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Electronic technologies for fisheries: Transmitted positional data systems EN

31-10-2021 PE 690.891 PECH
Em síntese
Resumo : This At-a-glance note is the first in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the state of the art of transmitted positional data systems, high resolution and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for satellite image data used in fisheries control and fisheries research. It identifies the strengths and weaknesses of such systems and provides policy recommendations for a more effective fisheries control system based on currently applied electronic technologies (ET).
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

The COP26 climate change conference: status of climate negotiations and issues at stake EN

31-10-2021 PE 695.459 ENVI
Estudo
Resumo : The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) focuses on increasing ambition and implementing the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the Parties and stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that affected the international process. The COP26 is scheduled to take place in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November 2021, after it was delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At this conference, delegates will discuss the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and address issues such as the adaptation to climate change and support to developing countries. In addition, the conference will provide an important opportunity for governments to commit to increased mitigation ambition and for civil society representatives to emphasise the need for urgent action.
Autores : Lorenz MOOSMANN, Anne SIEMONS, Felix FALLASCH, Lambert SCHNEIDER, Cristina URRUTIA, Nora WISSNER, Dietram OPPELT

Updating the framework for the safety of non-food consumer products on the internal market EN

15-10-2021 PE 694.221 IMCO
Briefing
Resumo : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a regulation on general product safety aimed at ensuring that EU consumers are protected from dangerous non-food products. The IA defines clearly the problems to be addressed and their analysis appears to be satisfactory but the description of how they would evolve without any EU intervention is limited. The IA does not compare the retained options in terms of efficiency, and proportionality. The IA appears to have done a convincing analysis of the economic and social impacts of the options retained for assessment. The IA includes a very comprehensive reports of the consultations held, specifically referring to the received feedback in several parts of the report. Overall, the analysis carried out in the IA appears to be well grounded. The IA appears to have addressed the RSB's comments. The proposal appears to be largely consistent with the analysis provided in the IA.
Autores : STEFANO VETTORAZZI

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - October 2021 EN

Em síntese
Resumo : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for REGI Committee - Cohesion Policy and support to health EN

13-10-2021 PE 690.903 REGI
Briefing
Resumo : As the EU’s main investment policy, Cohesion Policy can play a key role in promoting health and in reducing health inequalities. This briefing reviews the role of Cohesion Policy with regard to health in the 2014-2020 period and explores the prospects and challenges that lie ahead. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Autores : Stephan Klaus DIETZEN

Tailoring prudential policy to bank size. The application of proportionality in the US and euro area EN

13-10-2021 PE 689.462 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : All jurisdictions tailor their prudential policies to bank size, with generally more complex – though not necessarily more stringent – requirements for larger banks. This paper compares such policies in the euro area and United States, in the context of the differences in banking system structures and legal frameworks. There are vastly more stand-alone smaller banks and credit unions in the US than in the euro area. The US approach to prudential requirements is generally more differentiated by bank size than the euro area’s, but the US has a more uniform framework for bank crisis management and resolution. Given the permanence of cross-border fragmentation and overbanking in the euro area, further size-based policy differentiation would be ill-advised.
Autores : A. Lehmann, N. Véron- Bruegel

Youth in Europe: Effects of COVID-19 on their economic and social situation EN

12-10-2021 PE 695.462 EMPL
Em síntese
Resumo : The full study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on youth unemployment, inactivity, work-based learning and mental health. The analysis is based on quantitative indicators and qualitative information from surveys and policy documents. It discusses the probability of long-term 'scarring effects', comparing the impact of the current crisis to that of the 2008/2009 global financial crisis and its aftermath
Autores : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL, FRANCESCA PICARELLA

Review of the crisis management and deposit insurance framework -Summary of some related issues EN

11-10-2021 PE 659.632 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : In February 2021, the Commission launched a consultation that sought to gather stakeholders’ experience with the current crisis management and deposit insurance framework as well as their views on the revision of the framework. The results of that consultation were published in a summary report. As the experience with the application of the current framework indicates that some adjustments may be warranted, this briefing summarises some of the underlying issues.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Public hearing with A. Enria, Chair of the ECB Supervisory Board ECON on 14 October 2021 EN

11-10-2021 PE 689.432 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 14 October 2021. The briefing addresses: 1) Emerging risks in the banking group, as presented to the Eurogroup, 2) results of EBA’s and ECB’s 2021 stress test exercises, 3) the Basel Committee report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 4) the ECB report on sanctioning activities, 5) the ECB Supervisory Banking Statistics for the first quarter 2021, and 6) summaries of external papers on long-term effects of the pandemic on the banking sector.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Did the pandemic lead to structural changes in the banking sector? EN

11-10-2021 PE 689.460 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : We discuss the main structural changes triggered by Covid19 in banking. Direct consequences include: the impact of the lockdown on remote shopping and telework, lower cash usage and a further shift towards innovative payment methods, the downturn suffered by the economy and bank borrowers. Indirect consequences (partly reinforcing pre-existing trends) include: the further development of payment services provided by non-bank competitors, an acceleration in bank digitalisation, a rise in cyber-attacks, a drop in the value of real estate collateral.
Autores : Andrea RESTI

Improving the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism EN

04-10-2021 PE 694.228 LIBE
Briefing
Resumo : The European Commission proposed to improve the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism established by Regulation (EU) No 1053/2013. The accompanying impact assessment (IA) provides a well defined problem definition, substantiated with evidence. Furthermore, the stakeholder opinions are reported consistently throughout the IA and are used as input for the combination of measures under the preferred option. Moreover, the data sources underpinning the IA are recent, reliable, consistently referenced and publicly available at the time of writing. However, the focus of the IA analysis is predominantly on the administrative costs and benefits, while the assessment of economic, social and fundamental rights impacts of the Mechanism’s functioning remains very limited and their quantification was not possible.
Autores : Vera VIKOLAINEN

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Electronic monitoring systems EN

04-10-2021 PE 690.892 PECH
Em síntese
Resumo : This At-a-glance note is the second in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a global overview of the latest developments, as well as potential benefits and risks of Electronic Monitoring (EM). Worldwide experiences with EM are discussed in light of the European context. During the period 2008 to 2019, altogether 26 EM trials were conducted within the EU. Despite promising results, none of the trials evolved into a fully integrated EM programme. Still, lessons learnt from these trials are valuable and show potential for implementing EM on larger scale in the EU.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

