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Research for CULT Committee - Shaping digital education policy EN

27-11-2020 PE 652.231 CULT
In sintesi
Riassunto : This research project assesses the Digital Education Action Plan published in 2018 in terms of organisational and content-related challenges. It outlines concrete recommendations on how an updated Digital Education Action Plan could mitigate the weaknesses of the current plan, through a more holistic vision of the digital transformation in education, a focus on quality infrastructure for digital education for all, the further empowerment of educators and the further development of ‘whole-school’ approaches to digital education.
Autori : Jacques LECARTE, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

Webinar proceedings: An EU legal framework to halt and reverse deforestation EN

27-11-2020 PE 658.207 ENVI
Briefing
Riassunto : On Thursday, 10 September 2020, the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies organised at the request of the ENVI committee a remote webinar on "An EU legal framework to halt and reverse deforestation". This briefing summarises the presentations delivered by the invited experts.
Autori : MATTEO CIUCCI

The state of play of Schengen governance An assessment of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme EN

27-11-2020 PE 658.699 LIBE
Studio
Riassunto : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, assesses the operation and impact of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme (2014-19), with the aim of identifying what has worked well and developing recommendations to strengthen it. The past decade has presented multiple controversies involving the governments of Schengen states as well as EU institutions, leading to a persistent state of apparent crisis. The ongoing “Schengen crisis” is rooted in political changes and in structural shortcomings of the Schengen regime. Despite these obstacles, the resilience of the Schengen system should not be underestimated.
Autori : Martin WAGNER & Caitlin KATSIAFICAS Josephine LIEBL Leila HADJ ABDOU & Lenka DRAŽANOVÁ Julien JEANDESBOZ

Study in Focus - After parental leave: Incentives for parents with young children to return to the labour market EN

26-11-2020 PE 658.191 EMPL
In sintesi
Riassunto : This document, provided by Policy Department A for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee, presents key findings of the study examine the employment situation of parents with young children in the EU and specifically, the factors that affect parents’ return to the labour market.
Autori : Joanna HOFMAN et al.

No way back:Why the transatlantic future needs a stronger EU EN

25-11-2020 PE 653.619 AFET
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : There is no way back for transatlantic politics; in recent years it has suffered severe setbacks that cannot be undone. Although the Biden win promises opportunities for EU-US cooperation, the EU’s drive for strategic autonomy will not stop here. It is high time to look afresh at the very foundations of the transatlantic partnership, in light of not only the politics of today, but also the structural trends in the global balance of power and the lasting institutional ties between the two continents. Above all, the transatlantic future needs a stronger EU. For this to happen, the following issues should be given priority: i) dealing with an increasingly assertive China; ii) gaining more from transatlantic trade relations; iii) safeguarding the benefits of NATO and multilateral institutions like the WTO; iv) battling disinformation and other hybrid threats; and v) reinvigorating cooperation over climate change and global health. Because understanding of and trust in US intelligence and foreign policy positions has been eroded, a ‘thickening’ of transatlantic dialogue structures, including among elected representatives, should be pursued. This could include staff exchanges, track-two dialogues with think tanks and civil society, and an increased frequency of the Transatlantic Legislators Dialogue, possibly supplemented with more subordinate bodies on specific issues, such as dealing with China.
Autori : Louise VAN SCHAIK, Ties DAMS

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact under pandemic times EN

25-11-2020 PE 659.618 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecast. This document is regularly updated.
Autori : Jost ANGERER, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause? EN

25-11-2020 PE 651.378 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This paper provides a framework for considering when and how to deactivate the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). That framework takes into account the goals of the SGP, the desire to avoid pro-cyclical policy influences that might stifle Europe’s economic recovery, and the necessity not to endanger fiscal sustainability in the medium term. The framework also considers the variation in performance across countries and the indicators that might be used to map transitional arrangements.
Autori : Erik JONES

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources EN

24-11-2020 PE 652.230 AGRI
In sintesi
Riassunto : This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).
Autori : Albert MASSOT MARTI

The Proposed Minimum Wage Directive EN

24-11-2020 PE 658.208 EMPL
In sintesi
Riassunto : Following a two-stage consultation of social partners launched in February 2020, on 28 October, the European Commission published its proposal for a directive on adequate minimum wages in the European Union.
Autori : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL

Thematic Digest: “The role for the European Semester in the recovery plan” EN

24-11-2020 PE 659.615 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : At the request of the ECON Committee, four papers were commissioned to external experts on the linkages between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester (ES), as well as on the role of the European Parliament in the the RRF. In particular, experts were asked to assess whether and how the ES constitutes a suitable governance framework for the recovery measures, notably on: •the identification of the EU priority areas; •the analysis, the adoptions and the monitoring of the national recovery plans; and •the performance of the European Parliament (EP) scrutiny and accountability role.
Autori : Alice ZOPPÉ, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Ricerca per la commissione AGRI — Il Green Deal e la PAC: implicazioni politiche per adeguare le pratiche agricole e conservare le risorse naturali dell'Unione

23-11-2020 PE 629.214 AGRI
Studio
Riassunto : Il presente documento rappresenta la sintesi dello studio sul tema "Il Green Deal e la PAC: implicazioni politiche per adeguare le pratiche agricole e conservare le risorse naturali dell'Unione (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036). Lo studio completo, disponibile in inglese, può essere scaricato al seguente indirizzo: https://bit.ly/35HmZJg
Autori : Albert MASSOT MARTI

RESEARCH FOR TRAN COMMITTEE: The impact of emerging technologies on the transport system EN

23-11-2020 PE 652.226 TRAN
Studio
Riassunto : This study provides an overview of the impact of Smart Mobility and their underlying emerging technologies on transport, the transport infrastructure and society. The main challenges for the deployment of Smart Mobility applications are identified and (policy) actions are defined that could be taken to overcome these challenges.
Autori : CE Delft: Arno SCHROTEN, Anouk van GRINSVEN, Eric TOL, Louis LEESTEMAKER TNO: Peter-Paul SCHACKMANN, Diana VONK NOORDEGRAAF, Jaco van MEIJEREN, Sytze KALISVAART
Tipo di documento

