court of Auditors EN

16-12-2021 PE 703.588 CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : The Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs in the European Parliament (EP) is about to draw up an in-house briefing on national nomination procedures for Members of the European Court of Auditors (ECA). The purpose of the briefing is to provide relevant information to the Members of the Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) ahead of hearings of Members-designate of the ECA (of which there will be 8 in the course of 2022). In order to develop a better understanding of the national procedures, we are interested to see if and how national chambers are involved in the nomination process.
Autori : Michaela FRANKE

Mental health and well-being in the digital world of work post COVID - EMPL Workshop Proceedings EN

16-12-2021 PE 695.485 EMPL
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : These proceedings summarise the presentations and discussions that took place during the EMPL workshop held on 2 December 2021 on Mental health and well-being in the digital world of work post COVID. The workshop had four presentations, each followed by a Q&A session. The presentations touched upon the cost of poor mental health and the cost of inaction, digitalisation in the world of work, innovative and practical ways to create a resilient workplace and the role of legislation at national and EU level. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).
Autori : Paul VROONHOF and Thomas DE WINTER

Moving towards Zero-Emission Steel EN

16-12-2021 PE 695.484 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : This study is assessing the European steel industry’s possible decarbonisation pathways in light of the European Commission’s “Fit for 55” package, by evaluating available technology options and the adequacy of available funding streams. The paper shows that options based solely on existing production processes have limited potential to achieve the required emission reductions. Full decarbonisation options will require the widespread availability of green electricity, hydrogen and/or CCS/CCUS infrastructure. It is important that flexibility in the choice of technology decarbonisation options is maintained to account for differences in regional characteristics including natural resources and infrastructure.
Autori : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Women and transport EN

16-12-2021 PE 701.004 FEMM
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, summarises achievements in gender and transport in the EU in regard to knowledge and policies considering women as transport users and as workers in the transport sector. It introduces the most recent data and concepts, presents promising practices and provides EU policy indications in the context of the European Green Deal to effectively support the enhancement of gender equality in transport.
Autori : Silvia SANSONETTI, FGB SRL SB Eamonn DAVERN, Independent Expert

Cross Border Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights in EU EN

16-12-2021 PE 703.387 JURI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, aims to provide an overview of cross-border enforcement of intellectual property rights in the EU with a particular emphasis on copyright and related rights in the online environment. The study provides a detailed analysis of the current situation of cross-border IPR enforcement and formulates various policy recommendations to improve current IPR enforcement options among MS.
Autori : Oleksandr BULAYENKO Giancarlo FROSIO Anna LAWRYNOWICZ-DREWEK Natasha MANGAL

'Fit for 55' package: Revision of the Effort-Sharing Regulation EN

15-12-2021 PE 699.465 AGRI ENVI ITRE TRAN
Briefing
Rezumat : The IA analyses the nature and scale of the problem, which triggers the revision of the Effort Sharing Regulation. While subsidiarity is suffiicently addressed, the proportionality aspects of the revision are not addressed by the IA. One general and three specific objectives, clearly deriving from the problem, were set up. Three policy options were identified and analysed in detail. The options (and their sub-options) were compared in terms of their potential to achieve the specific objectives, in particular, regarding their scope, environmental integrity, distribution of efforts (in terms of fairness and cost-efficiency) and flexibility offered. The options have been analysed mostly for their environmental, economic and administrative impacts. Stakeholder views are abundently used and transparently referenced throughout the analysis of impact. The IA is based on a solid knowledge base combining the use of qualitative and quantitiave methods.
Autori : Ekaterina KARAMFILOVA

The EP’s response to the COVID-19 crisis: budgetary impact EN

15-12-2021 PE 702.617 CONT
Briefing
Rezumat : The EP’s budget is drawn up during the year n-1, with the preparations in its Directorates General already starting in the last quarter of the year n-2. The budgetary procedure - first inside the EP for the institution’s own budget, then for the budget of the EU as a whole in the interinstitutional part of the procedure - lasts throughout the year n-1, with an agreement usually reached during the last quarter of year n-1. For example, the preparations for the 2020 budget in the Directorates General started towards the end of 2018, with the main budgetary process taking place in 2019.
Autori : Michaela FRANKE

Workshop on impacts of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement on fisheries and aquaculture in the EU - Part I: Legal aspects EN

15-12-2021 PE 690.906 PECH
Studiu
Rezumat : This study is the first research paper in a series of three, commissioned for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides an analysis of the legal aspects of the EU-UK TCA relating to fisheries. The analysis covers, inter alia, the scope of the fisheries provisions, conservation and management, fishing opportunities, arrangements on access to waters, arrangements on governance (including provisions on remedial measures, dispute settlement, institutional arrangements, termination, review and relationship with other agreements), and trade-related provisions with relevance for fisheries. It concludes with recommendations for the implementation of the fisheries provisions of the EU-UK TCA
Autori : University of Hamburg: Dr. Valentin SCHATZ, Post-Doctoral Researcher in Public Law, EU Law and Public International Law, Dr. Alexander PROELSS, Professor of International Law of the Sea and International Environmental Law, Public International Law and Public Law.