The Human Right to Drinking Water: Impact of large-scale agriculture and industry EN

30-09-2021 PE 653.649 DROI
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Access to safe drinking water is a human right. It is indispensable to a healthy, dignified and productive life. However, a significant proportion of the global population is not able to enjoy this human right. The purpose of this in-depth analysis is to consider the impacts of large-scale agricultural activity and industry on the progressive realisation of the human right to drinking water. In particular, it considers how the European Union and the European Parliament can better support non-EU countries to realise this human right. States and businesses have obligations and responsibilities towards citizens to ensure safe drinking water. However, fulfilling these obligations and responsibilities is in contention with competing water uses and economic considerations and marred by poor enabling environments and power dynamics. Achieving the human right to drinking water needs to be considered in the context of trade-offs emerging from the water-food-energy nexus where water use in one sector can have impacts on others. Virtual water embedded in the trade of agricultural goods demonstrates that demand for food can affect local water availability, posing challenges to ensuring the human right to drinking water in these places. Existing good practices focus on better recognition of obligations and responsibilities through a human rights-based approach, improved assessments of impacts, enhanced stakeholder engagement and mechanisms for due diligence. There are opportunities for the EU to extend the discussion on the human right to drinking water with other interlinked rights, noting the complex and integrated impacts of water resources.
Autores : • Dr Naho MIRUMACHI • Dr Aleksandra DUDA • Jagoda GREGULSKA • Joanna SMĘTEK

Electronic technologies for fisheries: Systems adapted for small-scale vessels EN

30-09-2021 PE 690.893 PECH
Em síntese
Resumo : This At-a-glance note is the third in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It examines and presents possibilities of electronic technologies (ET) that can be used to report, document and monitor fishery activities of the small-scale vessel fleet. The national fishing fleets in the EU are large where most of the vessels are less than 12 metres in length. The information on this fleet segment’s fishing activities is limited and insufficient for documentation of the fleet’s impact on the environment and for fisheries management and governance in general. The present research contains four case studies with current usages of such technologies developed for small-scale vessels.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Marcus Ernst Gerhard BREUER

Preventing money laundering in the banking sector - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework EN

30-09-2021 PE 659.654 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This paper provides an overview of current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering (AML) supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU, in particular from a Banking Union perspective. This briefing first outlines the EU framework for fighting money laundering, which includes legislation (most notably the 5th AML Directive) and a number of Commission and Council Action Plans. Secondly, an overview of AML prevention relevant authorities, at both the EU and national level, is provided. This section also explains the 2019 review of the founding regulations of the European Supervisory Authorities, through which competences relating to preventing AML in the financial sector were consolidated within the European Banking Authority. Lastly, the paper highlights the latest proposed changes to the AML framework, as proposed by the Commission in their AML package published in July 2021. It is relevant to note that this briefing focuses on AML concerns in the banking sector. While financial and non-financial intermediaries have an important role to play, these are not the focus of this briefing. Nevertheless, reference is made to closely related areas (notably, to Financial Intelligence Units, the work of markets and insurance supervisors on preventing AML and related matters) when relevant to a better understanding of its impacts on the banking sector. This paper builds on and updates a previous EGOV briefing on the same topic.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Taxing professional football in the EU |A Comparative and EU analysis of a sector with tax gaps EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.451 FISC ECON
Estudo
Resumo : This study scrutinises the tax treatment of professional football players' remuneration throughout the European Union. It does so on the basis of a comparative analysis of selected country schemes. It draws conclusions and formulates suggestions for a future European Union approach.
Autores : Prof.dr. Robby Houben, Prof.dr. Anne Van de Vijver, Prof.dr. Niels Appermont and Gertjan Verachtert

The Future of the EU Automotive Sector EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.457 ITRE
Estudo
Resumo : This study provides an independent overview of the automotive industrial landscape in the EU. Specifically, the study assesses green and digital trends currently reshaping the automotive sector and provides recommendations considering the adequacy and consistency of ongoing and future EU actions. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).
Autores : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

European Banks’ Response to COVID-19 “Quick Fix” Regulation and Other Measures EN

30-09-2021 PE 695.460 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : The original full study presents data from 27 banking groups in 10 EU Member States, where it is found that banks have used COVID-19 relief measures extensively, with some cross-country differences as for the intensity of use. Flexibility in risk classification does not seem to have impaired banks’ ability to report and recognise risk properly, even for loans under moratoria. The findings suggest that the impact of the measures on banks’ credit supply has been overall positive and mainly driven by capital-enhancing measures such as the “Quick fix”.
Autores : CHRISTIAN SCHEINERT

The Parliaments of Europe: full part actors or powerless spectators? – A state of play 2010–2020 EN

30-09-2021 PE 698.534 AFCO
Estudo
Resumo : Since the Lisbon Treaty, EU national Parliaments have been recognized as relevant and legitimate players at the supranational level and given tools to be involved beyond the scrutiny of their national government. However, the last decade brought new challenges to the Europeanisation of national Parliaments, with several crises boosting intergovernmentalism. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines how EU national Parliaments have adapted to all these challenges and assesses their involvement in EU affairs over the past decade.
Autores : BRACK Nathalie

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019, 2020 and 2021 EN

29-09-2021 PE 651.391 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 9 July 2019 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 5 June 2019). • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2019 CSRs based on its Country Reports published on 26 February 2020. • The 2020 CSRs adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 20 July 2020 (on the basis of European Commission proposals of 20 May 2020). • The 2021 fiscal recommendations (recommendations for Council opinions on the 2021 Stability and Convergence Programmes) adopted by the Council on 18 June 2021. • During the 2021 Semester Cycle, exceptionally, due to the preparations and adoptions of the Recovery and Resilience Plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, no further Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) have been issued under the European Semester.
Autores : Jost ANGERER, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Scrutiny dialogues and hearings in the European Parliament in the area of monetary, economic and financial affairs EN

28-09-2021 PE 659.609 ECON
Em síntese
Resumo : This document presents the organisation and legal bases of the scrutiny dialogues and hearings in the European Parliament in the area of monetary, economic and financial affairs.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM

Research for TRAN Committee - Alternative fuels infrastructure for heavy-duty vehicles EN

28-09-2021 PE 690.889 TRAN
Em síntese
Resumo : This briefing presents the opportunities and challenges for use and deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the EU for heavy-duty vehicles, in particular for trucks. Details on the current state of play and future needs are presented in the context of the ambitions of the Green Deal and current legislative developments, in particular the upcoming reviews of the Alternative Fuels Directive and TEN-T regulation.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

Research for TRAN - Committee: Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19 - Part III: Aviation sector EN

27-09-2021 PE 690.870 TRAN
Em síntese
Resumo : This thematic briefing provides the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) with an overview of the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on the aviation sector, as well as policy recommendations to address the challenges emerging from the crisis.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Davide PERNICE, Ariane DEBYSER

The role of non-financial performance indicators and integrated reporting in achieving sustainable value creation EN

24-09-2021 PE 662.943 ECON
Em síntese
Resumo : The original full study is a structured analysis of the current scientific evidence on the effects of sustainability reporting including non-financial performance indicators, stand-alone sustainability reporting as well as integrated reporting. It discusses the benefits and challenges particularly related to internal decision-making, external transparency as well as financial and non-financial/environmental, social and governance effects. Further, it offers policy recommendations in view of the European Commission’s proposal on the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive.
Autores : Udo BUX, RADOSTINA PARENTI

Youth in Europe: Effects of Covid-19 on their economic and social situation EN

24-09-2021 PE 662.942 EMPL
Estudo
Resumo : The aim of this study is to provide the Members of the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) with an analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on young people, providing updated information on their economic and social situation, with a focus on employment.
Autores : REGINA ANNA KONLE-SEIDL, FRANCESCA PICARELLA

Update on recent banking developments EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.431 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This briefing summarises recent publications that are particularly relevant in the context of bank supervision, namely: 1) the Basel Committee Interim report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 2) the EBA peer review report on the prudential assessment of the acquisition of qualifying holdings, 3) the ECB Supervisory Banking Statistics for the first quarter 2021, and 4) the EBA report on High Earners.
Autores : Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Recovery and Resilience Plans: stakeholders’ involvement EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.453 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the national recovery and resilience plans. In view of supporting the scrutiny of the implementation of the national plans, the paper also makes references to some positions and assessments by EU level stakeholders and other relevant institutions and bodies, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. The paper will be regularly updated.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Background reader on the European Semester and monitoring of the RRF from a parliamentary perspective EN

23-09-2021 PE 689.446 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : This sixth edition of the background reader on the European Semester, prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV) in the Directorate for Economic and Scientific Policies of the European Parliament, provides an overview of publications related to the European Semester and the monitoring of the RRF from a parliamentary perspective. It aims at further increasing the links between Members of the European Parliament and national Parliaments, notably during inter-parliamentary meetings.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM, WOLFGANG LEHOFER

Requirements for a single database of beneficiaries EN

23-09-2021 PE 698.433 CONT
Estudo
Resumo : At the request of the CONT Committee of the European Parliament, this study has been prepared as background information for work on the legislative Own Initiative Report on the digitalisation of European reporting, monitoring and audit. Building on the findings of the study on ‘The largest 50 beneficiaries in each EU Member State of CAP and Cohesion Funds’, this study assesses the requirements for a single EU database of beneficiaries. Such a database would overcome the current fragmentation in the databases of beneficiaries of EU funds, ensure completeness and obtain the relevant indicators for all beneficiaries. A single EU database of beneficiaries would serve for both audit and control, as well as transparency purposes. The core of the database would be the information from managing authorities which, through identifiers and matching indicators, would be linked to other databases to obtain all the required information. For transparency purposes, the reporting system would have to cover a subset of indicators, including registration number and type of beneficiary, in order to enable the identification of the ultimate beneficiaries
Autores : Willem Pieter DE GROEN, CEPS Damir GOJSIC, CEPS Mathieu VUYLSTEKE, CEPS

Proceedings of the workshop on Missing Trader Fraud: definition, effects, prevention and solutions EN

23-09-2021 PE 698.731 CONT
Estudo
Resumo : The Budgetary Control Committee (CONT) organised the workshop on ‘Missing Trader Fraud: definition, effects, prevention and solutions’ on 26 May 2021. This document consists of the proceedings briefing on ‘Missing Trader Intra-Community Fraud’, biographies of the speakers and the PowerPoint slides of the presentations.
Autores : Alexandra Cynthia Jana POUWELS

EU economic developments and projections EN

22-09-2021 PE 645.716 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions
Autores : Javier María VEGA BORDELL, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

European Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility EN

22-09-2021 PE 659.627 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This note provides a brief overview of Parliament involvement in scrutinising the Recovery and Resilience Facility (and the European Union Recovery Instrument). It is based on Regulation 2021/241 of 21 February, setting out the Recovery and Resilience Facility, and the relevant parts of the new Interinstitutional Agreement on budgetary matters established between the Parliament, the Council and the Commission. It does not cover nor discusses in detail other instruments or frameworks for scrutiny, namely those relating to the European Semester, EU budgetary procedures, written or oral questions or any discharge procedures. This paper updates an earlier one initially published on January 2021.
Autores : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Recovery and Resilience Plans - state of play (September 2021) EN

22-09-2021 PE 689.459 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This document provides a state of play of the Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) covering, notably, Commission assessment and Council adoption procedures. It is based on an earlier EGOV paper, dated June 2021. The document will be regularly updated.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, OVIDIU IONUT TURCU, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy - Ways to lower compliance costs and improve EU corporate income taxation EN

