Prosimo, izpolnite to polje

Zadnji dokumenti

Nekaterih dokumentov morda ni v vašem jeziku, zato se samodejno predlaga druga različica. Predlagane jezikovne različice so označene s posebno ikono. (e.g.: FR ).

The role of non-financial performance indicators and integrated reporting in achieving sustainable value creation EN

24-09-2021 PE 662.943 ECON
Na kratko
Povzetek : The original full study is a structured analysis of the current scientific evidence on the effects of sustainability reporting including non-financial performance indicators, stand-alone sustainability reporting as well as integrated reporting. It discusses the benefits and challenges particularly related to internal decision-making, external transparency as well as financial and non-financial/environmental, social and governance effects. Further, it offers policy recommendations in view of the European Commission’s proposal on the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive.
Avtorji : Udo BUX, RADOSTINA PARENTI

Youth in Europe: Effects of Covid-19 on their economic and social situation EN

24-09-2021 PE 662.942 EMPL
Študija
Povzetek : The aim of this study is to provide the Members of the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) with an analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on young people, providing updated information on their economic and social situation, with a focus on employment.
Avtorji : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL, FRANCESCA PICARELLA

Update on recent banking developments EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.431 ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : This briefing summarises recent publications that are particularly relevant in the context of bank supervision, namely: 1) the Basel Committee Interim report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 2) the EBA peer review report on the prudential assessment of the acquisition of qualifying holdings, 3) the ECB Supervisory Banking Statistics for the first quarter 2021, and 4) the EBA report on High Earners.
Avtorji : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Recovery and Resilience Plans: stakeholders’ involvement EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.453 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the national recovery and resilience plans. In view of supporting the scrutiny of the implementation of the national plans, the paper also makes references to some positions and assessments by EU level stakeholders and other relevant institutions and bodies, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. The paper will be regularly updated.
Avtorji : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Background reader on the European Semester and monitoring of the RRF from a parliamentary perspective EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.446 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : This sixth edition of the background reader on the European Semester, prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV) in the Directorate for Economic and Scientific Policies of the European Parliament, provides an overview of publications related to the European Semester and the monitoring of the RRF from a parliamentary perspective. It aims at further increasing the links between Members of the European Parliament and national Parliaments, notably during inter-parliamentary meetings.
Avtorji : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER

Requirements for a single database of beneficiaries EN

23-09-2021 PE 698.433 CONT
Študija
Povzetek : At the request of the CONT Committee of the European Parliament, this study has been prepared as background information for work on the legislative Own Initiative Report on the digitalisation of European reporting, monitoring and audit. Building on the findings of the study on ‘The largest 50 beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds’, this study assesses the requirements for a single EU database of beneficiaries. Such a database would overcome the current fragmentation in the databases of beneficiaries of EU funds, ensure completeness and obtain the relevant indicators for all beneficiaries. A single EU database of beneficiaries would serve for both audit and control, as well as transparency purposes. The core of the database would be the information from managing authorities which, through identifiers and matching indicators, would be linked to other databases to obtain all the required information. For transparency purposes, the reporting system would have to cover a subset of indicators, including registration number and type of beneficiary, in order to enable the identification of the ultimate beneficiaries
Avtorji : Willem Pieter DE GROEN, CEPS Damir GOJSIC, CEPS Mathieu VUYLSTEKE, CEPS

Proceedings of the workshop on Missing Trader Fraud: definition, effects, prevention and solutions EN

23-09-2021 PE 698.731 CONT
Študija
Povzetek : The Budgetary Control Committee (CONT) organised the workshop on ‘Missing Trader Fraud: definition, effects, prevention and solutions’ on 26 May 2021. This document consists of the proceedings briefing on ‘Missing Trader Intra-Community Fraud’, biographies of the speakers and the PowerPoint slides of the presentations.
Avtorji : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

EU economic developments and projections EN

22-09-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Avtorji : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

European Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility EN

22-09-2021 PE 659.627 ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : This note provides a brief overview of Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility (and the European Union Recovery Instrument). It is based on Regulation 2021/241 of 21 February, setting out the Recovery and Resilience Facility, and the relevant parts of the new Interinstitutional Agreement on budgetary matters established between the Parliament, the Council and the Commission. It does not cover nor discusses in detail other instruments or frameworks for scrutiny, namely those relating to the European Semester, EU budgetary procedures, written or oral questions or any discharge procedures. This paper updates an earlier one initially published on January 2021.
Avtorji : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Recovery and Resilience Plans - state of play (September 2021) EN

22-09-2021 PE 689.459 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This document provides a state of play of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) covering, notably, Commission assessment and Council adoption procedures. It is based on an earlier EGOV paper, dated June 2021. The document will be regularly updated.
Avtorji : Alice ZOPPÉ, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy - Ways to lower compliance costs and improve EU corporate income taxation EN

21-09-2021 PE 694.224 FISC
Študija
Povzetek : European Parliament legislative-initiative reports drawn up on the basis of Article 225 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union are automatically accompanied by a European added value assessment (EAVA). Such assessments are aimed at evaluating the potential impacts, and identifying the advantages, of proposals made in legislative-initiative reports. This EAVA accompanies a resolution based on a legislative-initiative report prepared by the European Parliament's subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC), presenting recommendations to the European Commission on avenues to follow to support the Next Generation EU recovery and lower compliance costs and improve EU corporate income taxation. The main purpose of the EAVA is to identify possible gaps in European Union (EU) legislation. The various policy options to address this gap are then analysed and their potential costs and benefits assessed.
Avtorji : JEROME LEON SAULNIER

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy – Ways to improve exchange of information and compliance to reduce the VAT gap EN

20-09-2021 PE 694.223 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : European Parliament legislative-initiative reports drawn up on the basis of Article 225 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union are automatically accompanied by a European added value assessment (EAVA). Such assessments are aimed at evaluating the potential impacts, and identifying the advantages, of proposals made in legislative-initiative reports. This EAVA accompanies a resolution based on a legislative-initiative report prepared by the European Parliament's subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC), presenting recommendations to the European Commission on avenues to follow to support the Next Generation EU recovery strategy and reduce the VAT gap in the EU by means of fair and simpler taxation. The main purpose of the EAVA is to identify possible gaps in European Union (EU) legislation. The various policy options to address such gaps are then analysed and their potential costs and benefits are assessed.
Avtorji : JEROME LEON SAULNIER