Sintesi

Extraterritorial sanctions on trade and investments and European responses EN

20-11-2020 PE 653.618 INTA
Studio
Riassunto : Recent US measures directed against Iran, Cuba and Russia (North Stream 2) have become indirectly a critical challenge for the European Union as well. As they purport to deter economic actors under EU jurisdiction from engaging with target countries, they have an important extraterritorial dimension, which affects EU business and individuals and ultimately the sovereignty of the EU and its Member States. A review of the existing sanction regimes and of the geopolitical context reveals that other international players and the PR China in particular may follow suit in using such measures. The study shows that extraterritorial sanctions have important economic implications, particularly for the EU and its vulnerabilities. Extraterritorial sanctions also raise critical questions as to their legality under general international law, WTO law and other specific international rules. The EU is especially affected by these measures and has taken some measures already in response. These could be improved and additional measures could be taken, as the policy recommendations set out.
Autori : Tobias STOLL, Steven BLOCKMANS, Jan HAGEMEJER, Christopher A. HARTWELL, Henner GÖTT, Kateryna KARUNSKA, Andreas MAURER

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - November 2020 EN

20-11-2020 PE 648.241 TRAN DROI BECA BUDG ENVI CONT JURI
In sintesi
Riassunto : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Financial Stability Board (FSB). An overview of the work for 2020 EN

20-11-2020 PE 651.346 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : The briefing provides an overview of the latest work by the Financial Stability Board (FSB). It first addresses the FSB as an institution, its mandate, members and governance arrangements, and second, outlines its current work. This paper builds and updates an earlier version.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

Guidance by the FSB, BCBS and IAIS on COVID related measures EN

20-11-2020 PE 659.617 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This briefing gives an overview of measures proposed by the Financial Stability Board, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and the International Association of Insurance Supervisors to address the COVID-19 pandemic related financial consequences.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

EU/EA measures to mitigate the economic, financial and social effects of coronavirus State-of-play 20 November 2020 EN

20-11-2020 PE 645.723 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This document compiles information, obtained from public sources, on the measures proposed and taken at the EU or Euro Area level to mitigate the economic and social effects of Covid19. It will be regularly updated, following new developments.
Autori : Kajus HAGELSTAM, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, Drazen RAKIC, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Key Macroeconomic Indicators in the Euro Area and the United States EN

18-11-2020 PE 542.675 ECON
In sintesi
Riassunto : Latest forcest by EC, IMF and OECD.
Autori : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Public finances in Euro Area Member States: Selected indicators - November 2020 EN

18-11-2020 PE 624.406 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it provides a short explanation and the data sources. The final section presents a short overview of the main indicators used by the European and other international institutions to assess debt sustainability.
Autori : Alice ZOPPÉ

Uncertainty and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.196 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis has triggered a new wave of uncertainty, which may amplify the negative effect of the crisis. Based on several uncertainty measures, we show that inflation in the euro area is negatively affected by higher uncertainty. However, uncertainty does not impair the transmission of monetary policy. Consequently, the ECB should consider uncertainty in its reaction function in order to fulfil its mandate. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Christophe BLOT, Paul HUBERT, Fabien LABONDANCE

The Euro Area After COVID-19 EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.197 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The COVID-19 pandemic will leave the euro area economy quite weak. It will be essential that both fiscal and monetary policies remain mobilised to achieve a sustainable recovery. Having indirectly financed a large share of new public debts, the ECB will have to tread a fine line between its price stability mandate and the need to avoid disrupting debt markets. The solution for the ECB is to use its announced strategy review to provide more clarity, both to its objectives and to its procedures. This includes adopting average inflation targeting, a formal relationship with member governments and the issuance of its own debt instruments. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Charles Wyplosz

Rethinking Monetary and Fiscal Policy in the Post-COVID Euro Area EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.198 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : In the post-COVID environment, the ECB might face many and related trade-offs associated with the risk of being dominated by policy concerns other than price stability. Most of these risks could be reduced by a revision of the euro area governance framework, the creation of a new mechanism to provide financial assistance, and the implementation of a one-off intervention to reduce the exposure of the Eurosystem towards the euro area sovereign debts. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Roberto TAMBORINI

Uncertainty and the Pandemic Shocks EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.199 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The COVID-19 pandemic shocks are a significant source of uncertainty in several aspects. In particular, these shocks influence the landscape, in which policymakers operates, and create further uncertainty about policy decisions and about their effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to offer some relative measures of the uncertainty caused by the pandemic, and to discuss the impact of this uncertainty on the possible evolution of European economies during the second wave of COVID-19. Emphasis will be placed on the effectiveness of the policies implemented. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI

Uncertainty in the Euro Area During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.200 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : Uncertainty - a state in which assessing future conditions by economic agents is hampered - rose sharply during the current pandemic. A bout of uncertainty can have similar effects like an adverse demand shock, dampening private consumption, investment and, hence, inflation. According to our own estimations, however, the pandemic-induced spike of uncertainty has caused little macroeconomic damage so far. The introduction of PEPP was a quick and decisive action that stopped uncertainty from rising further and probably contained its adverse economic effects. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Atanas PEKANOV, Stefan SCHIMAN

Monetary Policy in the Time of COVID-19, or How Uncertainty is Here to Stay EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.201 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The COVID-19 crisis has compounded the uncertainty that has come to characterise the European economy. We explore how this uncertainty manifests itself in terms of ECB decision-making and the long-run challenges the ECB faces. Confidence in ECB actions will come from the contingency scenarios it considers and communicates on, and from the adoption of potential policies for a wide range of such scenarios. Greater clarity around the ECB’s inflation target and surrounding tolerance bands would also be beneficial. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Maria DEMERTZIS, Marta DOMINGUEZ-JIMENEZ

Legal obstacles in Member States to Single Market rules EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.189 IMCO
Studio
Riassunto : This study analyses the current state of national obstacles to free movement in the EU Single Market. It focuses on various aspects of obstacles related to free movement of goods and services, the right to establishment, the Digital Single Market, consumer protection and public procurement. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autori : Erik DAHLBERG et al.

