To ????pa??? ?????ß?????
e? d??se?
?a ?????te?a s?µe?a 1999-2004

 
?? ????pa??? ?????ß????? ?? ?esµ??? ???a??
E???e??????
??????s? ?a? ?e?t?????a t?? ????pa???? ?????ß??????
S??ap?fas? ?a? ???e? d?ad??as?e?
??µ?s????µ???? e???s?e?
??µ?s????µ???? ??e????
??µ???at??? ep?pte?a
?? ?a?est?? t?? e???ß???e?t?? ?a? t?? e???pa???? p???t???? ??µµ?t??
???s?????? ep?t??p?? ?a? e?etast???? ep?t??p??
???a ?esµ??? ???a?a t?? ??
?eta????µ?s? t?? ??
??e????s?
???a??µata t?? p???t??
???a??s??? ?a? es?te????? ?p???se??
???te????? s??se??
?e??ß????? /
???stas?a t?? ?ata?a??t??
?etaf???? /
?e??fe?e?a?? ????t???
Ge????a / ???e?a
??????µ??? ?a? ??µ?sµat??? ????t???
?pas????s? ?a? ????????? p???t??? / ???a??µata t?? ???a????
?s?te???? a???? / ???µ??a??a / ?????e?a / ??e??a
 

EPP-ED PSE Group ELDR GUE/NGL The Greens| European Free Alliance UEN EDD/PDE


?a ?esµ??? ???a?a t?? ???s??

? ????pa??? ???s? de? e??a? ??te ?µ?sp??d?a ?p?? ?? ???µ??e? ????te?e?, ??te ??a ???a?? ap??? s??e??as?a? ?p?? ta ???µ??a ????. ?p?te?e? ??a p???t???, ??µ??? ?a? ?esµ??? ????d?µ?µa µ??ad??? st? e?d?? t??. ?a ???t? p?? t? s????t??? pa?aµ????? ????a??a, ????? ?µ?? ap?fas?se? ?a d?e?????? ?????? p???t????. G?a t? ???a?? ?a? t?? ???p???s? t?? p???t???? a?t??, ????? s?????t?se? ?esµ??? ???a?a. ???????e? µ?a s??t?µ? pe????af? t?? ?????te??? ap? a?t?.

??? ? ?e?t?????a t?? ????pa???? ???s?? st????eta? se ??a ?esµ??? t??????: t?? ?p?t??p?, t? S?µß????? ?a? t? ????pa??? ?????ß?????. ? ?p?t??p?, p?a?µat??? ?pe?e????? ???a?? st? S?????? ????, e?de t? ???? t?? ?a pe??????eta? ?d? ap? t? S?????? ???. Ost?s?, a??µ? ?a? s?µe?a pa?aµ??e? ? ????t????? µ????? t?? e???pa???? ????????s??. ??t? ??e? ?d??? t?? a?µ?d??t?ta p??t?ß????a? st? ??µ??et??? t?µ?a ?a? st?? t?µ?a t?? p???p?????sµ??: ? ?p?t??p? p??te??e?. ??t??eta, t?? ap?f?se?? ?aµß????? t? S?µß?????, p?? e?p??s?pe? t?? ??ße???se??, ?a? t? ?????ß?????, p?? e?p??s?pe? t??? p???te?. ????µat?, ta d?? a?t? ?esµ??? ???a?a µ???????ta? t?? e???s?a ????? ap?f?se?? st? ??µ??et??? t?µ?a ?a? st?? t?µ?a t?? p???p?????sµ??. St? a????? a?t? t?????? ???e µe t?? ?a??? ?a p??ste?e? ?a? ??a t?ta?t?, t? ????pa??? S?µß?????, t? ?p??? µe t?? s???d??? ????f?? t?? d??e? t? ???µ? t?? ?????t???? ????.

?? ????pa??? S?µß?????

?p? t? 1961, ?? a?????? ??at?? ?a? ??ße???se?? t?? ??? s???????ta? at?p??. ?? 1974 ap?fas?st??e ?a a?ate?e? s?µa?t???te??? ?a? p?? ta?t???? ????? se a?t?? t?? s???d??? ????f??. ?ts? ?e??????e t? "????pa??? S?µß?????", t? ?p??? ?a s??e???ta? d?? f???? t? ????? p???e?µ???? ?a d??e? ???s? st?? a??pt??? t?? ???s?? ?a? ?a ?a?????e? t??? ?e?????? p???t????? p??sa?at???sµ???. ?? ????pa??? S?µß????? de? as?e? t? ?d?? ??µ??et??? e???s?a. ??????e? t?? ??se?? t?? µe ?µ?f???a. ????? st??µ??, ta s?µpe??sµat? t?? de? ????? ??µ??? ?s??, ?ate??????? ?µ?? t?? e??as?e? t?? ???s??, ??t??ta? ta?t??? ap? ta ???a ?esµ??? ???a?a ?a ??ß??? s???e???µ??a µ?t?a.