The Recovery and Resilience Plans: governance at national level EN

17-09-2021 PE 689.444 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of two specific dimensions of such analysis - the governance and control structures set up at national level for implementation of the national plans. The briefing summarises in an annex the relevant references in the Commission documents. It also presents, in the introduction, a high level analysis of some related elements of the national plans, as assessed by the Commission and related reports and initiatives. It also refers to the relevant legal framework in the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This paper will be updated once additional plans are assessed by the Commission.
Avtorji : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Inclusion measures within the Erasmus+ programme 2014-2020 EN

16-09-2021 PE 694.225 CULT
Študija
Povzetek : In December 2020, the European Parliament Conference of Committee Chairs authorised the launch of an implementation report on the Implementation of inclusion measures within Erasmus+ 2014-2020 by the European Parliament Committee of Culture and Education (CULT) (2021/2009(INI)). The Ex-Post Evaluation Unit (EVAL) of EPRS has been asked to assist in the preparation of the implementation report with a European Implementation Assessment (EIA). The EIA consists of two parts: an in-house desk-research analysis and two external studies that combine desk research and primary data collection. The focus of the EIA is the learning mobility of individuals and the inclusion of young people with special needs or fewer opportunities.
Avtorji : Anna ZYGIEREWICZ, Alina Ileana DINU

Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development EN

15-09-2021 PE 690.895 REGI
Na kratko
Povzetek : This At a glance note summarises the research paper that explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. The research paper argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.
Avtorji : Jacques LECARTE, Diana HAASE

Nutzung von SLAPP-Klagen zur Einschüchterung von Journalisten, nichtstaatlichen Organisationen und der Zivilgesellschaft DE

15-09-2021 PE 697.287 JURI
Študija
Povzetek : Diese Studie, die von der Politischen Abteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des JURI-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, analysiert Rechtsdefinitionen von strategischen Klagen gegen öffentliche Beteiligung (SLAPP) und bewertet die Vereinbarkeit einer Anti-SLAPP-Gesetzgebung mit EU-Recht. Es wird empfohlen, eine Anti-SLAPP-Richtlinie zu verabschieden sowie die Brüssel-Ia-Verordnung und die Rom-II-Verordnung neu zu fassen, um das Auftreten von SLAPP-Klagen zu begrenzen.
Avtorji : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

L’utilisation des poursuites-bâillons pour réduire au silence les journalistes, les ONG et la société civile FR

15-09-2021 PE 697.288 JURI
Študija
Povzetek : La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission des affaires juridiques (JURI), analyse les définitions juridiques des poursuites stratégiques altérant le débat public (poursuites-bâillons) et évalue la compatibilité de la législation contre les poursuites-bâillons dans le droit européen. Il est recommandé l’adoption d’une directive contre les poursuites-bâillons et la refonte des règlements Bruxelles I bis et Rome II en vue de limiter l’incidence des poursuites-bâillons.
Avtorji : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE 2019-2021 EN

14-09-2021 PE 691.721 BUDG CONT
Katalog
Povzetek : This catalogue provides the list of publications and events prepared by Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs during the eighth legislative period (2019-2024) in the field of budgetary affairs. The first part gives an overview of the studies and briefings requested by BUDG and CONT sometimes in cooperation with the other committees. The second part lists the workshops held at the request of these committees. Short summaries describe the content of each document. The full-text versions of all documents are available online at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/supporting-analyses.
Avtorji : NIELS FISCHER

Rise in Inflation: Temporary or Sign of a More Permanent Trend? EN

14-09-2021 PE 695.447 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : Inflation in the euro area, as measured by the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP), has risen to 3% in August 2021. According to the latest projections, the European Central Bank (ECB) expects inflation to increase further in the fourth quarter, and then decline to 1.7% (2022) and 1.5% (2023), well below its medium-term target of 2%. Will the current increase of inflation truly be short-lived because it is driven by temporary factors? Or has, after years of persistently low inflation, the disruption caused by COVID-19 ushered in a period of more sustained inflationary pressure? Five papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, looking into the drivers of the current rise in inflation, factors likely to influence the medium-term path of inflation, and implications for monetary policy. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL, Kerstin BERNOTH, Gökhan IDER, Karl WHELAN, Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Philipp HAUBER, Nils JANNSEN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG, Luigi BONATTI, Roberto TAMBORINI

The Tail Wagging the Dog? Overcoming Financial Dominance EN

13-09-2021 PE 662.945 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : The idea of financial dominance has gained some notoriety in recent years as a further constraint on central bank policymaking. This paper examines the reality of financial dominance and how the financial sector may be an impediment to the necessary unwinding of all unconventional monetary policies in Europe. In line with the existing literature, I conclude that the financial sector has been made more vulnerable as a result of quantitative easing – and allowing the financial tail to wag the monetary dog will lead to only more vulnerability. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Christopher A. HARTWELL

What About Policy Normalisation? EN

13-09-2021 PE 662.946 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : As the ECB follows the time-honoured inflation targeting strategy, it runs the risk of, once more, failing to normalise its policy in time for the next unexpected shock. With interest rates at their lower bounds and facing historic uncertainty that undermines its policy effectiveness, a strong case can be made for developing a Plan B. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Charles WYPLOSZ

Financial Dominance: Not an Immediate Danger EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.449 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Financial dominance describes a situation in which a central bank does not dare to tighten its policy stance as this would threaten the stability of the financial system. The danger of this happening is limited at present. The banking system is well capitalised. Private credit has not expanded much, not even during the COVID-19 recession in most euro area countries – except in France. However, in some countries, the financial sector remains highly exposed to sovereign debt. "Indirect financial dominance" could thus easily arise if sovereign risk premia return. Continuing asset purchases under the PEPP increases the danger of fiscal dominance. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

Inflation on the Upswing - Just a Hiccup or a Trend Reversal After All? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.450 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Although energy price volatility has recently been the largest contributor to movements in the headline inflation rate, there are other factors indicating that inflation in the euro area will remain elevated in the months ahead. However, most of them have only a temporary effect. A major risk to the further development of inflation is a rise in inflation expectations, which should be monitored critically. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Kerstin BERNOTH, Gökhan IDER