After parental leave: Incentives for parents with young children to return to the labour market EN

18-11-2020 PE 658.190 EMPL
Studio
Riassunto : This study examines the employment situation of parents with young children in the EU and specifically, the factors that affect parents’ return to the labour market. The paper identifies interventions that could help parents return to work after family-related leave and improve labour-market integration of unemployed or inactive parents. The study outlines possible additional actions at the EU level. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee.
Autori : Joanna HOFMAN et al.

Public hearing with Christine Lagarde, Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board EN

16-11-2020 PE 645.712 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This note is prepared in view of a public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place in ECON on 19 November 2020. This will be the second hearing with Ms Lagarde in her capacity as a Chair of the ESRB. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in the macroprudential policy field and the impact of the corona crisis. The briefing provides a (i) summary of the ESRB Annual Report, (ii) addresses the ESRB and national macroprudential authorities’ response to the COVID pandemic outbreak, (iii) including recent ESRB Recommendations to the European Commission and national authorities; (iv) latest ESRB systemic risk assessment and (v) other macroprudential policy concerns.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Key figures of 2021 Draft Budgetary Plans EN

16-11-2020 PE 659.613 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This document compares key figures included in the 2021 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by mid of October 2020, with those of the autumn 2020 forecasts by the European Commission (EC) and the key figures included in the 2020 Stability Programmes (SPs), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by end of April 2020, with the those of the 2020 spring forecasts by the EC. The DBPs and the SPs are available on the Commission homepage (here: DBPs and SPs ). The EC is expected to adopt its opinions on the 2021 DBPs by end of November and the Eurogroup is expected to discuss these opinion in mid-December 2020.
Autori : Jost ANGERER, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA

Monetary-Fiscal Interactions in the Euro Area: Assessing the Risks EN

16-11-2020 PE 658.195 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The global pandemic is deepening the linkages between fiscal and monetary policies. While some are concerned that high public debt may pressurise the ECB to pursue overly loose monetary policy, this paper argues there is a greater risk that the Treaty’s rules on monetary financing will constrain the ECB from reacting appropriately to the crisis and that re-imposing the EU’s fiscal rules from 2022 onwards could harm economic recovery. This paper calls for an overhaul of the economic rules in the Treaty. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Karl Whelan

Blurred Boundaries Between Monetary and Fiscal Policy EN

16-11-2020 PE 658.194 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The paper argues that the monetary policy response to the COVID-19 crisis has been appropriate in terms of the ECB’s primary objective. The concern over fiscal dominance is, however, valid as in a situation of rising inflationary pressure the ECB would have to choose between maintaining price stability on the one hand and public debt sustainability, financial stability and cohesion of the EMU on the other hand. Reform of the euro area institutional framework could mitigate this risk, either in the direction of a fiscal union or in the direction of full fiscal self-responsibility. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Salomon FIEDLER, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG

Social Impact Investment - Best Practices and Recommendations for the Next Generation EN

12-11-2020 PE 658.187 EMPL
In sintesi
Riassunto : Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.
Autori : Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ, Žilvinas MARTINAITIS, Fiorenza LIPPARINI, Barbara Constance SCHECK, Izabela STYCZYŃSKA.

Opportunities of post Covid-19 European recovery funds in transitioning towards circular and climate neutral economy EN

12-11-2020 PE 658.186 ENVI
Briefing
Riassunto : The briefing presents specific green economic recovery measures that stabilise livelihoods, creates jobs and reduce biophysical impact. These measures are more effective, when accompanied by full carbon pricing, prioritizing investment in green infrastructure and innovation, phasing out of subsidies and tax exemptions for emissions-intensive activities, and promoting green finance. Although COVID-19 has reduced GHG emissions in 2020, the overall impact will be driven by investment choices. In the current economic climate, public investment is a key driver of the transition to a more sustainable economy.
Autori : Sigrid STAGL

Impacts of climate change and air pollution on the health of the EU population EN

12-11-2020 PE 658.204 ENVI
Briefing
Riassunto : As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the elderly and children. There is therefore an urgent need for integrated strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Adaptation is aimed at reducing the climate change’s negative effects as well as at taking advantage of any opportunities that it creates, whereas mitigation strategies’ objective is to tackle the cause of climate change while minimising its possible impacts and potentially offering health (co)benefits.
Autori : Hélène ROSSINOT

Farm to Fork strategy - An overview of Parliament’s positions EN

12-11-2020 PE 658.206 ENVI
Briefing
Riassunto : The aim of this briefing is to give an overview of positions the European Parliament has taken over the last twenty years that are relevant to the Farm to Fork strategy, the component of the European Green Deal that aims for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system. Despite it being a new strategy, most of its 27 actions are connected to already existing legislation and as such, Parliament has previously given its opinion on the subjects covered by the strategy. This briefing presents a short summary of Parliament’s most relevant positions in the past.
Autori : TIJMEN FERDINAND TUINSMA

COVID-19 and Economic Policy Toward the New Normal: A Monetary-Fiscal Nexus after the Crisis? EN

12-11-2020 PE 658.193 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : Current developments during the COVID-19 pandemic involve strongly complementary monetary and fiscal policy, but both as responses to COVID-19 and not the outcome of an emergent monetary-fiscal nexus. Therefore, the ECB maintains its independence by using unconventional monetary policy measures to reach price stability, according to its mandate. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Thomas MARMEFELT

Studio per la commissione PECH − Impatto dell'utilizzo dell'energia eolica offshore e delle altre energie marine rinnovabili sulla pesca europea