Revision of the third energy package for gas: Decarbonising the gas market. Regulation 715/2009/EU and Directive 2009/73/EU EN

13-12-2021 PE 699.464 ITRE
Briefing
Rezumat : Decarbonisation of the internal gas market is necessary for attaining the EU's climate target of reducing greenhouse gas emission by 55 % by 2030 and reaching net zero emissions by 2050. The revision of the current Gas Regulation and Gas Directive, adopted in 2009 for the natural gas market, is underpinned by the strategies on energy system integration and on a hydrogen economy. Introduction of renewable and low-carbon gases to the energy system requires a profound transformation of the gas market, as announced in the 2021 Commission work programme and the 'fit for 55' package. Different alliances and common projects bringing together regulators, civil society and stakeholders have quickly emerged to tackle various aspects of this transformation and to open new partnerships. The European Parliament supports the creation of a competitive decarbonised internal energy market. It supports energy efficiency and encourages decarbonisation primarily through direct electrification using renewable sources. However, it also sees a role for renewable-based fuels for hard-to-abate sectors, such as heavy vehicle transport, aviation, steel and the fertiliser industry. In line with other EU institutions, it considers low-carbon gases as an intermediate solution, and underlines the importance of taking into account the diversity of national energy systems.
Autori : Susanna TENHUNEN

'Fit for 55' legislative package: ReFuel EU Aviation EN

10-12-2021 PE 699.466 TRAN
Briefing
Rezumat : The impact assessment (IA) accompanying Commission's ReFuelEU Aviation proposal provides a qualitative and quantitative analysis, which is based on sound and recent data. The IA presents clearly described policy options and openly explains uncertainties in the analysis. However, contrary to the Better Regulation Guidelines, the IA does not assess the impacts on SMEs. In addition, the assessment would have benefited of further clarification in the comparison of options, the scale of the defined problems, and monitoring and evaluation plans. Moreover, the description of stakeholder consultation lacks some transparency.
Autori : ULLA-MARI TUOMINEN

Recovery and Resilience Plans: stakeholders’ involvement EN

10-12-2021 PE 689.453 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This paper aims to support the scrutiny of the national Recovery and Resilience Plans and its implementation by providing an overview of EU stakeholders, other relevant institutions and bodies’ assessments/opinions related to these plans, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. Furthermore, it includes a summary of the Commission assessments of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the recovery and resilience plans. The paper will be regularly updated.
Autori : WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

The road to energy efficiency EN

10-12-2021 PE 695.480 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : This study provides an analysis of the gaps in EU policies aimed at increasing industrial energy efficiency, an assessment of the ability of the electricity grid to absorb large increases in renewables, and an evaluation of the energy efficiency potential of the Renovation Wave. Links to the proposed Fit for 55 package are also made for all three topics.
Autori : Marwa MAHMOUD, Trinomics Nora CHEIKH, Trinomics Ondrej CERNY, Trinomics Frank GERARD, Trinomics Peter LEMOINE, Trinomics

O futuro do setor automóvel da UE PT

10-12-2021 PE 695.486 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : O presente estudo fornece uma perspetiva geral independente do panorama da indústria automóvel na UE. Mais especificamente, o estudo avalia as tendências ecológica e digital que estão atualmente a reformular o setor automóvel e fornece recomendações atendendo à adequação e à coerência das medidas atuais e futuras da UE. O presente documento foi elaborado pelo Departamento Temático das Políticas Económicas e Científicas e da Qualidade de Vida, a pedido da Comissão da Indústria, da Investigação e da Energia (ITRE).
Autori : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - December 2021 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Recovery and Resilience Plans - public documents and overview of process EN

09-12-2021 PE 689.471 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This document provides summarised and tabular information on the Recovery and Resilience Facility and the Recovery and Resilience Plans. It will be regularly updated.
Autori : Kajus HAGELSTAM, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Recovery and Resilience Plans - Thematic overview on cross-border projects EN

09-12-2021 PE 689.472 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This paper compiles and presents available information on cross-border or multi-country projects included in Member States Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs). The paper will be updated once new relevant information is available.
Autori : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission EN

09-12-2021 PE 689.473 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : BUDG-ECON Committee meeting on 13 December 2021 Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the fourth Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing first provides an overview of the Recovery and Resilience Plans, presenting observations and figures based on publicly available information. Further sections deal with the pending assessment of some Recovery and Resilience Plans; the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility, with a presentation of the financial and loan agreements and of operational arrangements; the assessment of milestones and targets; the provisions on disbursements and Commission’s delegated acts. The briefing also presents the state of play of disbursements under the Facility. Furthermore, the briefing provides some information on the regional and euro area dimensions and highlights the relationship between the Facility and the European Semester going forward. It also refers to other EGOV papers.
Autori : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact under pandemic times EN

08-12-2021 PE 659.655 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Commission and Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecasts. This document is regularly updated.
Autori : Jost ANGERER

