Recentste documenten

Sommige van deze documenten zijn mogelijk niet in uw taal beschikbaar. In dat geval wordt automatisch een andere versie aangeboden. Deze documenten worden aangeduid met een icoon voor de voorgestelde taalversie. (e.g.: FR ).

Trade aspects of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement EN

30-11-2021 PE 653.650 INTA
Studie
Samenvatting : In this study we analyse the provisions of the EU-Mercosur trade agreement (EUMETA) in its form presented by the European Commission. Our analysis covers the potential macroeconomic effects of the agreement that are based on the analysis of the extent of trade liberalisation through the lens of a computable general simulation model, as well as more detailed analysis of trade structure, tariff structure, non-tariff protection and the trade-related provisions of the agreement including trade in services and government procurement. Moreover, we analyse the institutional provisions of the EU-Mercosur Association agreement (EUMEAA) in relation to the positioning of the European Parliament and civil society. We place a special focus on the agri-food sector and some selected sensitive subsectors. The quantitative assessments are amended by qualitative analysis, in particular with regard to the trade and sustainable development chapter of the agreement, issues related to food security and an overview of existing approaches on sustainable development in the Mercosur countries.
Indieners : Jan Hagemejer, Andreas Maurer, Bettina Rudloff, Peter-Tobias Stoll, Stephen Woolcock, Andréia Costa Vieira, Kristina Mensah, Katarzyna Sidło

Public hearing with Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board ECON on 1 December 2021 EN

29-11-2021 PE 689.434 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : This note is prepared in view of an ordinary public hearing with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Elke König, which will take place on 1 December 2021. This briefing addresses the following topics: (i) cooperation with other authorities, (ii) home/host authorities and the issue of internal MREL, (iii) evolution of MREL stock and shortfalls, (iv) contributions to the Single Resolution Fund, and (v) summaries of external papers on the status quo of impediments to resolvability.
Indieners : OLIVER SLOCOCK, Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, CATARINA DIAS BORGES FARRAJOTA, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Impediments to resolvability – what is the status quo EN

29-11-2021 PE 689.447 ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : This study develops on the status quo in relation to the assessment of resolvability of credit institutions and banking groups in the Banking Union and the removal of substantive impediments to their resolvability under the EU legal framework governing banking resolution, as in force, taking due account of the policies developed in that respect by the Single Resolution Board within the Single Resolution Mechanism.
Indieners : Christos V. GORTSOS

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Tourism sector EN

24-11-2021 PE 690.885 TRAN
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At a glance note summarises the study on Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19: Tourism sector
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuels infrastructure for heavy-duty vehicles - final study EN

24-11-2021 PE 690.902 TRAN
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At a glance note summarises the study on Alternative fuels infrastructure for heavy-duty vehicles.
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Femicide, its causes and recent trends: What do we know? EN

22-11-2021 PE 653.655 DROI
Briefing
Samenvatting : Femicide is a violation of the basic human rights to life, liberty and personal security, as well as an obstacle to social and economic development. The term indicates the act of intentionally killing a female person, either woman or girl, because of her gender, and it is the end-result of combined risk factors existing at the level of the individual, interpersonal relations, community and society. This crime displays three prominent characteristics: women are disproportionately killed by men; victims have previously experienced non-lethal violence; the rate at which women are killed tends to remain steady over time. Estimates indicate that 87 000 women were intentionally killed in 2017, but the exact number is unknown and suspected to be higher. The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the situation and reduced access to services. Femicide’s classification differs according to context, but most significantly includes: killing by an intimate partner or family member; honour, dowry and witch-hunting deaths; femicide-suicide; pre- and post-natal excess female mortality; infanticide; and deliberate neglect, rooted in a preference for sons over daughters. Collecting accurate data is a strategic goal and necessary to facilitate the design of effective policies.
Indieners : Consuelo, CORRADI

Preventing, protecting, providing access to justice: How can states respond to femicide? EN

22-11-2021 PE 653.656 DROI
Briefing
Samenvatting : Growing awareness of femicide has not universally translated into effective policy and programming. Though legislation relating to gender-based violence and/or femicide exists in many countries, both persist. A combined social, cultural, political and economic approach situates femicide prevention and responses at various levels, including changes in individual behaviour. Using the term ‘femicide’ more frequently at international forums is crucial not only to focus attention on the gendered nature of violence but also to act as a call for action. Situational studies reveal that political will to end femicide differs from country to country. Femicide together with the patriarchal norms and misogyny that precipitate it are not just extra-EU problems. Rather, they are of global concern, demanding a global response; in non-EU countries this response is often dependent on donor funding. We now know more than ever what works to reverse patterns of violence. These patterns can be broken by developing the capacity of women’s organisations and strengthening global feminist movements that work with national and local activist networks. Additionally, engaging men and boys in this process of transformation is vital if we are to address violence against women and girls and ultimately end femicide.
Indieners : Tamsin BRADLEY

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Tourism sector EN

19-11-2021 PE 690.884 TRAN
Studie
Samenvatting : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on the tourism sector, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Indieners : Ljubica KNEZEVIC CVELBAR, Maria RODRIGUES, Tharsis TEOH, Barbara ANTONUCCI, Nicole CUTRUFO, Lidia MARONGIU
Soort document

Samenvatting

Research for REGI Committee: Cohesion Policy Calendar (2021-2027 and 2014-2020 Programming Periods) EN

18-11-2021 PE 563.425 REGI
Briefing
Samenvatting : The implementation timetable for cohesion policy is defined largely by its legislative framework. In order to be able to plan parliamentary work and exercise systematic scrutiny of policy implementation and of the Commission’s work, it is essential to have an overview of the timing of different steps in policy implementation in the coming years. This type of briefing was first published (and subsequently updated) in 2014 covering the 2014-2020 programming period. The current version is the first in the row that includes the policy actions of the 2021-27 period, while still indicating the last steps of the 2014-20 period. It includes a detailed (but non-exhaustive) timetable of policy actions in the second half of 2021 and in 2022, together with an overview of major actions for the remainder of the programming period, from 2023.
Indieners : Diana HAASE