12-11-2020 PE 652.212 PECH
Studio
Riassunto : Il presente studio mira a fornire una panoramica degli effetti generali dello sviluppo delle energie rinnovabili offshore sulle attività di pesca nei bacini marittimi europei. Esso mette inoltre in luce percorsi per elaborare possibili soluzioni di coesistenza fra i due settori, descrive esempi di buone pratiche e insegnamenti tratti, mostra le lacune esistenti nell'ambito della ricerca e formula raccomandazioni strategiche.
Autori : Vanessa STELZENMÜLLER, Antje GIMPEL, Jonas LETSCHERT, Casper KRAAN, Ralf DÖRING

Socio-economic effects of digital trade and artificial intelligence on EU industries including their value chains and EU imports and exports with major trade partners EN

11-11-2020 PE 603.516 INTA
Briefing
Riassunto : Artificial intelligence and new digital technologies are transforming digital trade. They facilitate the development of new business models of trade and reduce the geographical barriers of economic transactions. Such transformations are quite useful for the small and medium enterprises. Artificial intelligence is being adopted by both digital and non-digital sectors, but its adoption varies a great deal across countries, including within the EU. Data and information flow play a crucial role in digital trade by allowing personalization. Digital trade is not new, but it is taking new forms that are ushering a new phase of globalisation. So far digital trade mainly affected trade in goods, including through global value chains, though some service activities have already become more tradeable thanks to digital technologies. The new phase of globalisation driven by artificial intelligence and new digital technologies is likely to do for services what the previous phase did for manufacturing: to vastly increase trade between advanced and emerging economies. This prospect raises important issues for domestic policies and trade policy.
Autori : Georgios PETROPOULOS, André SAPIR, Michele FINK, Niclas Frederic POITIERS, Dennis GÖRLICH.

Legal Analysis of International Trade Law and Digital Trade EN

11-11-2020 PE 603.517 INTA
Briefing
Riassunto : This brief provides a legal analysis of existing rules in digital trade regarding the various components of artificial intelligence (‘AI’), in particular (personal and nonpersonal) data, computer code in the form of algorithms, and computing power (including cloud computing). To do so, the first part of this analysis will map various international trade rules that affect cross-border flows of data, computer code and computing power to determine their respective advantages and disadvantages. This will form the basis for the second part of the analysis, which will address the desirability and necessity of global rulemaking in this area.
Autori : Georgios PETROPOULOS, André SAPIR, Michele FINK, Niclas Frederic POITIERS, Dennis GÖRLICH

Geopolitical Aspects of Digital Trade EN

11-11-2020 PE 653.616 INTA
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This in-depth analysis discusses issues in trade in digitally deliverable services and the geopolitics of digital trade policy. Digitally deliverable services are becoming increasingly important for global value chains, both in terms of final products exported to other countries, and in terms of inputs embedded in manufactured goods. To harness the potential of digital trade in services, both the regulation of the digital means by which a service is traded and the regulation of the services themselves have to be accommodative. Digital trade policy is still in its infancy, and many challenges in terms of policy and measurement remain. Looking at regulation of data flows, the EU’s focus on privacy policy is incompatible with the laissez-faire approach pursued by the US administration and the political control of the internet by the Chinese government, limiting the potential for trade in digitally deliverable services and plurilateral agreements on digital trade. However, a number of other major economies are following similar approaches to the EU, which creates the potential for cooperation and intensifying trade in digital services. The EU should also increase its competitiveness in this strategically important services sector by completing the single market with respect to services and capital, and by strengthening research and development in digital technologies.
Autori : Georgios PETROPOULOS, André SAPIR, Michele FINK, Niclas Frederic POITIERS, Dennis GÖRLICH

Data flows, artificial intelligence and international trade: impacts and prospects for the value chains of the future EN

11-11-2020 PE 653.617 INTA
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : Socio-economic effects of digital trade and artificial intelligence on EU industries Artificial intelligence and new digital technologies are transforming digital trade. They facilitate the development of new business models of trade and reduce the geographical barriers of economic transactions. Such transformations are quite useful for the small and medium enterprises. Artificial intelligence is being adopted by both digital and non-digital sectors, but its adoption varies a great deal across countries, including within the EU. Data and information flow play a crucial role in digital trade by allowing personalization. Digital trade is not new, but it is taking new forms that are ushering a new phase of globalisation. So far digital trade mainly affected trade in goods, including through global value chains, though some service activities have already become more tradeable thanks to digital technologies. The new phase of globalisation driven by artificial intelligence and new digital technologies is likely to do for services what the previous phase did for manufacturing: to vastly increase trade between advanced and emerging economies. This prospect raises important issues for domestic policies and trade policy. Legal Analysis of International Trade Law and Digital Trade This brief provides a legal analysis of existing rules in digital trade regarding the various components of artificial intelligence (‘AI’), in particular (personal and non-personal) data, computer code in the form of algorithms, and computing power (including cloud computing). To do so, the first part of this analysis will map various international trade rules that affect cross-border flows of data, computer code and computing power to determine their respective advantages and disadvantages. This will form the basis for the second part of the analysis, which will address the desirability and necessity of global rulemaking in this area. Geopolitical Aspects of Digital Trade This in-depth analysis discusses issues in trade in digitally deliverable services and the geopolitics of digital trade policy. Digitally deliverable services are becoming increasingly important for global value chains, both in terms of final products exported to other countries, and in terms of inputs embedded in manufactured goods. To harness the potential of digital trade in services, both the regulation of the digital means by which a service is traded and the regulation of the services themselves have to be accommodative. Digital trade policy is still in its infancy, and many challenges in terms of policy and measurement remain. Looking at regulation of data flows, the EU’s focus on privacy policy is incompatible with the laissez-faire approach pursued by the US administration and the political control of the internet by the Chinese government, limiting the potential for trade in digitally deliverable services and plurilateral agreements on digital trade. However, a number of other major economies are following similar approaches to the EU, which creates the potential for cooperation and intensifying trade in digital services. The EU should also increase its competitiveness in this strategically important services sector by completing the single market with respect to services and capital, and by strengthening research and development in digital technologies.
Autori : Georgios PETROPOULOS, André SAPIR, Michele FINK, Niclas Frederic POITIERS, Dennis GÖRLICH