?? ????pa??? S?µß????? ap?te?e?ta? ap? t??? a??????? ??at?? ?a? ??ße???se?? ?a? ap? t?? ???ed?? t?? ?p?t??p??. S?µf??a µe ??a ?a??e??µ??? p???? ???µ?, ? ???ed??? t?? ?????ß?????? ap?te?e? t?? ta?t??? f????e???µe?? t?? ????pa???? S?µß??????, st? ?p??? ape????eta? st?? a??? ???e s??ed??as??. ???? t? pa???, t?? p??ed??a t?? ????pa???? S?µß?????? as?e? ? ?d?a ???a p?? as?e? ?a? t?? e?aµ???a?a p??ed??a t?? S?µß?????? ?p??????. ?µ?? t? s??d?? S??t??µat?? p?? e?p??????e t? 2003 ap? t? S????e?s? ??a t? µ????? t?? ????p?? p??ß??pe? µa???te?? p??ed??a: ? ???ed??? t?? ????pa???? S?µß?????? ?a e????eta? ap? t??? a??????? ??at?? ?a? ??ße???se?? µe p?e????f?a, ??a ??te?a d??µ?s? et?? (ß?. s?µe??µ? µa? s?et??? µe t? S????e?s?).

?? ????pa??? S?µß????? s?????eta? p???? t?sse??? f???? t? ?????. ?at? ta d?? te?e?ta?a ?t?, s??e???ta? e? pe??t??p?? st?? ???????e? ?a? st? ???t?? µ???? p?? as???se t?? e?aµ???a?a p??ed??a. ?p? 1?? ?a??? 2004, ??e? ?? s??ed???se?? t?? ?????ta? st?? ???????e?.

?? S?µß????? ?p??????

?? S?µß????? ap?te?e?ta? ap? ??a? ?p??????? e?p??s?p? a?? ???t?? µ????. ?p?te?e? t? p?a?s?? st? ?p??? a?t?pa?at??e?ta? ?? e?????? ap??e?? s?et??? µe t?? ap?f?se?? p?? p??pe? ?a ??f????. ?a?? µe t? ?????ß?????, t? S?µß????? ap?te?e? t? ??a ap? ta d?? s???? t?? ??µ??et???? a???? p?? e??a? a?µ?d?a ??a t?? p???p?????sµ?, d?a??te? ?µ?? ?a? e?te?est???? e???s?e?. ????? t? 2002, t? S?µß????? µp????se ?a s?????eta? se de?a??? d?af??et????? "s??µat?sµ???", a?????a µe t? e?eta??µe?? ??µa. ?fe??? ??e? ap?fas?ste? ?a ?atast??? p?? ??????????? a?t?? ?? s??ed???se?? ?a? ?a a???????ta? ???? ap? e???a ?eµat????? ????e?: ?e????? ?p???se?? ?a? e??te????? s??se??· ??????µ???? ?a? d?µ?s????µ???? ?p???se??· d??a??s??? ?a? es?te????? ?p???se??· apas????s?, ????????? p???t???, ??e?a ?a? ?ata?a??t??· a?ta????st???t?ta· µetaf????, ep????????e? ?a? e????e?a· ?e????a ?a? a??e?a· pe??ß?????· pa?de?a, ?e?t?ta ?a? p???t?sµ??.

?? S?µß????? ed?e?e? st?? ???????e? a??? t?? ?p?????, ?????? ?a? ??t?ß??? s?????eta? st? ????eµß?????. ?a ???t? µ??? as???? t?? p??ed??a e? pe??t??p?? ??a ??a e??µ???. µ???? t? 2006: ???a?d?a ?a? ???a?d?a t? 2004· ????eµß????? ?a? ???µ??? ?as??e?? t? 2005· ??st??a ?a? F???a?d?a t? 2006. ?? s??d?? S??t??µat?? p??ß??pe? µa???te?e? e? pe??t??p?? p??ed??e? d????e?a? e??? ?t???, t?? ?p???? ? se??? ?a?????eta? ?µ?f??a ap? t? ????pa??? S?µß?????, t????ta? t?? a??? t?? ?s?? pe??t??p?? µeta?? t?? ??at?? µe???.