EU economic developments and projections EN

18-11-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Indieners : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Decarbonisation of Energy EN

18-11-2021 PE 695.469 ITRE
Studie
Samenvatting : 207BAbstract 208BDecarbonising the energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. The large-scale expansion of low-carbon electricity, phase-out of unabated fossil fuels, and widespread direct electrification are uncontroversial. In more controversial areas, like the deployment of hydrogen and synthetic methane, policy should forcefully explore options and be willing to accept and learn from failures. This report discusses concrete policy options for doing so. 209BThis document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).
Indieners : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2021 EN

Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Key figures of 2022 Draft Budgetary Plans EN

16-11-2021 PE 689.463 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : This document compares key figures included in the 2022 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs), as submitted to the European Commission (EC) by the Euro Area Member States by mid of October 2021, with those of the autumn 2021 forecasts by the EC and the key figures included in the 2021 Stability Programmes (SPs), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by end of April 2021, with the those of the 2021 spring forecasts by the EC. The EC is expected to adopt its opinions on the 2022 DBPs by end of November and the Eurogroup is expected to discuss these opinions on 6 December 2021.
Indieners : Jost ANGERER, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Promoting gender equality through parliamentary diplomacy EN

15-11-2021 PE 653.654 AFET
Studie
Samenvatting : The purpose of this study is to support the European Parliament (EP), in particular its standing delegations, in implementing the commitment made in the EP resolution of 23 October 2020 on gender equality in EU foreign and security policy. Based on desk research as well as quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis, the study describes the existing EP practices of gender equality promotion, analyses whether the current practices deliver on the commitment, and presents what can be learned both from the bottlenecks identified in the EP’s existing institutional arrangements and from the practices of other national parliaments and international parliamentary institutions. The study concludes that while the EP is highly advanced when it comes to gender mainstreaming in external relations, there are a number of aspects that need improvement or fine-tuning. To facilitate the implementation of the overarching EP gender action plan, the study provides a set of policy recommendations aimed at increasing the effectiveness of gender equality promotion through parliamentary diplomacy. The recommendations comprise proposals to strengthen the institutional framework, clarify the roles of gender focal points, increase access to gender-specific information and training, maximise the use of interparliamentary meetings and DEG activities for gender mainstreaming abroad, streamline the links with civil society and other external stakeholders, and improve the gender dimension of oversight over EP external relations.
Indieners : Davor JANCIC; Małgorzata DRUCIAREK, Aleksandra NIZYNSKA; Veronika KUBEKOVÁ, Roland BLOMEYER

Research for CULT Committee - The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism – policy recommendations EN

12-11-2021 PE 690.911 CULT
Briefing
Samenvatting : This document includes recommendations developed based on a study on ‘The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism': to provide the Members of the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) with expertise for an own-initiative report (INI) on “The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism” (concomitant expertise).
Indieners : Bert-Jan Buiskool and Andrea Giannetto (Ockham IPS)

Research for REGI Committee - Cross-border cooperation in healthcare EN

10-11-2021 PE 699.609 REGI
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At a glance note summarises the study that analyses the role of Cohesion Policy as regards cross-border cooperation in healthcare, with a particular focus on the 2014-2020 Interreg V-A programmes. The study also reviews the issue of governance related to such projects and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it identifies possible solutions and puts forward policy recommendations to facilitate patient and healthcare staff flows, to improve the cross-border supply of healthcare and to support cross-border mutual development.
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Stephan Klaus DIETZEN

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuel infrastructures for heavy-duty vehicles EN

10-11-2021 PE 690.901 TRAN
Studie
Samenvatting : This study presents the opportunities and challenges for the use and deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the EU for heavy-duty vehicles, in particular trucks. The current state of play and future needs are presented in the context of the ambitions of the Green Deal, the proposal for an Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation published mid-July 2021 and the upcoming review of the TEN-T Regulation.
Indieners : CE Delft: Anouk VAN GRINSVEN, Matthijs OTTEN, Emiel VAN DEN TOORN, Reinier VAN DER VEEN, Julius KIRÁLY, Roy VAN DEN BERG
Soort document

Samenvatting

Locations of the EU Decentralised Agencies EN

05-11-2021 PE 700.320 BUDG
Studie
Samenvatting : The European Union has decentralised a number of functions, locating agencies across the European Union. The are many factors influencing the choice of the seat(s) of an agency, including the political aim to evenly distribute the agencies. However, the location of an agency has an impact on its capacity to perform its duties effectively and efficiently. This report analyses whether the agency locations fulfil the necessary criteria.
Indieners : Jorge NUNEZ FERRER, CEPS Daina BELICKA, CSE COE Alfredo DE FEO, EUI Dace KRUPENKO, CSE COE

The ECB's New Definition of Price Stability: Better but Short of Specifics EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.473 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The new definition of price stability is a step in the right direction, even though the ECB could have gone further toward the Fed's average inflation targeting. This definition can become most helpful as the central bank navigates new uncertainties. Yet, the review does not deal with some daunting challenges that are already visible. It will need more than a few principles about price stability to deal with such issues as high and rising public debts, financial stability, or climate change. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Charles WYPLOSZ

The Implementation and Rationale of the ECB's New Inflation Target EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.474 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : In July 2021, the ECB's target was revised, specifying that the 2 % inflation rate threshold should be applied symmetrically and with a medium-term orientation. We argue that a symmetric inflation target can significantly contribute to anchoring inflation expectations and to limiting the risks due to the zero- and/or effective-lower bound constraints. The monetary policy strategy revision will play a key role in the policy mix between fiscal and monetary policies for the post-pandemic recovery. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO and Marcello MESSORI