EU economic developments and projections EN

11-11-2020 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Autori : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, ISABEL LARA MIRANDA, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Research for TRAN Committee-The impact of emerging technologies on the transport system EN

10-11-2020 PE 652.228 TRAN
In sintesi
Riassunto : This study provides an overview of the impact of Smart Mobility and their underlying emerging technologies on transport, the transport infrastructure and society. The main challenges for the deployment of Smart Mobility applications are identified and (policy) actions are defined that could be taken to overcome these challenges.
Autori : CE Delft: Arno SCHROTEN, Anouk van GRINSVEN, Eric TOL, Louis LEESTEMAKER TNO: Peter-Paul SCHACKMANN, Diana VONK-NOORDEGRAAF, Jaco van MEIJEREN, Sytze KALISVAART

Update on recent banking developments EN

10-11-2020 PE 645.731 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This briefing gives an update on recent events and developments in the Banking Union, based on publicly available information. The briefing summarises: 1) the main elements of two papers commissioned by ECON on the effectiveness of relaxing capital and liquidity buffers as crisis measures; 2) the most recent ECB Bank Lending Survey; 3) recent EBA publications (on anti-money laundering, sustainability, MREL-TLAC eligible instruments and the prudential treatment of legacy instruments); 4) the recent ESMA Wirecard report and similarities with the case of Commerzialbank Mattersburg; 5) the European Court of Justice’s role in shaping the Banking Union; and 6) the European Court of Auditors report on EU agencies.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, MATTIA MARCHIONNI

Social Impact Investment - Best Practices and Recommendations for the Next Generation EN

10-11-2020 PE 658.185 EMPL
Studio
Riassunto : Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.
Autori : Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ, Žilvinas MARTINAITIS, Fiorenza LIPPARINI, Barbara Constance SCHECK, Izabela STYCZYŃSKA.
Tipo di documento

ANN02

The role of Points of Single Contact (PSCs) and other information services in the Single Market (At A Glance - Study In Focus) EN

09-11-2020 PE 658.192 IMCO
In sintesi
Riassunto : This At A Glance summarises the key findings of the original study, which analysed the role and development of Points of Single Contact and other information services. The study reviewed recent policy documents, and identified a range of weaknesses for the provision of contact points. The main recommendations were to improve monitoring (using the indicators and the Single Market Scoreboard) and make use of infringement proceedings in case of non-compliance. The actions could be built on the instruments available under the recent Single Digital Gateway Regulation. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).
Autori : Pau SALSAS-FORN et al.

The Future of Work - Implications for Public Employment Services in Europe EN

09-11-2020 PE 658.205 EMPL
Briefing
Riassunto : The importance of the European PES Network has been growing since its establishment in 2014. Its to the design of relevant European policy initiatives has been most notable regarding the European Pillar of Social Rights, the integration of the long-term unemployed into the labour market and the reinforced Youth Guarantee. Substantial changes in the world of work are impacting public employment services. Their future work will be informed by two strategic policy priorities set by the European Commission for 2019-2024: The digital transformation and policies for a climate-neutral Europe, both entailing far-reaching changes on the labour market.
Autori : Regina KONLE-SEIDL

What role for the European Semester in the recovery plan? EN

09-11-2020 PE 651.377 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The paper assesses the institutional interactions between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester, with the view to establish whether and how the Semester can constitute a governance framework for the RRF. It argues that the RRF and the Semester are mutually beneficial: the EU Semester offers important informational and signaling advantages for the preparation of recovery and resilience plans. The RRF, in turn, offers important implementation benefits for the policy advice issued under the European Semester. Yet, potential synergies are not fully exploited on implementation, ownership, and accountability towards the European Parliament.
Autori : Manuela MOSCHELLA

Monetary-Fiscal Nexus After the Crisis EN

09-11-2020 PE 658.202 ECON
Studio
Riassunto : The severe economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic required an urgent, massive and coordinated fiscal and monetary policy response. The fiscal measures will lead to substantially higher public debt-to-GDP levels across the euro area. In order to safeguard the effective transmission of monetary policy, the European Central Bank (ECB) further expanded its asset purchases, in particular of government bonds. This growing nexus between monetary and fiscal policy has raised concerns about possible future policy constraints and trade-offs. Five papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, discussing the implications of such interlinkages between monetary and fiscal policy. This publication is prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Salomon FIEDLER, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG, Karl WHELAN, Luigi BONATTI, Andrea FRACASSO, Roberto TAMBORINI, Charles WYPLOSZ, Thomas MARMEFELT

Effects of Pandemic-Induced Uncertainty on Monetary Policy EN

09-11-2020 PE 658.203 ECON
Studio
Riassunto : The COVID-19 pandemic has fuelled a significant or even, according to some measures, unprecedented increase in economic uncertainty. For central banks, such uncertainty makes effective calibration of monetary policy challenging. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, presenting the different measures used as proxies of uncertainty and evaluating the effects of the current pandemic-induced uncertainty on economic outcomes in the euro area, in particular on inflation. This publication is prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 19 November 2020.
Autori : Maria Demertzis, Marta DOMINGUEZ-JIMENEZ, Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Atanas PEKANOV, Stefan SCHIMAN, Christophe BLOT, Paul HUBERT and Fabien LABONDANCE

Thematic Digest on the Wirecard case EN

06-11-2020 PE 651.345 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This document presents the summaries of three external papers commissioned by EGOV upon request of the Economic and Monetary Committee (ECON). ECON has requested external experts to provide expertise on the wider supervisory implications of the Wirecard case. The summaries were drafted by EGOV in own responsibility.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

40 years of the Hague Convention on child abduction: legal and societal changes in the rights of a child EN