Rise in Inflation: Much Ado About Nothing? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.452 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Euro area inflation reached 3% in August, a rapid increase from August 2020 when it was -0.3%. As the inflation rate now outpaces the ECB's medium-term target of 2%, could it become a concern for the central bank? After showing that the health crisis was unprecedented in its nature and sectoral characteristics, we study the determinants of inflation in the short term and then discuss various elements that could influence the trajectory of future inflation and mitigate inflation fears. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU and Jérôme CREEL

Should ECB Be Worried About Inflation? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.454 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Inflation jumped to 3% in August raising questions about whether the ECB needs to alter its monetary policy. This paper reviews the recent evidence on euro area inflation and concludes the current increase is likely to be temporary, being driven by a rise in energy prices that is likely to end soon and a range of temporary factors relating to the pandemic. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Karl WHELAN

Is High Inflation the New Challenge for Central Banks? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.455 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : In this paper we briefly review the macroeconomic theory of inflation, relating it to the recent developments in the advanced economies. Then, we analyse the drivers of the rise in inflation observed in 2021 in the United States and in Europe, and we illustrate the factors that may affect the inflationary scenario of the advanced economies in the longer term. Finally, we discuss what challenges the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank have to meet in the face of current inflationary pressures. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Luigi BONATTI, Roberto TAMBORINI

Beyond the Pandemic: Avoiding the Risk of Financial Dominance and Disorderly Market Reactions EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.446 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : The concept of financial dominance may be simplified as a situation where monetary policy becomes dominated by short-term concerns about the financial sector. As such, it may distract the central bank from its primary objective of maintaining price stability. While other policies, e.g. macroprudential, are considered the first line of defence against financial instability, following the 2007-2008 global financial crisis, financial stability considerations became an integral part of monetary policy decision-making in advanced economies. The interplay between these considerations and the central bank’s primary objective could become relevant in the post-pandemic environment. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, assessing the risk of financial dominance and disorderly market reactions to monetary policy decisions in the euro area. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Charles WYPLOSZ, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR, Christopher A. HARTWELL

Rising Inflation: Transitory or Cause for Concern? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.453 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : Consumer price inflation in the euro area has sharply risen to 3% in the course of 2021. This increase was mainly due to higher energy prices and other transitory factors. Recent macroeconomic forecasts generally expect inflation to return to below target values next year. However, there are several factors in place that could lead to more sustained upward pressure on prices, and materialisation of these upward risks could force the ECB to take difficult choices. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Avtorji : Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Philipp HAUBER, Nils JANNSEN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG

Gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament: State of play EN

10-09-2021 PE 694.216 FEMM
Študija
Povzetek : Article 8 TFEU commits the European Union and its Member States to eliminating inequalities and promoting the principle of equality between women and men in all their actions. As set out in the EU Gender Equality Strategy 2020-2025, achieving gender equality in the European Union is a joint responsibility, requiring action by all EU institutions, Member States and EU agencies, in partnership with civil society and women’s organisations, social partners and the private sector. Since 2003, when Parliament formally launched gender mainstreaming activities within the institution, Parliament’s FEMM Committee has regularly prepared monitoring reports on the state of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament. The subsequent resolutions, adopted in 2007, 2009, 2011, 2016 and 2019 respectively, are part of a whole series of activities implemented over the past two decades to support and intensify gender mainstreaming in the EP, notably the adoption of a new Gender Action Plan and a roadmap for its implementation in July 2020 and April 2021 respectively. This study examines the current state of play of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament in support of the forthcoming own-initiative report on ‘Gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament’ to be drawn up by the FEMM committee. It gives an insight into the concept of gender mainstreaming and possible tools to implement it, provides an overview of Parliament’s current gender mainstreaming policy (with particular focus on the new gender action plan and related roadmap) and analyses gender mainstreaming practices in other EU institutions, national parliaments and international institutions to date in order to put the European Parliament’s efforts into context.
Avtorji : Nora HAHNKAMPER-VANDENBULCKE, Rosamund SHREEVES

The role of non-financial performance indicators and integrated reporting in achieving sustainable value creation EN

10-09-2021 PE 662.944 ECON
Študija
Povzetek : Structured analysis of the current scientific evidence on the effects of sustainability reporting including non-financial performance indicators, stand-alone sustainability reporting as well as integrated reporting. It discusses the benefits and challenges particularly related to internal decision-making, external transparency as well as financial and non-financial/environmental, social and governance effects. Further, it offers policy recommendations in view of the European Commission’s proposal on the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive.
Avtorji : Udo BUX, RADOSTINA PARENTI

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - September 2021 EN

Na kratko
Povzetek : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Economic Dialogue with the other EU Institutions under the European Semester Cycles during the 9th legislative term - State of play September 2021 EN

09-09-2021 PE 624.436 ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : This document provides an overview of Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union that has taken place in the competent committee(s) of the European Parliament since September 2019 under the European Semester for economic policy coordination. It also lists the Recovery and Resilience Dialogues with the European Commission as undertaken by the competent committee(s) since the entry of force of the Recovery and Resilience Facility in 2021. It also includes an overview of the respective legal bases for these dialogues.
Avtorji : Kajus HAGELSTAM

Economic Dialogues and Exchanges of Views with the Member States under the European Semester Cycles - State-of-Play EN

08-09-2021 PE 497.736 ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : This table provides a regular update on Member States invited for an Economic Dialogue in the competent Committee of the European Parliament and an overview of the respective legal base.
Avtorji : Kajus HAGELSTAM