A Welcome Revision Rather Than a Revolution EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.475 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : This contribution is a preliminary analysis of the effect of the ECB's new strategy, notably the revised inflation target, on inflation expectations. We show that the announcement of the new strategy, although necessary for several reasons, had a minor effect on inflation expectations. This reveals that the reform was either already partially anticipated by the market or too timid. Therefore, we present alternative outcomes of the strategy review. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU and Jérôme CREEL

The New Euro Area Inflation Indicator and Target: The Right Reset? EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.479 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : This paper clarifies the main features of the European Central Bank's revised inflation target in light of international practices, discusses the role of financial stability in the medium-term orientation of monetary policy decisions, and quantifies the possible impacts of the inclusion of the costs related to owner-occupied housing on the inflation indicator which is subject to the inflation target. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Zsolt DARVAS and Catarina MARTINS

The ECB's Revised Inflation Target EN

03-11-2021 PE 695.478 ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : In July 2021, the European Central Bank (ECB)’s Governing Council concluded the review of its monetary policy strategy. One of the main outcomes of the review was the revised price stability target. The ECB is now committed to “an inflation rate of 2% over the medium term”. The new target is symmetric, which means that negative and positive deviations from the target are considered as equally undesirable. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, explaining the main features and implications of the ECB’s revised inflation target. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Zsolt DARVAS, Catarina MARTINS, Charles WYPLOSZ, Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL

Internal and external dimension of illegal logging: legal issues and solutions EN

03-11-2021 PE 700.009 PETI
Studie
Samenvatting : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims at gaining deeper insights into the legal aspects of illegal logging and related trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products. It analyses the legal requirements and their implications for various actors in the EU and in third countries. The study examines the disparities in enforcement and penalties regimes in Member States and analyses their role in trade diversion. The study further explores the possibility for strengthening the timber regime by broadening its scope and tackling underlying issues such as corruption and human rights violations. The study also assesses the external dimension, specifically focusing on the Voluntary Partnership Agreements with major producers’ countries. The study formulates various recommendations to improve the regime taking into account both the internal and external dimension of illegal logging.
Indieners : Dr. Kévine KINDJI

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Transmitted positional data systems EN

31-10-2021 PE 690.891 PECH
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At-a-glance note is the first in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the state of the art of transmitted positional data systems, high resolution and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for satellite image data used in fisheries control and fisheries research. It identifies the strengths and weaknesses of such systems and provides policy recommendations for a more effective fisheries control system based on currently applied electronic technologies (ET).
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

European Banks’ Response to COVID-19 “Quick Fix” Regulation and Other Measures EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.461 ECON
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : The original full study presents data from 27 banking groups in 10 EU Member States, where it is found that banks have used COVID-19 relief measures extensively, with some cross-country differences as for the intensity of use. Flexibility in risk classification does not seem to have impaired banks’ ability to report and recognise risk properly, even for loans under moratoria. The findings suggest that the impact of the measures on banks’ credit supply has been overall positive and mainly driven by capital-enhancing measures such as the “Quick fix”.
Indieners : CHRISTIAN SCHEINERT

Policies for long-term carers EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.477 EMPL
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This study provides an in-depth analysis of the formal and informal long-term care workforce in the EU building on an extensive literature survey and data analysis. It looks at workforce characteristics, types and forms of (non-standard) employment, and working conditions. The study covers challenges in Member States related to the long-term care workforce and measures taken to address these. It ends with a discussion of policy options at national and EU level.
Indieners : Mikkel BARSLUND, Frederic DEWISPELAERE et al.

Resarch for CULT Committee - The role of culture, education, media and sport in the fight against racism - Background Analysis EN

31-10-2021 PE 690.905 CULT
Studie
Samenvatting : The study concludes that the EU Anti-racism Action Plan 2020-2025 reflects the diversity of remedy measures identified in the specialist literature. Despite of the limited steering and monitoring within EU programmes of their contribution to the fight against racism, except for the CERV programme, there is a significant share of projects that are addressing racism related topics, also reflecting a diversity of remedy measures. There is a need for further building on existing good practices / incentives developed by programmes and implementing institutions.
Indieners : Ockham IPS: Bert-Jan BUISKOOL, Andrea GIANNETTO, Bastiaan VERBERNE

The COP26 climate change conference: status of climate negotiations and issues at stake EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.459 ENVI
Studie
Samenvatting : The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) focuses on increasing ambition and implementing the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the Parties and stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that affected the international process. The COP26 is scheduled to take place in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November 2021, after it was delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At this conference, delegates will discuss the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and address issues such as the adaptation to climate change and support to developing countries. In addition, the conference will provide an important opportunity for governments to commit to increased mitigation ambition and for civil society representatives to emphasise the need for urgent action.
Indieners : Lorenz MOOSMANN, Anne SIEMONS, Felix FALLASCH, Lambert SCHNEIDER, Cristina URRUTIA, Nora WISSNER, Dietram OPPELT

Policies for long-term carers EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.476 EMPL
Studie
Samenvatting : This study provides an in-depth analysis of the formal and informal long-term care workforce in the EU building on an extensive literature survey and data analysis. It looks at workforce characteristics, types and forms of (non-standard) employment, and working conditions. The study covers challenges in Member States related to the long-term care workforce and measures taken to address these. It ends with a discussion of policy options at national and EU level.
Indieners : Mikkel BARSLUND, Frederic DE WISPELAERE, Karolien LENAERTS, Wouter SCHEPERS, and Elena FRIES-TERSCH

Cost of Non-EU Agencies Focusing on the Health and Safety Cluster of the EU Decentralised Agencies EN

31-10-2021 PE 699.399 BUDG
Studie
Samenvatting : The Analytical Study suggests that the seven EU agencies in the health and safety field demonstrate strong European added value and that this is widely recognised by Member States and other stakeholders including business. The agencies have played an important role in the COVID-19 pandemic. More generally. the study concludes that the cost of ‘non-agencies’, i.e. a situation where the agencies ceased to exist, would be higher to the European Commission, national authorities and business than the current cost of the seven agencies to the EU budget.
Indieners : Jack Malan, Giorgio Cacciaguerra, Sandra Ruiz, Cara Burillo Feduchi and Ivan Bosch-Chen, Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services (CSES)