21-09-2021 PE 694.224 FISC
Estudo
Resumo : This study analyses the gaps and challenges in the EU corporate income tax (CIT) legislation, and evaluate the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. A thorough comparative economic analysis is made of the EAV of a series of scenarios, based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains by far the greatest factor behind both the CIT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses. Insufficient transparency, lack of administrative effectiveness and lack of efficient enforcement are also of particular relevance for businesses as they have a relatively large impact on compliance costs. As expected, the move towards digitalisation of the tax administration also appears as an option to reduce both the CIT gap and compliance costs in all scenarios, but probably to a lesser extent than what is sometimes assumed. The study finds an EAV of around €30 billion for a scenario of agreement in the G7/OECD plus limited implementation of the Commission's 'Business in Europe: Framework for income taxation' (BEFIT) proposals, as well as reinforced and extended cooperation. A slightly higher EAV of around €45 billion is found for a scenario of G7/OECD agreement + ambitious BEFIT and reinforced cooperation. Finally, a higher EAV of €76 billion is found with the most ambitious scenario of an EU treasury, qualified voting majority (QVM) in Council and CIT administered at EU level. The most ambitious scenario is however still rather unlikely to gather sufficient support at the current juncture as it would require substantial Treaty changes. It can be concluded that the two other alternatives are more likely to be implemented in the coming period.
Autores : JEROME LEON SAULNIER

The future of humanitarian aid in a new context full of challenges EN

21-09-2021 PE 653.651 DEVE
Estudo
Resumo : In light of the current highly challenging background of humanitarian intervention for the European Union and international humanitarian donors, the European Commission has adopted a Communication on the EU’s humanitarian action: new challenges, same principles. It provides guidelines on how the EU may face this challenge in collaboration with Member States and donor partners. The Communication focuses on two main areas: (1) addressing needs, reducing the funding gap, and (2) supporting an enabling environment for humanitarian aid. Through an analysis of the Communication’s seven objectives, the authors address key actions and provide final recommendations. Furthermore, authors evaluate which key actions are the most promising, critical or challenging, which have already been partially implemented and which should be prioritised. Implementation of the key actions is generally well developed, albeit many are found to share certain critical issues. These refer specifically to the need for: increased transparency and accountability; enhancing EU coordination with donor partners; and significantly strengthening the EU’s leadership role. Moreover, the implementation of key actions must take greater account of dialogue and coordination both in the decision-making phase as well as in the implementation of humanitarian aid on the ground.
Autores : Francesca PUSTERLA; Elia R.G. PUSTERLA

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy – Ways to improve exchange of information and compliance to reduce the VAT gap EN

20-09-2021 PE 694.223 FISC
Estudo
Resumo : Member States have agreed that the definitive VAT reform in the EU should proceed only if it can be demonstrated that its impact on reducing the VAT gap is substantial and if the burden on businesses is also reduced. This study analyses these issues in detail, with a view to identifying possible challenges for the EU and on evaluating the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. The study also includes a thorough comparative economic analysis of the EAV of a series of scenarios based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains the main factor behind both the VAT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses in all scenarios. Regarding the impact of each scenario compared to the baseline in 2025, the study finds an EAV of around €39 billion for the scenario of extended cooperation with exchange of information and a one-stop shop. This can be broken down into a reduction of the VAT gap of around €29 billion, and a reduction of the compliance costs for businesses of almost €10 billion. A slightly higher EAV of around €45 billion is found for the scenario of extended cooperation with a definitive VAT regime and a one-stop shop. Finally, a higher EAV of €71 billion is found for the most ambitious scenario, including establishment of an EU treasury and VAT administered at EU level. This most ambitious scenario is, however, rather unlikely to gather sufficient support at the current juncture and would also require substantial Treaty change. As the definitive VAT regime continues to be delayed, this evaluation also emphasises the potential for a scenario of extended cooperation through reinforced exchange of information and a one-stop shop. However, the extent to which Member States are likely to coordinate a concerted move, as assumed by some commentators, remains to be demonstrated at this stage.
Autores : JEROME LEON SAULNIER

The Recovery and Resilience Plans: governance at national level EN

17-09-2021 PE 689.444 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Based on the Commission assessments of national Recovery and Resilience Plans, this paper provides an overview of two specific dimensions of such analysis - the governance and control structures set up at national level for implementation of the national plans. The briefing summarises in an annex the relevant references in the Commission documents. It also presents, in the introduction, a high level analysis of some related elements of the national plans, as assessed by the Commission and related reports and initiatives. It also refers to the relevant legal framework in the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This paper will be updated once additional plans are assessed by the Commission.
Autores : CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Inclusion measures within the Erasmus+ programme 2014-2020 EN

16-09-2021 PE 694.225 CULT
Estudo
Resumo : In December 2020, the European Parliament Conference of Committee Chairs authorised the launch of an implementation report on the Implementation of inclusion measures within Erasmus+ 2014-2020 by the European Parliament Committee of Culture and Education (CULT) (2021/2009(INI)). The Ex-Post Evaluation Unit (EVAL) of EPRS has been asked to assist in the preparation of the implementation report with a European Implementation Assessment (EIA). The EIA consists of two parts: an in-house desk-research analysis and two external studies that combine desk research and primary data collection. The focus of the EIA is the learning mobility of individuals and the inclusion of young people with special needs or fewer opportunities.
Autores : Anna ZYGIEREWICZ, Alina Ileana DINU

Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development EN

15-09-2021 PE 690.895 REGI
Em síntese
Resumo : This At a glance note summarises the research paper that explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. The research paper argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, Diana HAASE

Nutzung von SLAPP-Klagen zur Einschüchterung von Journalisten, nichtstaatlichen Organisationen und der Zivilgesellschaft DE

15-09-2021 PE 697.287 JURI
Estudo
Resumo : Diese Studie, die von der Politischen Abteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des JURI-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, analysiert Rechtsdefinitionen von strategischen Klagen gegen öffentliche Beteiligung (SLAPP) und bewertet die Vereinbarkeit einer Anti-SLAPP-Gesetzgebung mit EU-Recht. Es wird empfohlen, eine Anti-SLAPP-Richtlinie zu verabschieden sowie die Brüssel-Ia-Verordnung und die Rom-II-Verordnung neu zu fassen, um das Auftreten von SLAPP-Klagen zu begrenzen.
Autores : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

L’utilisation des poursuites-bâillons pour réduire au silence les journalistes, les ONG et la société civile FR