Women on Board Policies in Member States and the Effects on Corporate Governance EN

07-12-2021 PE 700.556 JURI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, provides an overview of women on board policies in the EU Member States. analyses, in more detail, policies and practices as well as their impact on women’s board presentation in Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Germany. The study concludes by recommending a timely adoption of the adoption of the proposed Directive COM(2012) 614 final of the European Parliament and of the Council on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures.
Autori : Anja KIRSCH

Single Resolution Board: Accountability arrangements (9th parliamentary term) EN

02-12-2021 PE 659.621 ECON
Briefing
Rezumat : This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the SRB. For an overview of public hearings during the 8th parliamentary term, please see here.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS

Single Supervisory Mechanism: Accountability arrangements (9th parliamentary term) EN

02-12-2021 PE 659.623 ECON
Briefing
Rezumat : This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Board in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM). For an overview of public hearings during the 8th parliamentary term, please see here.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS

Public finances in Euro Area Member States: Selected indicators - November 2021 EN

02-12-2021 PE 689.464 ECON
Briefing
Rezumat : This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it provides a short explanation and the data sources. The final section presents a short overview of the main indicators used by the European and other international institutions to assess debt sustainability.
Autori : Alice ZOPPÉ, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

The implementation of the 2015 Concluding Observations of the CRPD Committee by the EU EN

02-12-2021 PE 700.321 PETI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions, examines the level of implementation of the 2015 Concluding Observations of the CRPD Committee by the EU, in the view of the next monitoring and reporting cycle. It reveals that while some recommendations have been followed up by the EU through its Disability strategies and legislative and policy action, important gaps remain, notably in those areas where the EU has limited competences, or political support is lacking.
Autori : SMITS J.C.

The misuse of social media platforms and other communication channels by authoritarian regimes: Lessons learned EN

01-12-2021 PE 653.658 INGE
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : Disinformation has continued to spread in recent years, receiving a significant boost during the COVID-19 pandemic and constituting one of the most pressing threats for democratic countries. Authoritarian regimes have played their part in the proliferation of manipulated content, particularly disinformation. This paper analyses recent instances of the misuse of social media platforms and other communication channels perpetrated by authoritarian regimes in Iran, China, and Russia to influence the public opinion and democratic processes in Yemen and Syria, Taiwan, and Georgia, respectively, focusing on disinformation in particular. The authors draw lessons for the EU in relation to the actors involved, highlighting the impact of disinformation, the disparity of resources between perpetrators and responders, and the importance of independent media and a whole-of-society approach. By juxtaposing local experiences with analysis of EU instruments, the authors arrive at a set of recommendations, which highlight the need to: focus on various disinformation perpetrators beyond Russia; support independent media and civil society initiatives; collect comparable data within the EU; develop mechanisms targeting perpetrators and increasing the cost of engaging in disinformation; develop proactive and pre-emptive campaigns against disinformation; and increase coordination and cooperation within the EU around the issue of disinformation.
Autori : Lukas ANDRIUKAITIS, Jakub KALENSKY, Simin KARGAR, Elene PANCHULIDZE, Joanna SMĘTEK, Anastas VANGELI

Trade aspects of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement EN

30-11-2021 PE 653.650 INTA
Studiu
Rezumat : In this study we analyse the provisions of the EU-Mercosur trade agreement (EUMETA) in its form presented by the European Commission. Our analysis covers the potential macroeconomic effects of the agreement that are based on the analysis of the extent of trade liberalisation through the lens of a computable general simulation model, as well as more detailed analysis of trade structure, tariff structure, non-tariff protection and the trade-related provisions of the agreement including trade in services and government procurement. Moreover, we analyse the institutional provisions of the EU-Mercosur Association agreement (EUMEAA) in relation to the positioning of the European Parliament and civil society. We place a special focus on the agri-food sector and some selected sensitive subsectors. The quantitative assessments are amended by qualitative analysis, in particular with regard to the trade and sustainable development chapter of the agreement, issues related to food security and an overview of existing approaches on sustainable development in the Mercosur countries.
Autori : Jan Hagemejer, Andreas Maurer, Bettina Rudloff, Peter-Tobias Stoll, Stephen Woolcock, Andréia Costa Vieira, Kristina Mensah, Katarzyna Sidło

Envisioning International Justice: what role for the ICC? EN

30-11-2021 PE 653.659 DROI
Studiu
Rezumat : The workshop discussed future scenarios for the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the EU’s engagement with the court. Against the background of an ongoing review of the Court and the Rome Statute system, the workshop was organised upon the request of the European Parliament’s Subcommittee for Human Rights, and followed the appointment of a new ICC Prosecutor. Speakers identified key challenges for the Court, including: the unstable and fragmented political support by states; the mismatch between resources and growing demands for legal action, requiring difficult and well justified choices by the Prosecutor; allegations of bias and of politicisation; and the need for effective communication with victims and affected communities. The workshop underscored the central role of the EU in upholding the ICC as a central pillar of the multilateral system, but drew also attention to complementary avenues for accountability, such as the use of universal jurisdiction. This report brings together the background briefings prepared by law experts for the workshop and a summary of the debate with Members, academics, civil society experts and EU representatives.
Autori : Olympia BEKOU, Triestino MARINIELLO, Yvonne MCDERMOTT