??t?? a? p??ß??peta? d?af??et??? (ep? pa?ade??µat?, ??a t? f???????a ? ???sµ??a ????????? ??µata), t? S?µß????? ?aµß??e? t?? ap?f?se?? t?? µe e?d??? p?e????f?a. ???? t? pa???, ?? ??f?? t?? ??at?? µe??? sta?µ????ta? a?????a µe t? d?µ???af??? t??? ß????, a??? µe ß?s? µ?a f?????sa a?a??????t?ta, µe ap?t??esµa ta ???t? µe t? µe?a??te?? p????sµ? (Ge?µa??a, ???µ??? ?as??e??, Ga???a, ?ta??a) ?a ????? ap? 10 ??f??? ?a? ta ???t? µe t? µ????te?? p????sµ? (??p???, ????eµß????? ?a? ???ta) ?a ????? ap? 2 ??f???. Se ?,t? af??? t? S?µß????? t?? 25, ap? 1?? ?a??? 2004 ?a ?p?????? 124 ??f?? s???????, ?a? ? e?d??? p?e????f?a ?a apa?te? 88 ??f???, a??? µ??? ??a ?????? µ??e?.

S?µf??a µe t? S?????? t?? ???a?a?, ? st??µ?s? ?a t??p?p????e? ap? 1?? ??eµß???? 2004, µe ß?s? µ?a ?????? p?? e???e? pe??ss?te?? ta µe???a ???t? µ??? ta ?p??a, ap? t?? ?d?a ?µe??µ???a, ?a d?a??t??? ??a µ???? ep?t??p?. ? ??a a?t? st??µ?s? ?a d??e? 29 ??f??? st?? t?sse??? p??a?afe??e?se? µe?a??te?e? ???e?, 27 st?? ?spa??a ?a? t?? ??????a, 13 st?? ???a?d?a ?a? 3 st? ???ta. Ta ?p?????? 321 ??f?? ?ata?eµ?µ??e? µeta?? t?? 25 ??at?? µe???, ?a? t? ???? ??a t?? e?d??? p?e????f?a ?a e??a? ?? 232 ??f??.

?? s??d?? S??t??µat?? p??te??e? ?a a?t??atasta?e? t? p???p???? a?t? s?st?µa ap? µ?a p??? ap???ste?? d?p?? p?e????f?a: ? e?d??? p?e????f?a ?a ep?t?????eta? ?ta? ta µ?s? ???t? µ??? p?? a?t?p??s?pe???? t? 60% t?? p????sµ?? t?ss??ta? ?p?? µ?a? ap?fas??. ??t? ?ta? ?????? ? µeta????µ?s? st?? ?p??a de? µp??ese ?a s?µf???se? t? ????pa??? S?µß????? ?at? t? s??ed??as? t?? st?? ???????e?, t?? ?e??µß??? t?? 2003.

? ?p?t??p?

? ?p?t??p? e??a? s???????? ???a??, p???t???? a?e???t?t?, p?? e?p??s?pe? t? e???pa??? ?e???? s?µf????. ?? ?a? ? ???d?? ?s???? t?? ????pa???? S?µß?????? t?? ??e? ep?s???se?, ? ?p?t??p? pa?aµ??e? ? apa?a?t?t? ????t????? d??aµ? t?? e???pa???? ?esµ???? s?st?µat??. ??e? ap???e?st??? e???s?a ??µ??et???? p??t?ß????a?· d?a??te? ???sµ??e? ?pe?e?????? e???s?e?, ?d??? st?? t?µ?a t?? a?ta????sµ??· e??a? ? ?eµat?f??a?a? t?? s??????? ?a?, µe a?t? t?? ?d??t?ta, µp??e? ?a µp??e? ?a p??sf??e? e??p??? t?? ???ast????? ?at? ??at?? µe??? p?? de? t????? t?? ?p???e?se?? t???· t????, ??e? t?? e????? ??a t?? ???p???s? t?? ap?f?se?? t?? ?????ß?????? ?a? t?? S?µß?????? ?a? ??a t?? e?t??es? t?? p???p?????sµ??. St??? t?µe?? t?? a?ta????sµ??, t?? e??te????? eµp????? ?a? t?? ?e??????? p???t????, ? ?p?t??p? d?a??te?, ep?p????, a?e???t?te? e???s?e?, ?p?? t? ?a ep?ß???e? p??st?µ? se µ?a ep??e???s? ? ?a d?ap?a?µate?eta? st? p?a?s?? t?? ???.