The Management Boards of the Decentralised Agencies EN

31-10-2021 PE 699.400 BUDG
Studie
Samenvatting : The Management Boards of the EU decentralised agencies have a key role in ensuring the agencies’ good governance. This study examines the established practices of the Management Boards. In particular, it assesses how effective and efficient the Boards’ working methods are and the main factors affecting their performance. The study investigates key governance issues including the size and composition of the Boards, the representation of different interests, the decision-making rules, the effectiveness of the Boards in fulfilling their tasks. Last but not least, the study provides recommendations on how to improve the functioning of the Management Boards.
Indieners : Jack Malan, Marta Dimauro Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services (CSES)

Recovery and Resilience Plans: stakeholders’ involvement EN

29-10-2021 PE 689.453 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the national recovery and resilience plans. In view of supporting the scrutiny of the implementation of the national plans, the paper also makes references to some positions and assessments by EU level stakeholders and other relevant institutions and bodies, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. The paper will be regularly updated.
Indieners : WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

Housing and the Cost of Living EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.467 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), which constitutes the sole official measure of inflation in the euro area, leaves out an important part of household expenditure, namely the cost of owner-occupied housing (OOH). Most other developed economies include estimates of OOH in their consumer price index. The existing, even if imperfect, indicator available today from Eurostat should be included immediately in the HICP. It is unacceptable that Eurostat and the Commission have not been able to produce a better OOH indicator in the 18 years since the ECB first flagged the importance of housing costs in 2003. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Daniel GROS and Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

How should housing be treated in the HICP? EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.468 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The ECB has approved a plan to include a measure of the cost of owner-occupied housing in the HICP. This paper reviews the various methodologies that are used to incorporate this element into consumer price indices. It recommends the use of a rental equivalence approach rather than the net acquisitions approach currently used in Eurostat’s experimental price index of owner-occupied housing. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Karl WHELAN

Owner-Occupied Housing Costs and Monetary Policy: Goals and Challenges for the Euro Area EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.470 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : Owner-occupied housing costs represent an important expenditure for households and should be included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices. Conceptual and practical challenges must be resolved before this can be implemented. Estimates suggest that these costs would have a small impact on monetary policy. At the same time, different degrees of home ownership in the euro area mean that their inclusion may affect countries differently. Significant complementarity with other EU policies, like financial stability, are unlikely to materialise. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Geraldine DANY-KNEDLIK and Andrea PAPADIA

Including Owner-Occupied Housing Costs in the HICP: Some Technical and Policy Remarks EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.471 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : We discuss the full inclusion of the owner-occupied housing costs (OOHCs) in the EU's harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP). We briefly review the main methods used for including these costs into consumer price indices, and in particular the reasons why the EU authorities prefer to adopt the net acquisitions approach rather than the rent equivalence approach, as other major countries did. We also argue that in the current scenario an acceleration of the EU's roadmap towards a full inclusion of OOHCs in the HICP would be desirable. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Luigi BONATTI and Andrea FRACASSO

Next Generation EU Borrowing: a first assessment EN

29-10-2021 PE 699.811 BUDG CONT
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The Next Generation EU programme is radically changing the way the EU finances itself and interacts with financial markets, due to its ambitious and groundbreaking new public debt programme. The European Commission has thus adopted a totally new, diversified borrowing strategy, similar to that of other major issuers, to raise money safely, reliably and in a cost-effective manner. EU debt therefore has to be attractive to financial markets and maintain a strong credit rating.
Indieners : Alix DELASNERIE

Strengthening the role and impact of petitions as an instrument of participatory democracy - Lessons learnt from a citizens’ perspective 10 years after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty EN

29-10-2021 PE 694.837 PETI
Studie
Samenvatting : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, evaluates the state of play of the right of petition ten years after the inclusion of the principle of participatory democracy in the EU treaties. After contextualising the right of petition within the broader EU participatory infrastructure, its ultimate objective is to provide a set of recommendations aimed at unleashing its democratic potential while overcoming its major structural limitations.
Indieners : ALEMANNO Alberto

Inflation Measurement: Role of Owner-Occupied Housing Costs EN

29-10-2021 PE 695.472 ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) is the measure used by the European Central Bank (ECB) to define its price stability target and guide policy. As such, it needs to relate closely to the actual inflation that households in the euro area are experiencing. Housing costs, an important part of household expenditures, are currently included in the HICP index through rental costs and only some minor elements of owner-occupied housing (OOH) costs. In July 2021, the ECB Governing Council recommended a multi-year roadmap to include OOH costs in the HICP. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, discussing the conceptual, technical and policy aspects of integrating OOH costs into the HICP. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 15 November 2021.
Indieners : Karl WHELAN, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR, Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Geraldine DANY-KNEDLIK, Andrea PAPADIA

The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS): challenges and impacts EN

27-10-2021 PE 690.878 TRAN
Kort overzicht
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Recovery and Resilience Plans - state of play (October 2021) EN

26-10-2021 PE 689.459 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : This document provides a state of play of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) covering, notably, Commission assessment and Council adoption procedures. It is based on an earlier EGOV paper, dated June 2021. The document will be regularly updated.
Indieners : Alice ZOPPÉ, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Research for REGI Committee - Cross-border cooperation in healthcare EN

26-10-2021 PE 690.904 REGI
Studie
Samenvatting : This study analyses the role of Cohesion Policy as regards cross-border cooperation in healthcare, with a particular focus on the 2014-2020 Interreg V-A programmes. It also reviews the issue of governance related to such projects and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it identifies possible solutions and puts forward policy recommendations to facilitate patient and healthcare staff flows, to improve the cross-border supply of healthcare and to support cross-border mutual development.
Indieners : prof. Fabienne Leloup