Carbon farming | Making agriculture fit for 2030 EN

30-11-2021 PE 695.482 ENVI
Studiu
Rezumat : Carbon farming refers to sequestering and storing carbon and/or reducing greenhouse gas emissions at farm level. It offers significant but uncertain mitigation potential in the EU, can deliver co-benefits to farmers and society, but also carries risks that need to be managed. The report identifies opportunities and constraints for carbon farming, options for financing, and open questions that need to be resolved to scale up carbon farming in a way that delivers robust climate mitigation and European Union Green Deal objectives.
Autori : Hugh McDonald, Ana Frelih-Larsen, Clunie Keenleyside, Anna Lóránt, Laurens Duin, Sarah Pyndt Andersen, Giulia Costa, Gabrielle Aubert, Nora Hiller

Public hearing with Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board ECON on 1 December 2021 EN

29-11-2021 PE 689.434 ECON
Briefing
Rezumat : This note is prepared in view of an ordinary public hearing with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Elke König, which will take place on 1 December 2021. This briefing addresses the following topics: (i) cooperation with other authorities, (ii) home/host authorities and the issue of internal MREL, (iii) evolution of MREL stock and shortfalls, (iv) contributions to the Single Resolution Fund, and (v) summaries of external papers on the status quo of impediments to resolvability.
Autori : OLIVER SLOCOCK, Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, CATARINA DIAS BORGES FARRAJOTA, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Impediments to resolvability – what is the status quo EN

29-11-2021 PE 689.447 ECON
Studiu
Rezumat : This study develops on the status quo in relation to the assessment of resolvability of credit institutions and banking groups in the Banking Union and the removal of substantive impediments to their resolvability under the EU legal framework governing banking resolution, as in force, taking due account of the policies developed in that respect by the Single Resolution Board within the Single Resolution Mechanism.
Autori : Christos V. GORTSOS

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Tourism sector EN

24-11-2021 PE 690.885 TRAN
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This At a glance note summarises the study on Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19: Tourism sector
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuels infrastructure for heavy-duty vehicles - final study EN

24-11-2021 PE 690.902 TRAN
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This At a glance note summarises the study on Alternative fuels infrastructure for heavy-duty vehicles.
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Femicide, its causes and recent trends: What do we know? EN

22-11-2021 PE 653.655 DROI
Briefing
Rezumat : Femicide is a violation of the basic human rights to life, liberty and personal security, as well as an obstacle to social and economic development. The term indicates the act of intentionally killing a female person, either woman or girl, because of her gender, and it is the end-result of combined risk factors existing at the level of the individual, interpersonal relations, community and society. This crime displays three prominent characteristics: women are disproportionately killed by men; victims have previously experienced non-lethal violence; the rate at which women are killed tends to remain steady over time. Estimates indicate that 87 000 women were intentionally killed in 2017, but the exact number is unknown and suspected to be higher. The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the situation and reduced access to services. Femicide’s classification differs according to context, but most significantly includes: killing by an intimate partner or family member; honour, dowry and witch-hunting deaths; femicide-suicide; pre- and post-natal excess female mortality; infanticide; and deliberate neglect, rooted in a preference for sons over daughters. Collecting accurate data is a strategic goal and necessary to facilitate the design of effective policies.
Autori : Consuelo, CORRADI

Preventing, protecting, providing access to justice: How can states respond to femicide? EN

22-11-2021 PE 653.656 DROI
Briefing
Rezumat : Growing awareness of femicide has not universally translated into effective policy and programming. Though legislation relating to gender-based violence and/or femicide exists in many countries, both persist. A combined social, cultural, political and economic approach situates femicide prevention and responses at various levels, including changes in individual behaviour. Using the term ‘femicide’ more frequently at international forums is crucial not only to focus attention on the gendered nature of violence but also to act as a call for action. Situational studies reveal that political will to end femicide differs from country to country. Femicide together with the patriarchal norms and misogyny that precipitate it are not just extra-EU problems. Rather, they are of global concern, demanding a global response; in non-EU countries this response is often dependent on donor funding. We now know more than ever what works to reverse patterns of violence. These patterns can be broken by developing the capacity of women’s organisations and strengthening global feminist movements that work with national and local activist networks. Additionally, engaging men and boys in this process of transformation is vital if we are to address violence against women and girls and ultimately end femicide.
Autori : Tamsin BRADLEY

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Tourism sector EN

19-11-2021 PE 690.884 TRAN
Studiu
Rezumat : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on the tourism sector, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Autori : Ljubica KNEZEVIC CVELBAR, Maria RODRIGUES, Tharsis TEOH, Barbara ANTONUCCI, Nicole CUTRUFO, Lidia MARONGIU

Research for REGI Committee: Cohesion Policy Calendar (2021-2027 and 2014-2020 Programming Periods) EN

