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EU cooperation with the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO): how to move towards full membership EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.415 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Achoimre : The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities . The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is the CoE’s anti-corruption body. It is currently composed of 50 member states, with others expressing an interest. Apart from all European Union (EU) Member States, its members include countries such as Belarus, Switzerland, the UK, the USA and, most recently, Kazakhstan, which joined in 2020. The EU supports the work of the CoE by contributing to its budget to fund joint programmes and supporting cooperation in the legal field to foster political dialogue. The EU became an observer to GRECO in July 2019. The objective of this workshop is to exchange views on the EU’s potential full membership of GRECO in the future. In the context of the preparations for the organisation of the workshop, the Chair of the Committee on Budgetary Control has sought the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service on the possibility for the EU to become a full member of the CoE Agreement establishing GRECO. This paper will present GRECO and its work, GRECO cooperation with the EU and the conclusions of the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service.
Údair : Vera MILICEVIC

Background note on “Simplification” for the CONT hearing: “Will simplification suggested for the new MFF period bring the necessary balance between more efficient, effective and correct spending of EU funds?” EN

15-06-2021 PE 694.679 CONT
Briefing
Achoimre : This note intends to provide general information about simplification as well as to look a bit more in detail on this issue in the framework of Cohesion Policy, Common Agricultural Policy and Research. These three EU policies represent sectors that largely benefit from the financing of the EU budget and have experienced simplification due to the response of the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council to the requests of final beneficiaries. At the same time, there have been repeated calls from the European Court of Auditors regarding these policies to reduce their complexity and further apply simplification measures, without compromising their functioning and the sound financial management of the EU budget.
Údair : Rita CALATOZZOLO

Recovery and Resilience Plans - An overview EN

15-06-2021 PE 659.657 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This document provides an overview of the adoption of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and some relevant developments. The document will be regularly updated.
Údair : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

EU sports policy: assessment and possible ways forward EN

15-06-2021 PE 652.251 CULT
Staidéar
Achoimre : Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the EU has been entitled to support, coordinate or complement Member States’ activities in sport. European sports policies of the past decade are characterised by numerous activities and by on-going differentiation. Against this backdrop, the study presents policy options in four key areas: the first covers the need for stronger coordination; the second aims at the setting of thematic priorities; the third addresses the reinforcement of the role of the EP in sport and the fourth stipulates enhanced monitoring.
Údair : Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln: Jürgen MITTAG / Vincent BOCK / Caroline TISSON Willibald-Gebhardt-Institut e.V.: Roland NAUL / Sebastian BRÜCKNER / Christina UHLENBROCK EUPEA: Richard BAILEY / Claude SCHEUER ENGSO Youth: Iva GLIBO / Bence GARAMVOLGYI / Ivana PRANJIC

Technical Support Instrument: main features EN

14-06-2021 PE 659.652 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : In order to help national authorities in improving their capacity to design, develop and implement reforms, including those covered by recovery and resilience plans pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/241), the European Parliament and the Council adopted on 10 February 2021 the Regulation (EU) 2021/240 establishing a Technical Support Instrument. The Instrument may finance a broad range of technical assistance actions refering to policy areas related to cohesion, competitiveness and others, with specific emphasis on digital and just green transitions.This note presents its main characteristics, focusing notably in its connection with the EU economic governance framework and the European Semester.
Údair : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

The Use of SLAPPs to Silence Journalists, NGOs and Civil Society EN

14-06-2021 PE 694.782 JURI
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, analyses legal definitions of Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPP) and assesses the compatibility of anti-SLAPP legislation with EU law. It is recommended that an anti-SLAPP Directive should be adopted, and that the Brussels Ia Regulation and Rome II Regulation should be recast to limit the incidence of SLAPPs.
Údair : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

Animal welfare on the farm - ex-post evaluation of the EU legislation: Prospects for animal welfare labelling at EU level - European Implementation Assessment EN

11-06-2021 PE 662.643 AGRI ENVI
Staidéar
Achoimre : The European Union (EU) has a long history of regulating the welfare of farmed animals. Currently, the 'on-farm' aspects of animal welfare (AW) are regulated by five directives adopted by the Council of the EU. The European Parliament is scrutinising the implementation of the EU legislation through a dedicated report (with the Agriculture and Rural Development Committee (AGRI) taking the lead and the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) giving its opinion). This European Implementation Assessment (EIA), aimed at providing evidence in support of the committees' work on the report, shows that the implementation of the EU acquis has been challenging. Based on a large data collection programme, it presents findings on the implementation of the EU legislation against the standard criteria for ex-post evaluation, namely relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU added value. The EIA also maps and assesses AW labelling systems operating across the EU in terms of their design (including their scientific substantiation), regulatory status and functioning (including their effectiveness, efficiency and transparency). Furthermore, the paper analyses the prospects for a possible introduction of AW labelling at EU level.
Údair : Ekaterina KARAMFILOVA

Exchange of views with Commissioner Elisa Ferreira on the implementation of the Technical Support Instrument EN

11-06-2021 PE 659.644 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : Ahead of BUDG-ECON exchange of views with Commissioner Ferreira, on 14 June, this note provides a brief overview on the 2021 annual workplan, ongoing and finalised projects and some other elements of the Technical Support Instrument.
Údair : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States - State of Play – June 2021 EN

11-06-2021 PE 651.367 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).
Údair : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

The main building blocks of the Recovery and Resilience Facility EN

11-06-2021 PE 659.656 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This note presents the main features of the Recovery and Resilience Facility relevant for scrutiny by the European Parliament, namely its financing; the Recovery and Resilience Plans and the framework for their assessment; and EU level governance of the RRF, in terms of both its implementation and monitoring and oversight . It also highlights the changes the Facility is bringing to the European Semester.
Údair : Alice ZOPPÉ, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019, 2020 and 2021 EN

11-06-2021 PE 651.391 ECON
Staidéar
Achoimre : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) adopted by the Council in the framework of the European Semester on 9 July 2019 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 5 June 2019). • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2019 CSRs based on its Country Reports published on 26 February 2020. • The 2020 CSRs adopted by the Council in the framework of the European Semester on 20 July 2020 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 20 May 2020). • The 2021 fiscal recommendations (recommendations for Council opinions on the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes) proposed by the European Commission on 2 June 2021 and to be adopted by the Council in July. During the 2021 Semester Cycle, exceptionally, due to the preparations and adoptions of the Recovery and Resilience Plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, there will be no further Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) under the European Semester.
Údair : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