EU-India trade relations: assessment and perspectives EN

06-09-2021 PE 653.646 INTA
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Following the EU-India summit in May 2021, talks on both an EU-India trade and an investment agreement have resumed. This analysis provides background on where EU-India economic relations stand and why it is important to maintain momentum following this breakthrough, despite a somewhat unpromising domestic political environment in India. This new impetus largely reflects a transformed geopolitical landscape since the last round of EU-India talks were abandoned in 2013. The increased tension between India and China, as well as the EU’s intent to reduce its reliance on Chinese manufacturing have created the conditions for changes in policy by both parties. However, many of the issues that bedeviled the 2007-2013 negotiations remain unresolved. In this analysis, we provide an overview of EU-India trade and investment relations as well as the major topics in these negotiations. The impact of key global initiatives on climate change and WTO reform that will shape the negotiations is also briefly discussed. Based on this analysis, we discuss three potential ways forward for EU-India trade and investment negotiations: a comprehensive agreement similar to that reached between the EU and Vietnam; a limited investment deal primarily focused on manufacturing; and a reinforced status quo with trade and investment relations growing organically under the existing multilateral umbrella.
Avtorji : Niclas Poitiers, Suman Bery, Sonali Chowdhry, Alicia García-Herrero

Research for ANIT Committee - Patterns of livestock transport in the EU and to third countries EN

03-09-2021 PE 690.894 AGRI REGI ANIT
Na kratko
Povzetek : The in-depth analysis was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the main drivers and key features of livestock transport within the EU and to third countries.
Avtorji : Jacques LECARTE, François NEGRE

Corruption and human rights in third countries: developments in EU external action since 2017 EN

02-09-2021 PE 653.647 DROI
Briefing
Povzetek : In 2017, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on corruption and human rights in third countries (hereinafter ‘EP 2017 Resolution’) which included a set of practical recommendations on corruption and human rights in EU external relations. This briefing analyses the progress made by EU actors in implementing those recommendations. It focuses on development and human rights tools addressed in the EP 2017 Resolution, including EU funded projects and programmes, technical cooperation, EU human rights dialogues and public diplomacy, as well as support for whistle-blowers and civil society organisations exposing corruption. It concludes that, while action has been taken on various fronts to support anti-corruption efforts in third countries following the recommendations, a more systematic approach to corruption and human rights could be taken in some areas. Cooperation between EU actors and enhanced capacity building on corruption and human rights are also key elements for a successful anti-corruption strategy in EU external action.
Avtorji : Rosana GARCIANDIA

Biometric Recognition and Behavioural Detection Assessing the ethical aspects of biometric recognition and behavioural detection techniques with a focus on their current and future use in public spaces EN

02-09-2021 PE 697.131 JURI PETI
Briefing
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI and PETI Committees, analyses the use of biometric techniques from an ethical and legal perspective. Biometric techniques raise a number of specific ethical issues, as an individual cannot easily change biometric features, and as these techniques tend to intrude into the human body and ultimately the human self. Further issues are more generally associated with large-scale surveillance, algorithmic decision making, or profiling. The study analyses different types of biometric techniques and draws conclusions for EU legislation
Avtorji : Christiane WENDEHORST, Yannic DULLER

Regulating targeted and behavioural advertising in digital services. How to ensure users’ informed consent EN

31-08-2021 PE 696.967 JURI
Briefing
Povzetek : The study addresses the regulation of targeted and behavioural advertising in the context of digital services. Marketing methods and technologies deployed in behavioural and target advertising are presented. The EU law on consent to the processing of personal data is analysed, in connection with advertising practices. Ways of improving the quality of consent are discussed as well as ways of restricting its scope as a legal basis for the processing of personal data. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee...
Avtorji : Giovanni SARTOR, Francesca LAGIOIA, Federico GALLI,

VAT gap, reduced VAT rates and their impact on compliance costs for businesses and on consumers EN

30-08-2021 PE 694.215 IMCO FISC
Študija
Povzetek : In November 2020, the European Parliament's Subcommittee on Tax Matters requested authorisation to draw up an implementation report on the implementation of the Sixth VAT Directive. Olivier Chastel (Renew Europe, Belgium) has been appointed as rapporteur for the report. To further support the Subcommittee on Tax Matters in its scrutiny work on the subject, the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service has drawn up the present European implementation assessment. It focuses on the causes underlying the huge gap between the VAT projected and de facto collected, by looking at factors such as the Member States' disparate VAT systems and at the effects of reduced VAT rates on businesses and consumers.
Avtorji : ECKHARD BINDER

Economic Dialogue with Greece 1 September 2021 EN

30-08-2021 PE 689.457 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an economic dialogue and exchange of views with Christos Staikouras, Minister of Finance of Greece, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for an exchange of views is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last exchange of views with the Greek authorities took place in March 2016.
Avtorji : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission 1 September 2021 EN

30-08-2021 PE 689.458 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the third Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing addresses the following subjects: the state of play of the Recovery and Resilience plans and of the Recovery and Resilience Facility; the statistical recording of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and some data on the current economic situation and estimates on the impact of the Facility.
Avtorji : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Regulating targeted and behavioural advertising in digital services. How to ensure users’ informed consent EN

30-08-2021 PE 694.680 JURI
Študija
Povzetek : The study addresses the regulation of targeted and behavioural advertising in the context of digital services. Marketing methods and technologies deployed in behavioural and target advertising are presented. The EU law on consent to the processing of personal data is analysed, in connection with advertising practices. Ways of improving the quality of consent are discussed as well as ways of restricting its scope as a legal basis for the processing of personal data. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee.
Avtorji : Giovanni SARTOR, Francesca LAGIOIA, Federico GALLI

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States – State of Play – August 2021 EN

26-08-2021 PE 651.367 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).
Avtorji : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Implementation of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure: State of play August 2021 EN

25-08-2021 PE 497.739 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This note presents the EU Member States' situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission and the Council. It also gives an overview of relevant comments on the MIP published by EU institutions. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. This document is regularly updated.
Avtorji : Alice ZOPPÉ

The European Commission’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Horizontal substitute impact assessment EN

12-08-2021 PE 694.210 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This ‘Horizontal Substitute Impact Assessment of the European Commission’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum’ was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE). The impact assessment focuses on the main proposed changes implied by the European Commission’s New Pact, with a particular focus on the following four proposals: 1) Asylum and Migration Management Regulation (RAMM); 2) Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation; 3) Amended Asylum Procedure Regulation (APR); and 4) Screening Regulation. The horizontal substitute impact assessment critically assesses the ‘system’ and underlying logic of the proposed New Pact with the aim to analyse how the four Commission proposals would work and interact in practice. The impact assessment also assesses whether and to what extent the proposed New Pact addresses the identified shortcomings and implementational problems of the current EU asylum and migration law and policy. Moreover, the impact assessment identifies and assesses the expected impacts on fundamental rights, as well as economic, social and territorial impacts of the proposed New Pact.
Avtorji : This study has been written by Ecorys in collaboration with Dr Galina Cornelisse of Free University of Amsterdam and Dr Giuseppe Campesi of University of Bari at the request of the Ex-ante Impact Assessment Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament. The Quality Review has been conducted by Lina Vosyliute, Roberto Cortinovis and Sergio Carrera.