18-11-2021 PE 563.425 REGI
Briefing
Rezumat : The implementation timetable for cohesion policy is defined largely by its legislative framework. In order to be able to plan parliamentary work and exercise systematic scrutiny of policy implementation and of the Commission’s work, it is essential to have an overview of the timing of different steps in policy implementation in the coming years. This type of briefing was first published (and subsequently updated) in 2014 covering the 2014-2020 programming period. The current version is the first in the row that includes the policy actions of the 2021-27 period, while still indicating the last steps of the 2014-20 period. It includes a detailed (but non-exhaustive) timetable of policy actions in the second half of 2021 and in 2022, together with an overview of major actions for the remainder of the programming period, from 2023.
Autori : Diana HAASE

Decarbonisation of Energy EN

18-11-2021 PE 695.469 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : Decarbonising the energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. The large-scale expansion of low-carbon electricity, phase-out of unabated fossil fuels, and widespread direct electrification are uncontroversial. In more controversial areas, like the deployment of hydrogen and synthetic methane, policy should forcefully explore options and be willing to accept and learn from failures. This report discusses concrete policy options for doing so. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).
Autori : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2021 EN

Pe scurt
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Key figures of 2022 Draft Budgetary Plans EN

16-11-2021 PE 689.463 ECON
Briefing
Rezumat : This document compares key figures included in the 2022 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs), as submitted to the European Commission (EC) by the Euro Area Member States by mid of October 2021, with those of the autumn 2021 forecasts by the EC and the key figures included in the 2021 Stability Programmes (SPs), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by end of April 2021, with the those of the 2021 spring forecasts by the EC. The EC is expected to adopt its opinions on the 2022 DBPs by end of November and the Eurogroup is expected to discuss these opinions on 6 December 2021.
Autori : Jost ANGERER, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Promoting gender equality through parliamentary diplomacy EN

15-11-2021 PE 653.654 AFET
Studiu
Rezumat : The purpose of this study is to support the European Parliament (EP), in particular its standing delegations, in implementing the commitment made in the EP resolution of 23 October 2020 on gender equality in EU foreign and security policy. Based on desk research as well as quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis, the study describes the existing EP practices of gender equality promotion, analyses whether the current practices deliver on the commitment, and presents what can be learned both from the bottlenecks identified in the EP’s existing institutional arrangements and from the practices of other national parliaments and international parliamentary institutions. The study concludes that while the EP is highly advanced when it comes to gender mainstreaming in external relations, there are a number of aspects that need improvement or fine-tuning. To facilitate the implementation of the overarching EP gender action plan, the study provides a set of policy recommendations aimed at increasing the effectiveness of gender equality promotion through parliamentary diplomacy. The recommendations comprise proposals to strengthen the institutional framework, clarify the roles of gender focal points, increase access to gender-specific information and training, maximise the use of interparliamentary meetings and DEG activities for gender mainstreaming abroad, streamline the links with civil society and other external stakeholders, and improve the gender dimension of oversight over EP external relations.
Autori : Davor JANCIC; Małgorzata DRUCIAREK, Aleksandra NIZYNSKA; Veronika KUBEKOVÁ, Roland BLOMEYER

Research for CULT Committee - The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism – policy recommendations EN

12-11-2021 PE 690.911 CULT
Briefing
Rezumat : This document includes recommendations developed based on a study on ‘The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism': to provide the Members of the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) with expertise for an own-initiative report (INI) on “The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism” (concomitant expertise).
Autori : Bert-Jan Buiskool and Andrea Giannetto (Ockham IPS)

Research for REGI Committee - Cross-border cooperation in healthcare EN

10-11-2021 PE 699.609 REGI
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This At a glance note summarises the study that analyses the role of Cohesion Policy as regards cross-border cooperation in healthcare, with a particular focus on the 2014-2020 Interreg V-A programmes. The study also reviews the issue of governance related to such projects and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it identifies possible solutions and puts forward policy recommendations to facilitate patient and healthcare staff flows, to improve the cross-border supply of healthcare and to support cross-border mutual development.
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Stephan Klaus DIETZEN

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuel infrastructures for heavy-duty vehicles EN

10-11-2021 PE 690.901 TRAN
Studiu
Rezumat : This study presents the opportunities and challenges for the use and deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the EU for heavy-duty vehicles, in particular trucks. The current state of play and future needs are presented in the context of the ambitions of the Green Deal, the proposal for an Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation published mid-July 2021 and the upcoming review of the TEN-T Regulation.
Autori : CE Delft: Anouk VAN GRINSVEN, Matthijs OTTEN, Emiel VAN DEN TOORN, Reinier VAN DER VEEN, Julius KIRÁLY, Roy VAN DEN BERG

Locations of the EU Decentralised Agencies EN

05-11-2021 PE 700.320 BUDG
Studiu
Rezumat : The European Union has decentralised a number of functions, locating agencies across the European Union. The are many factors influencing the choice of the seat(s) of an agency, including the political aim to evenly distribute the agencies. However, the location of an agency has an impact on its capacity to perform its duties effectively and efficiently. This report analyses whether the agency locations fulfil the necessary criteria.
Autori : Jorge NUNEZ FERRER, CEPS Daina BELICKA, CSE COE Alfredo DE FEO, EUI Dace KRUPENKO, CSE COE