The EU Approach on Migration in the Mediterranean EN

11-06-2021 PE 694.413 LIBE
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee , examines the EU approach on migration in the Mediterranean, covering developments from the 2015 refugee crisis up to the Covid-19 pandemic, assessing the effect these events have had on the design, implementation, and reform of EU policy on asylum, migration and external border control, and documenting the ramifications these changes have had on the actors who operate and are impacted by these policies, including immigration authorities, civil society organisations, and the migrants themselves. The study includes a review of the state of play of relevant EU asylum and migration legislation and its implementation, an appraisal of the situation in the Mediterranean, and a thorough examination of the external dimension of the EU migration, asylum and border policies, focusing on cooperation with third countries (Turkey, Libya and Niger), incorporating human rights and refugee law considerations and an analysis of the implications of funding allocations under the EU Trust Fund for Africa and the Refugee Facility in Turkey. The main goal is to test the correct application of EU and international law, having regard to increased allegations of human rights violations, undue criminalisation, and complicity of the EU in atrocity crimes committed against migrants at sea, stranded in Libya, or contained in Niger and Turkey. The role of EU agencies (Frontex and EASO) is also assessed alongside the bilateral or multi-lateral initiatives adopted by MS to confront the mounting challenges at the common external borders of the EU, incorporating the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility (Article 80 TFEU) as a horizontal concern.
Údair : Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Preparing the CSDP for the new security environment created by climate change EN

10-06-2021 PE 653.639 SEDE
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : While the European Union has developed a number of policy commitments and instruments to deal with the nexus between climate change and security, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has lagged behind. This study discusses the security implications of climate change in the EU Neighbourhood and makes recommendations concerning how the CSDP might integrate climate factors into its mission and deliverables. The CSDP will need to adopt a place-specific approach that foregrounds the distinctive social, political and economic dynamics through which climate factors makes themselves felt in different partner countries. The analysis looks in particular depth at the Sahel and the Horn of Africa as two regions where CSDP missions already operate or are likely to operate in the future. Countries in these regions are highly vulnerable to the interaction between a degraded environment and climate change impacts, raising the prospects of humanitarian crises due to food insecurity and internal instability due to competition for resources. These problems compound the EU’s prominent security concerns of terrorism and migration. The EU can move to climate-proof the CSDP through better conflict intelligence and foresight, carefully adapted and adequately resourced mandates, climate-change proofing investments in equipment and infrastructure, and better links to local social and institutional dynamics. The European Parliament should deploy its considerable political capital to support such initiatives, through resolutions, engagement with the UN and other inter-parliamentary fora, and efforts to garner political commitment from the Member States.
Údair : •Christoph MEYER, Professor of Professor of European & International Politics, King’s College London •Dr. Edouard SIMON, Senior Fellow at IRIS, France/Belgium •Francesca VANTAGGIATO, Lecturer in Public Policy, King’s College London, •Richard YOUNGS, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Europe and Professor of International Relations, University of Warwick

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact under pandemic times EN

10-06-2021 PE 659.655 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Commission and Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecasts. This document is regularly updated.
Údair : Jost ANGERER, GIULIA GOTTI

EU partnership on metrology EN

09-06-2021 PE 662.644 ITRE
Briefing
Achoimre : The IA underpinning the proposal on the EU partnership on metrology is based on solid sources. The relatively narrow range of options is pre-determined by the Horizon Europe provisions, and the mostly qualitative and comparative assessment gravitates early on towards the preferred option. While subsidiarity, competitiveness and coherence with the overarching political priorities are consistently addressed, the consideration of benefits and costs of the options could have been more complete and precise. The role of the actors in the metrology ‘value chain’ under both the current and the future scheme could have been better explained. The IA does not include budgetary implications nor effects of the Covid-19 pandemic (justified by the ongoing negotiations at the time of drafting the IA), nor does it assess certain novelties of the Horizon Europe partnerships, such as additionally and directionality.
Údair : Esther KRAMER

Preventing money laundering in the banking sector - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework EN

09-06-2021 PE 659.654 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This paper provides an overview of current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering (AML) supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU, in particular from a Banking Union perspective. This briefing first outlines the EU framework for fighting money laundering, which includes legislation (most notably the 5th AML Directive) and a number of Commission and Council Action Plans. Secondly, an overview of AML prevention relevant authorities, at both the EU and national level, is provided. This section also explains the 2019 review of the founding regulations of the European Supervisory Authorities, through which competences relating to preventing AML in the financial sector were consolidated within the European Banking Authority. Lastly, the paper highlights expected upcoming changes to the AML framework, largely based on the Commission’s May 2020 Action plan for a comprehensive Union policy on preventing money laundering and terrorism financing, and associated legislative initiatives expected in July 2021. It is relevant to note that this briefing focuses on AML concerns in the banking sector. While financial and non-financial intermediaries have an important role to play, these are not the focus of this briefing. Nevertheless, reference is made to closely related areas (notably, to Financial Intelligence Units, the work of markets and insurance supervisors on preventing AML and related matters) when relevant to a better understanding of its impacts on the banking sector. This paper builds on and updates a previous EGOV briefing on the same topic.
Údair : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, KATJA KOMAZEC

US Macroeconomic Policy Response to COVID-19: Spillovers to the Euro Area EN

08-06-2021 PE 662.923 ECON
Staidéar
Achoimre : The United States (US) have responded to the COVID-19 shock with a massive fiscal stimulus in 2020 and 2021. At the same time, the Federal Reserve (Fed) has maintained a highly accommodative monetary policy stance. However, the Fed’s new average inflation targeting regime is being put to the test by the spike in inflation observed in recent months. Due to the global influence of the US economy and interlinkages with the euro area, questions arise over the possibility of significant spillovers from these US policy measures. Five papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, looking into the channels of Transatlantic fiscal and monetary policy spillovers and their significance in the current context. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 21 June 2021.
Údair : Pierre L. SIKLOS, Karl WHELAN, Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Roberto TAMBORINI, Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL, Charles WYPLOSZ