15-09-2021 PE 697.288 JURI
Estudo
Resumo : La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission des affaires juridiques (JURI), analyse les définitions juridiques des poursuites stratégiques altérant le débat public (poursuites-bâillons) et évalue la compatibilité de la législation contre les poursuites-bâillons dans le droit européen. Il est recommandé l’adoption d’une directive contre les poursuites-bâillons et la refonte des règlements Bruxelles I bis et Rome II en vue de limiter l’incidence des poursuites-bâillons.
Autores : Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE 2019-2021 EN

14-09-2021 PE 691.721 BUDG CONT
Catálogo
Resumo : This catalogue provides the list of publications and events prepared by Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs during the eighth legislative period (2019-2024) in the field of budgetary affairs. The first part gives an overview of the studies and briefings requested by BUDG and CONT sometimes in cooperation with the other committees. The second part lists the workshops held at the request of these committees. Short summaries describe the content of each document. The full-text versions of all documents are available online at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/supporting-analyses.
Autores : NIELS FISCHER

Rise in Inflation: Temporary or Sign of a More Permanent Trend? EN

14-09-2021 PE 695.447 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : Inflation in the euro area, as measured by the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP), has risen to 3% in August 2021. According to the latest projections, the European Central Bank (ECB) expects inflation to increase further in the fourth quarter, and then decline to 1.7% (2022) and 1.5% (2023), well below its medium-term target of 2%. Will the current increase of inflation truly be short-lived because it is driven by temporary factors? Or has, after years of persistently low inflation, the disruption caused by COVID-19 ushered in a period of more sustained inflationary pressure? Five papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, looking into the drivers of the current rise in inflation, factors likely to influence the medium-term path of inflation, and implications for monetary policy. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU, Jérôme CREEL, Kerstin BERNOTH, Gökhan IDER, Karl WHELAN, Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Philipp HAUBER, Nils JANNSEN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG, Luigi BONATTI, Roberto TAMBORINI

The Tail Wagging the Dog? Overcoming Financial Dominance EN

13-09-2021 PE 662.945 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : The idea of financial dominance has gained some notoriety in recent years as a further constraint on central bank policymaking. This paper examines the reality of financial dominance and how the financial sector may be an impediment to the necessary unwinding of all unconventional monetary policies in Europe. In line with the existing literature, I conclude that the financial sector has been made more vulnerable as a result of quantitative easing – and allowing the financial tail to wag the monetary dog will lead to only more vulnerability. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Christopher A. HARTWELL

What About Policy Normalisation? EN

13-09-2021 PE 662.946 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : As the ECB follows the time-honoured inflation targeting strategy, it runs the risk of, once more, failing to normalise its policy in time for the next unexpected shock. With interest rates at their lower bounds and facing historic uncertainty that undermines its policy effectiveness, a strong case can be made for developing a Plan B. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Charles WYPLOSZ

Financial Dominance in the Pandemic and Post Pandemic European Economy EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.448 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Differently from past episodes, the European institutions responded to the pandemic shock with an appropriate policy mix.However, the expansionary convergence betweenmonetary and fiscal policies is strengthening the role and thepossible distortionary effects of financial dominance. Due to the consequent growing imbalances in financial markets, Europeaninstitutions could deem it necessary to abandon the currentpolicy approach and to re-attribute the function of the "onlygame in town" to monetary policy. However, in the post-pandemic context, the ECB could hardly act again as a last-resort player. Hence, it is convenient to pursue the policies that arecompatible with sustainable post-pandemic development. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI

Financial Dominance: Not an Immediate Danger EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.449 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Financial dominance describes a situation in which a central bank does not dare to tighten its policy stance as this would threaten the stability of the financial system. The danger of this happening is limited at present. The banking system is well capitalised. Private credit has not expanded much, not even during the COVID-19 recession in most euro area countries – except in France. However, in some countries, the financial sector remains highly exposed to sovereign debt. "Indirect financial dominance" could thus easily arise if sovereign risk premia return. Continuing asset purchases under the PEPP increases the danger of fiscal dominance. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR

Inflation on the Upswing - Just a Hiccup or a Trend Reversal After All? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.450 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Although energy price volatility has recently been the largest contributor to movements in the headline inflation rate, there are other factors indicating that inflation in the euro area will remain elevated in the months ahead. However, most of them have only a temporary effect. A major risk to the further development of inflation is a rise in inflation expectations, which should be monitored critically. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Kerstin BERNOTH, Gökhan IDER

Rise in Inflation: Much Ado About Nothing? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.452 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Euro area inflation reached 3% in August, a rapid increase from August 2020 when it was -0.3%. As the inflation rate now outpaces the ECB's medium-term target of 2%, could it become a concern for the central bank? After showing that the health crisis was unprecedented in its nature and sectoral characteristics, we study the determinants of inflation in the short term and then discuss various elements that could influence the trajectory of future inflation and mitigate inflation fears. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Christophe BLOT, Caroline BOZOU and Jérôme CREEL

Should ECB Be Worried About Inflation? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.454 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Inflation jumped to 3% in August raising questions about whether the ECB needs to alter its monetary policy. This paper reviews the recent evidence on euro area inflation and concludes the current increase is likely to be temporary, being driven by a rise in energy prices that is likely to end soon and a range of temporary factors relating to the pandemic. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Karl WHELAN

Is High Inflation the New Challenge for Central Banks? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.455 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : In this paper we briefly review the macroeconomic theory of inflation, relating it to the recent developments in the advanced economies. Then, we analyse the drivers of the rise in inflation observed in 2021 in the United States and in Europe, and we illustrate the factors that may affect the inflationary scenario of the advanced economies in the longer term. Finally, we discuss what challenges the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank have to meet in the face of current inflationary pressures. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Luigi BONATTI, Roberto TAMBORINI

Beyond the Pandemic: Avoiding the Risk of Financial Dominance and Disorderly Market Reactions EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.446 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : The concept of financial dominance may be simplified as a situation where monetary policy becomes dominated by short-term concerns about the financial sector. As such, it may distract the central bank from its primary objective of maintaining price stability. While other policies, e.g. macroprudential, are considered the first line of defence against financial instability, following the 2007-2008 global financial crisis, financial stability considerations became an integral part of monetary policy decision-making in advanced economies. The interplay between these considerations and the central bank’s primary objective could become relevant in the post-pandemic environment. Four papers were prepared by the ECON Committee’s Monetary Expert Panel, assessing the risk of financial dominance and disorderly market reactions to monetary policy decisions in the euro area. This publication is provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI, Charles WYPLOSZ, Daniel GROS, Farzaneh SHAMSFAKHR, Christopher A. HARTWELL