Europe’s Digital Decade and Autonomy EN

26-10-2021 PE 695.465 ITRE
Studie
Samenvatting : This study on “Europe's digital decade and autonomy” aims to deliver an independent expert opinion and an assessment of the 2030 targets set by the Digital Compass and the overall Commission’s Digital Strategy. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) to establish an objective view on the progress made in recent years, ongoing actions, and the adequacy of future measures to be taken.
Indieners : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

The social and employment situation of Roma communities in Slovakia EN

26-10-2021 PE 695.466 EMPL
Studie
Samenvatting : This paper first presents key indicators on employment and poverty for Roma communities in Slovakia and reviews existing social and employment policies. Second, it discusses the situation of Roma children in education. Third, the paper presents achievements and lessons learned from the use of EU funds for marginalised communities and, finally, it reviews the work of other organisations in assessing the situation of Roma people in Slovakia.
Indieners : Barbora HOLUBOVÁ, Martin KAHANEC, Lucia KOVÁČOVÁ, Zuzana POLÁČKOVÁ, Maria SEDLÁKOVÁ

Country Specific Recommendations and Recovery and Resilience Plans - Thematic overview on gender-related issues EN

25-10-2021 PE 689.470 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : Based on Commission’s assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper outlines how 2019 and 2020 Country Specific Recommendations covering gender related issues are being addressed in national plans. It also compiles the Member States’ explanations on how their plans contribute to gender equality, as required by the Recovery and resilience Facility Regulation. The paper will be updated once new relevant information is available.
Indieners : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Research for TRAN Committee - The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU ETS: challenges and impacts EN

25-10-2021 PE 690.897 TRAN
Studie
Samenvatting : Based on the EU Commission’s Fit for 55 proposals published in July 2021, this report discusses the challenges and impacts resulting from the integration of the maritime sector in the EU ETS, and a more stringent EU ETS for aviation. It considers implementation challenges and consequences for the competitiveness of European stakeholders, e.g. caused by carbon leakage, and impacts on sectoral employment. Based on the initial analysis and the results of stakeholder consultations, recommendations on how to overcome implementation issues and adverse competitive and societal effects are provided.
Indieners : Dagmar NELISSEN, Jasper FABER, Sven MAERTENS, David ENNEN, Wolfgang GRIMME

Ageing policies - access to services in different Member States EN

22-10-2021 PE 695.463 EMPL
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : The study focuses on active ageing policies and access to services for the ageing population in the EU-27 in five areas: economic activity, social participation, health and well-being, long-term care, and supportive environments including housing, transportation, and securing financial independence. It presents the challenges and trends in achieving active ageing policy goals in those areas, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Eight country studies for selected Member States provide a comparative assessment as well as examples of policies and good practices undertaken in recent years. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).
Indieners : Agnieszka SOWA-KOFTA, Izabela MARCINKOWSKA, Anna RUZIK-SIERDZIŃSKA and Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ

PRIIPs: Revised DA/RTS on improved disclosure rules for retail investment products EN

22-10-2021 PE 648.253 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : This briefing has been prepared to support ECON’s work on scrutiny of the Delegated Regulation amending the RTS laid down in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/653 on Key Information Documents (KIDs) as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 on Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs Regulation) . The Delegated Regulation was adopted by the Commission on 7 September 2021 together with two quick fix amendments of the PRIIPs Regulation and the Directive 2009/65/EC on Undertakings for Collective Investments in Transferable Securities (UCITS Directive).
Indieners : Stephanie HONNEFELDER, OLIVER SLOCOCK, GAELLE CHARLOTTE CHAILLET

European green bond standard EN

21-10-2021 PE 694.239 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : The IA assesses elements to be added to the 2019 TEG report on a European Green Bond Standard (EU-GBS). The range of options is therefore limited to these additional aspects and does not cover the entire set of rules for green bonds. The IA is based on reliable internal and external research, international data and several stakeholder consultations. While the definition of the objectives could have been more specific, the problem analysis and the assessment of options are overall logical and thorough, even if their structure could have been more straightforward. Some valuable information - and explanation - featured in the annexes could have made the main text of the IA more accessible, especially relating to the technical aspects and current market practices. Despite some weaknesses, the IA makes a convincing case for a voluntary EU-GBS, with some flexibility for sovereigns, taking into account their institutional specificities, but respecting the screening criteria of the EU-taxonomy.
Indieners : Esther KRAMER

Avenues for EU action on citizenship and residence by investment schemes - European Added Value Assessment EN

21-10-2021 PE 694.217 LIBE
Studie
Samenvatting : Citizenship and residence by investment schemes allow third-country nationals to obtain residence or citizenship in a host country in exchange for a financial contribution. In the European Union (EU), at least 130 000 persons have taken advantage of such schemes, which have generated over €21.8 billion in revenue for the countries concerned. This European added value assessment (EAVA) reviews the key issues raised by investment schemes and the possible legal bases on which the EU could act to address them. Several policy options are put forward that could be implemented through amendments to existing EU legislation or by introducing new legislation. The policy options include: (1) Phasing out investment schemes in the EU; (2) Applying an EU-level tax on investment schemes; and (3) Regulating investment schemes. In addition, the assessment considers the introduction of minimum physical presence requirements on residence by investment schemes and regulating access to the EU for investor migrants from third countries. The policy options are assessed in terms of their potential consequences and impacts, subsidiarity, proportionality and the overall added value the EU might gain.
Indieners : Cecilia NAVARRA, MEENAKSHI FERNANDES, DAVID ARMAND JACQUES GERA DE GROOT