Low for Longer: Effects of Prolonged Negative Interest Rate Policies EN

08-06-2021 PE 662.924 ECON
Staidéar
Achoimre : In June 2014, the European Central Bank (ECB) was among the first major central banks to lower policy rates into negative territory. The deposit facility rate was subsequently cut four more times, lastly in September 2019 (to -0.5%). As an unconventional monetary policy instrument used over a prolonged period, negative interest rates require attention because of their uncertain or possibly negative side effects on the banking sector and economy at large. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, assessing the experience with negative interest rates in the euro area over the past seven years. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 21 June 2021.
Údair : Grégory CLAEYS, Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Nils JANNSEN, Justus INHOFFEN, Atanas PEKANOV, Thomas URL, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

Comparison of key figures in the 2021 Stability Programmes and European Commission Spring 2021 forecast EN

07-06-2021 PE 659.630 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : The purpose of this document is to show the differences between some key indicators of the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes (SCP) of the EU Member States and the Spring 2021 economic forecast of the European Commission. In accordance with Art. 4 of Council Directive 2011/85/EU, the budgetary planning of the Member States “shall be based on the most likely macrofiscal scenario or on a more prudent scenario. (…). Significant dif¬fe¬ren¬ces between the chosen macrofiscal scenario and the (most recent) Commission’s forecast shall be described with reasoning (…).”
Údair : Jost ANGERER, KATJA KOMAZEC

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2021 EN

Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for AGRI Committee: Preliminary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on European agriculture: a sector-based analysis of food systems and market resilience EN

04-06-2021 PE 690.879 AGRI
Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : This study provides a preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on European agriculture and the agri-food supply chain in light of the responses deployed by the European Union and its Member States to mitigate its effects.
Údair : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.

EU economic developments and projections EN

04-06-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Údair : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Research for TRAN - Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Part II: Transport workers EN

03-06-2021 PE 690.868 TRAN
Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU transport workers and their working conditions, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Údair : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Europeanising the elections of the European Parliament - Outlook on the implementation of Council Decision 2018/994 and harmonisation of national rules on European elections EN

03-06-2021 PE 694.199 AFCO
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the main obstacles to unifying and modernising European elections in different Member States. It gives an overview of the implementation of Council Decision 2018/994 and highlights, in particular, the importance of the standardisation and harmonisation of electoral ballots as a means to properly inform voters and strengthen the European party system. As a more general remark, the study concludes that the European and national political parties should further strengthen their relationship, a vital element of the European political system that can increase the transnational nature of European elections.
Údair : Lorenzo CICCHI

Economic Dialogue with Cyprus - ECON on 3 June 2021 EN

31-05-2021 PE 659.653 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Constantinos Petrides, Cyprus Finance Minister, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last exchange of views with the Cypriot authorities took place on 25 January 2016.
Údair : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Harmful tax practices within the EU: definition, identification and recommendations EN

31-05-2021 PE 662.905 FISC
Staidéar
Achoimre : The purpose of the present study is to provide a tool for understanding the phenomenon of harmful tax competition within the EU, as well as making an in-depth assessment and proposing solutions. It contains policy recommendations for future EU standards. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC).
Údair : Prof. dr. Elly VAN DE VELDE and Dr. Francesco CANNAS

Research for ANIT Committee: The practices of animal welfare during transport in third countries: an overview EN

31-05-2021 PE 690.877 ANIT
Staidéar
Achoimre : The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs into account. The study is based on survey and desk research. Recommendations are made to address the challenges identified
Údair : Friedrich – Loeffler – Institut: Michael MARAHRENS and Isa KERNBERGER-FISCHER

Women's entrepreneurship and self-employment, including aspects of gendered Corporate Social Responsibility EN

31-05-2021 PE 694.301 FEMM
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It highlights that despite the increasing number of public policies and institutional resources designed to promote women-led business, the entrepreneurship gender gap persists. This study aims to analyse this apparent contradiction, focusing on three main questions: What are the constraints that women face when deciding to become entrepreneurs? What factors attract women’s interest and motivate them to start their own business? And which policies may benefit women’s entrepreneurship?
Údair : María BASTIDA, Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

New European Commission communication on Better Regulation: Joining forces to make better laws EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.638 JOIN
Briefing
Achoimre : Better Regulation ensures that EU policies and laws are prepared in an open, transparent manner, informed by the best available evidence and backed by comprehensive stakeholder involvement so that they achieve their objectives at minimum cost. It is a dynamic agenda that has gradually evolved in the European Commission since the early 2000s. Today's Better Regulation agenda covers the whole policy cycle. It was shaped under the Juncker Commission presidency, which formally declared it a priority, with the aim of strengthening the effectiveness, transparency and accountability of its actions across all policy areas. The comprehensive Better Regulation package of 2015 presented a strategy, guidelines and a toolbox, and established the Regulatory Scrutiny Board as the Commission's regulatory oversight body. It also paved the way for the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making (IIA-BLM) concluded by the Commission, Parliament and Council in April 2016, and which, inter alia, defines their respective roles and responsibilities in the regulatory process. Following a revision in 2017, the Commission took stock of the Better Regulation agenda in 2019, concluding that in a post-fact world, evidence-based policy-making remains an imperative. The long-awaited new Commission communication, adopted on 29 April 2021, draws lessons from the Better Regulation stocktaking review. At the same time, it sets out a policy-making framework that aims at supporting post-crisis recovery and the twin digital and green transformation, in line with the Commission's intention to advance the Better Regulation agenda further, with 'future-proof legislation that can stand the test of time'.
Údair : Irmgard ANGLMAYER, STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Digital markets act EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.641 IMCO
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 15 December 2020 and referred to the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) of the European Parliament. The proposal is part of the digital services act package, which includes the digital services act itself. In her political priorities for the European Commission, President Ursula von der Leyen committed to upgrade the liability and safety rules for digital platforms, services and products, and complete the digital single market. The 2020 Commission work programme also included a commitment to establish an ex-ante competition tool to make Europe fit for the digital age.
Údair : HUBERT DALLI

Research for CULT Committee: Education and Youth in Post-COVID-19 Europe EN

28-05-2021 PE 690.898 CULT
Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : The study demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic posed unprecedented challenges to the education and youth sector, revealing the lack of preparedness, as well as reinforcing structural weaknesses of education delivery. Recommendations are proposed for a robust action at the EU level to foster more resilient education and youth sector in Europe.
Údair : Jacques LECARTE, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

The SURE: Implementation EN

28-05-2021 PE 659.638 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : Council Regulation 2020/672 established SURE, the European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency, which has been in force since 20 May 2020. This note provides an overview in tabular format of the SURE implementing decisions as adopted by Council, of Commission issuances under SURE and of disbursements. It will be regularly updated.
Údair : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Gender balance on the boards of significant banks in the Banking Union EN