Rising Inflation: Transitory or Cause for Concern? EN

13-09-2021 PE 695.453 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : Consumer price inflation in the euro area has sharply risen to 3% in the course of 2021. This increase was mainly due to higher energy prices and other transitory factors. Recent macroeconomic forecasts generally expect inflation to return to below target values next year. However, there are several factors in place that could lead to more sustained upward pressure on prices, and materialisation of these upward risks could force the ECB to take difficult choices. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 27 September 2021.
Autores : Joscha BECKMANN, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Philipp HAUBER, Nils JANNSEN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG

Gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament: State of play EN

10-09-2021 PE 694.216 FEMM
Estudo
Resumo : Article 8 TFEU commits the European Union and its Member States to eliminating inequalities and promoting the principle of equality between women and men in all their actions. As set out in the EU Gender Equality Strategy 2020-2025, achieving gender equality in the European Union is a joint responsibility, requiring action by all EU institutions, Member States and EU agencies, in partnership with civil society and women’s organisations, social partners and the private sector. Since 2003, when Parliament formally launched gender mainstreaming activities within the institution, Parliament’s FEMM Committee has regularly prepared monitoring reports on the state of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament. The subsequent resolutions, adopted in 2007, 2009, 2011, 2016 and 2019 respectively, are part of a whole series of activities implemented over the past two decades to support and intensify gender mainstreaming in the EP, notably the adoption of a new Gender Action Plan and a roadmap for its implementation in July 2020 and April 2021 respectively. This study examines the current state of play of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament in support of the forthcoming own-initiative report on ‘Gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament’ to be drawn up by the FEMM committee. It gives an insight into the concept of gender mainstreaming and possible tools to implement it, provides an overview of Parliament’s current gender mainstreaming policy (with particular focus on the new gender action plan and related roadmap) and analyses gender mainstreaming practices in other EU institutions, national parliaments and international institutions to date in order to put the European Parliament’s efforts into context.
Autores : Nora HAHNKAMPER-VANDENBULCKE, Rosamund SHREEVES

The role of non-financial performance indicators and integrated reporting in achieving sustainable value creation EN

10-09-2021 PE 662.944 ECON
Estudo
Resumo : Structured analysis of the current scientific evidence on the effects of sustainability reporting including non-financial performance indicators, stand-alone sustainability reporting as well as integrated reporting. It discusses the benefits and challenges particularly related to internal decision-making, external transparency as well as financial and non-financial/environmental, social and governance effects. Further, it offers policy recommendations in view of the European Commission’s proposal on the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive.
Autores : Udo BUX, RADOSTINA PARENTI

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - September 2021 EN

Em síntese
Resumo : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Economic Dialogue with the other EU Institutions under the European Semester Cycles during the 9th legislative term - State of play September 2021 EN

09-09-2021 PE 624.436 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This document provides an overview of Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union that has taken place in the competent committee(s) of the European Parliament since September 2019 under the European Semester for economic policy coordination. It also lists the Recovery and Resilience Dialogues with the European Commission as undertaken by the competent committee(s) since the entry of force of the Recovery and Resilience Facility in 2021. It also includes an overview of the respective legal bases for these dialogues.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM

Economic Dialogues and Exchanges of Views with the Member States under the European Semester Cycles - State-of-Play EN

08-09-2021 PE 497.736 ECON
Briefing
Resumo : This table provides a regular update on Member States invited for an Economic Dialogue in the competent Committee of the European Parliament and an overview of the respective legal base.
Autores : Kajus HAGELSTAM

EU-India trade relations: assessment and perspectives EN

06-09-2021 PE 653.646 INTA
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Following the EU-India summit in May 2021, talks on both an EU-India trade and an investment agreement have resumed. This analysis provides background on where EU-India economic relations stand and why it is important to maintain momentum following this breakthrough, despite a somewhat unpromising domestic political environment in India. This new impetus largely reflects a transformed geopolitical landscape since the last round of EU-India talks were abandoned in 2013. The increased tension between India and China, as well as the EU’s intent to reduce its reliance on Chinese manufacturing have created the conditions for changes in policy by both parties. However, many of the issues that bedeviled the 2007-2013 negotiations remain unresolved. In this analysis, we provide an overview of EU-India trade and investment relations as well as the major topics in these negotiations. The impact of key global initiatives on climate change and WTO reform that will shape the negotiations is also briefly discussed. Based on this analysis, we discuss three potential ways forward for EU-India trade and investment negotiations: a comprehensive agreement similar to that reached between the EU and Vietnam; a limited investment deal primarily focused on manufacturing; and a reinforced status quo with trade and investment relations growing organically under the existing multilateral umbrella.
Autores : Niclas Poitiers, Suman Bery, Sonali Chowdhry, Alicia García-Herrero

Research for ANIT Committee - Patterns of livestock transport in the EU and to third countries EN

03-09-2021 PE 690.894 AGRI REGI ANIT
Em síntese
Resumo : The in-depth analysis was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the main drivers and key features of livestock transport within the EU and to third countries.
Autores : Jacques LECARTE, François NEGRE

Corruption and human rights in third countries: developments in EU external action since 2017 EN

02-09-2021 PE 653.647 DROI
Briefing
Resumo : In 2017, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on corruption and human rights in third countries (hereinafter ‘EP 2017 Resolution’) which included a set of practical recommendations on corruption and human rights in EU external relations. This briefing analyses the progress made by EU actors in implementing those recommendations. It focuses on development and human rights tools addressed in the EP 2017 Resolution, including EU funded projects and programmes, technical cooperation, EU human rights dialogues and public diplomacy, as well as support for whistle-blowers and civil society organisations exposing corruption. It concludes that, while action has been taken on various fronts to support anti-corruption efforts in third countries following the recommendations, a more systematic approach to corruption and human rights could be taken in some areas. Cooperation between EU actors and enhanced capacity building on corruption and human rights are also key elements for a successful anti-corruption strategy in EU external action.
Autores : Rosana GARCIANDIA