Online advertising: the impact of targeted advertising on advertisers, market access and consumer choice EN

11-08-2021 PE 662.941 IMCO
Na kratko
Povzetek : In this research paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of online advertising markets and we analyse the challenges and opportunities concerning digital advertising. We review the degree to which existing and proposed legislation at EU level addresses the identified problems, and identify potential solutions, with reference to experience from EU Member States and third countries. We conclude with a synthesis and specific policy recommendations, drawing on stakeholder interviews.
Avtorji : Niklas FOURBERG, Serpil TAŞ, Lukas WIEWIORRA, Ilsa GODLOVITCH, Alexandre DE STREEL, Hervé JACQUEMIN, Jordan HILL, Madalina NUNU, Camille BOURGUIGON, Florian JACQUES, Michèle LEDGER and Michael LOGNOUL

Biometric Recognition and Behavioural Detection Assessing the ethical aspects of biometric recognition and behavioural detection techniques with a focus on their current and future use in public spaces EN

06-08-2021 PE 696.968 JURI PETI
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI and PETI Committees, analyses the use of biometric techniques from an ethical and legal perspective. Biometric techniques raise a number of specific ethical issues, as an individual cannot easily change biometric features, and as these techniques tend to intrude into the human body and ultimately the human self. Further issues are more generally associated with large-scale surveillance, algorithmic decision making, or profiling. The study analyses different types of biometric techniques and draws conclusions for EU legislation.
Avtorji : Christiane WENDEHORST, Yannic DULLER.

Implementation of citizenship education actions in the EU EN

03-08-2021 PE 694.207 CULT
Študija
Povzetek : In December 2020, the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) requested the drawing up of an own-initiative report on the implementation of the citizenship education actions (2021/2008(INI)). Mr Domènec Ruiz Devesa (S&D, Spain) was appointed rapporteur. This European implementation assessment (EIA) has been prepared to accompany the CULT committee in its scrutiny work on the implementation of citizenship education actions in the European Union. The first part of the EIA presents an overview of the EU policy framework for citizenship education, while the second part presents actions in the field of citizenship education supported by EU funding programmes, in particular the Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020 programmes. The second part also presents citizenship education policies and practices in 10 EU Member States.
Avtorji : Anna ZYGIEREWICZ

The Impact of Organised Crime on the EU’s Financial Interests EN

31-07-2021 PE 697.019 CONT
Študija
Povzetek : This analytical study, requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Budgetary Control, examines the impact of organised crime on EU’s finances. Taking together the expenditure and revenue sides, the research suggests that between 1% and 2% of the EU budget is defrauded each year. The study also assesses measures at the EU and Member State levels to combat the problem, and recommends actions to help reinforce these measures.
Avtorji : Jack MALAN, Ivan BOSCH CHEN et al. (CSES)
Vrsta dokumenta

ANN01

Research for TRAN Committee - The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU-ETS System: challenges and impacts EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.887 TRAN
Na kratko
Povzetek : This paper gives an initial overview of the market structure in a revised EU ETS for the European aviation and maritime sectors. Key design options like the scheme’s geographical scope, the baseline year(s), cap and allocation of allowances, and – in the case of aviation – the relationship with CORSIA, can have impacts on the competitive situation of EU carriers and vessels. This is the first stage in the research project focusing on the implementation and socio-economic perspectives related to the eventual inclusion of aviation and maritime in the EU ETS system. The analysis of the Commission’s proposal is expected to follow in fall 2021.
Avtorji : CE Delft: Dagmar NELISSEN, Jasper FABER DLR: Sven MAERTENS, David ENNEN, Wolfgang GRIMME, Florian WOZNY

Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.882 REGI
Študija
Povzetek : This research paper explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. It argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.
Avtorji : Julie PELLEGRIN, Louis COLNOT, Laura DELPONTE

The European Commission's legislative proposals in the New Pact on Migration and Asylum EN

30-07-2021 PE 697.130 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs on request of the Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties and Justice, aims to provide a detailed mapping and analysis of the central legal changes and issues characterising the five main legislative proposals accompanying the Pact on Migration and Asylum, presented by the Commission in September 2020. The legislative instruments under consideration include a new Screening Regulation, an amended proposal for an Asylum Procedures Regulation, an amended proposal revising the Eurodac Regulation, a new Asylum and Migration Management Regulation, and a new Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation. As a second step, the study provides a critical assessment of the five proposals as to their legal coherence, fundamental rights compliance, and application of the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility enshrined in Article 80 TFEU.
Avtorji : Evelien BROUWER; Giuseppe CAMPESI ; Sergio CARRERA, Roberto CORTINOVIS, Eleni KARAGEORGIOU, Jens VEDSTED-HANSEN, Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ

European Union data challenge EN

28-07-2021 PE 662.939 AIDA
Briefing
Povzetek : The exponential growth and importance of data generated in industrial settings have attracted the attention of policymakers aiming to create a suitable legal framework for its use. While the term ‘industrial data’ has no clear definition, such data possess certain distinctive characteristics: they are a subset of big data collected in a structured manner and within industrial settings; they are frequently proprietary and contain various types of sensitive data. The GDPR rules remain of great relevance for such data, as personal data is difficult to be filtered out from mixed datasets and anonymisation techniques are not always effective. The current and planned rules relevant for B2B sharing of industrial data exhibit many shortcomings. They lack clarity on key issues (e.g. mixed datasets), increase the administrative burden for companies, yet not always provide the data protection that businesses need. They do not provide an additional value proposition for B2B data sharing and hinder it in some cases. While this situation warrants policy intervention, both the instrument and its content should be carefully considered. Instead of a legal instrument, soft law could clarify the existing rules; model terms and conditions could be developed and promoted and data standardisation and interoperability efforts supported.
Avtorji : Olga BATURA and Roel PEETERS