06-11-2020 PE 660.559 JURI
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This in-depth analysis has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee in the context of the workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. It looks into the implementation of the 1980 Convention, as regards the respect of autonomy of parts, validity of agreements and mediation, and describes, from a practitioner’s point of view, how the parents and children see the process. The paper concludes that in order to protect the interest of the child, the 1980 Convention should be maintained with restricted exceptions, but more should be done in terms of prevention. The new measures should include, in particular, harmonisation of the relocation proceedings and principles, enforceability of mediation agreements, and increasing of the autonomy of the parties through the inclusion of residence and custody plans in prenuptial agreements.
Autori : Adriana DE RUITER

Research for REGI Committee-Cohesion Policy measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic EN

05-11-2020 PE 652.223 REGI
In sintesi
Riassunto : The EU has been very active in setting up policy and funding instruments to swiftly and pragmatically mobilise initial support during the health crisis, immediately followed by efforts to get the economy back on track. This paper provides a first review of Cohesion Policy measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including preliminary insights on their uptake and reflections on their impact. It concludes with policy pointers on how to use the measures as accelerators for structural change.
Autori : Spatial Foresight: Kai BÖHME & Christian LÜER

What are the wider supervisory implications of the Wirecard case? EN

05-11-2020 PE 651.385 ECON
Studio
Riassunto : The paper discusses the policy implications of the Wirecard scandal. The study finds that all lines of defense against corporate fraud, including internal control systems, external audits, the oversight bodies for financial reporting and auditing and the market supervisor, contributed to the scandal and are in need of reform. To ensure market integrity and investor protection in the future, the authors make eight suggestions for the market and institutional oversight architecture in Germany and in Europe.
Autori : Katja LANGENBUCHER, Christian LEUZ, Jan Pieter KRAHNEN, Loriana PELIZZON

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its implementation into EU Company law EN

05-11-2020 PE 658.541 JURI
Studio
Riassunto : Building on both European Union (EU) law and chosen Member States’ legislation, this study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee aims at understanding to what extent Member States are supporting the development and the implementation of CSR strategies in the business community, with particular focus on due diligence requirements. It also attempts at providing some recommendations aimed at possibility developing a comprehensive and structured approach to CSR for the whole of the EU.
Autori : Kletia Noti ; Prof. Federico Maria Mucciarelli; Dr Virginia dalla Pozza; Carlo Angelici Mattia PILLININI.

The situation of single parents in the EU EN

05-11-2020 PE 659.870 FEMM
Studio
Riassunto : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, describes trends in the situation of single parents in the EU (with additional evidence from Iceland and Norway). It analyses the resources, employment, and social policy context of single parents and provides recommendations to improve their situation, with attention to the Covid-19 pandemic and its consequences.
Autori : Rense NIEUWENHUIS

THE CHILD PERSPECTIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE 1980 HAGUE CONVENTION EN

31-10-2020 PE 659.819 JURI
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the context of the Workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, examines the way in which subject children feature within Convention proceedings. It considers the aims of the Convention, and the lack of supranational control of its application. It draws on empirical research relating to the effects and consequences of child abduction to discuss the opportunities for children and young people to participate within Convention proceedings, and highlights the international obligations for such participation within the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and other regional instruments. Different jurisdictional approaches are explained, and the role of culture in this context is probed. The impact of COVID-19 on abducted children is also explored.
Autori : Marilyn FREEMAN

Budget and staffing needs at the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) EN

31-10-2020 PE 658.177 ITRE
Studio
Riassunto : This study analyses the role, organisational structure, tasks and financial and human resources of the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER). ACER plays an important role in the development, integration and functioning of the electricity and gas systems and markets in the EU, and its responsibilities in these domains have since its establishment in 2011 substantially increased. Although its resources have also significantly grown, ACER is facing a structural budget shortage and had to deprioritise, delay or cancel some tasks in recent years. Collection of fees from 2021 should alleviate these limitations. ACER’s request for a higher budget appears reasonable and appropriate given its important contribution to major energy policy priorities, and the fact that its functioning seems efficient and effective.
Autori : Andrea DEMURTAS, João GORENSTEIN DEDECCA, Luc VAN NUFFEL and Koen RADEMAEKERS.

Strengthening transparency and integrity via the new ‘Independent Ethics Body’ (IEB) EN

31-10-2020 PE 661.110 AFCO
Studio
Riassunto : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides an overview of transparency and integrity-related elements in the current EU setting, covering both substantive elements (including, in particular, conflict of interest and revolving-doors) as well as the body in charge of ethical control and guidance. Based on a comparison covering France, Ireland and Canada, this study proposes an ‘Independent Ethics Body’ (IEB) via a new interinstitutional agreement.
Autori : FRISCHHUT Markus

State of play of EU-Iran relations and the future of the JCPOA EN

30-10-2020 PE 603.515 AFET
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), spearheaded by the European Union (EU), was a successful multilateral non-proliferation agreement. The hope was that it would also pave the way for dealing with other outstanding issues over which the EU and United States (US) were at loggerheads with Iran. Instead, with the election of President Trump, the main focus has been to save the JCPOA. As Iran has decreased its compliance with the deal and regional friction has intensified, particularly as a result of the US maximum pressure campaign, the EU has faced increasing challenges to maintain a working relationship with Tehran and to pursue its strategic objectives on Iran – a tall order even in more conducive circumstances. While the outcome of the US presidential elections in November 2020 will affect developments thereafter, the EU should shape its policy independent of a rturn to constructive multilateralism in Washington. It must further develop its strategic autonomy, enhance and expand its interaction with Tehran to ensure the JCPOA’s survival, while also taking a more proactive role in mitigating and mediating conflicts in the region.
Autori : Rouzbeh PARSI, Aniseh BASSIRI TABRIZI

RESEARCH FOR PECH COMMITTEE: Impact of the use of offshore wind and other marine renewables on European fisheries EN