Biometric Recognition and Behavioural Detection Assessing the ethical aspects of biometric recognition and behavioural detection techniques with a focus on their current and future use in public spaces EN

02-09-2021 PE 697.131 JURI PETI
Briefing
Resumo : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI and PETI Committees, analyses the use of biometric techniques from an ethical and legal perspective. Biometric techniques raise a number of specific ethical issues, as an individual cannot easily change biometric features, and as these techniques tend to intrude into the human body and ultimately the human self. Further issues are more generally associated with large-scale surveillance, algorithmic decision making, or profiling. The study analyses different types of biometric techniques and draws conclusions for EU legislation
Autores : Christiane WENDEHORST, Yannic DULLER

Regulating targeted and behavioural advertising in digital services. How to ensure users’ informed consent EN

31-08-2021 PE 696.967 JURI
Briefing
Resumo : The study addresses the regulation of targeted and behavioural advertising in the context of digital services. Marketing methods and technologies deployed in behavioural and target advertising are presented. The EU law on consent to the processing of personal data is analysed, in connection with advertising practices. Ways of improving the quality of consent are discussed as well as ways of restricting its scope as a legal basis for the processing of personal data. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee...
Autores : Giovanni SARTOR, Francesca LAGIOIA, Federico GALLI,

VAT gap, reduced VAT rates and their impact on compliance costs for businesses and on consumers EN

30-08-2021 PE 694.215 IMCO FISC
Estudo
Resumo : In November 2020, the European Parliament's Subcommittee on Tax Matters requested authorisation to draw up an implementation report on the implementation of the Sixth VAT Directive. Olivier Chastel (Renew Europe, Belgium) has been appointed as rapporteur for the report. To further support the Subcommittee on Tax Matters in its scrutiny work on the subject, the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service has drawn up the present European implementation assessment. It focuses on the causes underlying the huge gap between the VAT projected and de facto collected, by looking at factors such as the Member States' disparate VAT systems and at the effects of reduced VAT rates on businesses and consumers.
Autores : ECKHARD BINDER

Economic Dialogue with Greece 1 September 2021 EN

30-08-2021 PE 689.457 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an economic dialogue and exchange of views with Christos Staikouras, Minister of Finance of Greece, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for an exchange of views is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last exchange of views with the Greek authorities took place in March 2016.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, Marcel MAGNUS, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Recovery and Resilience Dialogue with the European Commission 1 September 2021 EN

30-08-2021 PE 689.458 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : Executive Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Gentiloni have been invited to the third Recovery and Resilience Dialogue under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This briefing addresses the following subjects: the state of play of the Recovery and Resilience plans and of the Recovery and Resilience Facility; the statistical recording of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and some data on the current economic situation and estimates on the impact of the Facility.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ, Jost ANGERER, WOLFGANG LEHOFER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS, KRISTINA GRIGAITE

Regulating targeted and behavioural advertising in digital services. How to ensure users’ informed consent EN

30-08-2021 PE 694.680 JURI
Estudo
Resumo : The study addresses the regulation of targeted and behavioural advertising in the context of digital services. Marketing methods and technologies deployed in behavioural and target advertising are presented. The EU law on consent to the processing of personal data is analysed, in connection with advertising practices. Ways of improving the quality of consent are discussed as well as ways of restricting its scope as a legal basis for the processing of personal data. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee.
Autores : Giovanni SARTOR, Francesca LAGIOIA, Federico GALLI

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States – State of Play – August 2021 EN

26-08-2021 PE 651.367 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).
Autores : Jost ANGERER, CRISTINA SOFIA PACHECO DIAS

Implementation of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure: State of play August 2021 EN

25-08-2021 PE 497.739 ECON
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This note presents the EU Member States' situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission and the Council. It also gives an overview of relevant comments on the MIP published by EU institutions. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. This document is regularly updated.
Autores : Alice ZOPPÉ

The European Commission’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Horizontal substitute impact assessment EN

12-08-2021 PE 694.210 LIBE
Estudo
Resumo : This ‘Horizontal Substitute Impact Assessment of the European Commission’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum’ was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE). The impact assessment focuses on the main proposed changes implied by the European Commission’s New Pact, with a particular focus on the following four proposals: 1) Asylum and Migration Management Regulation (RAMM); 2) Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation; 3) Amended Asylum Procedure Regulation (APR); and 4) Screening Regulation. The horizontal substitute impact assessment critically assesses the ‘system’ and underlying logic of the proposed New Pact with the aim to analyse how the four Commission proposals would work and interact in practice. The impact assessment also assesses whether and to what extent the proposed New Pact addresses the identified shortcomings and implementational problems of the current EU asylum and migration law and policy. Moreover, the impact assessment identifies and assesses the expected impacts on fundamental rights, as well as economic, social and territorial impacts of the proposed New Pact.
Autores : This study has been written by Ecorys in collaboration with Dr Galina Cornelisse of Free University of Amsterdam and Dr Giuseppe Campesi of University of Bari at the request of the Ex-ante Impact Assessment Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament. The Quality Review has been conducted by Lina Vosyliute, Roberto Cortinovis and Sergio Carrera.

Online advertising: the impact of targeted advertising on advertisers, market access and consumer choice EN

11-08-2021 PE 662.941 IMCO
Em síntese
Resumo : In this research paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of online advertising markets and we analyse the challenges and opportunities concerning digital advertising. We review the degree to which existing and proposed legislation at EU level addresses the identified problems, and identify potential solutions, with reference to experience from EU Member States and third countries. We conclude with a synthesis and specific policy recommendations, drawing on stakeholder interviews.
Autores : Niklas FOURBERG, Serpil TAŞ, Lukas WIEWIORRA, Ilsa GODLOVITCH, Alexandre DE STREEL, Hervé JACQUEMIN, Jordan HILL, Madalina NUNU, Camille BOURGUIGON, Florian JACQUES, Michèle LEDGER and Michael LOGNOUL

Biometric Recognition and Behavioural Detection Assessing the ethical aspects of biometric recognition and behavioural detection techniques with a focus on their current and future use in public spaces EN

06-08-2021 PE 696.968 JURI PETI
Estudo
Resumo : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI and PETI Committees, analyses the use of biometric techniques from an ethical and legal perspective. Biometric techniques raise a number of specific ethical issues, as an individual cannot easily change biometric features, and as these techniques tend to intrude into the human body and ultimately the human self. Further issues are more generally associated with large-scale surveillance, algorithmic decision making, or profiling. The study analyses different types of biometric techniques and draws conclusions for EU legislation.
Autores : Christiane WENDEHORST, Yannic DULLER.