The ECB's New Definition of Price Stability: Better but Short of Specifics EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.473 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : The new definition of price stability is a step in the right direction, even though the ECB could have gone further toward the Fed's average inflation targeting. This definition can become most helpful as the central bank navigates new uncertainties. Yet, the review does not deal with some daunting challenges that are already visible. It will need more than a few principles about price stability to deal with such issues as high and rising public debts, financial stability, or climate change. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Charles WYPLOSZ

The Implementation and Rationale of the ECB's New Inflation Target EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.474 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : In July 2021, the ECB's target was revised, specifying that the 2 % inflation rate threshold should be applied symmetrically and with a medium-term orientation. We argue that a symmetric inflation target can significantly contribute to anchoring inflation expectations and to limiting the risks due to the zero- and/or effective-lower bound constraints. The monetary policy strategy revision will play a key role in the policy mix between fiscal and monetary policies for the post-pandemic recovery. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO and Marcello MESSORI

A Welcome Revision Rather Than a Revolution EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.475 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This contribution is a preliminary analysis of the effect of the ECB's new strategy, notably the revised inflation target, on inflation expectations. We show that the announcement of the new strategy, although necessary for several reasons, had a minor effect on inflation expectations. This reveals that the reform was either already partially anticipated by the market or too timid. Therefore, we present alternative outcomes of the strategy review. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU and Jérôme CREEL

The New Euro Area Inflation Indicator and Target: The Right Reset? EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.479 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This paper clarifies the main features of the European Central Bank's revised inflation target in light of international practices, discusses the role of financial stability in the medium-term orientation of monetary policy decisions, and quantifies the possible impacts of the inclusion of the costs related to owner-occupied housing on the inflation indicator which is subject to the inflation target. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Zsolt DARVAS and Catarina MARTINS

The ECB's Revised Inflation Target EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.478 ECON
Studiu
Rezumat : In July 2021, the European Central Bank (ECB)’s Governing Council concluded the review of its monetary policy strategy. One of the main outcomes of the review was the revised price stability target. The ECB is now committed to “an inflation rate of 2% over the medium term”. The new target is symmetric, which means that negative and positive deviations from the target are considered as equally undesirable. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, explaining the main features and implications of the ECB’s revised inflation target. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Zsolt DARVAS, Catarina MARTINS, Charles WYPLOSZ, Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL

Internal and external dimension of illegal logging: legal issues and solutions EN

03-11-2021 PE 700.009 PETI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims at gaining deeper insights into the legal aspects of illegal logging and related trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products. It analyses the legal requirements and their implications for various actors in the EU and in third countries. The study examines the disparities in enforcement and penalties regimes in Member States and analyses their role in trade diversion. The study further explores the possibility for strengthening the timber regime by broadening its scope and tackling underlying issues such as corruption and human rights violations. The study also assesses the external dimension, specifically focusing on the Voluntary Partnership Agreements with major producers’ countries. The study formulates various recommendations to improve the regime taking into account both the internal and external dimension of illegal logging.
Autori : Dr. Kévine KINDJI

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Transmitted positional data systems EN

31-10-2021 PE 690.891 PECH
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This At-a-glance note is the first in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the state of the art of transmitted positional data systems, high resolution and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for satellite image data used in fisheries control and fisheries research. It identifies the strengths and weaknesses of such systems and provides policy recommendations for a more effective fisheries control system based on currently applied electronic technologies (ET).
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

European Banks’ Response to COVID-19 “Quick Fix” Regulation and Other Measures EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.461 ECON
Pe scurt
Rezumat : The original full study presents data from 27 banking groups in 10 EU Member States, where it is found that banks have used COVID-19 relief measures extensively, with some cross-country differences as for the intensity of use. Flexibility in risk classification does not seem to have impaired banks’ ability to report and recognise risk properly, even for loans under moratoria. The findings suggest that the impact of the measures on banks’ credit supply has been overall positive and mainly driven by capital-enhancing measures such as the “Quick fix”.
Autori : CHRISTIAN SCHEINERT

Policies for long-term carers EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.477 EMPL
Pe scurt
Rezumat : This study provides an in-depth analysis of the formal and informal long-term care workforce in the EU building on an extensive literature survey and data analysis. It looks at workforce characteristics, types and forms of (non-standard) employment, and working conditions. The study covers challenges in Member States related to the long-term care workforce and measures taken to address these. It ends with a discussion of policy options at national and EU level.
Autori : Mikkel BARSLUND, Frederic DEWISPELAERE et al.