30-10-2020 PE 652.224 PECH
In sintesi
Riassunto : The study provides an overview of general impacts of the development of offshore wind farms and other marine renewables on the European fishing sector. It further highlights pathways for possible co-existence solutions of both sectors, a description of best practice examples and lessons learnt, the identification of research gaps and last but not least the presentation of policy recommendations.
Autori : Vanessa STELZENMÜLLER, Antje GIMPEL, Jonas LETSCHERT, Casper KRAAN, Ralf DÖRING

Access to Abortion Services for Women in the EU - Croatia EN

30-10-2020 PE 659.923 FEMM
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : An In-depth Analysis commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The paper is divided into six parts. The first part of the paper defines what is meant by the term sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) according to the most important international and regional human rights instruments. The second part analyses the legal framework of the EU Member States regarding access to abortion services while the third part focuses on the problems caused by the COVID - 19 pandemic in access to abortion. The fourth part deals with the problems caused by the pandemic in the two countries with the most restrictive abortion regimes in the EU, Poland and Malta. The fifth part of the paper sheds light on the importance of civil society in the protection of women's SRHR. Finally, the sixth part of the paper assesses the importance of the solutions adopted in the protection of access to abortion services during the COVID -19 pandemic. In this context, telemedicine for early medical abortions is particularly important.
Autori : Martina SCHONARD

Tackling violence against women and domestic violence in Europe – The added value of the Istanbul Convention and remaining challenges EN

30-10-2020 PE 658.648 FEMM
Studio
Riassunto : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It aims to understand the implementation of the Convention, its added value, arguments against the ratification of the Convention, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on violence against women (VAW) and domestic violence (DV). The 27 EU Member States are included in the study, together with Turkey, which offers a comparator of the impact of the ratification of the Convention by a non-EU country.
Autori : Nathalie MEURENS, Hayley D’SOUZA, Saredo MOHAMED, Nazia CHOWDHURY, Stelios CHARITAKIS, Kate, REGAN, ICF Prof. Dr Els LEYE, Ghent University/Consultant

The functioning of the Internal Market for Digital Services: responsibilities and duties of care of providers Challenges and opportunities EN

29-10-2020 PE 652.736 IMCO
Briefing
Riassunto : The original full study reflects on responsibilities and duties of care of online intermediaries as set out in Directive 2000/31/EC (E-Commerce Directive, ECD) and gives recommendations for a possible future EU Digital Services Act.
Autori : Mariusz MACIEJEWSKI

The relaxation of bank capital and liquidity requirements in the wake of the coronavirus crisis EN

29-10-2020 PE 651.373 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : EU banks entered the coronavirus crisis with high capital and liquidity buffers resulting from the reforms undertaken after the global financial crisis of 2007-2009. This allowed a bold and swift response by supervisors oriented towards supporting banks’ ability to provide credit to the real economy. This paper provides an overview and an assessment of the regulatory response to the crisis, and suggests some recommendations for the future design of countercyclical regulation.
Autori : J.ABAD, R.REPULLO

Has the relaxation of capital and liquidity buffers worked in practice? EN

29-10-2020 PE 651.374 ECON
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : We analyse the recent policy decisions made by the ECB and the national authorities related to capital, liquidity, and shareholders’ remuneration aimed at promoting credit supply from the banking sector to the coronavirus-afflicted economy. We forecast the impact of the regulatory decisions based on the empirical literature, discuss the factors that reduce the banks’ incentives to expand loan portfolios and develop policy suggestions intended to mitigate the effect of these factors.
Autori : Alexandra MATYUNINA, Steven ONGENA

What are the wider supervisory implications of the Wirecard case? EN

29-10-2020 PE 651.383 ECON
Studio
Riassunto : While multiple causes underpin accounting scandals such as Wirecard, they often point at deficiencies in the audit profession and its oversight. Currently, the system of national public audit oversight boards (POBSAs) is fragmented and overly complex, characterized by limited responsiveness to red flags, and apparent lack of communication among the POBSAs, and with other supervisors. This suggests supervisory coordination and clear action triggers are imperative. Importantly, pervasively low transparency limits the usefulness of this briefing and hinders evidence-based policy making.
Autori : Beatriz GARCÍA OSMA, Ana GISBERT, Begoña NAVALLAS

Research for REGI Committee - Cohesion Policy Measures in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic EN

29-10-2020 PE 652.216 REGI
Studio
Riassunto : The EU has been very active in setting up policy and funding instruments to swiftly and pragmatically mobilise initial support during the health crisis, immediately followed by efforts to get the economy back on track. This paper provides a first review of Cohesion Policy measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including preliminary insights on their uptake and reflections on their impact. It concludes with policy pointers on how to use the measures as accelerators for structural change.
Autori : Spatial Foresight: Kai BÖHME, Christian LÜER.

Intra-African Migration EN

28-10-2020 PE 603.514 DEVE
Studio
Riassunto : This study provides a broad perspective of the main trends in intra-African migration, emphasising its regional variations and complex drivers. The analysis is focussed on mapping and describing the structures – routes, hubs, settlements and sites of migration within the continent – as well as identifying the relevant infrastructures that facilitate these movements – ranging from road, railway and transportation networks to social connectivities and brokerage. The analysis not only of spaces and flows, but also of infrastructure within these networks shows that there is a multiplicity of interrelations, interconnections and interdependences that need to be captured and understood in order to address both the potential and problems for intra-African migration. By grasping the ‘big picture’ of intra-African migration, policies and activities generated by both the African Union and the European Union will be capable of providing comprehensively integrated and tailored responses. Recommendations are directed towards: improving knowledge of the many structures and infrastructures, along with their articulations and functioning; identifying the negative and positive aspects of migration conducive to sustainable development; and addressing the present Africa-Europe polarisation of views through diplomacy and monitoring.
Autori : Cristina UDELSMANN RODRIGUES, Jesper BJARNESEN