Implementation of citizenship education actions in the EU EN

03-08-2021 PE 694.207 CULT
Estudo
Resumo : In December 2020, the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) requested the drawing up of an own-initiative report on the implementation of the citizenship education actions (2021/2008(INI)). Mr Domènec Ruiz Devesa (S&D, Spain) was appointed rapporteur. This European implementation assessment (EIA) has been prepared to accompany the CULT committee in its scrutiny work on the implementation of citizenship education actions in the European Union. The first part of the EIA presents an overview of the EU policy framework for citizenship education, while the second part presents actions in the field of citizenship education supported by EU funding programmes, in particular the Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020 programmes. The second part also presents citizenship education policies and practices in 10 EU Member States.
Autores : Anna ZYGIEREWICZ

Research for PECH Committee: Workshop on electronic technologies for fisheries Part I: Transmitted positional data systems EN

31-07-2021 PE 652.254 PECH
Estudo
Resumo : This study is the first research paper in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It reviews the state of the art of transmitted positional data systems, high resolution and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for satellite image data used in fisheries control and fisheries research. It identifies the strengths and weaknesses of such systems and provides policy recommendations for a more effective fisheries control system based on currently applied electronic technologies (ET).
Autores : AZTI Marine Research Department: Iñaki QUINCOCES

The Impact of Organised Crime on the EU’s Financial Interests EN

31-07-2021 PE 697.019 CONT
Estudo
Resumo : This analytical study, requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Budgetary Control, examines the impact of organised crime on EU’s finances. Taking together the expenditure and revenue sides, the research suggests that between 1% and 2% of the EU budget is defrauded each year. The study also assesses measures at the EU and Member State levels to combat the problem, and recommends actions to help reinforce these measures.
Autores : Jack MALAN, Ivan BOSCH CHEN et al. (CSES)
Tipo de documento

ANN01

Research for TRAN Committee - The aviation and maritime sectors and the EU-ETS: challenges and impacts EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.887 TRAN
Em síntese
Resumo : This paper gives an initial overview of the market structure in a revised EU ETS for the European aviation and maritime sectors. Key design options like the scheme’s geographical scope, the baseline year(s), cap and allocation of allowances, and – in the case of aviation – the relationship with CORSIA, can have impacts on the competitive situation of EU carriers and vessels. This is the first stage in the research project focusing on the implementation and socio-economic perspectives related to the eventual inclusion of aviation and maritime in the EU ETS system. The analysis of the Commission’s proposal is expected to follow in fall 2021.
Autores : CE Delft: Dagmar NELISSEN, Jasper FABER DLR: Sven MAERTENS, David ENNEN, Wolfgang GRIMME, Florian WOZNY

Research for PECH Committee: Workshop on electronic technologies for fisheries Part II: Electronic monitoring systems EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.862 PECH
Estudo
Resumo : This study is the second research paper in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It provides a global overview of the latest developments, as well as potential benefits and risks of Electronic Monitoring (EM). Worldwide experiences with EM are discussed in light of the European context. During the period 2008 to 2019, altogether 26 EM trials were conducted within the EU. Despite promising results, none of the trials evolved into a fully integrated EM programme. Still, lessons learnt from these trials are valuable and show potential for implementing EM on larger scale in the EU.
Autores : Wageningen Marine Research (WMR) part of Wageningen University & Research (WUR): Aloysius (Edwin) T.M. van Helmond

Research for PECH Committee: Workshop on electronic technologies for fisheries Part III: Systems adapted for small-scale vessels EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.863 PECH
Estudo
Resumo : This study is the third research paper in a series of three, prepared for a PECH Committee Workshop. It examines and presents possibilities of electronic technologies (ET) that can be used to report, document and monitor fishery activities of the small-scale vessel fleet. The national fishing fleets in the EU are large where most of the vessels are less than 12 metres in length. The information on this fleet segment’s fishing activities is limited and insufficient for documentation of the fleet’s impact on the environment and for fisheries management and governance in general. The present research contains four case studies with current usages of such technologies developed for small-scale vessels.
Autores : DTU Aqua, Technical University of Denmark: Jørgen DALSKOV, Gildas GLEMAREC, Lotte KINDT-LARSEN, Anne-Mette KRONER, Pernille NIELSEN

Research for REGI Committee - Artificial Intelligence and Urban Development EN

30-07-2021 PE 690.882 REGI
Estudo
Resumo : This research paper explores the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in urban areas, and its impact on socio-economic and territorial cohesion. It argues that expectations surrounding AI are high, especially in the context of smart-city initiatives, but that the actual benefits are yet to be fully assessed. To avoid potential risks, local and urban authorities need to fulfil a series of conditions that are inherently challenging. The EU’s AI Policy and its Cohesion Policy, in particular, may help, but they need to address the territorial dimension of AI more explicitly.
Autores : Julie PELLEGRIN, Louis COLNOT, Laura DELPONTE

The European Commission's legislative proposals in the New Pact on Migration and Asylum EN

30-07-2021 PE 697.130 LIBE
Estudo
Resumo : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs on request of the Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties and Justice, aims to provide a detailed mapping and analysis of the central legal changes and issues characterising the five main legislative proposals accompanying the Pact on Migration and Asylum, presented by the Commission in September 2020. The legislative instruments under consideration include a new Screening Regulation, an amended proposal for an Asylum Procedures Regulation, an amended proposal revising the Eurodac Regulation, a new Asylum and Migration Management Regulation, and a new Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation. As a second step, the study provides a critical assessment of the five proposals as to their legal coherence, fundamental rights compliance, and application of the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility enshrined in Article 80 TFEU.
Autores : Evelien BROUWER; Giuseppe CAMPESI ; Sergio CARRERA, Roberto CORTINOVIS, Eleni KARAGEORGIOU, Jens VEDSTED-HANSEN, Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