Resarch for CULT Committee - The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism - Background Analysis EN

31-10-2021 PE 690.905 CULT
Studiu
Rezumat : The study concludes that the EU Anti-racism Action Plan 2020-2025 reflects the diversity of remedy measures identified in the specialist literature. Despite of the limited steering and monitoring within EU programmes of their contribution to the fight against racism, except for the CERV programme, there is a significant share of projects that are addressing racism related topics, also reflecting a diversity of remedy measures. There is a need for further building on existing good practices / incentives developed by programmes and implementing institutions.
Autori : Ockham IPS: Bert-Jan BUISKOOL, Andrea GIANNETTO, Bastiaan VERBERNE

The COP26 climate change conference: status of climate negotiations and issues at stake EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.459 ENVI
Studiu
Rezumat : The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) focuses on increasing ambition and implementing the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the Parties and stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that affected the international process. The COP26 is scheduled to take place in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November 2021, after it was delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At this conference, delegates will discuss the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and address issues such as the adaptation to climate change and support to developing countries. In addition, the conference will provide an important opportunity for governments to commit to increased mitigation ambition and for civil society representatives to emphasise the need for urgent action.
Autori : Lorenz MOOSMANN, Anne SIEMONS, Felix FALLASCH, Lambert SCHNEIDER, Cristina URRUTIA, Nora WISSNER, Dietram OPPELT

Policies for long-term carers EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.476 EMPL
Studiu
Rezumat : This study provides an in-depth analysis of the formal and informal long-term care workforce in the EU building on an extensive literature survey and data analysis. It looks at workforce characteristics, types and forms of (non-standard) employment, and working conditions. The study covers challenges in Member States related to the long-term care workforce and measures taken to address these. It ends with a discussion of policy options at national and EU level.
Autori : Mikkel BARSLUND, Frederic DE WISPELAERE, Karolien LENAERTS, Wouter SCHEPERS, and Elena FRIES-TERSCH

Cost of Non-EU Agencies Focusing on the Health and Safety Cluster of the EU Decentralised Agencies EN

31-10-2021 PE 699.399 BUDG
Studiu
Rezumat : The Analytical Study suggests that the seven EU agencies in the health and safety field demonstrate strong European added value and that this is widely recognised by Member States and other stakeholders including business. The agencies have played an important role in the COVID-19 pandemic. More generally. the study concludes that the cost of ‘non-agencies’, i.e. a situation where the agencies ceased to exist, would be higher to the European Commission, national authorities and business than the current cost of the seven agencies to the EU budget.
Autori : Jack Malan, Giorgio Cacciaguerra, Sandra Ruiz, Cara Burillo Feduchi and Ivan Bosch-Chen, Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services (CSES)

The Management Boards of the Decentralised Agencies EN

31-10-2021 PE 699.400 BUDG
Studiu
Rezumat : The Management Boards of the EU decentralised agencies have a key role in ensuring the agencies’ good governance. This study examines the established practices of the Management Boards. In particular, it assesses how effective and efficient the Boards’ working methods are and the main factors affecting their performance. The study investigates key governance issues including the size and composition of the Boards, the representation of different interests, the decision-making rules, the effectiveness of the Boards in fulfilling their tasks. Last but not least, the study provides recommendations on how to improve the functioning of the Management Boards.
Autori : Jack Malan, Marta Dimauro Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services (CSES)

Housing and the Cost of Living EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.467 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), which constitutes the sole official measure of inflation in the euro area, leaves out an important part of household expenditure, namely the cost of owner-occupied housing (OOH). Most other developed economies include estimates of OOH in their consumer price index. The existing, even if imperfect, indicator available today from Eurostat should be included immediately in the HICP. It is unacceptable that Eurostat and the Commission have not been able to produce a better OOH indicator in the 18 years since the ECB first flagged the importance of housing costs in 2003. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Daniel GROS and Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

How should housing be treated in the HICP? EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.468 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : The ECB has approved a plan to include a measure of the cost of owner-occupied housing in the HICP. This paper reviews the various methodologies that are used to incorporate this element into consumer price indices. It recommends the use of a rental equivalence approach rather than the net acquisitions approach currently used in Eurostat’s experimental price index of owner-occupied housing. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Karl WHELAN

Owner-Occupied Housing Costs and Monetary Policy: Goals and Challenges for the Euro Area EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.470 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : Owner-occupied housing costs represent an important expenditure for households and should be included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices. Conceptual and practical challenges must be resolved before this can be implemented. Estimates suggest that these costs would have a small impact on monetary policy. At the same time, different degrees of home ownership in the euro area mean that their inclusion may affect countries differently. Significant complementarity with other EU policies, like financial stability, are unlikely to materialise. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Geraldine DANY-KNEDLIK and Andrea PAPADIA

Including Owner-Occupied Housing Costs in the HICP: Some Technical and Policy Remarks EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.471 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : We discuss the full inclusion of the owner-occupied housing costs (OOHCs) in the EU's harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP). We briefly review the main methods used for including these costs into consumer price indices, and in particular the reasons why the EU authorities prefer to adopt the net acquisitions approach rather than the rent equivalence approach, as other major countries did. We also argue that in the current scenario an acceleration of the EU's roadmap towards a full inclusion of OOHCs in the HICP would be desirable. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Luigi BONATTI and Andrea FRACASSO