Ageing policies - access to services in different Member States EN

21-10-2021 PE 662.940 EMPL
Studie
Samenvatting : The study focuses on active ageing policies and access to services for the ageing population in the EU-27 in five areas: economic activity, social participation, health and well-being, long-term care, and supportive environments including housing, transportation, and securing financial independence. It presents the challenges and trends in achieving active ageing policy goals in those areas, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Eight country studies for selected Member States provide a comparative assessment as well as examples of policies and good practices undertaken in recent years. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).
Indieners : Agnieszka SOWA-KOFTA, Izabela MARCINKOWSKA, Anna RUZIK-SIERDZIŃSKA and Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ
Soort document

Exploring the opportunities and challenges of new technologies for EU tax administration and policy EN

21-10-2021 PE 695.458 FISC
Studie
Samenvatting : This research paper explores the opportunities and challenges faced by the EU from the rapid emergence of new technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Analytics and Blockchain in the area of taxation .These technologies enable a transformation of the way that tax administration interact with taxpayers and can move tax compliance into real time. At the same time they raise practical and legal challenges for both the Member States and the European Union. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC).
Indieners : Dirk VERBEKEN

EU energy system transformation - Cost of Non-Europe EN

20-10-2021 PE 694.222 ITRE
Studie
Samenvatting : The European Union's energy system is on a path of transformation that should allow it to achieve a net-zero emissions target by 2050. However, there are many challenges ahead and achieving this target requires making profound structural changes. In this context, the present report, drafted at the request of the European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), looks at what the consequences would be if the EU does not take further ambitious and united action in the transformation of its energy system. The cost of non-Europe in this area is estimated at up to 5.6 % of EU GDP in 2050, and avoiding this will require EU budgetary, regulatory and coordination action. The benefits would be many, including averted environmental costs and damage, and more sustainable and prosperous societies emerging as a result of a just and fair transition.
Indieners : ALEKSANDRA HEFLICH, JEROME LEON SAULNIER

The SURE: Implementation EN

20-10-2021 PE 659.638 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : Council Regulation 2020/672 established SURE, the European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency, which has been in force since 20 May 2020. This note provides an overview in tabular format of the SURE implementing decisions as adopted by Council, of Commission issuances under SURE and of disbursements. It will be regularly updated.
Indieners : SILVIA CRISTINA DIAS, INES TEIXEIRA DA CUNHA

The Recovery and Resilience Plans: governance at national level EN

19-10-2021 PE 689.444 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of two specific dimensions of such analysis - the governance and control structures set up at national level for implementation of the national plans. The briefing summarises in an annex the relevant references in the Commission documents. It also presents, in the introduction, a high level analysis of some related elements of the national plans, as assessed by the Commission and related reports and initiatives. It also refers to the relevant legal framework in the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This paper will be updated once additional plans are assessed by the Commission.
Indieners : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Don't let up - The EU needs to maintain high standards for its banking sector as the European economy emerges from the Covid-19 pandemic EN

18-10-2021 PE 689.461 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The European banking system has weathered the pandemic reasonably well with the help of government intervention and economic support. Going forward, the EU should ensure the financial sector remains resilient by implementing the Basel III capital requirements in full, monitoring effects of the digital transition, and continuing to hold banks to high standards.
Indieners : Rebecca CHRISTIE, Monika GRZEGORCZYK

Impediments to resolvability – what is the status quo? EN

18-10-2021 PE 689.468 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : To efficiently resolve a bank that is failing or likely to fail, and for which resolution is deemed in the public interest, it is important that impediments that hamper its resolvability are removed. Noting the limited public disclosure of banks and the Single Resolution Board (SRB), this paper assesses improvements in resolvability of a sample of 72 eurozone banks based on some key indicators. The main findings suggest that resolvability has marginally improved since the SRB resumed its full legal mandate in 2016, which is in line with earlier statements of the SRB characterising the process to make banks resolvable as a ‘marathon’.
Indieners : M. Bodellini, W.P. De Groen

Country Specific Recommendations and Recovery and Resilience Plans - Thematic overview on tax avoidance, money laundering and corruption issues EN

18-10-2021 PE 689.469 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : This paper outlines how 2019 and 2020 Country Specific Recommendations covering the fight against corruption, aggressive tax planning, tax evasion or tax avoidance or ineffective anti-money laundering measures are being addressed in national Recovery and Resilience Plans, based on Commission’s assessments. The paper will be updated once new relevant information is available.
Indieners : SILVIA CRISTINA DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Reporting Obligations Regarding Gender Equality and Equal Pay State of play among Member States and avenues for upgrading and implementing legal sanctions towards companies EN

18-10-2021 PE 698.641 JURI
Studie
Samenvatting : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, provides an in-depth analysis of the policy and legal state-of-the-art concerning gender pay discrimination in the European Union. To this end, it builds on a comprehensive comparative study covering European countries (i.e., Italy, France, Germany, Denmark, Iceland, and Spain), in order to conclusively design and develop specific policy recommendations to move towards a shared and well-informed solution to wage discrimination in the EU, especially in light of the European Commission's recently adopted proposal for a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD).
Indieners : Paola PROFETA, Maria Lucia PASSADO, Ximena CALÓ

Updating the framework for the safety of non-food consumer products on the internal market EN

15-10-2021 PE 694.221 IMCO
Briefing
Samenvatting : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a regulation on general product safety aimed at ensuring that EU consumers are protected from dangerous non-food products. The IA defines clearly the problems to be addressed and their analysis appears to be satisfactory but the description of how they would evolve without any EU intervention is limited. The IA does not compare the retained options in terms of efficiency, and proportionality. The IA appears to have done a convincing analysis of the economic and social impacts of the options retained for assessment. The IA includes a very comprehensive reports of the consultations held, specifically referring to the received feedback in several parts of the report. Overall, the analysis carried out in the IA appears to be well grounded. The IA appears to have addressed the RSB's comments. The proposal appears to be largely consistent with the analysis provided in the IA.
Indieners : STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - October 2021 EN

Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for REGI Committee - Cohesion Policy and support to health EN