28-05-2021 PE 659.643 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : EGOV analysed publicly available information on the corporate governance structures to determine the gender balance on the boards of the banks in the euro area supervised by the ECB (“significant institutions”), comparing the situation in 2014 with that in 2020. The general observation is that, overall, the share of female executive directors has risen in significant banks from 15.3% to 27.4% (see figure 1) and the share of female supervisory directors has increased from 22.3% to 31.7% (see figure 2, further down); these levels are still quite distant from an equal gender distribution. Moreover, the differences between the nature of board (executive versus supervisory boards) and between the type of bank (large versus small) have become smaller. Large banks are, for our purposes, those with assets exceeding EUR 100 bn. Large differences in the share of female directors persist, though, if the data is grouped at the country level.
Údair : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Artificial Inteligence market and capital flows - AI and the financial sector at crossroads EN

28-05-2021 PE 662.912 AIDA
Staidéar
Achoimre : This paper studies the transformation that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is bringing to the financial sector and how this sector can contribute to developments of AI applications. The study addresses the contribution of AI to a more efficient, open, and inclusive financial sector and the challenges of the AI transformation, and it provides recommendations for policies and regulations of AI and financial services.
Údair : Giacomo CALZOLARI

Research for AGRI Committee: Preliminary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on European agriculture: a sector-based analysis of food systems and market resilience EN

28-05-2021 PE 690.864 AGRI
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study provides a preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on European agriculture and the agri-food supply chain in light of the responses deployed by the European Union and its Member States to mitigate its effects.
Údair : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.
Cineál doiciméid

Review of the Preparatory Action on Defence Research (PADR) and European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP): lessons for the implementation of the European Defence Fund (EDF) EN

27-05-2021 PE 653.638 SEDE
Staidéar
Achoimre : Of all European defence initiatives launched since 2016, the European Defence Fund (EDF) is without doubt one of the most promising, if not the most promising. However, the EDF will not by itself solve all problems related to the fragmentation and therefore inefficiency of European defence procurement. Only the Member States can do so, working in good faith together with the Commission in deciding the EDF work programme and funding allocations. Doing this, it will be essential not to confuse the ends – the creation of a strong and competitive European Defence and Technological Industrial Base (EDTIB) – the ways – inclusiveness through wide cross-border cooperation and the will to pursue strategic autonomy – and the means – the defence research projects funded by the EDF. Keeping the course between at times conflicting paths and ensuring the return on a meaningful but still modest investment (EUR 7.9 billion over seven years) will be the main EDF challenges in the years ahead.
Údair : • Frédéric MAURO, Lawyer at the bar of Brussels, associate researcher at ‘Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques’ (IRIS) France • Dr. Edouard SIMON, Senior Fellow at IRIS, France/Belgium • Ana Isabel XAVIER, Professor in International Relations at the Autonomous University of Lisbon (UAL) Portugal

Non-performing Loans - New risks and policies? - What factors drive the performance of national asset management EN

27-05-2021 PE 651.390 ECON
Staidéar
Achoimre : As the COVID-19 pandemic hits all Member States severely, some initial signs are surfacing of what is likely to be a substantial increase in bank non-performing loans (NPLs) in the coming months. Strengthening the tools needed to face the problems caused by NPLs is therefore of foremost importance. This paper argues that asset management companies (AMCs) can be an effective tool in this direction. It further discusses the legal issues related to their implementation, presenting several examples from past experiences illustrating how such issues can be solved. The paper concludes that a network of national publicly funded AMCs, applying the same standards and procedures across all European Member States, would be an effective and feasible solution to the problems presented by NPLs.
Údair : C. Brescia Morra, A. Guaccero, A.F. Pozzolo, G. Rojas Elgueta, N. Vardi, A. Zoppini

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Transport workers EN

27-05-2021 PE 690.867 TRAN
Staidéar
Achoimre : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU transport workers and their working conditions, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Údair : PANTEIA: Maria RODRIGUES, Tharsis TEOH, Carolina RAMOS, Ljubica KNEZEVIC Università degli Studi Roma Tre: Edoardo MARCUCCI, Giacomo LOZZI, Valerio GATTA POLIS: Giacomo LOZZI, Ivo CRÉ
Cineál doiciméid

Achoimre fheidhmeach

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organizations Potential benefits in the current situation EN

26-05-2021 PE 693.439 JURI
Staidéar
Achoimre : After carrying out a comparative analysis of the main laws on non-profit organizations in force in some selected European countries, the Study discusses a potential legislative initiative of the European Union on the subject, presenting the different options available and concluding that the European Union should introduce a European status not limited to non-profit organizations but aimed, more generally, at including related organizations such as those of the third sector and the social economy.
Údair : Prof. Antonio FICI

Strengthening Europol’s mandate A legal assessment of the Commission’s proposal to amend the Europol Regulation EN

26-05-2021 PE 694.200 LIBE
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, aims to provide background information on the current legal framework of Europol and a legal assessment of the European Commission’s proposal of 9 December 2020 to strengthen Europol’s mandate, divided in thematic blocks. The legal assessment is accompanied by policy recommendations.
Údair : Niovi VAVOULA,Valsamis MITSILEGAS

Improving working conditions using Artificial Intelligence EN

25-05-2021 PE 662.911 AIDA
Staidéar
Achoimre : The analysis considers evidence on the expected impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on jobs, discusses the potential of AI to create decent jobs and explores the extent to which AI offers opportunities and poses risks to working conditions. The analysis examines current policies at the European Union (EU) and Member State level and recommends some areas for action at the EU level.
Údair : Advait DESHPANDE, Natalie PICKEN, Linda KUNERTOVA, Annemari DE SILVA, Giulia LANFREDI and Joanna HOFMAN

Updating the EU regulatory framework for batteries EN

21-05-2021 PE 662.628 IMCO
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, adopted on 10 December 2020 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO). The proposal seeks to update the EU's legislative framework for batteries as laid out in Directive 2006/66/EC (the Batteries Directive), whose objective is 'to minimise the negative impact of batteries and waste batteries on the environment, to help protect, preserve and improve the quality of the environment and to ensure the smooth functioning of the internal market' (IA, p. 10). With its proposal, the Commission intends to ensure that the existing framework could contribute to the ultimate objective of achieving an economy with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions (i.e. climate neutrality) by 2050, in line with the Commission communication on the European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640. In addition, the proposal aims to contribute to environmental protection, by stimulating investments in the production of batteries with a minimised environmental impact over their life cycle.
Údair : STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Research for CULT Committee - Media Action Plan: policy recommendations Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.871 CULT
Briefing
Achoimre : This Briefing complements the Background Analysis on 'Europe’s Media in the Digital Decade: An Action Plan to Support Recovery and Transformation (news media sector)' and the Briefing on ‘Media Action Plan: Key challenges related to media pluralism, media freedom and democracy’. These three research papers were commissioned by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies as a part of concomitant expertise aiming to support the work of the CULT Committee on the own initiative report on ‘Europe’s Media in the Digital Decade: An Action Plan to Support Recovery and Transformation’.
Údair : KEA European Affairs; Arthur Le Gall

The Largest 50 Beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds EN

20-05-2021 PE 679.107 CONT
Staidéar
Achoimre : This report provides the findings of the study on “The Largest 50 beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds” prepared at the request of the CONT committee. Based on the analysis of more than 12 million beneficiaries of the common agricultural policy (CAP) in 2018 and 2019 and about 600 000 beneficiaries receiving cohesion funds between 2014 and 2020 it identifies the largest direct and ultimate beneficiaries of EU funds. Moreover, it covers the results of an assessment of almost 300 systems for the public disclosure of the beneficiaries of CAP and Cohesion policy. Finally, it provides recommendations to enhance the public disclosure on beneficiaries of EU funds. Note: the lists and analyses of the beneficiaries are based on the data available in the reporting systems at the time of data collection. Substantiated requests for corrections due to incorrect or modified data will be included in the Corrigenda below (Annex IV).
Údair : Willem Pieter DE GROEN, CEPS Roberto MUSMECI, CEPS Damir GOJSIC, CEPS Jorge NUNEZ, CEPS Daina BELICKA, CSE COE
Cineál doiciméid

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: unweaned animals and pregnant females EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.874 ANIT
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish the gestational age at which females are at particular risk of suffering poor welfare during transport.
Údair : 1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: aquatic animals EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.875 ANIT
Staidéar
Achoimre : The purpose of this study is to analyse the particular welfare needs in live animal transport of aquatic animals. The in-depth analysis describes the key causes of suffering in relation to the needs of farmed fish, and explores strengths and weaknesses in the EU regulation and in current guidelines. Recommendations are made to mitigate the many welfare challenges identified in the study.
Údair : João L. SARAIVA, Pablo ARECHAVALA-LOPEZ, María J. CABRERA-ÁLVAREZ Douglas WALEY (co-ordinating author)

Research for ANIT Committee: Animal welfare on sea vessels and criteria for approval of livestock authorisation EN

20-05-2021 PE 690.876 ANIT
Staidéar
Achoimre : This research project was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the legal framework for the transport of animals on livestock vessels and related operations. Shortcomings of the system currently in place are identified, examples of good practices worldwide are described, and case studies are presented. Policy recommendations and short-term goals for the EU Commission and Members States are outlined.
Údair : Main Authors: Maria BOADA – SAÑA, Katarzyna KULIKOWSKA Second Authors: Iris BAUMGÄRTNER, Magdalena ROMAŃSKA, Tea DRONIJC Contributors: Nina ENGWALD, Francesca PORTA, Gerit WEIDINGER Revisor: Xavier MANTECA

COVID-19 and its economic impact on women and women’s poverty EN

19-05-2021 PE 693.183 FEMM
Staidéar
Achoimre : This in-depth, case-analytical overview, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, examines the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on a representative sample of member states with the aim of alimenting policy recommendations for the recovery period to ensure that the gains of the past years in the matter of gender equality are not overridden by the short-term negative effects of the measures implemented to combat the COVID-19 sanitary crisis.
Údair : Paola PROFETA

Digital technologies as a means of repression and social control EN

18-05-2021 PE 653.636 DROI
Staidéar
Achoimre : The proliferation of new and emerging technologies over the past two decades has significantly expanded states’ toolkit for repression and social control, deepening human rights problems. While these technologies still have the potential to positively enhance democratic values and human rights, they are now also actively deployed and shaped by many repressive regimes to their own strategic advantage. Globally and regionally, efforts have been made to tackle the challenges that digital technologies pose to human rights, but a lot remains to be done. The EU must enrich global legal and standard-setting efforts, as well as improve its own core foreign policy instruments. The EU’s foreign policy toolbox has become more comprehensive in the last several years, with the addition of a number of different strands to its efforts against ‘digital authoritarianism’. The challenge related to the use of digital technologies by authoritarian regimes has continued to deepen, however. The EU must therefore continue to find ways to fine-tune and add to this toolbox. A core finding that runs through this report is that the EU has undertaken many valuable and well-designed policy initiatives in this field, but still has to decide whether tackling digital repression is a core geopolitical interest at the highest political level.
Údair : Dorota GŁOWACKA, Richard YOUNGS, Adela PINTEA, Ewelina WOŁOSIK

Research for CULT Committee - Media Action Plan: Key challenges related to media pluralism, media freedom and democracy - Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

18-05-2021 PE 690.866 CULT
Briefing
Achoimre : Media pluralism is an essential condition for any democratic society. It constitutes a source of access to a plurality of editorial lines and analyses, opinions and issues expressed, as well as a coexistence of public and private service media. Media pluralism is at risk due to several factors. First, the level of basic protection for journalists is threatened, for example in terms of the protection of their personal data online or abusive defamation charges against them. Second, most EU countries are characterised by a high degree of market concentration, with monopoly or oligopoly structures in most news media sectors. These main players co-exist with a myriad of smaller news media operators (e.g. focusing on local news or specialised in particular topics). Third, trust in the media is eroded by fake news and disinformation, and the perception of an alleged gatekeeping position by larger media groups. Initiatives are however emerging to improve transparency in the media, for example by establishing charters for the media to ensure the credibility and trustworthiness of sources, or by developing algorithms to debunk misinformation.
Údair : KEA European Affairs; Arthur Le Gall

Research for REGI Committee-Cohesion Policy and Climate Change EN

17-05-2021 PE 652.248 REGI
Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : This study provides an assessment of how EU Cohesion Policy currently contributes and can contribute in the future to reaching the goals of EU Climate Policy. It explains how much of the budget goes to climate action and for what kind of initiatives across EU regions. It also discusses the obligations from the Paris Agreement, the role of Cohesion Policy within the European Green Deal and the impact of phasing out of fossil fuels. Policy recommendations for strengthening climate action financed by Cohesion Policy are set out.
Údair : Project leader: Andrea Ciffolilli (Ismeri Europa) Research team: Paolo Antonelli, Elisa Anna di Palma and Giorgia Pichini (Ismeri Europa), João Telha and Goncalo Caetano (CEDRU).