Next Generation EU Borrowing: a first assessment EN

29-10-2021 PE 699.811 BUDG CONT
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : The Next Generation EU programme is radically changing the way the EU finances itself and interacts with financial markets, due to its ambitious and groundbreaking new public debt programme. The European Commission has thus adopted a totally new, diversified borrowing strategy, similar to that of other major issuers, to raise money safely, reliably and in a cost-effective manner. EU debt therefore has to be attractive to financial markets and maintain a strong credit rating.
Autori : Alix DELASNERIE

Strengthening the role and impact of petitions as an instrument of participatory democracy - Lessons learnt from a citizens’ perspective 10 years after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty EN

29-10-2021 PE 694.837 PETI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, evaluates the state of play of the right of petition ten years after the inclusion of the principle of participatory democracy in the EU treaties. After contextualising the right of petition within the broader EU participatory infrastructure, its ultimate objective is to provide a set of recommendations aimed at unleashing its democratic potential while overcoming its major structural limitations.
Autori : ALEMANNO Alberto
Tipul de document

Rezumat executiv

Inflation Measurement: Role of Owner-Occupied Housing Costs EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.472 ECON
Studiu
Rezumat : The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) is the measure used by the European Central Bank (ECB) to define its price stability target and guide policy. As such, it needs to relate closely to the actual inflation that households in the euro area are experiencing. Housing costs, an important part of household expenditures, are currently included in the HICP index through rental costs and only some minor elements of owner-occupied housing (OOH) costs. In July 2021, the ECB Governing Council recommended a multi-year roadmap to include OOH costs in the HICP. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, discussing the conceptual, technical and policy aspects of integrating OOH costs into the HICP. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 15 November 2021.
Autori : Karl WHELAN, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR, Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Geraldine DANY-KNEDLIK, Andrea PAPADIA

The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS): challenges and impacts EN

27-10-2021 PE 690.878 TRAN
Pe scurt
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Recovery and Resilience Plans - state of play (October 2021) EN

26-10-2021 PE 689.459 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : This document provides a state of play of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) covering, notably, Commission assessment and Council adoption procedures. It is based on an earlier EGOV paper, dated June 2021. The document will be regularly updated.
Autori : Alice ZOPPÉ, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Research for REGI Committee - Cross-border cooperation in healthcare EN

26-10-2021 PE 690.904 REGI
Studiu
Rezumat : This study analyses the role of Cohesion Policy as regards cross-border cooperation in healthcare, with a particular focus on the 2014-2020 Interreg V-A programmes. It also reviews the issue of governance related to such projects and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it identifies possible solutions and puts forward policy recommendations to facilitate patient and healthcare staff flows, to improve the cross-border supply of healthcare and to support cross-border mutual development.
Autori : prof. Fabienne Leloup

Europe’s Digital Decade and Autonomy EN

26-10-2021 PE 695.465 ITRE
Studiu
Rezumat : This study on “Europe's digital decade and autonomy” aims to deliver an independent expert opinion and an assessment of the 2030 targets set by the Digital Compass and the overall Commission’s Digital Strategy. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) to establish an objective view on the progress made in recent years, ongoing actions, and the adequacy of future measures to be taken.
Autori : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

The social and employment situation of Roma communities in Slovakia EN

26-10-2021 PE 695.466 EMPL
Studiu
Rezumat : This paper first presents key indicators on employment and poverty for Roma communities in Slovakia and reviews existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements and lessons learned from the use of EU funds for marginalised communities and, finally, it reviews the work of other organisations in assessing the situation of Roma people in Slovakia.
Autori : Barbora HOLUBOVÁ, Martin KAHANEC, Lucia KOVÁČOVÁ, Zuzana POLÁČKOVÁ, Maria SEDLÁKOVÁ

Country Specific Recommendations and Recovery and Resilience Plans - Thematic overview on gender-related issues EN

25-10-2021 PE 689.470 ECON
Analiză aprofundată
Rezumat : Based on Commission’s assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper outlines how 2019 and 2020 Country Specific Recommendations covering gender related issues are being addressed in national plans. It also compiles the Member States’ explanations on how their plans contribute to gender equality, as required by the Recovery and resilience Facility Regulation. The paper will be updated once new relevant information is available.
Autori : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Research for TRAN Committee - The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU ETS: challenges and impacts EN

25-10-2021 PE 690.897 TRAN
Studiu
Rezumat : Based on the EU Commission’s Fit for 55 proposals published in July 2021, this report discusses the challenges and impacts resulting from the integration of the maritime sector in the EU ETS, and a more stringent EU ETS for aviation. It considers implementation challenges and consequences for the competitiveness of European stakeholders, e.g. caused by carbon leakage, and impacts on sectoral employment. Based on the initial analysis and the results of stakeholder consultations, recommendations on how to overcome implementation issues and adverse competitive and societal effects are provided.
Autori : Dagmar NELISSEN, Jasper FABER, Sven MAERTENS, David ENNEN, Wolfgang GRIMME