13-10-2021 PE 690.903 REGI
Briefing
Samenvatting : As the EU’s main investment policy, Cohesion Policy can play a key role in promoting health and in reducing health inequalities. This briefing reviews the role of Cohesion Policy with regard to health in the 2014-2020 period and explores the prospects and challenges that lie ahead. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Indieners : Stephan Klaus DIETZEN

Tailoring prudential policy to bank size. The application of proportionality in the US and euro area EN

13-10-2021 PE 689.462 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : All jurisdictions tailor their prudential policies to bank size, with generally more complex – though not necessarily more stringent – requirements for larger banks. This paper compares such policies in the euro area and United States, in the context of the differences in banking system structures and legal frameworks. There are vastly more stand-alone smaller banks and credit unions in the US than in the euro area. The US approach to prudential requirements is generally more differentiated by bank size than the euro area’s, but the US has a more uniform framework for bank crisis management and resolution. Given the permanence of cross-border fragmentation and overbanking in the euro area, further size-based policy differentiation would be ill-advised.
Indieners : A. Lehmann, N. Véron- Bruegel

Youth in Europe: Effects of COVID-19 on their economic and social situation EN

12-10-2021 PE 695.462 EMPL
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : The full study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on youth unemployment, inactivity, work-based learning and mental health. The analysis is based on quantitative indicators and qualitative information from surveys and policy documents. It discusses the probability of long-term 'scarring effects', comparing the impact of the current crisis to that of the 2008/2009 global financial crisis and its aftermath
Indieners : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL, FRANCESCA PICARELLA

Review of the crisis management and deposit insurance framework -Summary of some related issues EN

11-10-2021 PE 659.632 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : In February 2021, the Commission launched a consultation that sought to gather stakeholders’ experience with the current crisis management and deposit insurance framework as well as their views on the revision of the framework. The results of that consultation were published in a summary report. As the experience with the application of the current framework indicates that some adjustments may be warranted, this briefing summarises some of the underlying issues.
Indieners : Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Public hearing with A. Enria, Chair of the ECB Supervisory Board ECON on 14 October 2021 EN

11-10-2021 PE 689.432 ECON
Briefing
Samenvatting : This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 14 October 2021. The briefing addresses: 1) Emerging risks in the banking group, as presented to the Eurogroup, 2) results of EBA’s and ECB’s 2021 stress test exercises, 3) the Basel Committee report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 4) the ECB report on sanctioning activities, 5) the ECB Supervisory Banking Statistics for the first quarter 2021, and 6) summaries of external papers on long-term effects of the pandemic on the banking sector.
Indieners : Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Did the pandemic lead to structural changes in the banking sector? EN

11-10-2021 PE 689.460 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : We discuss the main structural changes triggered by Covid19 in banking. Direct consequences include: the impact of the lockdown on remote shopping and telework, lower cash usage and a further shift towards innovative payment methods, the downturn suffered by the economy and bank borrowers. Indirect consequences (partly reinforcing pre-existing trends) include: the further development of payment services provided by non-bank competitors, an acceleration in bank digitalisation, a rise in cyber-attacks, a drop in the value of real estate collateral.
Indieners : Andrea RESTI

Improving the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism EN

04-10-2021 PE 694.228 LIBE
Briefing
Samenvatting : The European Commission proposed to improve the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism established by Regulation (EU) No 1053/2013. The accompanying impact assessment (IA) provides a well defined problem definition, substantiated with evidence. Furthermore, the stakeholder opinions are reported consistently throughout the IA and are used as input for the combination of measures under the preferred option. Moreover, the data sources underpinning the IA are recent, reliable, consistently referenced and publicly available at the time of writing. However, the focus of the IA analysis is predominantly on the administrative costs and benefits, while the assessment of economic, social and fundamental rights impacts of the Mechanism’s functioning remains very limited and their quantification was not possible.
Indieners : Vera VIKOLAINEN

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Electronic monitoring systems EN

04-10-2021 PE 690.892 PECH
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At-a-glance note is the second in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a global overview of the latest developments, as well as potential benefits and risks of Electronic Monitoring (EM). Worldwide experiences with EM are discussed in light of the European context. During the period 2008 to 2019, altogether 26 EM trials were conducted within the EU. Despite promising results, none of the trials evolved into a fully integrated EM programme. Still, lessons learnt from these trials are valuable and show potential for implementing EM on larger scale in the EU.
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

Foreign subsidies and public procurement EN

30-09-2021 PE 653.648 INTA
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : The EU has helped shape an international economic system based on openness and fair competition. Over the past few years, the benefits of this approach have come under pressure from foreign trade practices which undermine the principle of recip¬rocal treatment. In particular, this is the case with subsidies granted by non-EU governments and protected public procurement markets. This in-depth analysis reviews the state of play of EU policy action on foreign subsidies and in public pro¬curement markets and identifies gaps in existing EU instruments. The analysis shows that the EU took the initiative with: (i) the completed FDI screening and trade defence reforms; (ii) the proposal for an International Procurement Instrument; and (iii) the proposal for a Regulation targeting the distortive effects of foreign subsidies. In addi¬tion, the EU is taking the lead at the multilateral level, promoting coordinated action in the WTO, G7, G20, OECD, and GAMS fora.
Indieners : Michael BÖHEIM, Nazareno BRAITO, Davide CECCANTI, Davide FINA, Duy HUYNH-OLESEN, Cécile JACOB, Katarína KUBOVICOVÁ

The Human Right to Drinking Water: Impact of large-scale agriculture and industry EN