Improving roaming on public mobile telecommunications networks EN

12-05-2021 PE 662.637 ITRE
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing finds that the Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the regulation proposal (recast) on roaming is based on sound data and broad stakeholder consultations. Besides qualitative assessment, the IA presents also quantified estimates. The REFIT cost savings are only partially quantified. Further explanations would have benefited the analysis in the comparison of policy options.
Údair : ULLA-MARI TUOMINEN

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlihts - May 2021 EN

Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Taxonomy Regulation: Approved EU Taxonomy Climate Delegated Act under Art. 10(3) and 11(3)of the Taxonomy Regulation EN

11-05-2021 PE 648.248 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing has been prepared to support the parliamentary scrutiny of the Delegated Act (DA) on climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 2020/852 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment (Taxonomy Regulation) . In accordance with the empowerments set out in Articles 10 and 11 of the Taxonomy Regulation, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act establishing screening criteria to determine the conditions under which an economic activity qualifies as contributing substantially to climate change adaptation or mitigation and whether it does not cause significant harm to one or more of the environmental objectives listed under Article 9.
Údair : Sebastien VANHOUCKE, Stephanie HONNEFELDER, GAELLE CHARLOTTE CHAILLET

First Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission EN

07-05-2021 PE 659.651 ECON
Grinnanailís
Achoimre : Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the first Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing addresses the following subjects: the Recovery and Resilience Facility and its scrutiny; the framework for defining and assessing Recovery and Resilience Plans and the procedures and timelines for their adoption; the financing of the Facility; data on the current economic situation and some estimates on the impact of Facility. Five annexes present, respectively, a timeline of the Facility; the state of play with national plans; economic data; the European Semester roadmap and survey data on involvement of national parliaments in the Facility.
Údair : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Research for CULT Committee - Europe’s media in the digital decade - An action plan to support recovery and transformation in the news media sector EN

07-05-2021 PE 690.873 CULT
Staidéar
Achoimre : The Media Action Plan released by the European Commission in December 2020 is the first policy document explicitly setting out a vision and dedicated initiatives for the news media sector. This paper discusses the current situation of the sector and its revenue streams, the important impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the main public and private funding models to support the sector.
Údair : KEA European Affairs: Arthur LE GALL

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organisations EN

06-05-2021 PE 662.630 JURI
Staidéar
Achoimre : The study examines the potential EU added value of the policy options (encouraging cross-border transactions, enhancing social outcomes and increasing economic contributions) as well as the drawbacks. In addition, the assessment highlights supporting non-legislative measures that could promote specific NPO functions in the EU.
Údair : KLAUS MULLER, MEENAKSHI FERNANDES

Investing in destabilisation: How foreign money is used to undermine democracy in the EU EN

06-05-2021 PE 653.631 INGE
Staidéar
Achoimre : Foreign interference has become a major security threat for democracies. The European Union (EU) provides no exception and, in the last few years, has significantly stepped up its efforts to counter this threat. A specific type of foreign interference is the foreign funding of political parties. At the national level, regulations banning or limiting foreign funding are currently in place in most member states, but there is still significant variation across them. At the EU level, the recent reforms of the regulation on the funding of the Europarties and their associated foundations have banned contributions from abroad. Notwithstanding such welcome changes to party regulations, cases of foreign funding are still being reported in several member states, with foreign actors exploiting regulatory loopholes to channel funds or provide other types of support. To tackle this issue more effectively, regulatory convergence at the national level should be promoted, the transparency of party accounts should be enhanced, and the monitoring and sanctioning powers of the relevant control authorities strengthened.
Údair : Edoardo BRESSANELLI

Best Practices in the whole-of-society approach in countering hybrid threats EN

06-05-2021 PE 653.632 INGE
Staidéar
Achoimre : Over recent years, the European Union has increased efforts to strengthen its resilience to hybrid threats. A model of preparedness based on the notions of ‘whole-of-society’, ‘whole-of-government’ and ‘societal resilience’ has gained ground in the EU’s policy work. Although some progress has been made, many obstacles and challenges remain. The EU needs to address conceptual questions involved with the mapping of hybrid threats to facilitate targeted and effective countermeasures, as well as initiatives to improve societal resilience. Although the EU recognises the strategic value of resilience, the concept’s precise meaning and level of added value remain vague. Its exact relationship to national preparedness and hybrid threats, as well as the whole-of-society approach requires clarification. In addition to addressing these issues, this study analyses some best practices from the whole-of-society approach by examining action taken by Finland, Sweden and Australia in this regard. The study also provides recommendations for further actions.
Údair : Mikael WIGELL;Harri MIKKOLA;Tapio JUNTUNEN

PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE 2019-2021 EN

06-05-2021 PE 691.721 BUDG CONT
common.estudies.type.eurcatalog
Údair : NIELS FISCHER

The impact of teleworking and digital work on workers and society EN

06-05-2021 PE 662.907 EMPL
Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : The study analyses recent trends in teleworking, its impacts on workers, employers, and society, and the challenges for policy-making. It provides an overview of the main legislative and policy measures adopted at EU and national level, in order to identify possible policy actions at EU level. The study is based on an extensive literature review, a web survey, interviews with representatives of European and national stakeholders, and five case studies of EU countries: Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Romania.
Údair : Manuela SAMEK LODOVICI et al.

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019 and 2020 - A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation EN

06-05-2021 PE 651.389 ECON
Staidéar
Achoimre : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 5 June 2019 and adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019 and • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations based on its Country Reports published on 27 February 2019. • The 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 23 May 2018 and adopted by the Council on 13 July 2018
Údair : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

Revision of the Schengen Evaluation and Monitoring Mechanism EN

05-05-2021 PE 662.633 LIBE
Briefing
Achoimre : As a component of the Schengen Strategy that the European Commission intends to adopt in 2021, the revision of regulation (EU) No 1053/2013 will aim at making the Schengen Evaluation and Monitoring Mechanism more efficient, by revising current practices - for example, by shortening the adoption processes of the evaluation reports and recommendations, and ensuring a timely follow-up by Member States.
Údair : HANNAH NAFIZE AHAMAD MADATALI

Research for CULT Committee - The Situation of Artists and Cultural Workers and the post-COVID Cultural Recovery in the European Union : Policy Recommendations Concomitant expertise for INI report EN

04-05-2021 PE 652.252 CULT
Briefing
Achoimre : The following recommendations present medium- and long-term policy solutions to address the needs identified in the Background Analysis “The Situation of Artists and Cultural Workers and the post-COVID Cultural Recovery in the European Union”. Its aim is to provide guidelines and principles to structure the contents of the European Framework, and hence improve the situation and working conditions of artists and cultural workers in the EU.
Údair : Mafalda DÂMASO, Culture Action Europe

Research for CULT Committee - Education and youth in post-COVID-19 Europe - crisis effects and policy recommendations EN

04-05-2021 PE 690.872 CULT
Staidéar
Achoimre : This paper demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic posed unprecedented and multidimensional challenges to the education systems and youth sector, revealing the lack of preparedness in terms of crisis management and digital education responses, as well as reinforcing structural weaknesses of education delivery. Given that various sectors of education and the youth sector faced distinct challenges, there are valuable lessons to be learnt from policy responses and best practices across Europe. The common goal should be to build more resilient education systems, which are responsive and adaptive to future crises.
Údair : Public Policy and Management Institute: Loes VAN DER GRAAF, Jekatyerina DUNAJEVA, Hanna SIAROVA, Radvile BANKAUSKAITE

Access to medicinal products EN

01-05-2021 PE 662.910 ENVI
Staidéar
Achoimre : There are many factors that can prevent a patient from being able to obtain the medicine they need, ranging from selective marketing decisions by companies to products being too expensive or pharmacy stock-outs. Because of national differences in health systems and market characteristics, access to medicine is not evenly distributed across the European Union. In response to observed problems with access to medicine, in 2017 the European Parliament adopted a resolution containing 58 recommendations for action to the European Commission and Member States. This In-Depth Analysis reviews the main actions taken at the Union level since then that could improve access to medicine. It also includes illustrative examples of actions taken by Member States and other actors. The analysis concludes that the Commission has proposed or taken a combination of legislative and non-legislative actions with the potential to improve access to medicine in the Union and beyond, but that it will take time for the effects of these to become clear.
Údair : Thyra de Jongh, Lennart Velten, Lonneke Schrijver

Update on recent banking developments - Calendar week 17 EN

30-04-2021 PE 659.642 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing gives an update on and summarises recent events and developments in the Banking Union, based on publicly available information. The following topics are specifically addressed: recent ECB banking supervision publications (the Targeted Review of Internal Models Project Report, the ECB annual report on supervisory activities and the most recent supervisory statistics); the recent SRB guidance on bail-in for international debt securities; risks and vulnerabilities in the financial sector (ESRB Risk Dashboard; Joint Committee Report on Risks and Vulnerabilities); macroprudential concerns in the non-banking sector; recent ESMA publications (consultation on money market funds; peer review on CCPs supervision); and two reports on climate related risks published by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision.
Údair : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, GIULIA GOTTI, KATJA KOMAZEC

The impact of teleworking and digital work on workers and society EN

30-04-2021 PE 662.904 EMPL
Staidéar
Achoimre : The study analyses recent trends in teleworking, its impacts on workers, employers, and society, and the challenges for policy-making. It provides an overview of the main legislative and policy measures adopted at EU and national level, in order to identify possible policy actions at EU level. The study is based on an extensive literature review, a web survey, interviews with representatives of European and national stakeholders, and five case studies of EU countries: Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Romania.
Údair : Manuela SAMEK LODOVICI et al.
Cineál doiciméid

The Role of AI in the European Green Deal EN

30-04-2021 PE 662.906 AIDA
Staidéar
Achoimre : AI can be deployed for a wide range of applications to promote the goals of the European Green Deal. However, adverse environmental impacts of AI could jeopardise the attainment of these goals. The report describes environmental potentials, clarifies characteristics and causes of environmental risks, and outlines initiatives and best practices for environmental policies. It illustrates the need for regulatory action to align design and deployment of AI with the goals of the European Green Deal and concludes with specific recommendations.
Údair : Gailhofer/Herold/Schemmel/Scherf/Urrutia/Köhler/Braungardt

Challenges and limits of an open source approach to Artificial Intelligence EN

30-04-2021 PE 662.908 AIDA
Staidéar
Achoimre : Coupled with the numerous opportunities emerging from the use of artificial intelligence, open source comes with the potential for innovation capacity in both the public and private sector. Advantages include the ability to enhance transparency, facilitate the auditing of AI and thereby enhance citizen trust, while stimulating economic activities and domain-specific expertise. Disadvantages and limits include legal, technical, data, risk management, societal and ethical challenges. This analysis examines all main open source artificial intelligence pro and cons and proposes seven recommendations to boost its uptake.
Údair : Alexandra THEBEN, Laura GUNDERSON, Laura López FORÉS, Gianluca MISURACA, Francisco LUPIÁÑEZ-VILLANUEVA.

The EU Toy Safety Directive EN

29-04-2021 PE 662.632 IMCO
Briefing
Achoimre : The Toy Safety Directive (TSD) aims to ensure a high level of health and safety with respect to toys for children under 14 years of age and to guarantee the free movement of toys in the EU by means of provisions for manufacturers, importers, distributors of toys sold in the EU and national market surveillance authorities. More than 10 years after its adoption in 2009, the European Commission is considering a revision of the directive in the context of the chemicals strategy for sustainability. Although the exact scope of this revision has still to be decided, the European Commission highlighted areas for further improvement in a recent evaluation of the directive. The Commission's evaluation focused on: a general lack of monitoring data to assess the TSD's effectiveness; limit values for some chemical substances; and the question of whether limit values should apply not only to toys for children under 36 months, but also to children of all ages. In addition, the evaluation looked into the issue of market surveillance and enforcement, where resources appear be missing and discussed the difficulties for manufacturers to comply with the 'small parts requirement' for toys intended for children under 36 months. This briefing has been produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist the European Parliament's Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection in its work on the implementation report on the Toy Safety Directive. The briefing aims to provide a succinct overview of publicly available material on the implementation, application and effectiveness to date of the Toy Safety Directive, drawing on input from EU institutions and bodies and from external organisations.
Údair : ECKHARD BINDER, MARIE-ASTRID HUEMER