Improving corporate sustainability reporting EN

27-07-2021 PE 694.219 JURI ECON
Briefing
Povzetek : The European Commission proposed to improve sustainability reporting by revising the non-financial reporting directive 2014/95/EU. The accompanying impact assessment (IA) provides a well-defined problem that is substantiated with evidence, a clear set of objectives that correspond to the problems identified and makes effort to cover SMEs in the consultation strategy. Overall, the evidence used in the IA seems recent and reliable. However, the IA has not set any concrete targets, indicators or timelines for achieving its objectives. The range of options in the IA appears rather imbalanced, the analysis has been predominantly economic and has focused on the effectiveness of meeting the specific objectives and their costs, while the discussion of benefits has remained rather descriptive. Environmental impacts seem to have been completely excluded, the costs of indirect effects on SMEs in the supply chains of large companies have not been quantified and the benefits for listed SMEs have not been elaborated on.
Avtorji : Vera VIKOLAINEN

Budgetary control of the Sustainable Development Goals in the EU budget EN

27-07-2021 PE 696.914 CONT
Briefing
Povzetek : As of July 2021, only very limited conclusions can be drawn about the performance of EU policies and programmes towards the Sustainable Development Goals. With only nine years left until 2030, this raises the question as to whether the EU budget is used efficiently via the many spending programmes. This briefing explores what kind of measures are in place to ensure that the implementation of the EU budget contributes effectively to the SDGs at both the EU- and Member States level.
Avtorji : DAVID MONTVAI

The differing EU Member States’ regulations on prostitution and their cross-border implications on women’s rights EN

27-07-2021 PE 695.394 FEMM
Študija
Povzetek : This Study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee – after assessing the state-of-the-art of prostitution regulations in EU MSs and the current situation of sex trafficking and related data in the EU – identifies and evaluates cross-border problems/risks related to differing national EU MSs’ regulations and suggests future EU legislation to reduce them, thus preventing women from being trafficked while also protecting fundamental rights and gender equality.
Avtorji : Andrea Di Nicola

Artificial intelligence act EN

26-07-2021 PE 694.212 ENVI LIBE JURI IMCO
Briefing
Povzetek : The Commission is proposing a new Artificial Intelligence Act laying down rules harmonised rules on AI. This initial appraisal of the Commission’s impact assessment on the proposal notes how the impact assessment the impact assessment banks on a wealth of available research on the topic at hand and uses numerous sources to underpin the discussion. It observes that the impact assessment offers a diverse and realistic range of options and traces a clear intervention logic connecting the problems and their drivers with the specific objectives and the policy options.
Avtorji : HUBERT DALLI

Artificial Intelligence in smart cities and urban mobility EN

23-07-2021 PE 662.937 AIDA
Briefing
Povzetek : Artificial Intelligence (AI) enabling smart urban solutions brings multiple benefits, including more efficient energy, water and waste management, reduced pollution, noise and traffic congestions. Local authorities face relevant challenges undermining the digital transformation from the technological, social and regulatory standpoint, namely (i) technology and data availability and reliability, the dependency on third private parties and the lack of skills; (ii) ethical challenges for the unbiased use of AI; and (iii) the difficulty of regulating interdependent infrastructures and data, respectively. To overcome the identified challenges, the following actions are recommended: • EU-wide support for infrastructure and governance on digitalisation, including high performance computing, integrated circuits, CPUs and GPU’s, 5G, cloud services, Urban Data Platforms, enhancing efficiency and ensuring at the same time unbiased data collection. • Inclusion of urban AI in EU research programs addressing data exchange, communication networks and policy on mobility and energy, enhancing capacity building initiatives, also through test and experimentation facilities. • Harmonising AI related policies in the EU, taking into account the context specificity: necessary research. • Adoption of innovative procurement procedures, entailing requirements for technical and ethically responsible AI.
Avtorji : Devin DIRAN, Anne Fleur VAN VEENSTRA, Tjerk TIMAN, Paola TESTA and Maria KIROVA

Euro Area fiscal policies and capacity in post-pandemic times EN

23-07-2021 PE 651.393 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : The Covid-19 pandemic has created huge challenges for policymakers in the whole world. These challenges have to do with both the short run and the long run. In addition, in the euro area, these challenges have dimensions that are peculiar to the fact that the euro area is a monetary union with one monetary authority and nineteen separate budgetary authorities. In this policy brief, the author provides some answer to two questions: • Which policy mix (national/supranational) supports smooth recovery, sustainability of public finances and resilience of the euro area? • Which EMU governance reforms should be prioritised so as to improve the functioning of the euro area?
Avtorji : Paul De Grauwe

Application of the equal pay principle through pay transparency measures EN

22-07-2021 PE 662.647 FEMM
Briefing
Povzetek : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a directive aimed at strengthening the application of the principle of equal pay for equal work or work of equal value between men and women, enshrined in Article 119 of the Treaty of Rome. Following two negative opinions of the Regulatory Scrutiny Board and an exceptional third positive one, the IA provides a good problem definition. The IA coherently identifies the problem drivers and makes a compelling case for the consequences should situation remain unchanged. The options retained for assessment seem built around a pre-selected preferred option package. The analysis regarding the impact on SMEs appears to be insufficiently developed while the one on competitiveness is missing. The proposal includes all the measures presented in the IA's preferred package as well as two extra measures which were suggested, but not explicitly included in the preferred package.
Avtorji : Laura ZANDERSONE, STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Artificial Intelligence and public services EN

22-07-2021 PE 662.936 AIDA
Briefing
Povzetek : AI has become a key enabling technology in public services and its use has increased over the past two years.Ensuring explainabilty of AI systems in public services is crucial but difficult to achieve in case of black-box algorithms. In AI applications in public services, focus is on law enforcement, surveillance and process optimisation. AI for front-end public services seems less of a priority. There is a growing public concern over the development and use of AI in society. With the increase of its use, the potential for errors and harms also increases.The public sector should lead the way in creating trustworthy AI. Regulatory sandboxing and pre-procurement are key for creating trustworthy AI for public services.
Avtorji : Frederic GOUARDERES