Gender equality in the college of the European Court of Auditors EN

28-10-2020 PE 659.976 CONT
Briefing
Riassunto : This briefing on gender balance in the college of the European Court of Auditors aims to shed light on the balance between male and female members, from a historical perspective as the ECA has a reputation of being a rather male-dominated institution.
Autori : Michaela FRANKE

EU Gender budgeting: where do we stand? EN

28-10-2020 PE 660.058 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Riassunto : Gender budgeting has a fundamental impact on inclusive and economic growth, fostering employment, reducing poverty, addressing ageing population and increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the study of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the estimated impact of improved gender equality varies considerably across member states from 4% to 12% of GDP, depending on the present level of achievement of gender equality.
Autori : Rita CALATOZZOLO, CAMILLE MARIE LIGIA SIMOES

What are the wider supervisory implications of the Wirecard case? EN

28-10-2020 PE 651.384 ECON
Studio
Riassunto : Beginning with a discussion of the Wirecard case, this study highlights several lessons for the regulation and supervision of Fintech companies. Innovation in the financial industry brings both efficiency gains and new risks. To balance these two elements, regulators need a deep understanding of Fintech’s technologies and business models. Because Fintechs can be very complex companies, there is a need for an approach combining the oversight of both entities and activities. The global scope of Fintech’s activities also calls for convergence and coordination of rules and supervisory practices at the European level and beyond.
Autori : Giorgio BARBA NAVARETTI, Giacomo CALZOLARI, Alberto Franco POZZOLO

Protecting civil society space: strengthening freedom of association, assembly and expression and the right to defend rights in the EU EN

28-10-2020 PE 659.660 LIBE
Studio
Riassunto : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, covers the challenges facing the civil society space. Watchdog NGOs and other human rights defenders have been under pressure during the humanitarian and rule of law ‘crises’. Several EU Member States have passed laws that fall short of international, regional and EU freedom of association standards. Some governments have used the COVID-19 pandemic to further restrict the civic space. The study explores how the EU could protect civil society from unjust state interference by strengthening freedom of association, assembly and expression, as well as the right to defend human rights. The study elaborates on four policy options: introducing a European association statute; establishing internal guidelines to respect and protect human rights defenders; developing a civil society stability index; and creating a network of focal contact points for civil society at EU institutions. It recommends strengthening the independence of critical civil society actors and increasing funding for activities such as strategic litigation to uphold EU laws and values.
Autori : Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ, Ngo Chun LUK

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS): IFRS 17 - Insurance Contracts EN

27-10-2020 PE 648.240 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This briefing, prepared for a scrutiny session of the ECON Committee, provides background on the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) 17 Insurance Contracts which will have a major impact on the accounting of insurance companies. IFRS 17 was issued by the IASB in 2017; the Parliament adopted a resolution on 3 October 2018. As some remaining issues were raised at EU level, the IASB has issued amendments to IFRS 17 on 25 June 2020. The next step for endorsement was the EFRAG's consultation on its draft endorsement advice of 30 September 2020 (closing on 29 January 2021). The scrutiny session feeds ECON's views into this process.
Autori : Doris KOLASSA, MARTIN MIKULKA

Information Package for the Committee of Inquiry on the protection of animals during transport (ANIT) EN

27-10-2020 PE 652.222 ANIT
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This note aims to provide the Members of the ANIT Committee with a state of play on existing literature and data sources on live animal transport through links to key information sources and existing reports and studies.
Autori : Albert MASSOT MARTI, François NEGRE

Skills and Jobs for future labour markets: European policies and Skills Agendas 2010 - 2020 EN

26-10-2020 PE 642.385 EMPL
Briefing
Riassunto : The briefing presents an overview of sklls challenges, European and international policy responses. Further, it analyses the three European skills agendas 2010, 2016 and 2020 from a lifelong learning perspective. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Autori : Susanne KRAATZ

Public hearing with Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board EN

26-10-2020 PE 645.729 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This note is prepared in view of an ordinary public hearing with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Elke König, which will take place on 27 October 2020. The central aim of the meeting is to discuss the SRB 2019 annual report. Following the structure of the SRB 2019 annual report, this briefing addresses (i) COVID-19 response measures taken by the SRB, and the need to consider a COVID-19 exit strategy going forward; (ii) resolution plans for banks under the SRB’s remit; (iii) preparation for the 2020 resolution planning cycle; (iv) resolvability assessments; (v) preparations for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU; (vi) cooperation with the European Parliament; (vii) contributions to the Single Resolution Fund; (viii) investments of these funds; (ix) management of resources; and (x) appeal panel.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Public hearing with Andrea Enria, Chair of the ECB Supervisory Board EN

26-10-2020 PE 645.730 ECON
Briefing
Riassunto : This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 27 October 2020. The briefing addresses (i) recent supervisory measures in response to the COVID-19 crisis, including an overview of the ECB’s COVID-19 vulnerability analysis and a discussion on the effectiveness of certain capital relief measures; (ii) the SSM’s response to the European Parliament’s 2019 Banking Union Report; (iii) short-term risks for the banking sector (low profitability, NPLs and Brexit); (iv) longer-term challenges, including consolidation in the banking sector and completing the Banking Union; and (v) supervisory issues, namely anti-money laundering and addressing cyber and IT risks.
Autori : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives EN

26-10-2020 PE 659.925 JURI
Briefing
Riassunto : Environemtnal damage. For an implementation of the companies' liability. Remedial perspectives
Autori : Roberta Landi

The scope of EU labour law: Who is (not) covered by key directives? EN

26-10-2020 PE 658.181 EMPL
Analisi approfondita
Riassunto : This in-depth analysis examines the current EU labour law instruments for workers’ protection and highlights existing gaps in coverage which may require further action. It analyses a selection of directives in order to determine how non-standard workers are often excluded from their scope of application, and the extent to which newer instruments account for a broader variety of employment relationships. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).
Autori : MONIKA MARZENA SZPEJNA, ZAHRA JEANNE BOUDALAOUI-BURESI