Workshop: Achieving Strategic Sovereignty for the European Union EN

28-04-2021 PE 653.634 AFET
Staidéar
Achoimre : The notion of European ‘strategic sovereignty’ is increasingly important in debates about the European Union. Given rapidly shifting global geopolitical and technology trends, and the seeming fragmentation of the multilateral order, the EU is being forced to confront its own position in international affairs. A number of concepts have been given life because of the deteriorating international scene including “European sovereignty”, “strategic autonomy”, “digital sovereignty”, “technological sovereignty” and “open strategic autonomy”. However defined, there is a need to move beyond concepts and focus on the nature of economic interdependence, multilateralism and strategic partnerships. This online workshop, requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, zoomed in on each of these elements with case studies that centre on semiconductors, the Iran nuclear deal and EU security and defence.
Údair : Daniel FIOTT;Niclas POITIERS;Pauline WEIL;Guntram WOLFF;Jana PUGLIERIN;Riccardo ALCARO

The role (and accountability) of the President of the Eurogroup EN

28-04-2021 PE 602.116 ECON
Briefing
Achoimre : This note provides an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, the procedures for his/her appointment, as well as proposals on a “full time position” as part of the wider debate on deepening the Economic and Monetary Union. The note also briefly addresses the mandate and working methods of the Eurogroup. In addition, this note refers to the debate around the transparency of Eurogroup proceedings. It is updated regularly.
Údair : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Disinformation and propaganda: impact on the functioning of the rule of law and democratic processes in the EU and its Member States - 2021 update EN

27-04-2021 PE 653.633 INGE
Staidéar
Achoimre : Between January 2019 and January 2021, the impact of disinformation actions and responses to them were considerably different than in previous years. Our research showed that disinformation actions increasingly merged with genuine content, and their sources became even more difficult to identify. Particularly strong impacts were seen in cases where disinformation and manipulative propaganda were spread by individuals with high levels of political authority, who enjoy the trust and attention of citizens. Diverse legislative and policy measurements were introduced by various Member States and third states, and civil society responses also flourished, particularly in relation to increasing resilience against disinformation. Ongoing research into the psychological mechanism of manipulation and resilience gives more detailed results. This study aims to provide recommendations on legislative and policy measures to protect democracy, the rule of law, and fundamental rights from the impact of disinformation, as well as to create a structured informational ecosystem which promotes and protects these values.
Údair : Judit BAYER;Bernd HOLZNAGEL;Katarzyna LUBIANIEC;Adela PINTEA;Josephine B. SCHMITT;Judit SZAKÁCS;Erik USZKIEWICZ

Primacy's Twilight? On the Legal Consequences of the Ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court of 5 May 2020 for the Primacy of EU Law EN

27-04-2021 PE 692.276 AFCO
Staidéar
Achoimre : The study analyses the repercussions of the judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court of 5 May 2020. It puts the decision into context, makes a normative assessment, analyses possible consequences and makes some policy recommendations.
Údair : Niels Petersen - Konstantin Chatziathanasiou

Trans-European energy infrastructure guidelines: Updating the current framework EN

26-04-2021 PE 662.620 ITRE
Briefing
Achoimre : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, adopted on 15 December 2020 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The proposal seeks to amend Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure (TEN E) with a view to ensure that the existing framework is consistent with, and contributes to, the new 2030 EU climate target, set out in COM(2020) 562, commonly known as the 2030 EU climate target plan, with the ultimate objective of achieving an economy with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions (i.e. climate neutrality) by 2050, and in line with the Commission communication on the European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640.
Údair : STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Inter-institutional relations in the treatment of petitions: the role of the Commission EN

26-04-2021 PE 659.507 PETI
Staidéar
Achoimre : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. It presents an analysis of the EU right to petition, as a key element of participatory democracy, and its procedure with a focus on the cooperation between the Committee on Petitions and the Commission. It examines the procedures to deal with petitions and infringements of EU law, in particular EU environmental law. It provides an overview of key features of national petition systems in relation to the EU system and proposes recommendations for action by the EP and the Commission to improve the way petitions are handled.
Údair : Maxime MOULAC, Consultant for Milieu Consulting SRL. Marta BALLESTEROS, Senior Lawyer and Manager for Milieu Consulting SRL.

Revision of Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure EN

23-04-2021 PE 662.631 TRAN
Briefing
Achoimre : Alternative fuels can help to diminish the negative effects on the environment and health caused by both passenger and freight transport. Examples of alternative fuels include: electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, synthetic and paraffinic fuels, natural gas, including biomethane, in gaseous form (compressed natural gas, CNG) and liquefied form (liquefied natural gas, LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). At European Union (EU) level, a directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure was adopted in 2014, with the aim of boosting the development of standard rules and minimum requirements as regards alternative fuels infrastructure (i.e. electric car recharging stations or natural gas refuelling points) in the EU Member States. However, a revision of the directive is planned for 2021 to take account of the latest technological and market developments.
Údair : Alina Ileana DINU

The impact of disinformation on democratic processes and human rights in the world EN

22-04-2021 PE 653.635 DROI
Staidéar
Achoimre : Around the world, disinformation is spreading and becoming a more complex phenomenon based on emerging techniques of deception. Disinformation undermines human rights and many elements of good quality democracy; but counter-disinformation measures can also have a prejudicial impact on human rights and democracy. COVID-19 compounds both these dynamics and has unleashed more intense waves of disinformation, allied to human rights and democracy setbacks. Effective responses to disinformation are needed at multiple levels, including formal laws and regulations, corporate measures and civil society action. While the EU has begun to tackle disinformation in its external actions, it has scope to place greater stress on the human rights dimension of this challenge. In doing so, the EU can draw upon best practice examples from around the world that tackle disinformation through a human rights lens. This study proposes steps the EU can take to build counter-disinformation more seamlessly into its global human rights and democracy policies.
Údair : Carme COLOMINA, Héctor SÁNCHEZ MARGALEF, Richard YOUNGS

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - April 2021 EN

Sracfhéachaint
Achoimre : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.