? ???? "?p?t??p?" d????e? t?s? t? µ???µ? d?????s? p?? e??a? ep?f??t?sµ??? ?a as?e? ??a a?t? ta ?a?????ta, ?s? ?a? t? p???t??? ???a?? t?? s?µat?? t?? ep?t??p?? p?? ed?e?e? st?? ???????e?. ? ??te?a t?? ep?t??p?? ???st??e ?a d?a??e? p??te ?t?, p???e?µ???? ?a a?t?st???e? µe t? d????e?a t?? ?????ß???e?t???? pe???d??, µ?a ap? t?? p??te? p???e?? t?? ?p??a? e??a? a???ß?? ?a e??a??st? st? a???µ? t??? t?? ???ed?? t?? ?p?t??p?? ?a? st? s????e?a t? S?µa t?? ?p?t??p?? st? s????? t??. ?? ep?t??p?? p??te????ta? ap? ta ???t? µ???, ep? t?? a???? ?µ?? e??a? a?e???t?t?? ap? a?t?. ??t???t??, t? S?µa e??a? ?p????? e??p??? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß??????, t? ?p??? ??e? t?? e???s?a ?a t? ?a?a???se? ?ste?a ap? p??tas? µ?µf?? (??t? p?? de? ??e? s?µße? p?t?).

? a???µ?? t?? ?p?t??p?? ?e??e?ta? s???? ?? ???? ??a t?? ap?te?esµat???t?ta t?? S?µat??. ????? s?µe?a, ta "µe???a" ???t? µ??? e??a? ap? d?? ep?t??p??? ?a? ta ?p????pa ap? ??a?, d??ad? 20 µ??? st?? ?p?t??p? t?? ?? t?? 15. ?p? 1?? ?a??? 2004, µet? t? d?e????s?, ? a???µ?? a?t?? a??????e se 30, µe ??a ??? ep?t??p? ??a ???e ??? ???t?? µ????. ? ??a ?p?t??p? p?? ?a a?a??ße? ?a?????ta t?? ???µß??? t?? 2004 ?a ??e? ap? ??a? ep?t??p? a?? ???t?? µ????, d??ad? 25 s???????. ??se? t?? S??????? t?? ???a?a?, ?ta? ? ???s? ?a a???µe? 27 ???t? µ???, ? a???µ?? t?? ep?t??p?? ?a p??pe? ?a e??a? µ????te??? t?? 27. S?µf??a µe t? s??d?? S??t??µat??, ? a???µ?? t?? ep?t??p?? "µe d??a??µa ??f??" ?a e??a? 15 t? 2009, s?µpe???aµßa??µ???? t?? p???d??? ?a? t?? (µe????t????) ?p?????? ???te?????, e?? ?a e?a???????se? ?a ?p???e? ??a? µ? ?a????sµ???? a???µ?? ep?t??p?? ????? d??a??µa ??f??. ?? d?? "?at?????e?" ?a ?ata??µ??ta? µe ß?s? t?? ?s? pe??t??p? µeta?? t?? ??at?? µe???.

?? ?????ß?????

St? p?a?s?? t?? ?esµ???? t???????, t? ????pa??? ?????ß????? e??a? ad?aµf?sß?t?ta e?e??? p?? e?de t?? e???s?e? t?? ?a a??????ta? pe??ss?te?? ?at? t?? te?e?ta?e? de?aet?e?, ?d??? µet? t?? p??t? t?? e????? µe ?a?????? ??f?f???a t? 1979. ???? st? ?e???e?s? t?? d?ad??as?a? t?? s??ap?fas??, ? ?p??a a?aµ??eta? ?a epe?ta?e? a??µ? pe??ss?te?? s?µf??a µe t? s??d?? S??t??µat??, t? ?????ß????? ??e? ?ataste? p?a?µat???? s????µ???t?? µe t? S?µß?????. ?? ?p?epe ?a s????????µe t? ?????t??? p??t?p? µe ta s????? ?µ?sp??d?a?? s?st?µata, t?te t? ????pa??? ?????ß????? ?a a?t?st?????se µe t? ????? t?? ??t?p??s?p?? ?a? t? S?µß????? µe t? ????? t?? ??at??.

?? ape???µe?? ?????ß????? a???µe? 626 ß???e?t??. ?e t? d?e????s? ?a? t? ??a ?ata??µ? t?? ed???, µet? t?? e?????? t?? 13?? ??????? 2004 ?a ??e? 732 ß???e?t??. ?? s??d?? S??t??µat?? p??ß??pe? µ???st? ???? 736 ß???e?t?? ?a? e????st? ???? 4 ß???e?t?? ??a ta µ????te?a ???t?.

?? ????pa??? ?????ß????? ??e? t?? ?d?a t?? st? St?asß?????, ?p?? d?e???e? et?s??? 12 s???d??? ???µe?e?a? tess???? ?µe???, a??? ?? ep?t??p?? ?a? ?? p???t???? ?µ?de? t?? s??ed??????? st?? ???????e?, ?p?? d?e?????ta? ep?s?? s?µp????µat???? s???d?? ???µe?e?a?, e?? ? d?????s? t?? µ?????eta? a??µesa st?? ???????e? ?a? t? ????eµß?????.

(?a??? ta s?µe??µat? µa? ????? s??ta??e? e???e? t?? e???pa???? e??????, ??t? ap? a?t? a?apt?ss??? ?ept?µe??? t?? ????e? pt???? t?? e???s??? ?a? t?? ?e?t?????a? t?? ??.)

???a ?esµ??? ?a? ???p? ???a?a

??t?? ap? ta p???t??? ?esµ??? ???a?a, ?p???e? ?a? µ?a se??? ????? ??????? ta ?p??a s?µp???????? t? ?esµ??? s?st?µa t?? ???s??. ?? ???ast????, t? ?p??? ed?e?e? st? ????eµß?????, d?asfa???e? t? seßasµ? t?? ?????t???? d??a???. ?p??e? ?a ep??aµß??eta? ?p???se?? ?ste?a ap? a?t?µa t?? ????? ?esµ???? ???????. ?e? p??pe? ?a s????eta? µe t? ????pa??? ???ast???? ?????p???? ???a??µ?t??, t? ?p??? ed?e?e? st? St?asß????? ?a? ?p??eta? st? S?µß????? t?? ????p??. ???? ???a?? p?? ed?e?e? st? ????eµß????? e??a? t? ??e??t??? S???d???, t? ?p??? µe??µ?? ??a t?? ?a?? d?a?e???s? t?? ?????t???? ??????µ????. ? ??aµes??aß?t?? ??e? t?? ?d?a t?? st? St?asß????? ?a? µe??µ?? ??a t?? ?a?? d?a?e???s? t?? s?µfe???t?? t?? p???t?? ap? ta ?esµ??? ???a?a (ß?. s?µe??µ? µa? ??a t?? e???pa??? ??a???e?a).

?p? ta ???µat?p?st?t??? ???a?a, ? ????pa??? ?e?t???? ???pe?a e??a? a?µ?d?a ??a t? ??µ?sµat??? p???t??? t?? ????? e??? ?a? ed?e?e? st? F?a??f???t? (ß?. s?µe??µ? µa? ??a t? d?µ???at??? ??e??? t?? ???). ? ????pa??? ???pe?a ?pe?d?se?? ???µat?d?te? e???pa??? epe?d?t??? s??d?a ?a? ed?e?e? st? ????eµß?????.

??? s?µß???e?t??? ???a?a ed?e???? st?? ???????e?: ? ??????µ??? ?a? ????????? ?p?t??p?, ? ?p??a e?p??s?pe? t?? ??????µ???? ?a? ?????????? ???a??se?? ?a? t?? ???a??se?? p???t?? t?? ??, ?a? ? ?p?t??p? t?? ?e??fe?e???, ? ?p??a ap??e? t?? ap??e?? t?? ???a??sµ?? t?p???? ?a? pe??fe?e?a??? a?t?d?????s??. ?????, ? ???s? ??e? de?ap??te e?e?d??e?µ????? ???a??sµ???, t?? ?p???? ?? ?d?e? ????? ?ata?eµ??e? a??µesa se d??f??a ???t? µ???, ?a? ?? ?p???? as???? p??? s???e???µ??a te?????, ep?st?µ????? ? d?a?e???st??? ?a?????ta, ep? pa?ade??µat? st??? t?µe?? t?? pe??ß?????t??, t?? fa?µ???? ? t?? asf??e?a? t?? t??f?µ??.



  
S??desµ?? µe ta ?esµ??? ?a? ???p? ???a?a t?? ???s??:
  
S?µß????? t?? ????pa???? ???s??
????pa??? ?p?t??p?
????pa??? ?????ß?????
???ast???? t?? ????pa???? ?????t?t??
????pa??? ??e??t??? S???d???
????pa??? ??aµes??aß?t??
????pa??? ?e?t???? ???pe?a
????pa??? ???pe?a ?pe?d?se??
????pa??? ??????µ??? ?a? ????????? ?p?t??p?
?p?t??p? t?? ?e??fe?e???
???a??sµ?? t?? ????pa???? ?????t?ta?

 

 

 
  Publishing deadline: 2 April 2004