Strengthening Europol’s mandate EN

20-07-2021 PE 694.220 LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : Europol has been at the forefront of fighting serious and organised crime in the EU. However, with digital transformations and a global interconnectedness emerging, security threats have become more complex. Against this background, the Commission has published a recast proposal of the Europol Regulation with the objective of, inter alia, (1) enabling Europol to support Member States and their investigations through big data analysis; (2) enabling Europol to directly exchange data with private parties; and (3) strengthening Europol's role on research and innovation. While the Commission made efforts to analyse the problems at hand in the accompanying Impact Assessment, more detailed information on the scale and size of the different problems would have been useful. The Commission conducted several targeted consultations for this initiative, but did not carry out a mandatory 12-week open public consultation. The IA assesses relevant impacts, including fundamental rights impacts.
Avtorji : Katharina EISELE

Tackling distortions of foreign subsidies EN

19-07-2021 PE 694.218 INTA
Briefing
Povzetek : The IA underpinning the proposal to tackle foreign subsidies is based on solid internal and external research, which compensates an admitted lack of data. It is transparent about methods, underlying assumptions and certain limitations. The intervention logic of the IA is clear, even if the complex set-up of the policy options and their assessment could have been more structured and coherent. The IA does not present operational objectives and few, yet pertinent, monitoring provisions. While the mostly qualitative assessment is thorough and contains selective quantitative information, total cost and benefits could not be estimated. Potential negative effects in case of a significant drop of foreign investments, for instance on employment or prices, could have been addressed in more detail.
Avtorji : Esther KRAMER

EU preparedness and responses to Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) threats EN

16-07-2021 PE 653.645 SEDE
Študija
Povzetek : This study on ‘EU preparedness and responses to Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) threats’ was requested by the European Parliament’s (EP) Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) in the context of, but not limited to, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Building on reports and expert input, this study first provides an update of the current level of each of the C, B, R and N threat elements, including the type of actor from which such threats might stem. It furthermore takes stock of the existing preparedness and response mechanisms and matches these against the updated threat landscape to determine the current state of play of the EU’s response tools and its remaining gaps where improvement may be needed. The study puts forward a number of recommendations on specific issues. The core of the recommendations builds on using a ‘Team Europe’ approach to create and maintain a strong task force based response capacity, with additional authority and competence given by EU Member States to the EU. This would enable the EU to better support and manage an EU-wide crisis response in the CBRN field in a timely and effective manner.
Avtorji : Alexandra RIMPLER-SCHMID, Ralf TRAPP, Sarah LEONARD, Christian KAUNERT, Yves DUBUCQ, Claude LEFEBVRE, Hanna MOHN

Study in focus: Shadow Banking: what kind of Macroprudential Regulation Framework? EN

16-07-2021 PE 662.938 ECON
Na kratko
Povzetek : This publication summarises the key findings of the original study on Shadow banking. Shadow banking is a form of bank-like intermediation where regulatory standards are looser than for regular banks. It includes money market funds and other funds using leverage, securities and derivatives dealers, securitisations, securities financing transactions and derivatives, as well as new players like digital lenders and stablecoins. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Avtorji : Andrea RESTI, Marco ONADO, Mario QUAGLIARIELLO and Phil MOLYNEUX

The Sustainable Development Goals in the EU budget EN

15-07-2021 PE 696.211 BUDG
Briefing
Povzetek : This briefing will present an overview of the implementation of the SDGs in the EU long-term budget.
Avtorji : TILDA MARIA ELISABETH KALLQVIST

At a glance note for Research for PECH committee: Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU fisheries and aquaculture EN

14-07-2021 PE 690.890 PECH
Na kratko
Povzetek : This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, at the request of the PECH Committee.
Avtorji : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuel infrastructures for heavy-duty vehicles EN

14-07-2021 PE 690.888 TRAN
Študija
Povzetek : This briefing presents the opportunities and challenges for the use and deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the EU for heavy-duty vehicles, in particular trucks. The current state of play and future needs are presented in the context of the ambitions of the Green Deal and current legislative developments, in particular the upcoming reviews of the Alternative Fuels Directive and the TEN-T Regulation. This briefing will be followed by a full-length study that will provide a more in-depth analysis, an update of the policy context based on the ‘Fit for 55’ package and outcomes of stakeholder interviews and case study analysis.
Avtorji : CE Delft: Anouk VAN GRINSVEN, Matthijs OTTEN, Emiel VAN DEN TOORN, Reinier VAN DER VEEN, Julius KIRÁLY, Roy VAN DEN BERG

Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission 14 July 2021 EN

13-07-2021 PE 689.456 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the second Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing addresses the following subjects: the Recovery and Resilience Facility and its scrutiny; the state of play of adoption and assessment of the Recovery and Resilience plans; the European Parliament resolutions on the Recovery and Resilience Facility; the financing of national Recovery and Resilience plans and some data on the current economic situation and estimates on the impact of Facility.
Avtorji : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

EU climate change diplomacy in a post-Covid-19 world EN

12-07-2021 PE 653.643 AFET
Študija
Povzetek : Since the European Parliament issued its resolution on climate diplomacy in June 2018, several important trends have been shaping this area of the EU’s external action, enabling progress and posing new challenges. The EU started its comprehensive low-emission transformation with the Green Deal, established a progressive policy framework for sustainable finance and had to cope with the impacts of the pandemic in a way that is compatible with its transformative ambition. At the same time, its role on the international stage has evolved substantially, and sustainability has been playing an ever-stronger role across its external relations. Against the backdrop of these developments, this study assesses the progress of climate diplomacy since 2018, with a focus on climate security, trade, development cooperation, sustainable capital flows, gender equality and science, research and innovation. Based on this assessment, it outlines the tasks for a European climate diplomacy of the future and highlights the role of the European Parliament in shaping this policy field.
Avtorji : Dennis TÄNZLER; Daria IVLEVA; Tobias HAUSOTTER

Study in focus: Robo-advisors EN

12-07-2021 PE 662.935 ECON
Na kratko
Povzetek : This document summarises the key findings of the orginal study which analyses if and to what extent the current EU legal framework provides effective investor protection for customers of robo-advisors. It puts emphasis on structural conflicts of interests, the difficulties presented by the supervision of algorithms, and potential threats to the stability of the financial system. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Avtorji : Philipp MAUME

Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views with the President of the Council (ECOFIN) EN

09-07-2021 PE 689.454 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : Minister Andrej Šircelj, Minister of Finance of Slovenia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Slovenian Presidency (July-December 2021). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Slovenian Presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the Council’s work relating to the implementation of the European Semester for economic coordination, notably the application of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU).
Avtorji : Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, REBECCA SARAH FANNY SEGALL, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, KATJA KOMAZEC

Economic Dialogue with Spain EN

09-07-2021 PE 689.455 ECON
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Nadia Calviño, Minister of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation in Spain, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last exchange of views with the Spanish authorities took place in November 2012, January 2014, November 2016 and 22 January 2019.
Avtorji : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE, KATJA KOMAZEC

Research for TRAN Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Part III: Aviation sector EN

09-07-2021 PE 690.869 TRAN
Študija
Povzetek : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on the aviation sector, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Avtorji : • PANTEIA: Maria RODRIGUES, Emilia SANDRI, Ljubica KNEZEVIC, Tharsis TEOH • Università degli Studi Roma Tre: Barbara ANTONUCCi, Nicole CUTRUFO, Lidia MARONGIU

Research for TRAN Committee - The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU-ETS System: challenges and impacts EN

09-07-2021 PE 690.886 TRAN
Študija
Povzetek : This paper gives an initial overview of the market structure in a revised EU ETS for the European aviation and maritime sectors. Key design options like the scheme’s geographical scope, the baseline year(s), cap and allocation of allowances, and – in the case of aviation – the relationship with CORSIA, can have impacts on the competitive situation of EU carriers and vessels. This is the first stage in the research project focusing on the implementation and socio-economic perspectives related to the eventual inclusion of aviation and maritime in the EU ETS system. The analysis of the Commission’s proposal is expected to follow in fall 2021.
Avtorji : CE Delft: Dagmar NELISSEN, Jasper FABER DLR: Sven MAERTENS, David ENNEN, Wolfgang GRIMME, Florian WOZNY
Vrsta dokumenta

Skrajšana različica

The financial management of visitor groups to the national parliaments EN

08-07-2021 PE 695.957 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Povzetek : In most Member States, visitor’ groups are not sponsored to visit the national parliament. A visit to the national parliament is free of charge, and all the costs related to the visit, for example travel costs, accommodation and local minor expenses, need to be paid by the visitors themselves. Germany is the only country which has various kinds of programmes where visitors can be reimbursed. Members of Parliament can invite up to 200 people a year of which the travel costs are partially covered by the German Bundestag. There is also a programme which consists of more days for which all the costs related to travel and accommodation are covered by the German government. The German Bundesrat has a programme in which the 16 federal states can invite people for a visit of multiple days to Berlin. In this case the travel costs and accommodation are paid for by the Bundesrat. For all reimbursements, the rules apply that the receipts and underlying documents need to be provided to the Bundestag and Bundesrat after the visit. All documents and receipts are checked through an ex-post control. The United Kingdom has a programme in which costs are reimbursed, and this programme is funded by the commercial tours of the parliament. In this case, it can be MPs, Peers or the House of Commons or Lords who can invite visitors who are eligible for reimbursement. In Hungary, only schools can get reimbursement for their travel costs and the entry fee for the national parliament. All the receipts need to be provided to the visitor service of the parliament. Some countries do have other schemes in which they provide coverage for schools or costs are covered by the MPs’ own funds. The Council of the EU does not sponsor visitor groups. All visits are requested by visitors themselves and they need to cover all the costs related to the visit themselves. The questions were also sent to the European Commission but no answer was received.
Avtorji : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

Exchanges of Personal Data After the Schrems II Judgment EN

08-07-2021 PE 694.678 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines reforms to the legal framework for the exchange of personal and other data between the EU and the USA that would be necessary to ascertain that the requirements of EU law are satisfied and that the rights of EU citizens are respected, following the Schrems II judgment of the EU Court of Justice.
Avtorji : Ian BROWN, Visiting CyberBRICS professor at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Douwe KORFF, Emeritus Professor of International Law, London Metropolitan University, UK

The EU-Turkey Customs Union and trade relations: what options for the future? EN

07-07-2021 PE 653.640 INTA
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : This in-depth analysis summarizes the main effects of the Customs Union (CU) on EU-Turkey trade and the economic situation in Turkey. Whereas the CU offers Turkey several economic benefits, it also implies some downsides, in particular asymmetric tariffs in relation to third countries. Against the background of the dynamic development of EU-Turkey relations, the authors assess the impact of four different options for developing EU-Turkey economic and trade relations: (i) Continuation of the current Customs Union framework as it stands, (ii) Modernization and upgrading of the Customs Union, (iii) A transformation of the bilateral trade relations into a deep and comprehensive free trade agreement (DCFTA), (iv) Suspension of the Customs Union (in which case WTO rules would apply). The in-depth-analysis describes the options, the challenges the EU-Turkey Customs Union faces and seeks solutions for these issues.
Avtorji : Erdal YALCIN; Gabriel FELBERMAYR

The Impact of Organised Crime on the EU’s Financial Interests EN

07-07-2021 PE 696.058 CONT
Na kratko
Povzetek : The research, which focused on a sample of 14 EU Member States (BG, CZ, ES, FR, FI, DE, GR, HU, IT, LU, LV, MT, SE and SK), involved a combination of desk-research, interviews and quantitative modelling. The study considered the impact of organised crime on EU expenditure (e.g. Cohesion Funds) as well EU revenues (e.g. VAT own resources).
Avtorji : Jack MALAN et al., CSES

Research for PECH committee: Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU fisheries and aquaculture EN

07-07-2021 PE 690.880 PECH
Študija
Povzetek : This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, at the request of the PECH Committee.
Avtorji : Cogea: Alessandro PITITTO, Diletta RAINONE, Valentina SANNINO AND International: Tanguy CHEVER, Lucas HERRY, Sibylle PARANT, Safa SOUIDI CETMAR: Marta BALLESTEROS, Rosa CHAPELA, José L. SANTIAGO