30-09-2021 PE 653.649 DROI
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : Access to safe drinking water is a human right. It is indispensable to a healthy, dignified and productive life. However, a significant proportion of the global population is not able to enjoy this human right. The purpose of this in-depth analysis is to consider the impacts of large-scale agricultural activity and industry on the progressive realisation of the human right to drinking water. In particular, it considers how the European Union and the European Parliament can better support non-EU countries to realise this human right. States and businesses have obligations and responsibilities towards citizens to ensure safe drinking water. However, fulfilling these obligations and responsibilities is in contention with competing water uses and economic considerations and marred by poor enabling environments and power dynamics. Achieving the human right to drinking water needs to be considered in the context of trade-offs emerging from the water-food-energy nexus where water use in one sector can have impacts on others. Virtual water embedded in the trade of agricultural goods demonstrates that demand for food can affect local water availability, posing challenges to ensuring the human right to drinking water in these places. Existing good practices focus on better recognition of obligations and responsibilities through a human rights-based approach, improved assessments of impacts, enhanced stakeholder engagement and mechanisms for due diligence. There are opportunities for the EU to extend the discussion on the human right to drinking water with other interlinked rights, noting the complex and integrated impacts of water resources.
Indieners : • Dr Naho MIRUMACHI • Dr Aleksandra DUDA • Jagoda GREGULSKA • Joanna SMĘTEK

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Systems adapted for small-scale vessels EN

30-09-2021 PE 690.893 PECH
Kort overzicht
Samenvatting : This At-a-glance note is the third in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It examines and presents possibilities of electronic technologies (ET) that can be used to report, document and monitor fishery activities of the small-scale vessel fleet. The national fishing fleets in the EU are large where most of the vessels are less than 12 metres in length. The information on this fleet segment’s fishing activities is limited and insufficient for documentation of the fleet’s impact on the environment and for fisheries management and governance in general. The present research contains four case studies with current usages of such technologies developed for small-scale vessels.
Indieners : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

Preventing money laundering in the banking sector - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework EN

30-09-2021 PE 659.654 ECON
Uitgebreide analyse
Samenvatting : This paper provides an overview of current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering (AML) supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU, in particular from a Banking Union perspective. This briefing first outlines the EU framework for fighting money laundering, which includes legislation (most notably the 5th AML Directive) and a number of Commission and Council Action Plans. Secondly, an overview of AML prevention relevant authorities, at both the EU and national level, is provided. This section also explains the 2019 review of the founding regulations of the European Supervisory Authorities, through which competences relating to preventing AML in the financial sector were consolidated within the European Banking Authority. Lastly, the paper highlights the latest proposed changes to the AML framework, as proposed by the Commission in their AML package published in July 2021. It is relevant to note that this briefing focuses on AML concerns in the banking sector. While financial and non-financial intermediaries have an important role to play, these are not the focus of this briefing. Nevertheless, reference is made to closely related areas (notably, to Financial Intelligence Units, the work of markets and insurance supervisors on preventing AML and related matters) when relevant to a better understanding of its impacts on the banking sector. This paper builds on and updates a previous EGOV briefing on the same topic.
Indieners : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Taxing professional football in the EU |A Comparative and EU analysis of a sector with tax gaps EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.451 FISC ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : This study scrutinises the tax treatment of professional football players' remuneration throughout the European Union. It does so on the basis of a comparative analysis of selected country schemes. It draws conclusions and formulates suggestions for a future European Union approach.
Indieners : Prof.dr. Robby Houben, Prof.dr. Anne Van de Vijver, Prof.dr. Niels Appermont and Gertjan Verachtert

The relation between different zoonotic pandemics and the livestock sector EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.456 ENVI
Studie
Samenvatting : This study examines the zoonotic disease risks posed by the livestock sector (including fur production), reviews the risks posed by different livestock species and production systems, and examines case studies of past zoonotic disease epidemics. Building on this evidence, it reviews EU zoonosis surveillance and control arrangements. It recommends improvements including integration of human and animal disease surveillance services, expanded use of syndromic surveillance and changes to the funding of Member States’ zoonotic disease programmes under Regulation (EU) 652/2014.
Indieners : Jeremy Brice, Rossella Soldi, Pablo Alarcon-Lopez, Javier Guitian, Julian Drewe, Daniela Baeza Breinbauer, Francisca Torres-Cortés, Katie Wheeler

The Future of the EU Automotive Sector EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.457 ITRE
Studie
Samenvatting : This study provides an independent overview of the automotive industrial landscape in the EU. Specifically, the study assesses green and digital trends currently reshaping the automotive sector and provides recommendations considering the adequacy and consistency of ongoing and future EU actions. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).
Indieners : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

European Banks’ Response to COVID-19 “Quick Fix” Regulation and Other Measures EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.460 ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : The original full study presents data from 27 banking groups in 10 EU Member States, where it is found that banks have used COVID-19 relief measures extensively, with some cross-country differences as for the intensity of use. Flexibility in risk classification does not seem to have impaired banks’ ability to report and recognise risk properly, even for loans under moratoria. The findings suggest that the impact of the measures on banks’ credit supply has been overall positive and mainly driven by capital-enhancing measures such as the “Quick fix”.
Indieners : CHRISTIAN SCHEINERT

The Parliaments of Europe: full part actors or powerless spectators? – A state of play 2010–2020 EN

30-09-2021 PE 698.534 AFCO
Studie
Samenvatting : Since the Lisbon Treaty, EU national Parliaments have been recognized as relevant and legitimate players at the supranational level and given tools to be involved beyond the scrutiny of their national government. However, the last decade brought new challenges to the Europeanisation of national Parliaments, with several crises boosting intergovernmentalism. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines how EU national Parliaments have adapted to all these challenges and assesses their involvement in EU affairs over the past decade.
Indieners : BRACK Nathalie

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019, 2020 and 2021 EN

29-09-2021 PE 651.391 ECON
Studie
Samenvatting : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 9 July 2019 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 5 June 2019). • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2019 CSRs based on its Country Reports published on 26 February 2020. • The 2020 CSRs adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 20 July 2020 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 20 May 2020). • The 2021 fiscal recommendations (recommendations for Council opinions on the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes) adopted by the Council on 18 June 2021. • During the 2021 Semester Cycle, exceptionally, due to the preparations and adoptions of the Recovery and Resilience Plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, no further Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) have been issued under the European Semester.
Indieners : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE